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Essay on Indira Gandhi
India is a democratic country that is ruled by a leader chosen by the people of the country. Since its independence, India was served by many prime ministers. Many of them set a good example in the country as well as in the world. The third prime minister and the first women prime minister of India who evolved as the strongest ruler was Indira Gandhi. She has contributed a lot to democratic India. Therefore, today we will discuss Indira Gandhi in detail.
Short and Long Indira Gandhi Essay in English
Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Indira Gandhi in English for students under word limits of 100 - 150 Words, 200 - 250 words, and 500 - 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays on Indira Gandhi will help you to write effective essays, paragraphs, and speeches on this topic.
National Integration Day (Indira Gandhi Birth Anniversary) Quick Picture Drawing
Indira Gandhi Essay 10 Lines (100 - 150 Words)
1) Indira Gandhi served as the 3 rd Prime Minister of India.
2) She was born to Kamala and Jawaharlal Nehru.
3) Her full name was Indira Priyadarshini, but everyone called her "Indu".
4) Indira Gandhi was a strong and brave woman.
5) Indira Ji's path to politics was not an easy one.
6) She faced many struggles as people thought that a woman couldn't lead men.
7) During the war with Pakistan in 1971 AD, she led the country very well.
8) Indira Ji's two bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh killed her.
9) It was October 31, 1984, when we lost this gem at the age of 62.
10) The people of the country still admire her for her work and contribution.
Short Essay on Indira Gandhi (250 - 300 Words)
Indira Gandhi was one of India’s strong women, and with her power, she did a lot of amazing things. She was born in Uttar Pradesh on 19 November 1917 to Jawaharlal and Kamala Nehru. Indira Gandhi comes from a family with a strong background in politics.
A Look at Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi was prime minister of India from January 1966 to March 1977 and again from January 1980 until her death. This makes her the second longest-serving Indian prime minister after her father (Jawaharlal Nehru). When she came to politics, she had to deal with a lot of bias because gender stereotypes were still common at the time in India. She was a key figure in the Indian National Congress.
Contributions of Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi contributed a lot to India. She made a lot of changes, including a strict program to limit the number of people. In 1971, she sent Indian troops against Pakistan to help East Bengal break away. In 1975, she was found guilty of breaking election laws, so she declared a state of emergency and passed a lot of laws that limited people's freedoms. The Simla Agreement was signed by her. India did its first nuclear test while she was in charge. The problem of terrorism in Punjab was solved by her.
On October 31, 1984, Indira Ji was shot dead by her two bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh. She has made a name for herself in the world of politics because of her hard work. As Prime Minister of India, she was a woman who made history.
Long Essay on Indira Gandhi (500 Words)
Indira Gandhi was an inspiring woman in India. Because of her work, millions of people consider her a role model. She had been a true patriot since she was a child and eagerly fought for the freedom of the country. Her journey has had its own challenges, but she has handled them all with a lot of courage.
Early Life of Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi was born at Anand Bhawan in Uttar Pradesh on November 19, 1917, Monday. She was born into the family of Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru. Her family influenced and inspired her, and she went on to rise to power in India and become the Prime Minister of India. Even though neither of their families liked it, she married Feroze Gandhi in 1942. They had two sons; their names were Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi.
Education and Politics
Indira Gandhi went to school in many places because her parents moved around a lot. She only went to elementary school in Allahabad. She also studied many different things at Oxford and Shanti Niketan. In 1964, the year her father died, she was chosen to be the Minister of Information and Broadcasting.
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India, died suddenly on January 24, 1966, and Mrs. Indira Gandhi became the third and first woman Prime Minister of India. Her time as prime minister can be split into two parts. During her second term, she had to deal with a lot more problems.
Indira Gandhi: The Leader
Indira Gandhi was a great leader. Three times in a row, she was named Prime Minister of the country. She was treated badly because of her gender by both her own people and other people. She was also the president of the Indian National Congress, a major political group.
From 1975 to 1977, Indira declared a state of emergency. India's whole political system improved and came together while she was in charge. Indira Gandhi had to deal with a lot of anger and criticism over things like the 1984 Sikh riot and the 1984 Emergency.
Death of Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi was killed on Wednesday, October 31, 1984. The whole world was shocked. At the age of 62, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh, two of her Sikh bodyguards, killed her. She was taken to the hospital quickly, but she died on the way. She was assassinated in response to the attack she commanded on the Golden Temple to get rid of the terrorists. This made the Sikhs angrier.
Indira Gandhi made a big difference in India. She is a symbol of feminism in India. Indira Gandhi cared a lot about the welfare of rural people, and because of her hard work, India's poverty, food production, and literacy rate all went up by a lot. She was a great leader with a great personality. She has been and will continue to be a great source of inspiration for a lot of people.
I hope the above provided essay on Indira Gandhi will be helpful in understanding different aspects of her life as well as her contributions.
National Integration/Rashtriya Ekikaran Pencil Art
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Indira Gandhi
Ans. Indira Gandhi, the former prime minister of India is known as the “Iron Lady of India”.
Ans. Emergency in India was imposed by Indira Gandhi.
Ans. On 8 September 1960, Feroze Gandhi died due to a heart attack.
Ans. Indira Gandhi Award is given for peace and development by the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust.
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Shweta Srivastava is a young, aspiring, motivated and hard working girl. She holds bachelor degree in computer science and engineering. She loves to write articles on IT and various other fields. Many articles and blogs written by her has been published on different social sites and blogging sites as well. She has positive attitude and always being loyal to her work. Shweta believes to have patience to achieve great results.
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Essay on Indira Gandhi
India is a democratic country that's ruled by a leader chosen by its citizens. Since its independence, the Republic of India has been served by several prime ministers. The third prime minister and the first woman prime minister of India was Indira Gandhi. Born on November 19’ 1917 to Jawahar Lal Nehru and Kamla Nehru, she came from a family with a strong political background.
100 Words Essay On Indira Gandhi
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was a prominent Indian politician and member of the Indian National Congress. She became the first and only female prime minister of India in 1966. Gandhi was the daughter of Jawahar Lal Nehru, India’s first prime minister. She was India's second-longest-serving prime minister, in office from January 1966 to March 1977, and again from January 1980 until her assassination in October 1984.
In 1959, she was chosen as the head of the Indian National Congress. She was elected to the Rajya Sabha following the death of her father in 1964, and she later became the Minister of Information and Broadcasting in Lal Bahadur Shastri's government .As a result of her victory against Morarji Desai in the Congress Party's legislative leadership election held in early 1966, she succeeded Shastri as India's prime minister after his passing.
200 Words Essay On Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi was elected as the President of the Congress Party in 1959. Later on, after the sudden demise of Lal Bahadur Shastri, she held the position of Prime Minister of India in 1966, becoming the first female Prime Minister of the country.
Indira Gandhi served as the Republic of India's prime minister twice, from January 1966 to March 1977, and again from January 1980 until her assassination in 1984. She played a significant role as a Prime Minister of the country.
Education And Politics
Indira Gandhi travelled to many colleges due to her parents' frequent moves. She just went to the primary level of education in Allahabad. She pursued education in subjects like History, Political Science, Economics and Latin at Oxford and Shanti Niketan. She was appointed to be the Minister of Knowledge and Broadcasting in 1964, the year her father passed away.
On January 24, 1966, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, India's second prime minister, passed away unexpectedly, making Gandhi the country's third and first female prime minister.While Gandhi was politically active for a long time, she served as a minister during Shastri’s tenure for a very short period. She had to face a lot of challenges during her leadership—from the economic and agricultural crisis to the Indo-Pak war of 1971 and nationalisation of banks. Her tenure is considered to be of major importance and played a significant role in the overall development of the nation.
500 Words Essay On Indira Gandhi
In India, Indira Gandhi is known as the "Iron Lady of India" . Indira Gandhi succeeded Lal Bahadur Shastri as prime minister of India after his death. She also showed her worth and rose to the position of Congress party president and strongest prime minister. Her appointment as India's prime minister provoked controversy inside the congress party which led to its division. However, she overcame all obstacles and demonstrated that she is India's strongest prime minister.
Indira Gandhi And The National Emergency In India
India defeated Pakistan in the war of 1971 , which was a result of the independence movement and led to the creation of Bangladesh., earlier known as East Pakistan. After the war, Gandhi’s New Congress Party won the state legislative election in 1972. However, opposition parties brought legal action against her, claiming that she had broken electoral regulations.
However, the High Court dismissed all of the charges against Indira Gandhi in 1975. India's emergency was a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 during which Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered a state of emergency to be imposed nationally. In July and August 1975, the Cabinet and the Parliament approved Indira Gandhi's last proposal to declare an emergency, which had been approved by the President of India.
It was based on the argument that the Indian state faced pressing internal and external threats. All the fundamental rights were suspended at that time including freedom of speech and expression which led to protests and chaos in the country. After the emergency period was over, Congress lost the elections and was replaced by Janata Party led by Moraji Desai. But, Gandhi again came to power in 1980.
The Leader Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi excelled on all fronts as a leader. She was appointed the nation's prime minister three times in a row. She served as co-president of the Indian National Congress. In 1975–1977, Indira implemented a state of emergency. While she was in charge, India's whole system of government evolved and developed. A lot of resentment and criticism was directed towards Indira Gandhi as a result of events like the emergency and 1984 Sikh riots which led to her assassination.
Death Of Indira Gandhi
On Wednesday, October 31, 1984, Indira Gandhi passed away. The whole country was horrified. Two of her Sikh bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh, assassinated her when she was 62 years old. She was soon rushed to the hospital, but she passed away while she was there. She was killed as a result of the attack she ordered on the Golden Temple in an effort to drive out the terrorists.
In India, Indira Gandhi made a significant impact on the politics and overall development of the country. In Asian countries, she serves as a symbol of feminism. Mrs. Gandhi gave a lot of thought to the welfare of rural people, and as a result of her efforts, India's levels of poverty, food production, and achievement all increased significantly. She had a great disposition and made a great leader. She has been and continues to be a great source of inspiration for many people.
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- Indira Gandhi Essay
Essay on Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi was an inspiring woman in India. Her leadership was nothing short of her being considered as an icon by crores of people in India. She was the 3rd Prime Minister of India overall and the 1st woman to become a Prime Minister in India.
Her journey to becoming the Iron Lady of India is one that is still given as an example after many decades. With her excellent background, she is someone that people of the country look up to to this day. Her journey surely has had its own hurdles but she overcame all of those pretty fearlessly.
She also faced discrimination from people of opposition and her own who did not believe that a woman could lead. But it was she who broke the social stigma of gender inequality and thrived with her work for the people of the country.
Her example is one that every student must not only learn but also know in-depth about. This is the one reason that almost every school has an Indira Gandhi Essay for Students in English. These can help the students do their own research based on how she became the great lady that she is. It is not only the fact that she was a woman, but also that she became this powerful force that created a lot of changes in the country.
It was even her smallest decisions that made such a great impact in our country and brought a new era that advantaged a countless number of people of India. She inevitably went on to become the greatest Prime Ministers of India.
For an essay on a personality as great as Indira Gandhi, it is a must that it is delivered with poise and an English vocabulary that is undeniably good. Her strong regime can only be showcased with the help of words that are carefully picked. Read the following to understand how to write an essay on this personality.
Indira Gandhi, one of the iconic prime ministers of India, took the seat after the untimely death of Lal Bahadur Shashtri, the previous prime minister. She was a stalwart politician and is also known as the ‘Iron lady of India’.
She has an excellent background in terms of academics and politics. For this, she was considered as one of the strongest characters that built our nation and made it stronger. She faced a lot of discrimination when it came to politics as India back then was not free from the social stigmas of gender.
She was the president of the Indian National Congress, the major party that had played a commendable role in freeing India from the shackles of the British Rule. When she became the Prime Minister of India, the mother party broke into two halves. The situation was under huge turmoil but she showed her iron determination and constructed a strong platform for our country, as well as, the party.
Shrimati Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917, in Uttar Pradesh. Her parents were always travelling. She got the idea of multicultural traditions and received an excellent education. She studied in Oxford and Shanti Niketan and gathered immense knowledge in different subjects. She married Feroz Gandhi in the year 1942 and had two sons, Sanjay Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. She was widowed when her husband passed away in 1960.
In her early adulthood, she witnessed the destructive effect of World War I on India. She witnessed how the Colonial Rule absorbed the treasures and resources of India to fuel the war. She was part of the Indian National Congress and worked alongside Mahatma Gandhi. She learned a lot from the top politicians back then.
She earned her position as a formidable member of the same party. She was chosen by the rest of the members as the president of the Indian National Congress in 1959. Her father Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the beacon whom she followed to become a politician. After he died in 1964, she was elected as the Minister of Information and Broadcasting in the same year.
She was then chosen as the Prime Minister of India after the demise of Lal Bahadur Shashtri. It was then her knowledge of holding such a responsible position came in very handy. Her father was the first prime minister of India. She witnessed how her father took the decisions. She then used her experience to run our country for 17 years. Her prime ministerial regime is divided into two phases.
Under her regime, the entire political scenario of India became more constructive and united. She showed the entire world what a woman is capable of. During her ministerial span, Pakistan was defeated in the war of 1971. India then established the stepping stone to becoming a superpower in the entire world.
She also nationalized all the existing banks back then so that common people can enjoy more convenience. Her decision regarding Justice Sinha compelled her to bring an internal emergency that led to her defeat in 1977. She regained her position within 2.5 years and became the Prime Minister in 1980.
In her second term, she faced even more challenges. The rise in Khalistani activities made her worried and restless. She attacked the Golden Temple to rescue the temple from the terrorists. This fuelled rage among the Sikhs. On 31 st October 1984, she was assassinated by her own security guards in her compound.
She was the epitome of women’s power that the entire world realized during her strong regime. She brought prosperity to the common and made India stronger by emerging as a formidable power. She is referred to as the Iron Lady of India.
Focus on the points mentioned in this essay and formulate on your own. Find the important points by researching this topic and compile an essay on this topic easily.
FAQs on Indira Gandhi Essay
1. What was Indira Gandhi’s Foundation for Politics?
Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru. Both the parents were highly educated and strong-willed. They travelled India and the world along with their daughter. She witnessed the diversity of Indian culture and saw how India needs to be rebuilt from scratch.
She studied many subjects in Oxford and Shanti Niketan. She also served as a party member alongside her father when he was the prime minister. She also stayed alongside Mahatma Gandhi and participated in our country’s movement to gain independence. This made the foundation of her political career.
2. What happened in 1977 during Indira Gandhi’s rule?
Indira Gandhi took a very monumental decision in 1977. It was regarding the case of Justice Sinha, from where she went on to make history. But the decision was not short of challenges of its own with the common people of India being enraged. The entire nation was in turmoil. Imposing an emergency lockdown was the one thing she was forced towards. We can say that it only took an abrupt decision and her Justice Sinha case verdict that had the consequences resulting in her defeat.
Despite this fact, she was able to bounce back after 2.5 years during the midterm poll sessions. This made her a Prime Minister of India again, for the second time.
3. Why was Indira Gandhi Killed by Her Own Guards?
Indira Gandhi’s ministerial regime started in the year 1980 for the second time. She faced many grave challenges back in those times. The northern part of our country was then suffering from the terroristic activities of the Khalistanis. She ordered the army to break into the Golden Temple under the codename Operation Blue Star in June 1984. This was not accepted by the Sikhs. She was shot in her compound by her own guards and killed on October 31, 1984.
4. What is the importance of an Indira Gandhi Essay?
School students are, in many of their classes, required to write an essay on personalities as inspirational as Indira Gandhi. It is a must in most of the schools these days. Such essays are really the need of the time as the students are required to not only write an essay about them but also know about their great work. As considered to be the Iron Lady of India, Indira Gandhi has a legacy to inspire the younger generations of India.
5. What type of impact did Indira Gandhi leave on the country?
Under her regime, Indira Gandhi made a great impact on India. Her entire political career was based on a more constructive and united approach. She was the epitome of showing the world a woman’s capability. It is only during her ministerial span that India defeated Pakistan in the 1971 war.
It is due to her that India was established at the time as an up-and-coming superpower in the world. She also provided convenience to the country’s people by nationalizing all the existing banks. She regained her position for the second time in 1980, after 2.5 years as the Prime Minister of India.
Essay on Mrs. Indira Gandhi
Essay on Indira Gandhi: Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the beloved leader of the people of India. After her downfall 1977 , the people has again placed the country in her hands in 1980. She was the first woman Prime Minister of India .
She was born on Nov. 19, 1917 . She got her education at Allahabad, Oxford and Shanti Niketan . After it, she had been a member of the India National Congress . In 1959 , she was elected President of N. Congress . It was only after the death of her father. That she became the Minister of Information and Broadcasting . After the untimely death of Sh. Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966 she was elected Prime Minister of India . It was under her leadership in 1971 , that India defeated Pakistan and broke its back forever. She nationalised all the major banks and abolished privy purses. These were two bold steps.
Now she had to face many challenges. The demand of ‘ Khalistan ’ made her restless. The whole of Punjab came in the grip of terrorism. These two things turned the Golden Temple into the fortress . The Akalis presented a great challenge to her. As a custodian of the country’s unity, she had to order the army to enter into the Golden Temple. It freed the temple complex of terrorists .
On the black Wednesday morning of 31 st October 1984 , she was shot dead at her residence by two if her own security guards named Beant Singh and Satwant Singh . The national mourned her death. In her death, the nation lost a worthy maker of India .
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Indira Gandhi Essay | Essay on Indira Gandhi for Students and Children in English
June 6, 2020 by Prasanna
Indira Gandhi Essay: Indira Gandhi, the first and the only women Prime Minister of India till date, is also considered as one of the boldest and dynamic leaders in the world. Indira Gandhi fought all odds against her to fight terrorism and undemocratic values in the country. She sacrificed her own life for the sake of the nation.
In this Indira Gandhi Essay, we shall be talking about her personality and the landmark decisions she took as the topmost leader of the country which has an impact even in the 21st century. We shall also be talking about what her elevation to the prime Minster’s office to the women empowerment and the movement of feminism around the world means.
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Long and Short Essays on Indira Gandhi for Students and Kids in English
If you are searching for Indira Gandhi essay, then we have provided two types of essays here. A long 600-word Indira Gandhi Essay and a short 200-word Indira Gandhi Essay for students of class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. Both essays can be used for an essay writing competition, test, assignment, holiday homework, and exam.
Long Essay on Indira Gandhi 600 Words in English
Indira Gandhi Essay is usually given to classes 7, 8, 9, and 10.
Indira Gandhi, born on 19th November 1917 in Uttar Pradesh, was the daughter of the former and the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Indira Gandhi, during her childhood, was one of the brightest and most intelligent students in the school. She was considered to have taken up leadership roles right from school and college days. And the things she learnt as a kid helped grow as one of the greatest leaders the world has ever seen. After the untimely death of former Prime Minister of India, Lal Bahadhur Shastri, Indira Gandhi took the responsibility of running the country as the third Prime Minister of India on 24th January 1966. Having born in a family of freedom fighters and seasoned politicians, the political game of Mrs Indira Gandhi was strong as ever. Before becoming the Prime Minister, she was Information and Broadcasting minister as well.
Her tenure as Prime Minister of India was filled with ups and downs. It was under her visionary leadership that India won the war against Pakistan in 1970. She played a pivotal role in creating the country of Bangladesh and freed it from the control of Pakistan (formerly known as East Pakistan). In the year 1970, she nationalized all the banks in India. This move provided a strong economic forum for the country. The impact of the nationalization of banks is seen even in the 21st century.
For today’s youth, given the changing power dynamics in the country, know very less about the legend of Indira Gandhi. She is most popularly known in the country for imposing emergency upon the nation in the year 1977. While many people criticise her for this move because of the breakdown of law and order and creating a state of authoritarianism in a democratic country, Indira Gandhi imposed emergency to curtail the anti-democratic and anti-national elements. Even though she knew that it would affect her election prospects, she went ahead and imposed the National Emergency Act, because, for a leader like Indira Gandhi, the country is a higher priority than herself.
In this Indira Gandhi Essay, we shall also be talking about what her Prime Ministerialship represents for women in the world and not just talk about what she has done for the country. Being the first and the only women to hold the most powerful position in the country, former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was the first to break the glass ceiling in a country where women are discriminated in all spheres of life. Till today, the United States of America could not break the glass ceiling and all the presidents of the USA are male till date. But Indians, long back in the 1970s, put their trust in a female leader and the results can be seen. India was among the fastest-growing economies in her regime. Her elevation to power pushed and gave confidence to hundreds and thousands of women around the world to break the stereotype and succeed in their lives.
The most tragic aspect of Mrs Indira Gandhi’s life was that she was assassinated by her own bodyguard while she was serving for the country selflessly. After the emergency was lifted, as expected, she lost elections. But in her second term of the office, she got back into the leadership role at a time when the Khalistan movement was at its peak. The demand for a separate sovereign country for Sikhs in Punjab was growing older and uglier by the day. There was intelligence information that terrorists were hiding in the golden temple at Amritsar with hoards of arms and ammunition.
To prevent violence and terror activities from being unleashed on the country, Indira Gandhi approved Operation Blue Star, to eliminate these terrorists from inside the temple. Ths decision was seen as anti-Sikh movement and turned into a religious fight against Indira Gandhi. Things took a tragic turn on 31st October 1984 when she was killed in cold blood. Indira Gandhi, from being one the most loved and respected leader in the world succumbed to hatred and politics of India.
Short Essay on Indira Gandhi 200 Words in English
Indira Gandhi Essay is usually given to classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Indira Gandhi was the first and the only women Prime Minister of India till date. She is considered to be the most courageous and bold leader not just in India, but in the whole world. Being the first female Prime Minister of India, she gained massive respect amongst the world community and especially the women empowerment organisation across the world.
Besides being someone who broke the gender stereotype and made it to the top echelons of our country, she is known for her bold and cold decisions that she took during her tenure that stabilised the democratic values of our country. She declared a national emergency to curtail the anti-national and anti-democratic activities from the opposition party. Many critics refer to the emergency as the black and dark days of our country. She lost the elections thereafter but soon in the 1980s, she gained back the popularity for the second term in office. As much as the first term was a roller coaster ride, the second term was filled with anger and hatred by the Khalistan movement.
Mrs Indira Gandhi was assassinated in cold blood on the 31st of October, 1984 due to anti-Sikh movements against her because the decisions she took to eliminated terrorist activities inside the golden temple in Amritsar through Operation Bluestar.
10 Lines on Indira Gandhi Essay in English
- Indira Gandhi was the first and the only female Prime Minister of India
- Indira Gandhi was the daughter of first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
- Indira Gandhi was born in Uttar Pradesh on 19th November 1917.
- She became the first female Prime Minister of India in the year 1966.
- Her elevation to the top position gave inspiration to lakhs of women across the world to break gender stereotypes.
- She declared an emergency in the year 1977.
- Indira Gandhi was assassinated due to anti-Sikh sentiments across the country in the year 1984.
- Indira Gandhi was responsible for the complete nationalisation of banks in India.
- She is popularly known for her bold and brave decision during her first and second term as Prime Mister of India.
- Indira Gandhi gave a facelift for the feminist and women empowerment movements across the world.
FAQ’s on Indira Gandhi Essay
Question 1. Who was Indira Gandhi?
Answer: Indira Gandhi was the first female Prime minister of India. She was also the daughter of the first Prime minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Question 2. How was Indira Gandhi killed?
Answer: Indira Gandhi was shot dead by her Sikh bodyguards in the year 1984 after the completion of Operation Bluestar
Question 3. Was Indira Gandhi related to Mahatma Gandhi?
Answer: No, Indira Gandhi was not related to Mahatma Gandhi. Her husband Feroz Gandhi took the name of the father of the nation after being inspired by his freedom movement.
Question 4. Why did Indira Gandhi declare an emergency?
Answer: Indira Gandhi declared an emergency in 1977 to keep law and order in the country stable because of the massive protests and riots instigated by the opposition party
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Paragraph on indira gandhi 150 words for cbse / icse / state board, paragraph on indira gandhi.
Indira Gandhi was the first woman prime minister of India till date. She was a very bold and dynamic personality. She always fought against undemocratic values in the country. She was born on 19 th November 1917 in Utter Pradesh. She was the daughter of the former and first prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. She was a very intelligent and bright child since her childhood. She grew up with leadership goals her childhood.
She got full guidance from her father and family. After the untimely death of Lal Bahadur Shastri, she then Prime minister of India, she took up the responsibility of being the third prime minister of India. She was politically very strong and independent. She was also the information and broadcasting minister of India. She played a very important role in creating Bangladesh and give it independence. She always kept the country as her first priority.
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154 Words Short Essay for kids on the biography of Indira Gandhi
Smt. Indira Gandhi was the first lady Prime Minister of our country. She became Prime Minister after the death of Sri Lai Bahadur Shastri. Her father Sri Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. So she belonged to a family of politicians.
Smt. Indira Gandhi was born at Allahabad on 19th November, 1917 and took active part in the freedom struggle. She was President of the Congress party. She was married to Sri Feroz Gandhi and had two sons- Rajiv and Sanjay. Sri Firoz Gandhi died in 1960. Sanjay Gandhi used to help her in her work but he died in a plane crash in 1980. Then Rajiv Gandhi started helping her and after her death on 31st October, 1984 he became the Prime Minister of India.
During her Prime Minister ship, India won the Bangladesh war in 1971. She was a great social worker and had introduced several schemes for the country. She was a great patriot.We are proud of her.
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Essay on Indira Gandhi
Important Points : Introduction - Early Life of Indira Gandhi - Her Education - Her Political Life - Her Life as Prime Minister - Epilogue.
Indira Gandhi became the first woman Prime Minister of India. Everyone praises the personality of Indira Gandhi. For her political talents, Indira ji has made her own identity in the political world. She was a true patriot since childhood and was eager to take part in the freedom struggle.
Indira Gandhi was born on 19th November 1917 in an affluent and educated family in Uttar Pradesh. Her full name was Indira Priyadarshini, but she was affectionately called 'Indu' by all. Indira Gandhi's grandfather's name was Motilal Nehru. Both Jawaharlal Nehru and Motilal Nehru were related to advocacy and they gave full cooperation in getting the country independent. Indira Gandhi's mother's name was Kamala Nehru. She was the only child of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru.
Indira Gandhi had Santiniketan built by Rabindra Nath Tagore, where she received her education. His further education was completed in England. Indira Gandhi received education from different places. He also studied different subjects and joined Oxford University. Indira Gandhi was fond of reading different types of books and magazines since childhood, but she was more inclined towards the English language. He did not get proper school education. They were taught at home by private teachers. He enrolled in Visva Bharati University, Bengal. She also went to Oxford University. But, she could not complete her studies. She returned to India in 1941 AD.
Indiraji started her political career under the supervision of her father. He served him as a non-government personal assistant. In 1959, she became the President of the Indian National Congress. When Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi was given the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. She became the Prime Minister after Shastriji's death.
Indiraji encouraged many important projects. He encouraged the nationalization of banks across the country. Successfully led the country during the war with Pakistan in 1971 AD. He signed the Simla Agreement. India conducted its first nuclear test during his rule. He solved the problem of terrorism in Punjab.
Indiraji's political journey was not easy. He faced many difficult situations. He was also criticized at times. Many leaders opposed his decisions. When he declared emergency in 1975, his decision was not liked by many leaders. As a result his party suffered losses in the ensuing elections.
Indiraji was assassinated on 31st October 1984 by her own bodyguards. It was a shock to the whole world. She was known as the leader of third world countries. All the criticism and opposition could not stop him from working for the progress of India. She was a woman of strong will and determination. We salute his bravery and love for the country.
Short and Long Essay on Indira Gandhi for Children and Students
Indira Gandhi was the female prime minister of India. She was a woman who dominated not only Indian politics but the whole world.
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Indira Gandhi had born on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. She was the daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. She studied at Shanti Niketan, founded by Mr. Rabindranath Tagore, and subsequently in Switzerland, England.
She took an active part in the freedom struggle and became the President of the Congress Party. She was married to Mr. Feroze Gandhi. She had two sons – Rajiv and Sanjay.
Feroze Gandhi died on 8 September 1960. On 24 January 1966, Mrs. Indira Gandhi became the third and first woman Prime Minister of India after the untimely death of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India.
After this, she became the Prime Minister of the country for three consecutive times. Indira Gandhi had to face heavy protests and sharp criticisms on several issues such as the Sikh riot in 1984, the 1984 Emergency.
On 31 October 1984, she was shot by her bodyguard and she died on the spot.
Indira Gandhi was an inspiration for Indian women. He awakened the women of the society in which women were considered inferior to men.
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Indira Gandhi , in full Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi , née Nehru , (born November 19, 1917, Allahabad, India—died October 31, 1984, New Delhi), Indian politician who was the first female prime minister of India , serving for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term from 1980 until she was assassinated in 1984.
(Read Indira Gandhi’s 1975 Britannica essay on global underprivilege.)
Indira Nehru was the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru , who was one of the chief figures in India’s struggle to achieve independence from Britain, was a top leader of the powerful and long-dominant Indian National Congress (Congress Party), and was the first prime minister (1947–64) of independent India. Her grandfather Motilal Nehru was one of the pioneers of the independence movement and was a close associate of Mohandas (“Mahatma”) Gandhi . She attended , for one year each, Visva-Bharati University in Shantiniketan (now in Bolpur, West Bengal state) and then the University of Oxford in England . She joined the Congress Party in 1938.
In 1942 she married Feroze Gandhi (died 1960), a fellow member of the party. The couple had two children, Sanjay and Rajiv . However, the two parents were estranged from each other for much of their marriage. Indira’s mother had died in the mid-1930s, and thereafter she often acted as her father’s hostess for events and accompanied him on his travels.
The Congress Party came to power when her father took office in 1947, and Gandhi became a member of its working committee in 1955. In 1959 she was elected to the largely honorary post of party president. She was made a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper chamber of the Indian parliament) in 1964, and that year Lal Bahadur Shastri —who had succeeded Nehru as prime minister—named her minister of information and broadcasting in his government.
On Shastri’s sudden death in January 1966, Gandhi was named leader of the Congress Party—and thus also became prime minister—in a compromise between the party’s right and left wings. Her leadership, however, came under continual challenge from the right wing of the party, led by former minister of finance Morarji Desai . She won a seat in the 1967 elections to the Lok Sabha (lower chamber of the Indian parliament), but the Congress Party managed to win only a slim majority of seats, and Gandhi had to accept Desai as deputy prime minister.
Tensions grew within the party, however, and in 1969 she was expelled from it by Desai and other members of the old guard. Undaunted, Gandhi, joined by a majority of party members, formed a new faction around her called the “New” Congress Party. In the 1971 Lok Sabha elections the New Congress group won a sweeping electoral victory over a coalition of conservative parties. Gandhi strongly supported East Pakistan (now Bangladesh ) in its secessionist conflict with Pakistan in late 1971, and India’s armed forces achieved a swift and decisive victory over Pakistan that led to the creation of Bangladesh. She became the first government leader to recognize the new country .
In March 1972, buoyed by the country’s success against Pakistan, Gandhi again led her New Congress Party group to landslide victories in a large number of elections to state legislative assemblies. Shortly afterward, however, her defeated Socialist Party opponent from the 1971 national election charged that she had violated the election laws in that contest. In June 1975 the High Court of Allahabad ruled against her, which meant that she would be deprived of her seat in the parliament and would be required to stay out of politics for six years. She appealed the ruling to the Supreme Court but did not receive a satisfactory response. Taking matters into her own hands, she declared a state of emergency throughout India, imprisoned her political opponents, and assumed emergency powers . Many new laws were enacted that limited personal freedoms. During that period she also implemented several unpopular policies, including large-scale sterilization as a form of birth control .
Public opposition to Gandhi’s two years of emergency rule was vehement and widespread, and after it ended in early 1977, the released political rivals were determined to oust her and the New Congress Party from power. When long-postponed national parliamentary elections were held later in 1977, she and her party were soundly defeated, whereupon she left office. The Janata Party (precursor to the Bharatiya Janata Party ) took over the reins of government, with newly recruited member Desai as prime minister.
In early 1978 Gandhi and her supporters completed the split from the Congress Party by forming the Congress (I) Party—the “I” signifying Indira. She was briefly imprisoned (October 1977 and December 1978) on charges of official corruption. Despite those setbacks , she won a new seat in the Lok Sabha in November 1978, and her Congress (I) Party began to gather strength. Dissension within the ruling Janata Party led to the fall of its government in August 1979. When new elections for the Lok Sabha were held in January 1980, Gandhi and Congress (I) were swept back into power in a landslide victory. Her son Sanjay, who had become her chief political adviser, also won a seat in the Lok Sabha. All legal cases against Indira, as well as against Sanjay, were withdrawn.
Sanjay Gandhi’s death in an airplane crash in June 1980 eliminated Indira’s chosen successor from the political leadership of India. After Sanjay’s death, Indira groomed her other son, Rajiv, for the leadership of her party. She adhered to the quasi-socialist policies of industrial development that had been begun by her father. She established closer relations with the Soviet Union , depending on that country for support in India’s long-standing conflict with Pakistan.
During the early 1980s Indira Gandhi was faced with threats to the political integrity of India. Several states sought a larger measure of independence from the central government, and Sikh separatists in Punjab state used violence to assert their demands for an autonomous state. In 1982 a large number of Sikhs, led by Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale , occupied and fortified the Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) complex at Amritsar , the Sikhs’ holiest shrine. Tensions between the government and the Sikhs escalated, and in June 1984 Gandhi ordered the Indian army to attack and oust the separatists from the complex. Some buildings in the shrine were badly damaged in the fighting, and at least 450 Sikhs were killed (Sikh estimates of the death toll were considerably higher). Five months later Gandhi was killed in her garden in New Delhi in a fusillade of bullets fired by two of her own Sikh bodyguards in revenge for the attack in Amritsar. She was succeeded as prime minister by her son Rajiv , who served until 1989.
A 500-word essay averages two double-spaced pages. The length of a document depends on the paper and margin sizes as well as the general text formatting.
An essay containing 200 words is limited in length, requiring between three and five paragraphs depending on the sentence structure and vocabulary used. An essay is a short piece of writing about a particular topic.
A “who am I” essay is a simple type of open-ended introductory essay. It is used in certain schools, workplaces and around the world to help members of a group introduce themselves through their writing. They are generally about a page long...
She was a woman of courage, vision, and foresight. Also, her 20 point program was a bold way in order to bring the prosperity of the poor. She was a woman who
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She was the epitome of women's power that the entire world realized during her strong regime. She brought prosperity to the common and made India stronger by
She was born on Nov. 19, 1917. She got her education at Allahabad, Oxford and Shanti Niketan. After it, she had been a member of the India
She is considered to be the most courageous and bold leader not just in India, but in the whole world. Being the first female Prime Minister of
She was a very bold and dynamic personality. She always fought against undemocratic values in the country. She was born on 19th November 1917 in
Smt. Indira Gandhi was the first lady Prime Minister of our country. She became Prime Minister after the death of Sri Lai Bahadur Shastri.
Indira Gandhi was fond of reading different types of books and magazines since childhood, but she was more inclined towards the English language. He did not get
Indira Gandhi had born on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. She was the daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India.
(Read Indira Gandhi's 1975 Britannica essay on global underprivilege.) Indira Nehru was the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru, who was one of the chief figures