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Throughout your academic career, you'll be asked to write papers in which you compare and contrast two things: two texts, two theories, two historical figures, two scientific processes, and so on. "Classic" compare-and-contrast papers, in which you weight A and B equally, may be about two similar things that have crucial differences (two pesticides with different effects on the environment) or two similar things that have crucial differences, yet turn out to have surprising commonalities (two politicians with vastly different world views who voice unexpectedly similar perspectives on sexual harassment).
In the "lens" (or "keyhole") comparison, in which you weight A less heavily than B, you use A as a lens through which to view B. Just as looking through a pair of glasses changes the way you see an object, using A as a framework for understanding B changes the way you see B. Lens comparisons are useful for illuminating, critiquing, or challenging the stability of a thing that, before the analysis, seemed perfectly understood. Often, lens comparisons take time into account: earlier texts, events, or historical figures may illuminate later ones, and vice versa.
Faced with a daunting list of seemingly unrelated similarities and differences, you may feel confused about how to construct a paper that isn't just a mechanical exercise in which you first state all the features that A and B have in common, and then state all the ways in which A and B are different. Predictably, the thesis of such a paper is usually an assertion that A and B are very similar yet not so similar after all. To write a good compare-and-contrast paper, you must take your raw data—the similarities and differences you've observed—and make them cohere into a meaningful argument. Here are the five elements required.
Frame of Reference . This is the context within which you place the two things you plan to compare and contrast; it is the umbrella under which you have grouped them. The frame of reference may consist of an idea, theme, question, problem, or theory; a group of similar things from which you extract two for special attention; biographical or historical information. The best frames of reference are constructed from specific sources rather than your own thoughts or observations. Thus, in a paper comparing how two writers redefine social norms of masculinity, you would be better off quoting a sociologist on the topic of masculinity than spinning out potentially banal-sounding theories of your own. Most assignments tell you exactly what the frame of reference should be, and most courses supply sources for constructing it. If you encounter an assignment that fails to provide a frame of reference, you must come up with one on your own. A paper without such a context would have no angle on the material, no focus or frame for the writer to propose a meaningful argument.
Grounds for Comparison . Let's say you're writing a paper on global food distribution, and you've chosen to compare apples and oranges. Why these particular fruits? Why not pears and bananas? The rationale behind your choice, the grounds for comparison , lets your reader know why your choice is deliberate and meaningful, not random. For instance, in a paper asking how the "discourse of domesticity" has been used in the abortion debate, the grounds for comparison are obvious; the issue has two conflicting sides, pro-choice and pro-life. In a paper comparing the effects of acid rain on two forest sites, your choice of sites is less obvious. A paper focusing on similarly aged forest stands in Maine and the Catskills will be set up differently from one comparing a new forest stand in the White Mountains with an old forest in the same region. You need to indicate the reasoning behind your choice.
Thesis . The grounds for comparison anticipates the comparative nature of your thesis. As in any argumentative paper, your thesis statement will convey the gist of your argument, which necessarily follows from your frame of reference. But in a compare-and-contrast, the thesis depends on how the two things you've chosen to compare actually relate to one another. Do they extend, corroborate, complicate, contradict, correct, or debate one another? In the most common compare-and-contrast paper—one focusing on differences—you can indicate the precise relationship between A and B by using the word "whereas" in your thesis:
Whereas Camus perceives ideology as secondary to the need to address a specific historical moment of colonialism, Fanon perceives a revolutionary ideology as the impetus to reshape Algeria's history in a direction toward independence.
Whether your paper focuses primarily on difference or similarity, you need to make the relationship between A and B clear in your thesis. This relationship is at the heart of any compare-and-contrast paper.
Organizational Scheme . Your introduction will include your frame of reference, grounds for comparison, and thesis. There are two basic ways to organize the body of your paper.
- In text-by-text , you discuss all of A, then all of B.
- In point-by-point , you alternate points about A with comparable points about B.
If you think that B extends A, you'll probably use a text-by-text scheme; if you see A and B engaged in debate, a point-by-point scheme will draw attention to the conflict. Be aware, however, that the point-by- point scheme can come off as a ping-pong game. You can avoid this effect by grouping more than one point together, thereby cutting down on the number of times you alternate from A to B. But no matter which organizational scheme you choose, you need not give equal time to similarities and differences. In fact, your paper will be more interesting if you get to the heart of your argument as quickly as possible. Thus, a paper on two evolutionary theorists' different interpretations of specific archaeological findings might have as few as two or three sentences in the introduction on similarities and at most a paragraph or two to set up the contrast between the theorists' positions. The rest of the paper, whether organized text- by-text or point-by-point, will treat the two theorists' differences.
You can organize a classic compare-and-contrast paper either text-by-text or point-by-point. But in a "lens" comparison, in which you spend significantly less time on A (the lens) than on B (the focal text), you almost always organize text-by-text. That's because A and B are not strictly comparable: A is merely a tool for helping you discover whether or not B's nature is actually what expectations have led you to believe it is.
Linking of A and B . All argumentative papers require you to link each point in the argument back to the thesis. Without such links, your reader will be unable to see how new sections logically and systematically advance your argument. In a compare-and contrast, you also need to make links between A and B in the body of your essay if you want your paper to hold together. To make these links, use transitional expressions of comparison and contrast ( similarly, moreover, likewise, on the contrary, conversely, on the other hand ) and contrastive vocabulary (in the example below, Southerner/Northerner ).
As a girl raised in the faded glory of the Old South, amid mystical tales of magnolias and moonlight, the mother remains part of a dying generation. Surrounded by hard times, racial conflict, and limited opportunities, Julian, on the other hand , feels repelled by the provincial nature of home, and represents a new Southerner, one who sees his native land through a condescending Northerner's eyes.
Copyright 1998, Kerry Walk, for the Writing Center at Harvard University
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Comparing and Contrasting
What this handout is about.
This handout will help you first to determine whether a particular assignment is asking for comparison/contrast and then to generate a list of similarities and differences, decide which similarities and differences to focus on, and organize your paper so that it will be clear and effective. It will also explain how you can (and why you should) develop a thesis that goes beyond “Thing A and Thing B are similar in many ways but different in others.”
In your career as a student, you’ll encounter many different kinds of writing assignments, each with its own requirements. One of the most common is the comparison/contrast essay, in which you focus on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another. By assigning such essays, your instructors are encouraging you to make connections between texts or ideas, engage in critical thinking, and go beyond mere description or summary to generate interesting analysis: when you reflect on similarities and differences, you gain a deeper understanding of the items you are comparing, their relationship to each other, and what is most important about them.
Recognizing comparison/contrast in assignments
Some assignments use words—like compare, contrast, similarities, and differences—that make it easy for you to see that they are asking you to compare and/or contrast. Here are a few hypothetical examples:
- Compare and contrast Frye’s and Bartky’s accounts of oppression.
- Compare WWI to WWII, identifying similarities in the causes, development, and outcomes of the wars.
- Contrast Wordsworth and Coleridge; what are the major differences in their poetry?
Notice that some topics ask only for comparison, others only for contrast, and others for both.
But it’s not always so easy to tell whether an assignment is asking you to include comparison/contrast. And in some cases, comparison/contrast is only part of the essay—you begin by comparing and/or contrasting two or more things and then use what you’ve learned to construct an argument or evaluation. Consider these examples, noticing the language that is used to ask for the comparison/contrast and whether the comparison/contrast is only one part of a larger assignment:
- Choose a particular idea or theme, such as romantic love, death, or nature, and consider how it is treated in two Romantic poems.
- How do the different authors we have studied so far define and describe oppression?
- Compare Frye’s and Bartky’s accounts of oppression. What does each imply about women’s collusion in their own oppression? Which is more accurate?
- In the texts we’ve studied, soldiers who served in different wars offer differing accounts of their experiences and feelings both during and after the fighting. What commonalities are there in these accounts? What factors do you think are responsible for their differences?
You may want to check out our handout on understanding assignments for additional tips.
Using comparison/contrast for all kinds of writing projects
Sometimes you may want to use comparison/contrast techniques in your own pre-writing work to get ideas that you can later use for an argument, even if comparison/contrast isn’t an official requirement for the paper you’re writing. For example, if you wanted to argue that Frye’s account of oppression is better than both de Beauvoir’s and Bartky’s, comparing and contrasting the main arguments of those three authors might help you construct your evaluation—even though the topic may not have asked for comparison/contrast and the lists of similarities and differences you generate may not appear anywhere in the final draft of your paper.
Discovering similarities and differences
Making a Venn diagram or a chart can help you quickly and efficiently compare and contrast two or more things or ideas. To make a Venn diagram, simply draw some overlapping circles, one circle for each item you’re considering. In the central area where they overlap, list the traits the two items have in common. Assign each one of the areas that doesn’t overlap; in those areas, you can list the traits that make the things different. Here’s a very simple example, using two pizza places:
To make a chart, figure out what criteria you want to focus on in comparing the items. Along the left side of the page, list each of the criteria. Across the top, list the names of the items. You should then have a box per item for each criterion; you can fill the boxes in and then survey what you’ve discovered.
As you generate points of comparison, consider the purpose and content of the assignment and the focus of the class. What do you think the professor wants you to learn by doing this comparison/contrast? How does it fit with what you have been studying so far and with the other assignments in the course? Are there any clues about what to focus on in the assignment itself?
Here are some general questions about different types of things you might have to compare. These are by no means complete or definitive lists; they’re just here to give you some ideas—you can generate your own questions for these and other types of comparison. You may want to begin by using the questions reporters traditionally ask: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? If you’re talking about objects, you might also consider general properties like size, shape, color, sound, weight, taste, texture, smell, number, duration, and location.
Two historical periods or events
- When did they occur—do you know the date(s) and duration? What happened or changed during each? Why are they significant?
- What kinds of work did people do? What kinds of relationships did they have? What did they value?
- What kinds of governments were there? Who were important people involved?
- What caused events in these periods, and what consequences did they have later on?
Two ideas or theories
- What are they about?
- Did they originate at some particular time?
- Who created them? Who uses or defends them?
- What is the central focus, claim, or goal of each? What conclusions do they offer?
- How are they applied to situations/people/things/etc.?
- Which seems more plausible to you, and why? How broad is their scope?
- What kind of evidence is usually offered for them?
Two pieces of writing or art
- What are their titles? What do they describe or depict?
- What is their tone or mood? What is their form?
- Who created them? When were they created? Why do you think they were created as they were? What themes do they address?
- Do you think one is of higher quality or greater merit than the other(s)—and if so, why?
- For writing: what plot, characterization, setting, theme, tone, and type of narration are used?
- Where are they from? How old are they? What is the gender, race, class, etc. of each?
- What, if anything, are they known for? Do they have any relationship to each other?
- What are they like? What did/do they do? What do they believe? Why are they interesting?
- What stands out most about each of them?
Deciding what to focus on
By now you have probably generated a huge list of similarities and differences—congratulations! Next you must decide which of them are interesting, important, and relevant enough to be included in your paper. Ask yourself these questions:
- What’s relevant to the assignment?
- What’s relevant to the course?
- What’s interesting and informative?
- What matters to the argument you are going to make?
- What’s basic or central (and needs to be mentioned even if obvious)?
- Overall, what’s more important—the similarities or the differences?
Suppose that you are writing a paper comparing two novels. For most literature classes, the fact that they both use Caslon type (a kind of typeface, like the fonts you may use in your writing) is not going to be relevant, nor is the fact that one of them has a few illustrations and the other has none; literature classes are more likely to focus on subjects like characterization, plot, setting, the writer’s style and intentions, language, central themes, and so forth. However, if you were writing a paper for a class on typesetting or on how illustrations are used to enhance novels, the typeface and presence or absence of illustrations might be absolutely critical to include in your final paper.
Sometimes a particular point of comparison or contrast might be relevant but not terribly revealing or interesting. For example, if you are writing a paper about Wordsworth’s “Tintern Abbey” and Coleridge’s “Frost at Midnight,” pointing out that they both have nature as a central theme is relevant (comparisons of poetry often talk about themes) but not terribly interesting; your class has probably already had many discussions about the Romantic poets’ fondness for nature. Talking about the different ways nature is depicted or the different aspects of nature that are emphasized might be more interesting and show a more sophisticated understanding of the poems.
The thesis of your comparison/contrast paper is very important: it can help you create a focused argument and give your reader a road map so she/he doesn’t get lost in the sea of points you are about to make. As in any paper, you will want to replace vague reports of your general topic (for example, “This paper will compare and contrast two pizza places,” or “Pepper’s and Amante are similar in some ways and different in others,” or “Pepper’s and Amante are similar in many ways, but they have one major difference”) with something more detailed and specific. For example, you might say, “Pepper’s and Amante have similar prices and ingredients, but their atmospheres and willingness to deliver set them apart.”
Be careful, though—although this thesis is fairly specific and does propose a simple argument (that atmosphere and delivery make the two pizza places different), your instructor will often be looking for a bit more analysis. In this case, the obvious question is “So what? Why should anyone care that Pepper’s and Amante are different in this way?” One might also wonder why the writer chose those two particular pizza places to compare—why not Papa John’s, Dominos, or Pizza Hut? Again, thinking about the context the class provides may help you answer such questions and make a stronger argument. Here’s a revision of the thesis mentioned earlier:
Pepper’s and Amante both offer a greater variety of ingredients than other Chapel Hill/Carrboro pizza places (and than any of the national chains), but the funky, lively atmosphere at Pepper’s makes it a better place to give visiting friends and family a taste of local culture.
You may find our handout on constructing thesis statements useful at this stage.
Organizing your paper
There are many different ways to organize a comparison/contrast essay. Here are two:
Begin by saying everything you have to say about the first subject you are discussing, then move on and make all the points you want to make about the second subject (and after that, the third, and so on, if you’re comparing/contrasting more than two things). If the paper is short, you might be able to fit all of your points about each item into a single paragraph, but it’s more likely that you’d have several paragraphs per item. Using our pizza place comparison/contrast as an example, after the introduction, you might have a paragraph about the ingredients available at Pepper’s, a paragraph about its location, and a paragraph about its ambience. Then you’d have three similar paragraphs about Amante, followed by your conclusion.
The danger of this subject-by-subject organization is that your paper will simply be a list of points: a certain number of points (in my example, three) about one subject, then a certain number of points about another. This is usually not what college instructors are looking for in a paper—generally they want you to compare or contrast two or more things very directly, rather than just listing the traits the things have and leaving it up to the reader to reflect on how those traits are similar or different and why those similarities or differences matter. Thus, if you use the subject-by-subject form, you will probably want to have a very strong, analytical thesis and at least one body paragraph that ties all of your different points together.
A subject-by-subject structure can be a logical choice if you are writing what is sometimes called a “lens” comparison, in which you use one subject or item (which isn’t really your main topic) to better understand another item (which is). For example, you might be asked to compare a poem you’ve already covered thoroughly in class with one you are reading on your own. It might make sense to give a brief summary of your main ideas about the first poem (this would be your first subject, the “lens”), and then spend most of your paper discussing how those points are similar to or different from your ideas about the second.
Rather than addressing things one subject at a time, you may wish to talk about one point of comparison at a time. There are two main ways this might play out, depending on how much you have to say about each of the things you are comparing. If you have just a little, you might, in a single paragraph, discuss how a certain point of comparison/contrast relates to all the items you are discussing. For example, I might describe, in one paragraph, what the prices are like at both Pepper’s and Amante; in the next paragraph, I might compare the ingredients available; in a third, I might contrast the atmospheres of the two restaurants.
If I had a bit more to say about the items I was comparing/contrasting, I might devote a whole paragraph to how each point relates to each item. For example, I might have a whole paragraph about the clientele at Pepper’s, followed by a whole paragraph about the clientele at Amante; then I would move on and do two more paragraphs discussing my next point of comparison/contrast—like the ingredients available at each restaurant.
There are no hard and fast rules about organizing a comparison/contrast paper, of course. Just be sure that your reader can easily tell what’s going on! Be aware, too, of the placement of your different points. If you are writing a comparison/contrast in service of an argument, keep in mind that the last point you make is the one you are leaving your reader with. For example, if I am trying to argue that Amante is better than Pepper’s, I should end with a contrast that leaves Amante sounding good, rather than with a point of comparison that I have to admit makes Pepper’s look better. If you’ve decided that the differences between the items you’re comparing/contrasting are most important, you’ll want to end with the differences—and vice versa, if the similarities seem most important to you.
Our handout on organization can help you write good topic sentences and transitions and make sure that you have a good overall structure in place for your paper.
Cue words and other tips
To help your reader keep track of where you are in the comparison/contrast, you’ll want to be sure that your transitions and topic sentences are especially strong. Your thesis should already have given the reader an idea of the points you’ll be making and the organization you’ll be using, but you can help her/him out with some extra cues. The following words may be helpful to you in signaling your intentions:
- like, similar to, also, unlike, similarly, in the same way, likewise, again, compared to, in contrast, in like manner, contrasted with, on the contrary, however, although, yet, even though, still, but, nevertheless, conversely, at the same time, regardless, despite, while, on the one hand … on the other hand.
For example, you might have a topic sentence like one of these:
- Compared to Pepper’s, Amante is quiet.
- Like Amante, Pepper’s offers fresh garlic as a topping.
- Despite their different locations (downtown Chapel Hill and downtown Carrboro), Pepper’s and Amante are both fairly easy to get to.
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10.7 Comparison and Contrast
- Determine the purpose and structure of comparison and contrast in writing.
- Explain organizational methods used when comparing and contrasting.
- Understand how to write a compare-and-contrast essay.
The Purpose of Comparison and Contrast in Writing
Comparison in writing discusses elements that are similar, while contrast in writing discusses elements that are different. A compare-and-contrast essay , then, analyzes two subjects by comparing them, contrasting them, or both.
The key to a good compare-and-contrast essay is to choose two or more subjects that connect in a meaningful way. The purpose of conducting the comparison or contrast is not to state the obvious but rather to illuminate subtle differences or unexpected similarities. For example, if you wanted to focus on contrasting two subjects you would not pick apples and oranges; rather, you might choose to compare and contrast two types of oranges or two types of apples to highlight subtle differences. For example, Red Delicious apples are sweet, while Granny Smiths are tart and acidic. Drawing distinctions between elements in a similar category will increase the audience’s understanding of that category, which is the purpose of the compare-and-contrast essay.
Similarly, to focus on comparison, choose two subjects that seem at first to be unrelated. For a comparison essay, you likely would not choose two apples or two oranges because they share so many of the same properties already. Rather, you might try to compare how apples and oranges are quite similar. The more divergent the two subjects initially seem, the more interesting a comparison essay will be.
Writing at Work
Comparing and contrasting is also an evaluative tool. In order to make accurate evaluations about a given topic, you must first know the critical points of similarity and difference. Comparing and contrasting is a primary tool for many workplace assessments. You have likely compared and contrasted yourself to other colleagues. Employee advancements, pay raises, hiring, and firing are typically conducted using comparison and contrast. Comparison and contrast could be used to evaluate companies, departments, or individuals.
Brainstorm an essay that leans toward contrast. Choose one of the following three categories. Pick two examples from each. Then come up with one similarity and three differences between the examples.
- Romantic comedies
- Internet search engines
- Cell phones
Brainstorm an essay that leans toward comparison. Choose one of the following three items. Then come up with one difference and three similarities.
- Department stores and discount retail stores
- Fast food chains and fine dining restaurants
- Dogs and cats
The Structure of a Comparison and Contrast Essay
The compare-and-contrast essay starts with a thesis that clearly states the two subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both and the reason for doing so. The thesis could lean more toward comparing, contrasting, or both. Remember, the point of comparing and contrasting is to provide useful knowledge to the reader. Take the following thesis as an example that leans more toward contrasting.
Thesis statement: Organic vegetables may cost more than those that are conventionally grown, but when put to the test, they are definitely worth every extra penny.
Here the thesis sets up the two subjects to be compared and contrasted (organic versus conventional vegetables), and it makes a claim about the results that might prove useful to the reader.
You may organize compare-and-contrast essays in one of the following two ways:
- According to the subjects themselves, discussing one then the other
- According to individual points, discussing each subject in relation to each point
See Figure 10.1 “Comparison and Contrast Diagram” , which diagrams the ways to organize our organic versus conventional vegetables thesis.
Figure 10.1 Comparison and Contrast Diagram
The organizational structure you choose depends on the nature of the topic, your purpose, and your audience.
Given that compare-and-contrast essays analyze the relationship between two subjects, it is helpful to have some phrases on hand that will cue the reader to such analysis. See Table 10.3 “Phrases of Comparison and Contrast” for examples.
Table 10.3 Phrases of Comparison and Contrast
Create an outline for each of the items you chose in Note 10.72 “Exercise 1” and Note 10.73 “Exercise 2” . Use the point-by-point organizing strategy for one of them, and use the subject organizing strategy for the other.
Writing a Comparison and Contrast Essay
First choose whether you want to compare seemingly disparate subjects, contrast seemingly similar subjects, or compare and contrast subjects. Once you have decided on a topic, introduce it with an engaging opening paragraph. Your thesis should come at the end of the introduction, and it should establish the subjects you will compare, contrast, or both as well as state what can be learned from doing so.
The body of the essay can be organized in one of two ways: by subject or by individual points. The organizing strategy that you choose will depend on, as always, your audience and your purpose. You may also consider your particular approach to the subjects as well as the nature of the subjects themselves; some subjects might better lend themselves to one structure or the other. Make sure to use comparison and contrast phrases to cue the reader to the ways in which you are analyzing the relationship between the subjects.
After you finish analyzing the subjects, write a conclusion that summarizes the main points of the essay and reinforces your thesis. See Chapter 15 “Readings: Examples of Essays” to read a sample compare-and-contrast essay.
Many business presentations are conducted using comparison and contrast. The organizing strategies—by subject or individual points—could also be used for organizing a presentation. Keep this in mind as a way of organizing your content the next time you or a colleague have to present something at work.
Choose one of the outlines you created in Note 10.75 “Exercise 3” , and write a full compare-and-contrast essay. Be sure to include an engaging introduction, a clear thesis, well-defined and detailed paragraphs, and a fitting conclusion that ties everything together.
- A compare-and-contrast essay analyzes two subjects by either comparing them, contrasting them, or both.
- The purpose of writing a comparison or contrast essay is not to state the obvious but rather to illuminate subtle differences or unexpected similarities between two subjects.
- The thesis should clearly state the subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both, and it should state what is to be learned from doing so.
There are two main organizing strategies for compare-and-contrast essays.
- Organize by the subjects themselves, one then the other.
- Organize by individual points, in which you discuss each subject in relation to each point.
- Use phrases of comparison or phrases of contrast to signal to readers how exactly the two subjects are being analyzed.
Writing for Success by University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.
Make Your Essay Structure Rock-Solid with These Tips
So you’ve been assigned an essay. Or, probably more realistically, two, three, or four essays . . . and they’re all due the same week.
We’ve all been there: overwhelmed, staring down that blank screen, and not sure which essay to start with or how to get it started.
In high school and college, it’s not enough to just write strong essays. One of the most important skills to develop is writing strong essays efficiently . And the foundation of that skill is knowing how to structure an essay. With a template for the basic essay structure in hand, you can focus on what really matters when you’re writing essays: your arguments and the evidence you’re using to support them. Take a look at the basic essay structure below and see how the parts of an essay work together to present a coherent, well-reasoned position, no matter what topic you’re writing about.
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Basic essay structure: the 3 main parts of an essay
Almost every single essay that’s ever been written follows the same basic structure:
This structure has stood the test of time for one simple reason: It works. It clearly presents the writer’s position, supports that position with relevant examples, and neatly ties their supporting arguments together in a way that makes their position evident.
It all starts here. This is where you introduce the topic you’re discussing in your essay and briefly summarize the points you’ll make in the paragraphs that follow.
This is also where you state your thesis. Your thesis is the most important part of your essay because it’s the point you’re making . It needs to take a clear stance and shouldn’t include hedging language that undermines that stance like “seems to” or “possibly could.”
Here are a few examples of thesis statements:
- In the final scene of The Awakening , Edna Pontellier’s decision demonstrates that it was impossible for her to have the lifestyle she truly wanted in the society in which she lived.
- Due to its volatility and lack of government regulation, Bitcoin cannot become a viable currency for everyday purchases.
- While the habitability of Mars has not yet been proven, evidence suggests that it was once possible due to bacteria samples found on the Red Planet.
An easy way to write your thesis statement is to think of it as a summary of your essay. Your thesis makes and supports your essay’s point in one concise sentence.
When you proofread your finished essay, make sure your thesis is clearly stated in your introduction paragraph. If it’s not clear, go back and write a definitive thesis statement.
>>Read More: How to Write a Persuasive Essay
Your essay’s body paragraphs are where you support your thesis statement with facts and evidence. Each body paragraph should focus on one supporting argument for your thesis by discussing related data, content, or events.
If you’re not sure whether you should include a specific point or detail in your body paragraphs, refer back to your thesis statement. If the detail supports your thesis, it should be in your essay. If it doesn’t, leave it out. Your thesis statement is the core of your basic essay structure, so everything else in the essay needs to relate to it in some way.
In your essay’s conclusion paragraph , you summarize the points you made and bring your argument to its logical conclusion. Because your reader is now familiar with your thesis, the summary in your conclusion paragraph can be more direct and conclusive than the one in your intro paragraph.
>>Read More: 7 Writing Tips from Professors to Help you Crush your First Essays
How many paragraphs are in an essay?
There’s no hard-and-fast requirement for college essays. In high school, you were probably taught to write five-paragraph essays. This is a solid essay structure to work with, but in college, you generally have more flexibility with assignment lengths and formats.
Now, consider five the minimum—not the standard—number of paragraphs you should include in your essays.
Essay structure examples
There are a few different ways to present information in an essay. Often, your assignment will tell you what kind of essay to write, such as a chronological, compare and contrast, or problems-methods-solution essay. If you’re not sure which is best for your assignment, ask your instructor.
A chronological essay guides the reader through a series of events. This essay structure is ideal if you’re writing about:
- A current or historical event
- A book or article you read for class
- A process or procedure
With this kind of essay, you first introduce your topic and summarize the series of events in your introduction paragraph. Then, each body paragraph takes the reader through a key stage in that series, which might be a decisive battle in history, a pivotal scene in a novel, or a critical stage in a judicial process. In your conclusion, you present the end result of the series you discussed, underscoring your thesis with this result.
Compare and contrast
A compare-and-contrast essay has a structure that discusses multiple subjects, like several novels, concepts, or essays you’ve been assigned to read.
There are a few different ways to structure a compare-and-contrast essay. The most obvious is to spend one paragraph discussing the similarities between the topics you’re covering (comparing), then one paragraph detailing their differences (contrasting), followed by a paragraph that explores whether they’re more alike or more different from each other.
Another method is to only compare, where each of your body paragraphs discusses a similarity between the topics at hand. Or you can go the only-contrast route, where your body paragraphs explore the differences. Whichever you decide on, make sure each paragraph is focused on one topic sentence . Every new comparison or contrast should occupy its own paragraph.
As its name implies, this kind of essay structure presents the writer’s position in three segments:
- Ways to resolve the problem
- The solution achieved by using these strategies to resolve the problem
This kind of essay works great if you’re discussing methods for resolving a problem, like knowing how to distinguish between credible and non-credible sources when you’re doing research for assignments. It can also work when you’re tasked with explaining why certain solutions haven’t worked to fix the problems they were created for.
With this kind of essay, begin by introducing the problem at hand. In the subsequent body paragraphs, cover possible methods for resolving the problem, discussing how each is suited to fixing the problem, and potential challenges that can arise with each. You can certainly state which you think is the best choice—that could even be your thesis statement. In your conclusion paragraph, summarize the problem again and the desired resolution, endorsing your method of choice (if you have one).
In this kind of essay, you can also include a call to action in your final paragraph. A call to action is a direct order for the reader to take a specific action, like “call your congressperson today and tell them to vote no” or “visit grammarly.com today to add Grammarly browser extension for free.”
>>Read More: How to Write Better Essays: 5 Concepts you Must Master
With the basic essay structure down, you can get to writing
For a lot of students, getting started is the hardest part of writing an essay. Knowing how to structure an essay can get you past this seemingly insurmountable first step because it gives you a clear skeleton upon which to flesh out your thoughts. With that step conquered, you’re on your way to crushing your assignment.
Home ➔ Step-by-Step Guide on How to Write an Essay ➔ Guide to Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay
Guide to Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay
Student life is oversaturated with various essay types. Depending on subjects, you are likely to write one essay over another. Research papers, literature reviews, coursework, and case study are only some of the projects you will have to complete within your studies.
A compare and contrast essay is among the most often-assigned tasks in academia. Not only does it require a different approach to the topic, but you can also write it in several ways. This article will deep-dive into the topic, answering the question of “how to write a compare and contrast essay” and casting light on how to do it well.
To learn more about general essay definitions and characteristics, read our different guide: What is an Essay?
What is a Compare-Contrast Essay?
A compare and contrast essay is a paper that requires the writer to compare and analyze two subjects within one work and provide a comprehensive and clear conclusion regarding the comparison. Such compare and contrast essays can be about any topic, starting from concepts, subjects, physical goods, and abstract things and ending with dog breeds, written works, feelings, and places.
Comparing and Contrasting in Writing
Compare and contrast writing is a frequent task when it comes to school. Professors tend to assign compare and contrast essays for several reasons. First and foremost, they aim to develop a student’s critical thinking skills. The main point is to focus on two subjects and find their similarities and differences. Such an analysis helps identify the findings and approach objectivity.
Besides, it helps students brush up on their writing abilities. It goes without saying that practice makes perfect. Comparing and contrasting demands the writer to come closer to the topic and analyze two subjects from different angles. This examination requires using diverse language to explain two different points and draw relevant conclusions. Finally, comparing and contrasting intends to make students sound reasonable and decide on the most plausible and compelling subjects and arguments when writing the piece.
As with any paper, a compare and contrast essay also relies on a pre-writing strategy. Yes, you can omit this stage and proceed to write a compare and contrast essay itself. But, in such a case, you won’t know how to write a compare and contrast essay not only quickly but efficiently. And the odds are high that you will get stuck because of a lack of ideas.
Not having a general plan and outline will also make you worse off. In turn, if you complete fundamental pre-writing steps, you will boost your productivity and reduce the time writing the essay. So, before actually writing a compare and contrast essay, pay attention to the following stage.
If you’re free to choose a topic
Teachers are impressively innovative these days. To encourage you to study, they provide students with freedom of choice and let them write about anything their heart desires. Thus, they can base their compare and contrast essays on different topics. If you are in the same situation, you can benefit from it. However, keep in mind that the subject you come up with has to pertain to the compare and contrast essay’s requirements. You must be sure the items of your choice can be compared and contrasted clearly and, most importantly, reasonably.
Furthermore, things should be comparable. That is, in no way should you write a compare and contrast work about two subjects that are completely different. Writing about laptops and smartphones is by no means a great point simply because they are two different systems. Instead, think of subjects that relate to one group. For instance, finding similarities and differences of political regimes, religions, artistic styles, architecture styles, or food would be great examples of a good compare and contrast essay subjects. You don’t have to follow this step if your teacher has already assigned you the topic.
If you have no idea what to write about, glance at different subjects to get some inspiration:
- Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon. War poetry: its similarities and differences.
- World War I and World War II: the focal differences and similarities.
- 90s music in the UK and US: the main differences and similarities.
- Education in Australia and the United States.
- Karate and Boxing: differences and similarities between two sports.
- Computers and Laptops: two similar and different gadgets.
- Traditional Books and E-Books.
- Mac OS and Linux: differences and similarities.
- Thesis and Dissertation: two different and similar documents.
- Being in a relationship versus being single: two similar and different concepts.
When you choose the topic to write a compare and contrast essay on, you have to analyze the ideas to develop within your essay. This step is called brainstorming, which aims to flex your brain muscles and find the best ideas for the compare and contrast analysis. There are several brainstorming methods you can use. The most effective ones are mind-mapping, listing, and freewriting. Let’s take a closer look at each of them.
If you like working with visual items, mind-mapping is for you. The main purpose is to come up with the most accurate ideas by designing a map and trying to connect things to the topic. You automatically make your thoughts organized and tightly connected, which ensures the paper’s coherence. To make the process more plentiful, try using a Venn diagram.
Listing is a more time-effective technique compared to mind-mapping. All you need to do is start writing a list and spawn possible ideas for the essay. You can write thoughts in any order. The idea is to build an exhaustive list of main points and start analyzing whether they are too general or not. Choose one subject over another and repeat the same procedure until you have three main arguments. Don’t worry if you need to do this more than once.
Freewriting can be called a pure stream of consciousness with a single difference. When following this strategy, you simply write a compare and contrast analysis of two aspects related to the topic, paying no attention to mistakes and typos. It might be the most time-consuming way of generating ideas. However, you are likely to come up with exciting and unparalleled subjects when using this technique.
Forming the Argument
Once you know about the main points you will include in the paper, you have to think about your thesis statement. A thesis statement is arguably the most critical part of every paper. It demonstrates the arguments your essay will advance and explain. On top of that, it shows in which order these arguments will appear.
When writing the thesis statement, make sure it is condensed and is neither too specific nor too general. You should find the golden mean and make the audience enticed enough to keep reading the paper. Check out these two sample thesis statements:
Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon were both outstanding and talented poets, but the more sentimental, revealing, and thought-provoking Wilfred Owen makes himself a more readable and emphasized artist of the decade.
Traditional books and e-books aim at enlightening people, but the advanced user-friendliness, accessibility, and size of e-books make them more preferable by keen readers.
How to Structure a Comparison Essay
There are three main ways of structuring a compare and contrast essay. Such flexibility makes this essay type diverse and generally appreciated by professors. Even though a compare and contrast essay follows a common structure, such as the introduction, the main part, and the conclusion, the means of unveiling similarities and dissimilarities are unique and unusual to a regular essay. Here are the three possible ways of structuring this written piece.
If you want to read more about general essay structure and writing stages, check our comprehensive guide: How to Write an Essay .
Method 1: Subject-based structure
A subject-based structure focuses on describing one subject item at a time. For instance, you write about similarities and differences between PCs and laptops. Then your main body will have this sequence:
- The PC’s first argument
- The PC’s second argument
- The PC’s third argument
And then go laptops with their three consecutive paragraphs. This structure may have a substantial pitfall, though. When sticking to it, your main section will comprise six to seven paragraphs. Not every professor will allow students to have such an extensive body part, so consult your tutor first.
Method 2: Point-based structure
Employing this method, you compare and contrast one attribute of both goods within one body paragraph. When writing about the PCs and laptops, you will have three paragraphs that compare and contrast every attribute of these two subjects.
Method 3: Compare-first structure
Compare-first is a rare method. Still, if you decide to use it, you will have to showcase the dissimilarities at first. But stay away from describing many differences, as this way also results in more than three body paragraphs, which might be rather undesirable for some professors.
The pre-writing stage’s last but not least component is outlining. Outlining is a way of writing down a shortened version of the paper before working on the essay itself.
An outline is a roadmap for your essay. It helps you remain organized and make sure you don’t include any unnecessary subjects in the essay. Usually, professors do not ask to write this layout. As a result, students are highly unlikely to compose it because it—according to them—is time-consuming and tedious.
Be that as it may, this plan is an excellent way to boost your productivity. Since you don’t have to submit it to the teacher, you don’t necessarily need to follow a certain formatting style and structure. However, it would be best to adjust it to at least a simple structure to make sure every point is readable and handy.
To learn more about the formats, purpose, and making of outlines, you can read our special guide with examples: How to Make an Outline for an Essay .
Compare and Contrast Outline Example
Because there are several structures, outlines can be different. But let’s stick to the most common one, a point-based structure.
Task: Comparison and contrast between English and German. Explain the similarities and dissimilarities between the two languages.
- A. Hook (start with a statistic of how many people speak those two languages)
- B. Provide brief information about those two languages to help the audience get a clearer picture of the subject of the compare and contrast essay.
- C. Thesis statement (Even though many people consider English and German completely different languages, they share many common things)
- a) Basic vocabulary
- b) Sentence structure and word order
- a) Alphabet
- b) Phonology
- a) Pronunciation
- b) Inflection
- a) Outside impacts
- b) Relate to the same language group
- c) Word order in subordinate clauses
- a) Many false friends (cognates)
- b) General word order
- c) German has more cases than English
- A. Final links to the thesis
- B. Brief encapsulation of similarities and differences
- C. Robust closing sentence
Structuring Body Paragraphs
The body paragraph also consists of crucial elements. That is, every body paragraph comprises:
- Topic Sentence
Apart from that, it is essential to deploy useful phrases, such as transitions, to make an essay smooth and cohesive.
Using proper transitions
Transitions aim to glue different paragraphs and subjects together and boost the essay’s overall readability. These transitions are as follows:
- On the contrary
Some of the usage examples might be:
Aside from releasing a statement, the president organized a press conference.
The two subjects are vitally important to the country’s well-being. Yet the second one is more beneficial.
Penury is so severe that the state can’t afford to buy the vaccine for everyone. However, the International Monetary Fund is ready to provide a low-interest loan for supplying everyone with the relevant dose.
When you finish the first draft, it is good to put away the essay and get back to it after some time. Changing your focus will improve your concentration and thus help edit and proofread the piece more efficiently.
Editing and proofreading are two crucial post-writing steps to ensure the paper is polished to shine. To complete these steps, you are encouraged to:
- Reread every point out loud and evaluate whether everything sounds natural.
- Highlight the words, phrases, and sentences that you don’t like.
- Utilize two different tools, like Grammarly and Thesaurus Dictionary, to perfect the essay.
- Ask peers, colleagues, friends, or family members to proofread your work.
- Check whether your structure and formatting style is correct.
- Plagiarism-screen the essay to eliminate any signs of academic dishonesty.
Key Points to Remember
To summarize our overview of how to write a compare and contrast essay, look at these key points:
- A compare and contrast essay is detailed and requires an in-depth analysis of two items.
- The pre-writing stage can be instrumental during the process.
- Mind-mapping, listing, and freewriting are the primary brainstorming methods you can use.
- Subject-based, point-based, and compare-first are the main ways to structure the body part of the essay.
- An outline is crucial to improve your concentration and accelerate the writing process.
- Transitions make your compare and contrast essay more coherent and clear.
- Editing and proofreading are two essential ingredients to refine your work.
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Compare and Contrast Essay: Full Writing Guide and 150+ Topics
Compare and contrast essays are academic papers in which a student analyses two or more subjects with each other. To compare means to explore similarities between subjects, while to contrast means to look at their differences. Both subjects of the comparison are usually in the same category, although they have their differences. For example, it can be two movies, two universities, two cars etc.
Good compare and contrast papers focus on a central point, explaining the importance and implications of this analysis. A compare and contrast essay thesis must make a meaningful comparison. Find the central theme of your essay and do some brainstorming for your thesis.
This type of essay is very common among college and university students. Professors challenge their students to use their analytical and comparative skills and pay close attention to the subjects of their comparisons. This type of essay exercises observance and analysis, helps to establish a frame of reference, and makes meaningful arguments about a subject. Let's get deeper with our research writing services .
Video Guide on How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay
Here is the video guide from our college essay writer .
How to Start a Compare and Contrast Essay: Brainstorm Similarities and Differences
When you are set with your topic, the first thing you should do is grab a piece of paper and make a list with two columns: similarities and differences. Jot down key things first, the most striking ones. Then try to look at the subjects from a different angle, incorporate your imagination.
If you are more of a visual learner, creating a Venn diagram might be a good idea. In order to create it, draw two circles that overlap. In the section where it overlaps, note similarities. Differences should be written in the part of circle that does not overlap.
Let’s look at a simple example. Let one of the subjects be oranges, and the other one be apples. Oranges have thick peel, originally from India, and are tropical fruit. These characteristics pertain only to oranges and should be in the part of the circle that does not overlap. For the same section on apples, we put thin peel, originated in Turkey or Kazakhstan, and moderate to subtropical. In the section that overlaps, let’s put that they are both fruit, can be juiced, and grow on trees. This simple, yet good example illustrates how the same concept can be applied to many other complicated topics with additional points of comparison and contrast.
This format of visual aid helps to organize similarities and differences and make them easier to perceive. Your diagram will give you a clear idea of the things you can write about.
Another good idea for brainstorming in preparation for your comparison contrast essay is to create a list with 2 columns, one for each subject, and compare the same characteristics for each of them simultaneously. This format will make writing your comparison contrast paper argument a breeze, as you will have your ideas ready and organized.
One mistake you should avoid is simply listing all of the differences or similarities for each subject. Sometimes students get too caught up in looking for similarities and differences that their compare and contrast essays end up sounding like grocery lists. Your essay should be based on analyzing the similarities and differences, analyzing your conclusions about the two subjects, and finding connections between them—while following a specific format.
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Compare and Contrast Essay Structure and Outline
Compare and contrast papers rely heavily on factual analysis. Two outline methods can help you organize your facts: use the block method, or point-by-point method, to write a compare and contrast essay outline.
While using the block structure , all the information is presented for the first subject, and its characteristics and specific details are explained. This concludes one block. The second block takes the same approach as the first for the second subject.
The point-by-point structure lists each similarity and difference simultaneously—making notes of both subjects. For example, you can list a characteristic specific to one subject, followed by its similarity or difference to the other subject.
Both formats have their pros and cons. The block method is clearly easier to write, as you simply point out all of the information about the two subjects, and basically leave it to the reader to do the comparison. The point-by-point format requires you to analyze the points yourself while making similarities and differences more explicit to the reader for them to be easier to understand. Here is a detailed structure of each type presented below.
- Introduce the topic;
- Specify your theme;
- Present your thesis - cover all areas of the essay in one sentence.
Example thesis: Cars and motorcycles make for excellent means of transportation, but a good choice depends on the person’s lifestyle, finances, and the city they live in.
Body Paragraph 1 - LIFESTYLE
- Topic Sentence: Motorcycles impact the owner’s lifestyle less than cars.
- Topic 1 - Motorcycles
- ~ Argument: Motorcycles are smaller and more comfortable to store.
- ~ Argument: Motorcycles are easy to learn and use.
- Topic 2 - Cars
- ~ Argument: Cars are a big deal - they are like a second home.
- ~ Argument: It takes time to learn to become a good driver.
Body Paragraph 2 - FINANCES
- Topic sentence: Cars are much more expensive than motorcycles
- ~ Argument: You can buy a good motorcycle for under 300$.
- ~ Argument: Fewer parts that are more accessible to fix.
- ~ Argument: Parts and service are expensive if something breaks.
- ~ Argument: Cars need more gas than motorcycles.
Body Paragraph 3 - CITY
- Topic sentence: Cars are a better option for bigger cities with wider roads.
- ~ Argument: Riding motorcycles in a big city is more dangerous than with cars.
- ~ Argument: Motorcycles work great in a city like Rome, where all the streets are narrow.
- ~ Argument: Big cities are easier and more comfortable to navigate by car.
- ~ Argument: With a car, traveling outside of the city is much easier.
- Sum up all you wrote in the article.
- Thesis — cover all areas of the essay in one sentence
Body Paragraph 1
- Topic Sentence: Motorcycles are cheaper and easier to take care of than cars.
- Aspect 1 - Lifestyle
- Aspect 2 - Finances
- ~ Argument: Fewer parts, easier to fix.
- Aspect 3 - City
- ~ Argument: Riding motorcycles in a big city is more dangerous than cars.
Body Paragraph 2
- Topic sentence: Cars are more expensive but more comfortable for a big city and for travelling.
- ~ Argument: Cars are a big deal—like a second home.
- ~ Argument: With a car, traveling outside the city is much more comfortable.
Body Paragraph 3
Use the last paragraph to evaluate the comparisons and explain why they’re essential. Giving a lot of facts can be intense. To water it down, try to give the reader any real-life applications of these facts.
Depending on the structure selected, you can begin to create an outline for your essay. The typical structure for any essay follows the format of having an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion — though, if you need to focus on each subject in more detailed ways, feel free to include an extra paragraph to cover all of the most important points.
To make your compare and contrast essay flow better, we recommend using special transition words and phrases. They will add variety and improve your paper overall.
For the section where you compare two subjects, you can include any of the following words: similarly, likewise, also, both, just like, similar to, the same as, alike, or to compare to. When contrasting two subjects, use: in contrast, in comparison, by comparison, on the other hand, while, whereas, but, to differ from, dissimilar to, or unlike.
Show Your Evidence
Arguments for any essay, including compare and contrast essays, need to be supported by sufficient evidence. Make good use of your personal experiences, books, scholarly articles, magazine and newspaper articles, movies, or anything that will make your argument sound credible. For example, in your essay, if you were to compare attending college on campus vs. distance-based learning, you could include your personal experiences of being a student, and how often students show up to class on a daily basis. You could also talk about your experience taking online classes, which makes your argument about online classes credible as well.
Helpful Final Tips
The biggest tip dissertation writing services can give you is to have the right attitude when writing a compare and contrast essay, and actively engage the reader in the discussion. If you find it interesting, so will your reader! Here are some more compare and contrast essay tips that will help you to polish yours up:
- Compare and contrast essays need powerful transitions. Try learning more about custom writing transition sentences using the words we provided for you in the “Compare and Contrast Structure and Outline” section.
- Always clarify the concepts you introduce in your essay. Always explain lesser known information—don’t assume the reader must already know it.
- Do not forget to proofread. Small mistakes, but in high quantities, can result in a low grade. Pay attention to your grammar and punctuation.
- Have a friend or family member take a look at your essay; they may notice things you have missed.
Compare and Contrast Essay Examples
Now that you know everything there is to know about compare and contrast essays, let’s take a look at some examples to get you started on your paper or get a hand from our essay helper .
Different countries across the world have diverse cultural practices, and this has an effect on work relationships and development. Geert Hofstede came up with a structured way of comparing cultural dimensions of different countries. The theory explains the impacts of a community’s culture on the values of the community members, and the way these values relate to their behaviors. He gives scores as a way to help distinguish people from different nations using the following dimensions: long-term orientation, individualism, power distance, indulgence, necessity avoidance, and masculinity. Let us examine comparisons between two countries: the United Kingdom and China — based on Hofstede’s Six Dimensions of Culture.
Over the last two decades, the demand from consumers for organic foods has increased tremendously. In fact, the popularity of organic foods has exploded significantly with consumers, spending a considerably higher amount of money on them as compared to the amount spent on inorganic foods. The US market noted an increase in sales of more than 10% between 2014 and 2015 (Brown, n.p). The increase is in line with the views of many consumers that organic foods are safer, tastier, and healthier compared to the inorganic foods. Furthermore, considering the environmental effects of foods, organic foods present less risk of environmental pollution — compared to inorganic foods. By definition, organic foods are those that are grown without any artificial chemical treatment, or treatment by use of other substances that have been modified genetically, such as hormones and/or antibiotics (Brown, n.p).
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Finding the Best Compare and Contrast Essay Topics For You
When choosing a topic for your essay, remember that subjects cannot be drastically different, because there would be little to no points of comparison (similarities). The same goes for too many similarities, which will result in poor contrasts. For example, it is better to write about two composers, rather than a composer and a singer.
It is extremely important to choose a topic you are passionate about. You never want to come across something that seems dull and uninspiring for you. Here are some excellent ways to brainstorm for a topic from essay writer :
- Find categories: Choose a type (like animals, films or economics), and compare subjects within that category – wild animals to farm animals, Star Wars to Star Trek, private companies to public companies, etc.
- Random Surprising Fact: Dig for fun facts which could make great topics. Did you know that chickens can be traced back to dinosaurs?
- Movie vs. Book: Most of the time, the book is better than the movie — unless it’s Blade Runner or Lord of the Rings. If you’re a pop culture lover, compare movies vs. books, video games, comics, etc.
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How to Choose a Great Compare and Contrast Topic
College students should consider providing themselves with a chance to use all topic examples. With enough revision, an advantage is gained. As it will be possible to compare arguments and contrast their aspects. Also, discuss numerous situations to get closer to the conclusion.
- Choose a topic from the field of your interests. Otherwise you risk failing your paper.
- It is a good idea to choose a topic based upon the class subject or specialist subject. (Unless the requirements says otherwise.)
- Analyze each argument carefully. Include every detail for each opposing idea. Without doing so, can definitely lower grades.
- Write a conclusion that summarizes both arguments. It should allow readers to find the answer they’re looking for.
- It is up to you to determine which arguments are right and wrong in the final conclusion.
- Before approaching the final conclusion, it’s important to discuss each argument equally. It is a bad idea to be biased, as it can also lower grades.
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150 Compare and Contrast Essay Topics to Consider
Compare and contrast essay topics for college students.
When attending a college, at any time your professor can assign you the task of writing this form of an essay. Consider these topics for college students from our custom essay writing team to get the grades you deserve.
- Attending a College Course Vs. Distance-Based Learning.
- Writing a Research Paper Vs. Writing a Creative Writing Paper. What are the differences and similarities?
- The differences between a Bachelor’s Degree and a Master’s Degree.
- The key aspects of the differences between the US and the UK education systems.
- Completing assignments at a library compared with doing so at home. Which is the most efficient?
- The similarities and differences in the behaviour among married and unmarried couples.
- The similarities and differences between the EU (European Union) and ASEAN (The Association of Southeast Asian Nations)?
- The similarities and significant differences between American and Canadian English.
- Writing an Internship Report Vs. Writing a Research Paper
- The differences between US college and colleges in the EU?
Interesting Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Some topics for the compare and contrast essay format can be boring. To keep up motivation, doing a research , have a look at these topics. Maybe they can be your research paper help .
- Public Transport Vs. Driving A Car. Which is more efficient?
- Mandarin Vs. Cantonese: What are the differences between these Chinese languages?
- Sports Cars Vs. Luxurious Family Cars
- Wireless Technology Vs. Wired Devices
- Thai Food Vs. Filipino Cuisine
- What is the difference and similarities between a register office marriage and a traditional marriage?
- The 2000s Vs. the 2010s. What are the differences and what makes them similar?
- Abu Dhabi Vs. Dubai. What are the main factors involved in the differences?
- What are the differences between American and British culture?
- What does the New York Metro do differently to the London Underground?
Compare and Contrast Essay Topics for High School Students
When writing essays for high school, it is good to keep them informative. Have a look at these topics.
- Highschool Life Vs. College Life
- Paying College Fees Vs. Being Awarded a Scholarship
- All Night Study Sessions Vs. Late Night Parties
- Teenager Vs. Young Adult Relationships
- Being in a Relationship Vs. Being Single
- Male Vs. Female Behavior
- The similarities and differences between a high school diploma and a college degree
- The similarities and differences between Economics and Business Studies
- The benefits of having a part-time job, instead of a freelance job, in college
- High School Extra Curricular Activities Vs. Voluntarily Community Services
Compare and Contrast Essay Topics for Science
At some point, every science student will be assigned this type of essay. To keep things at flow, have a look at best topics for all sciences from our service.
- Undiscovered Species on Earth Vs. Potential Life on Mars: What will we discover in the future?
- The benefits of Gasoline Powered Cars Vs. Electric Powered Cars
- The differences of the Milky Way Vs. Centaurus (Galaxies).
- Earthquakes Vs. Hurricanes: What should be prepared for the most?
- The differences between our moon and Mars’ moons.
- SpaceX Vs. NASA. What is done differently within these organizations?
- The differences and similarities between Stephen Hawking and Brian Cox’s theories on the cosmos. Do they agree or correspond with each other?
- Pregnancy Vs. Motherhood
- Jupiter Vs. Saturn
- Greenhouse Farming Vs. Polytunnel Farming
Sports & Leisure Topics
Studying Physical Education? Or a gym fanatic? Have a look at our compare and contrast essay topics for sports and leisure.
- The English Premier League Compared With The Bundesliga
- Real Madrid Vs. Barcelona
- Football Vs. Basketball
- Walking Vs. Eating Outside with Your Partner
- Jamaica Team Vs. United States Team: Main Factors and Differences
- Formula One Vs. Off-Road Racing
- Germany Team Vs. Brazil Team
- Morning Exercise Vs. Evening Exercise.
- Manning Team Vs. Brazil Team
- Swimming Vs. Cycling
Topics About Culture
Cultural can have several meanings. If you’re an Religious Studies or Culture student, take a look at these good compare and contrast essay topics about culture.
- The fundamental similarities and differences between Pope Francis and Tawadros II of Alexandria
- Canadian Vs. Australian Religion
- The differences between Islamic and Christian Holidays
- The cultural similarities and differences between the Native Aboriginals and Caucasian Australians
- Native American Culture Vs. New England Culture
- The cultural differences and similarities between Italians and Sicilians
- In-depth: The origins of Buddhism and Hinduism
- In-depth: The origins of Christianity and Islam
- Greek Gods Vs. Hindu Gods
- The Bible: Old Testament Vs. New Testament
Unique Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
What about writing an essay which is out of the ordinary? Consider following these topics to write a compare and contrast essay on, that are unique.
- The reasons why some wealthy people pay extortionate amounts of money for gold-plated cell phones, rather than buying the normal phone.
- The differences between Lipton Tea and Ahmad Tea
- American Football Vs. British Football: What are their differences?
- The differences and similarities between France and Britain
- Fanta Vs. 7Up
- Traditional Helicopters Vs. Lifesize Drones
- The differences and similarities between Boston Dynamics and the fictional equivalent Skynet (From Terminator Movies).
- Socialism Vs. Capitalism: Which is better?
- Curved Screen TVs’ Vs. Regular Flat Screen TVs’: Are they really worth big bucks?
- Is it better to wear black or white at funerals?
Good Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Sometimes, it may be a requirement to take it back a notch. Especially if you’re new to these style of writing. Consider having a look at these good compare and contrast essay topics that are pretty easy to start off.
- Is it a good idea to work on weekdays or weekends?
- Black of White Coffee
- Becoming a teacher or a doctor? Which career choice has more of an impacton society?
- Air Travel Vs. Sea Travel: Which is better?
- Rail Travel Vs. Road Travel: Which is more convenient?
- What makes Europe far greater than Africa. In terms of financial growth, regulations, public fund, policies etc…
- Eating fruit for breakfast Vs. cereals
- Staying Home to Read Vs. Travelling the World During Holidays. Which is more beneficial for personal growth?
- Japanese Vs. Brazilian Cuisine
- What makes ASEAN Nations more efficient than African Nations?
Compare and Contrast Essay Topics About TV Shows, Music and Movies
We all enjoy act least on of these things. If not, all of them. Why not have a go at writing a compare and contrast essay about what you have been recently watching or listening to?
- Breaking Bad Vs. Better Call Saul: Which is more commonly binge watched?
- The differences between Dance Music and Heavy Metal
- James Bond Vs. Johnny English
- Iron Man Vs. The Incredible Hulk: Who would win?
- What is done differently in modern movies, compared to old black and white movies?
- Dumber and Dumber 2 Vs. Ted: Which movie is funnier?
- Are Horror movies or Action Movies best suited to you?
- The differences and similarities between Mozart and Beethoven compositions.
- Hip Hop Vs. Traditional Music
- Classical Music Vs. Pop Music. Which genre helps people concentrate?
Topics About Art
Sometimes, art students are required to write this style of essay. Have a look at these compare and contrast essay topics about the arts of the centuries.
- The fundamental differences and similarities between paintings and sculptures
- The painting different styles of Vincent Van Gogh and Leonardo Da Vinci.
- Viewing Original Art Compared With Digital Copies. How are these experiences different?
- 18th Century Paintings Vs. 21st Century Digitally Illustrated Images
- German Art Vs. American Art
- Modern Painting Vs. Modern Photography
- How can we compare modern graphic designers to 18th-century painters?
- Ancient Greek Art Vs. Ancient Egyptian Art
- Ancient Japanese Art Vs. Ancient Persian Art
- What 16th Century Painting Materials were used compared with the modern day?
Best Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Almost every student at any stage of academics is assigned this style of writing. If you’re lacking inspiration, consider looking at some of the best compare and contrast essay topics to get you on track with your writing.
- The United States and North Korea Governmental Conflict: What is the reason behind this phenomenon?
- In the Early Hours, Drinking Water is far healthier than consuming soda.
- The United States Vs. The People’s Republic of China: Which economy is the most efficient?
- Studying in Foreign Countries Vs. Studying In Your Hometown: Which is more of an advantage?
- Toast Vs. Cereal: Which is the most consumed in the morning?
- Sleeping Vs. Daydreaming: Which is the most commonly prefered? And amongst who?
- Learning French Vs. Chinese: Which is the most straightforward?
- Android Phones Vs. iPhones
- The Liberation of Slaves Vs. The Liberation of Women: Which is more remembered?
- The differences between the US Dollar and British Pound. What are their advantages? And How do they correspond with each other?
Easy Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
In all types of academics, these essays occur. If you’re new to this style of writing, check our easy compare and contrast essay topics.
- The Third Reich Vs. North Korea
- Tea Vs. Coffee
- iPhone Vs. Samsung
- KFC Vs. Wendy’s
- Laurel or Yanny?
- Healthy Lifestyle Vs. Obese Lifestyle
- Forkes Vs. Sporks
- Rice Vs. Porridge
- Roast Dinner Vs. Chicken & Mushroom Pie
- What’s the difference between apples and oranges?
Psychology Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Deciding upon good compare and contrast essay topics for psychology assignments can be difficult. Consider referring to our list of 10 psychology compare and contrast essay topics to help get the deserved grades.
- What is a more severe eating order? Bulimia or Anorexia
- Modern Medicine Vs. Traditional Medicine for Treating Depression?
- Soft Drugs Vs. Hard Drugs. Which is more dangerous for people’s psychological well-being?
- How do the differences between Lust and Love have an effect on people’s mindsets?
- Ego Vs. Superego
- Parents Advice Vs. Peers Advice amongst children and teens.
- Strict Parenting Vs. Relaxed Parenting
- Mental Institutions Vs. Stress Clinics
- Bipolar Disorder Vs. Epilepsy
- How does child abuse affect victims in later life?
Compare and Contrast Essay Topics for Sixth Graders
From time to time, your teacher will assign the task of writing a compare and contrast essay. It can be hard to choose a topic, especially for beginners. Check out our easy compare and contrast essay topics for sixth graders.
- Exam Preparation Vs. Homework Assignments
- Homeschooling Vs. Public Education
- High School Vs. Elementary School
- 5th Grade Vs. 6th Grade: What makes them different or the same?
- Are Moms’ or Dads’ more strict among children?
- Is it better to have strict parents or more open parents?
- Sandy Beaches Vs. Pebble Beaches: Which beaches are more popular?
- Is it a good idea to learn guitar or piano?
- Is it better to eat vegetable salads or pieces of fruit for lunch?
- 1st Grade Vs. 6th Grade
Funny Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Sometimes, it is good to have a laugh. As they always say : “laughter is the best medicine”. Check out these funny compare and contrast essay topics for a little giggle when writing.
- What is the best way to waste your time? Watching Funny Animal Videos or Mr. Bean Clips?
- Are Pug Dogs or Maltese Dogs crazier?
- Pot Noodles Vs. McDonalds Meals.
- What is the difference between Peter Griffin and Homer Simpson?
- Mrs. Doubtfire Vs. Mrs. Brown. How are they similar?
- Which game is more addictive? Flappy Bird or Angry Birds?
- Big Shaq Vs. PSY
- Stewie Griffin Vs. Maggie Simpson
- Quarter Pounders Vs. Big Macs
- Mr. Bean Vs. Alan Harper
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101 Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Great ideas for essays.
- Teaching Resources
- An Introduction to Teaching
- Tips & Strategies
- Policies & Discipline
- Community Involvement
- School Administration
- Technology in the Classroom
- Teaching Adult Learners
- Issues In Education
- Becoming A Teacher
- Assessments & Tests
- Elementary Education
- Secondary Education
- Special Education
- M.Ed., Curriculum and Instruction, University of Florida
- B.A., History, University of Florida
Compare and contrast essays are taught in school for many reasons. For one thing, they are relatively easy to teach, understand, and format. Students can typically understand the structure with just a short amount of instruction. In addition, these essays allow students develop critical thinking skills to approach a variety of topics.
One fun way to get students started brainstorming their compare and contrast essays is to create a Venn diagram , where the overlapping sections of the circle contain similarities and the non-overlapping areas contain the differing traits.
Following is a list of 101 topics for compare and contrast essays that you are welcome to use in your classroom. As you look through the list you will see that some items are academic in nature while others are included for interest-building and fun writing activities.
- Apple vs. Microsoft
- Coke vs. Pepsi
- Renaissance Art vs. Baroque Art
- Antebellum Era vs. Reconstruction Era in American History
- Childhood vs. Adulthood
- Star Wars vs. Star Trek
- Biology vs. Chemistry
- Astrology vs. Astronomy
- American Government vs. British Government (or any world government)
- Fruits vs. Vegetables
- Dogs vs. Cats
- Ego vs. Superego
- Christianity vs. Judaism (or any world religion )
- Republican vs. Democrat
- Monarchy vs. Presidency
- US President vs. UK Prime Minister
- Jazz vs. Classical Music
- Red vs. White (or any two colors)
- Soccer vs. Football
- North vs. South Before the Civil War
- New England Colonies vs. Middle Colonies OR vs. Southern Colonies
- Cash vs. Credit Cards
- Sam vs. Frodo Baggins
- Gandalf vs. Dumbledore
- Fred vs. Shaggy
- Rap vs. Pop
- Articles of Confederation vs. U.S. Constitution
- Henry VIII vs. King Louis XIV
- Stocks vs. Bonds
- Monopolies vs. Oligopolies
- Communism vs. Capitalism
- Socialism vs. Capitalism
- Diesel vs. Petroleum
- Nuclear Power vs. Solar Power
- Saltwater Fish vs. Freshwater Fish
- Squids vs. Octopus
- Mammals vs. Reptiles
- Baleen vs. Toothed Whales
- Seals vs. Sea Lions
- Crocodiles vs. Alligators
- Bats vs. Birds
- Oven vs. Microwave
- Greek vs. Roman Mythology
- Chinese vs. Japanese
- Comedy vs. Drama
- Renting vs. Owning
- Mozart vs. Beethoven
- Online vs. Traditional Education
- North vs. South Pole
- Watercolor vs. Oil
- 1984 vs. Fahrenheit 451
- Emily Dickinson vs. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
- W.E.B. DuBois vs. Booker T. Washington
- Strawberries vs. Apples
- Airplanes vs. Helicopters
- Hitler vs. Napoleon
- Roman Empire vs. British Empire
- Paper vs. Plastic
- Italy vs. Spain
- Baseball vs. Cricket
- Jefferson vs. Adams
- Thoroughbreds vs. Clydesdales
- Spiders vs. Scorpions
- Northern Hemisphere vs. Southern Hemisphere
- Hobbes vs. Locke
- Friends vs. Family
- Dried Fruit vs. Fresh
- Porcelain vs. Glass
- Modern Dance vs. Ballroom Dancing
- American Idol vs. The Voice
- Reality TV vs. Sitcoms
- Picard vs. Kirk
- Books vs. Movies
- Magazines vs. Comic Books
- Antique vs. New
- Public vs. Private Transportation
- Email vs. Letters
- Facebook vs. Twitter
- Coffee vs. an Energy Drink
- Toads vs. Frogs
- Profit vs. Non-Profit
- Boys vs. Girls
- Birds vs. Dinosaurs
- High School vs. College
- Chamberlain vs. Churchill
- Offense vs. Defense
- Jordan vs. Bryant
- Harry vs. Draco
- Roses vs. Carnations
- Poetry vs. Prose
- Fiction vs. Nonfiction
- Lions vs. Tigers
- Vampires vs. Werewolves
- Lollipops vs. popsicles
- Summer vs. Winter
- Recycling vs. Landfill
- Motorcycle vs. Bicycle
- Halogen vs. Incandescent
- Newton vs. Einstein
- . Go on vacation vs. Staycation
- Rock vs. Scissors
Watch Now: How to Choose Genre, topic, and Scope for an Essay
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- Knowledge Base
- How to structure an essay: Templates and tips
How to Structure an Essay | Tips & Templates
Published on September 18, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on November 11, 2022.
The basic structure of an essay always consists of an introduction , a body , and a conclusion . But for many students, the most difficult part of structuring an essay is deciding how to organize information within the body.
Table of contents
The basics of essay structure, chronological structure, compare-and-contrast structure, problems-methods-solutions structure, signposting to clarify your structure, frequently asked questions about essay structure.
There are two main things to keep in mind when working on your essay structure: making sure to include the right information in each part, and deciding how you’ll organize the information within the body.
Parts of an essay
The three parts that make up all essays are described in the table below.
Order of information
You’ll also have to consider how to present information within the body. There are a few general principles that can guide you here.
The first is that your argument should move from the simplest claim to the most complex . The body of a good argumentative essay often begins with simple and widely accepted claims, and then moves towards more complex and contentious ones.
For example, you might begin by describing a generally accepted philosophical concept, and then apply it to a new topic. The grounding in the general concept will allow the reader to understand your unique application of it.
The second principle is that background information should appear towards the beginning of your essay . General background is presented in the introduction. If you have additional background to present, this information will usually come at the start of the body.
The third principle is that everything in your essay should be relevant to the thesis . Ask yourself whether each piece of information advances your argument or provides necessary background. And make sure that the text clearly expresses each piece of information’s relevance.
The sections below present several organizational templates for essays: the chronological approach, the compare-and-contrast approach, and the problems-methods-solutions approach.
The chronological approach (sometimes called the cause-and-effect approach) is probably the simplest way to structure an essay. It just means discussing events in the order in which they occurred, discussing how they are related (i.e. the cause and effect involved) as you go.
A chronological approach can be useful when your essay is about a series of events. Don’t rule out other approaches, though—even when the chronological approach is the obvious one, you might be able to bring out more with a different structure.
Explore the tabs below to see a general template and a specific example outline from an essay on the invention of the printing press.
- Thesis statement
- Discussion of event/period
- Importance of topic
- Strong closing statement
- Claim that the printing press marks the end of the Middle Ages
- Background on the low levels of literacy before the printing press
- Thesis statement: The invention of the printing press increased circulation of information in Europe, paving the way for the Reformation
- High levels of illiteracy in medieval Europe
- Literacy and thus knowledge and education were mainly the domain of religious and political elites
- Consequence: this discouraged political and religious change
- Invention of the printing press in 1440 by Johannes Gutenberg
- Implications of the new technology for book production
- Consequence: Rapid spread of the technology and the printing of the Gutenberg Bible
- Trend for translating the Bible into vernacular languages during the years following the printing press’s invention
- Luther’s own translation of the Bible during the Reformation
- Consequence: The large-scale effects the Reformation would have on religion and politics
- Summarize the history described
- Stress the significance of the printing press to the events of this period
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Essays with two or more main subjects are often structured around comparing and contrasting . For example, a literary analysis essay might compare two different texts, and an argumentative essay might compare the strengths of different arguments.
There are two main ways of structuring a compare-and-contrast essay: the alternating method, and the block method.
In the alternating method, each paragraph compares your subjects in terms of a specific point of comparison. These points of comparison are therefore what defines each paragraph.
The tabs below show a general template for this structure, and a specific example for an essay comparing and contrasting distance learning with traditional classroom learning.
- Synthesis of arguments
- Topical relevance of distance learning in lockdown
- Increasing prevalence of distance learning over the last decade
- Thesis statement: While distance learning has certain advantages, it introduces multiple new accessibility issues that must be addressed for it to be as effective as classroom learning
- Classroom learning: Ease of identifying difficulties and privately discussing them
- Distance learning: Difficulty of noticing and unobtrusively helping
- Classroom learning: Difficulties accessing the classroom (disability, distance travelled from home)
- Distance learning: Difficulties with online work (lack of tech literacy, unreliable connection, distractions)
- Classroom learning: Tends to encourage personal engagement among students and with teacher, more relaxed social environment
- Distance learning: Greater ability to reach out to teacher privately
- Sum up, emphasize that distance learning introduces more difficulties than it solves
- Stress the importance of addressing issues with distance learning as it becomes increasingly common
- Distance learning may prove to be the future, but it still has a long way to go
In the block method, each subject is covered all in one go, potentially across multiple paragraphs. For example, you might write two paragraphs about your first subject and then two about your second subject, making comparisons back to the first.
The tabs again show a general template, followed by another essay on distance learning, this time with the body structured in blocks.
- Point 1 (compare)
- Point 2 (compare)
- Point 3 (compare)
- Point 4 (compare)
- Advantages: Flexibility, accessibility
- Disadvantages: Discomfort, challenges for those with poor internet or tech literacy
- Advantages: Potential for teacher to discuss issues with a student in a separate private call
- Disadvantages: Difficulty of identifying struggling students and aiding them unobtrusively, lack of personal interaction among students
- Advantages: More accessible to those with low tech literacy, equality of all sharing one learning environment
- Disadvantages: Students must live close enough to attend, commutes may vary, classrooms not always accessible for disabled students
- Advantages: Ease of picking up on signs a student is struggling, more personal interaction among students
- Disadvantages: May be harder for students to approach teacher privately in person to raise issues
An essay that concerns a specific problem (practical or theoretical) may be structured according to the problems-methods-solutions approach.
This is just what it sounds like: You define the problem, characterize a method or theory that may solve it, and finally analyze the problem, using this method or theory to arrive at a solution. If the problem is theoretical, the solution might be the analysis you present in the essay itself; otherwise, you might just present a proposed solution.
The tabs below show a template for this structure and an example outline for an essay about the problem of fake news.
- Introduce the problem
- Provide background
- Describe your approach to solving it
- Define the problem precisely
- Describe why it’s important
- Indicate previous approaches to the problem
- Present your new approach, and why it’s better
- Apply the new method or theory to the problem
- Indicate the solution you arrive at by doing so
- Assess (potential or actual) effectiveness of solution
- Describe the implications
- Problem: The growth of “fake news” online
- Prevalence of polarized/conspiracy-focused news sources online
- Thesis statement: Rather than attempting to stamp out online fake news through social media moderation, an effective approach to combating it must work with educational institutions to improve media literacy
- Definition: Deliberate disinformation designed to spread virally online
- Popularization of the term, growth of the phenomenon
- Previous approaches: Labeling and moderation on social media platforms
- Critique: This approach feeds conspiracies; the real solution is to improve media literacy so users can better identify fake news
- Greater emphasis should be placed on media literacy education in schools
- This allows people to assess news sources independently, rather than just being told which ones to trust
- This is a long-term solution but could be highly effective
- It would require significant organization and investment, but would equip people to judge news sources more effectively
- Rather than trying to contain the spread of fake news, we must teach the next generation not to fall for it
Signposting means guiding the reader through your essay with language that describes or hints at the structure of what follows. It can help you clarify your structure for yourself as well as helping your reader follow your ideas.
The essay overview
In longer essays whose body is split into multiple named sections, the introduction often ends with an overview of the rest of the essay. This gives a brief description of the main idea or argument of each section.
The overview allows the reader to immediately understand what will be covered in the essay and in what order. Though it describes what comes later in the text, it is generally written in the present tense . The following example is from a literary analysis essay on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein .
Transition words and phrases are used throughout all good essays to link together different ideas. They help guide the reader through your text, and an essay that uses them effectively will be much easier to follow.
Various different relationships can be expressed by transition words, as shown in this example.
Because Hitler failed to respond to the British ultimatum, France and the UK declared war on Germany. Although it was an outcome the Allies had hoped to avoid, they were prepared to back up their ultimatum in order to combat the existential threat posed by the Third Reich.
Transition sentences may be included to transition between different paragraphs or sections of an essay. A good transition sentence moves the reader on to the next topic while indicating how it relates to the previous one.
… Distance learning, then, seems to improve accessibility in some ways while representing a step backwards in others.
However , considering the issue of personal interaction among students presents a different picture.
The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.
The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.
An essay isn’t just a loose collection of facts and ideas. Instead, it should be centered on an overarching argument (summarized in your thesis statement ) that every part of the essay relates to.
The way you structure your essay is crucial to presenting your argument coherently. A well-structured essay helps your reader follow the logic of your ideas and understand your overall point.
Comparisons in essays are generally structured in one of two ways:
- The alternating method, where you compare your subjects side by side according to one specific aspect at a time.
- The block method, where you cover each subject separately in its entirety.
It’s also possible to combine both methods, for example by writing a full paragraph on each of your topics and then a final paragraph contrasting the two according to a specific metric.
You should try to follow your outline as you write your essay . However, if your ideas change or it becomes clear that your structure could be better, it’s okay to depart from your essay outline . Just make sure you know why you’re doing so.
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Compare and Contrast Essay Examples, Outline & Structure
Feb 1, 2022
Feb 1, 2022 | Blog
What are compare and contrast essays?
Compare and contrast essays (also known as comparison essays) compares two things that are alike in some ways but different in others. The basic idea is to show alike, and differences and then provide evidence to support your points. We have included some amazing compare and contrast essay examples to inspire you.
Compare and contrast essays usually have three basic parts: the introduction, the comparison section, and the conclusion. The introduction is where you pose a question or present an idea leading to your compare and contrast essay. In the comparison section, you examine both subjects, pointing out their similarities and differences. In this section, you also use evidence to support your claims. Finally, the conclusion summarises what you have said by rephrasing your thesis statement and circling back to your introduction.
You can make a great compare and contrast essay even better by using strategies such as metaphors, similes, anecdotes, quotes, expert opinions, interesting statistics, or any concrete evidence that supports or clarifies what you are saying. Or you can use strategies such as juxtaposition (placing things side by side so that their differences or similarities become clear) or emphasis (stressing certain facts by writing them in boldface or italics) to make your academic essay more effective for the reader.
The Purpose of Compare/Contrast in Writing
The purpose of the compare and contrast essay may be different. For example:
- To show the similarities and differences between two objects or ideas.
- To show your ability to think critically about two things that have many aspects in common and some that are different. It is necessary to explain how and why they are similar and why they are different.
- To give your reader information about two separate subjects. The easiest way to do this is by giving the reader specific details about each subject. It would help if you tried to choose details that are different from each other and similar enough to help your reader see how they are similar. These specifics help your readers understand and remember what you’re trying to say.
- Some teachers assign this essay type for students to analyze two subjects or different topics related to one another on a deeper level than just being similar or different. Sometimes such an assignment may be given as part of an English class where students need to analyze how two literary works discuss similar topics from opposing points of view or focus on opposite subjects to understand each work better. Finally, teachers may also use this essay type of assignment for students in social studies or history classes to see how two different people, places, periods in time, events, or other subjects are directly related to one another when trying to explain cause and effect relationships.
The Compare and Contrast Structure of an Essay
There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay: using a block or a point-by-point structure. For the block structure, all information about one of the objects being compared/contrasted is given first, and all of the information about the other object is listed afterwards. For the point-by-point structure, each similarity (or difference) for one object is followed immediately by the other’s similarity (or difference).
Here are some hypothetical examples:
Introduction Point 1 (object A) Point 2 (object B) Point 3 (object A) Point 4 (object B) Conclusion
Point By Point Structure
Introduction Similarity 1 (between A and B) Similarity 2 (between A and B) … Difference 1 (between A and B) Difference 2 (between A and B) … Conclusion
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline
Introduce the two or more topics. Please indicate that you will be comparing and contrasting them. Add a compare and contrast essay thesis statement (one sentence at the end of your introduction paragraph)
For each point of comparison, describe one subject and then describe the other. You will need to address each subject in the same order (for example, if you first discuss Topic A’s point 1, you must then talk about Topic B’s point 1).
Restate your thesis, summarizing the points of comparison you made in the body paragraphs.
A compare/contrast essay has two basic parts in its structure: the introduction and the body paragraphs.
The introduction is where you put your thesis and preview your points to give readers a sense of what’s coming. The body paragraphs are the heart of the essay, where you actually explain your meaningful arguments. Each body paragraph is devoted to one comparison or contrast between two things.
Taken together, these paragraphs make up the essential part of your essay. They’re your evidence for the claims you make in your thesis and your introduction. You can’t do without them. The rest of the essay is just there to support those paragraphs. You can get away without an introduction or conclusion or even a title, but if you don’t have four solid body paragraphs, you don’t have a good compare/contrast essay.
Essays vary greatly in how they turn their points of comparison into contrasts and vice versa, but that’s not something to worry about very much at first. Ask yourself only this: when my reader finishes this paragraph, will they be able to say clearly why it’s there? That’s all you need to aim for now.
Phrases of Comparison and Contrast
Writing a compare/contrast essay.
The basic organization of any compare/contrast essay is similar. You’ll begin with some formulation of the differences between the two things you’re discussing. Then you’ll describe the similarities.
Telling the reader about the similarities and differences could easily become a simple list, and a list is not an essay. So you want to use your description of similarities and differences to tell an organized story, with a beginning, middle, and end.
Telling a story means having some conflict, so your essay will have two parts: first, you’ll talk about how one thing is better than the other in some way or is more typical or important; then you’ll talk about how this good thing actually causes problems.
The first part of your essay will argue that one thing is better than another. You’ll describe why one thing is interesting or important in some way. The second part will be your argument that this quality makes it difficult to deal with.
Compare and Contrast Sample Paper
Strong compare and contrast essay examples, harry potter vs. draco malfoy essay example.
The Harry Potter book series, adapted into a popular movie series, includes several notable characters. Two of the most well-known are Harry Potter and Draco Malfoy. While it might seem like these two teens (Harry Potter and Draco Malfoy) are two sides of a coin, they actually have several similarities in addition to their differences. Use this fun compare and contrast example to highlight the similarities and differences between Harry Potter and Draco Malfoy by making a list of points in which they’re similar and which they differ.
High school Vs. College Essay Example
Perhaps the first essay you have to write as a new college student is on the differences and similarities between high school and college. Given your own experience at both types of institutions, you are in a great position to write this essay. While it may be difficult to uncover the similarities, you can easily list the differences between these two institutions. That is the high school and college experiences:
Do you still feel you are not up to the task of producing a good compare and contrast essay?
You are right, as we provide good custom-written compare and contrast essays at an affordable rate.
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What Does It Look Like?
Select the video below to see a presentation which will provide you with a basic outline for developing a compare and contrast essay.
In a basic five paragraph compare and contrast essay, you will follow a traditional structure common to most academic essays. You will have an introduction, plus body paragraphs, plus your conclusion.
In this example outline for a compare and contrast essay, we will use the topic Comparing Online and Face-to-Face School. Remember, a good thesis in a traditional essay always makes some kind of assertion.
A good compare and contrast thesis that might work well within this topic would be: After comparing the pros and cons of both online and face-to-face college options, I realized an online college was the best choice for me.
Now we will take a look at how we could outline our introduction using our thesis with the goal of writing a compare and contrast essay. A good introduction provides background on a topic, transitions to the thesis, and then presents the thesis.
In this example, we would provide background about the need to research both online and face-to-face education and make a decision. We should give our audience some context for the comparison.
Next, we should provide the personal needs we want to consider, as this is the basis, or focus, of our comparison.
Finally, we present our thesis.
It is important to note as you think about a compare and contrast essay, you should think about giving context and purpose for your comparison. You do not want an essay that simply lists similarities and differences for no clear reason.
The body paragraphs for our essay comparing and contrasting online and face-to-face education could follow this order.
First, we will establish what we need or want from a school, which will form the focus for the compare and contrast.
Then, the easiest thing to do is to focus on online education in one paragraph and then face-to-face education in the next.
In a compare and contrast essay, you do have options about how you organize your body. You can organize it by the things you are comparing, which we have done here, or by certain points in your criteria for the comparison.
A good conclusion will generally reinforce information from the body of the essay and remind readers of the thesis. In the outline for our conclusion, we should summarize our needs for the comparison and then the findings from that comparison. Finally, we should leave the audience with a reminder about our thesis.
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Compare And Contrast Essay
Compare and Contrast Essay - An Ultimate Writing Guide
10 min read
Published on: Mar 11, 2018
Last updated on: Jan 1, 2023
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A compare and contrast essay is the most common academic writing type assigned to high school or college students. Writing this document aims to deeply analyze all aspects that make two objects similar and yet different at the same time.
This article is written to give information on what a compare and contrast essay is and how it is drafted correctly.
What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay?
A compare and contrast essay is defined as:
“A type of writing type that features similarities and differences between two selected objects or subjects.”
The two subjects should be different from one another. However, they should be in the same ballpark to consider the similarities between the two.
You should always keep in mind that comparing and contrasting is not restricted to pinpointing the differences between two subjects alone. It makes use of distinctive points and tries to create a meaningful argument subject by subject.
Drawing similarities and differences might not sound complicated, but it can be challenging when drafting a structured piece of writing. For this purpose, it is essential to learn the basics of how a compare and contrast essay is drafted and structured.
How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay?
How to start an essay is the first thing that pops into the writer’s mind when he is assigned to draft an essay. Pre-writing or the planning phase of an essay contributes a lot to the overall success of an essay. Similarly, writing a good compare and contrast essay depends on how well you take all the required writing steps (pre-writing and writing).
Following are the steps involved in the writing process of a compare and contrast essay:
1. Choose a Subject
Choose two subjects or objects to draft your compare and contrast essay on. Make sure that both the subjects you choose should belong to the same category. It means that they might be different, but they have a few similarities that make them belong to a particular category.
For example, two mammals or reptiles can be chosen to highlight the similarities and differences between them.
2. Brainstorm Similarities and Differences
Brainstorming your ideas will help you get a rich picture of what you want to do. Think of all the possible differences and similarities. You can take information from multiple sources to gather these similarities and differences.
Make a rough list or a Venn Diagram to write all the similarities and differences of the subjects. It will give an uncomplicated representation of all the traits of the chosen subjects. Also, it will become more comfortable for the writer to analyze and evaluate them later.
Either of the representations can be used to roughly note down all the similarities and differences of the selected objects.
3. Form an Argument about the Topic
A strong compare and contrast essay is more than just listing comparisons and contrasts of the subjects. It includes a stance of the writer as well which is the main argument or thesis statement. Form an argument analyzing the similarities and differences to lay a foundation for your essay.
4. Decide the Organizational Structure
There are endless possibilities for how you can structure your essay. The basic structure used to draft a compare and contrast essay is a block or point-by-point arrangement. Each object’s similarity or difference is followed by other object’s similarities and differences for the point-by-point structure.
On the other hand, for the block structure, all the information about one object is drafted first and then the information about the other object.
The following table is the best representation of the block structure:
The table provided below is the best example of a point-by-point structure:
5. Draft an Outline
A compare and contrast essay can be written using a basic essay outline of 5 paragraphs. According to this outline style, all the information is divided into the following sections:
- Body Paragraph 1
- Body Paragraph 2
- Body paragraph 3
All the gathered information is divided into five parts of the outline to form an essay.
6. Provide Supporting Material
Compare and contrast essay writing is usually dependent on the evidence that you provide to back up your viewpoints. Real-life examples, as well as facts, can be used as evidence and supporting information.
7. Use Transitional Words
Transitional words are important as they will give a good flow to your essay and increase its readability. Following are the transitional words that make your compare and contrast essay compelling:
8. Proofread and Edit
Once you have finished writing your essay, read your essay to check mistakes in format, grammar, punctuation, spelling, and vocabulary. This step also carries importance as it brings perfection to the essay.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline
Outlining an essay is as important as any part of the essay. Without an outline, there will be no structure making the essay lose its readability for the readers. Compare and contrast essay outline includes the following elements:
Compare and Contrast Essay Introduction
A strong opening paragraph is an integral part of any kind of essay. Like the main topic, the compare and contrast essay introduction also needs to be an attention grabber. To make your essay introduction compelling, take the following steps:
- Open your introductory paragraph with a hook statement. It can be a fact, quote, or a simple yet interesting sentence to grab the reader’s attention.
- Provide background information on your topic. You can not randomly start comparing two objects. Therefore, set a stage or briefly discuss the issues you are going to compare.
- Provide your thesis statement at the end of your introductory paragraph. The compare and contrast thesis should depict two subjects that are required to be compared.
The introduction paragraph should create an overall picture of the comparison essay. Writing a strong introduction will make an essay impactful.
Compare and Contrast Essay Body Paragraphs
The body paragraphs of your essay are where you lay everything out in front of the reader and explain things with the help of facts.
In the first section within the body paragraphs, you will discuss the significance of the subjects you have selected for comparisons and contrasts. In the last section of the body paragraph, you will be talking about the final factors of both the subjects to write a comparison.
The structure of the body of your essay strongly depends on the method you choose to compare (block method or point-by-point).
To keep your essay informative, you will have to source some factual information to impress the reader and teach them something new.
Compare and Contrast Essay Conclusion
A compare and contrast essay conclusion is drafted by providing the following information:
- Summary of the major points of the content.
- A brief analysis of the points discussed and the possible solutions. It depends on the subject matter and what approach you choose to analyze.
- Provide the significance of your topic and the comparison made. Describe why you drew similarities and differences between two objects.
The example of a compare and contrast essay outline below will give you a better understanding of the concept.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline Sample
Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Like every other type of essay, contrast and compare themed essay also needs an interesting and attention-grabbing subject. And to choose good subject areas, you should always start by brainstorming.
Below are some examples of compare and contrast essay topics, which will give you an idea of how to choose and construct a reasonable topic:
- College versus high schools.
- Teenage versus adulthood.
- Camping out or crashing at a motel.
- The comparisons and contrasts between cats and dogs.
- Apples and Oranges.
- Book vs Movie.
- Marvel’s Spiderman or Iron Man.
- Outdoor games or indoor games.
- Undergraduate and graduate studies.
- American football and rugby.
These examples of compare and contrast essay topics will help you understand that there are countless themes and ideas to choose from.
Compare and Contrast Essay Examples
Writing a good essay requires a person to first consult a few examples. This is to make the writer understand the essay pattern and structure in which he is to write his essay. These compare and contrast essay examples will guide you to draft your essay effectively.
Compare and Contrast Essay Sample (PDF)
Block Method for Compare and Contrast Essay (PDF)
Point-By-Point Method for Compare and Contrast Essay (PDF)
If you want to get a great grade on your next assignment, look at how a compare and contrast essay essay example is written. You can use these essays for many different purposes such as analyzing writing steps or processes. With some helpful writing tips, they are easy enough that will provide good results every time.
Compare and Contrast Essay Writing Tips
Every good essay motivates the audience to continue reading it from the beginning to the end. It is the reason you should make sure that your essay is interesting and accurate. Follow the tips provided by expert writers at MyPerfectWords.com to make you essay impressive:
- For inspiration and help, check the other compare and contrast essays. If writing a compare and contrast essay from scratch, it can be very confusing. So it is suggested to first go through already written quality essays to help you draft yours effectively.
- When choosing a suitable essay topic, think critically. Brainstorm topic ideas and select a topic that you feel has enough information to share with your audience.
- Seek expert help or professional assistance from an essay writing service to write a strong essay.
- Proper formatting is the basic thing you need to take care of while drafting a compare and contrast essay for academics. Follow the instructions provided to format your essay perfectly.
- Make sure the correct citation is done within the content. Read and understand the guidelines provided to properly cite sources in your compare and contrast essay.
Undoubtedly, writing a compare and contrast essay can be a challenge if your writing skills are below average. If you think your writing and analyzing skills are not up to the mark, you can always get assistance for your academic papers and essays online.
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Frequently Asked Questions
How long is a compare and contrast essay.
The essay should be six paragraphs long. Each paragraph could compare and contrast the two items being discussed, such as a city bus to an airplane.
What is the purpose of the topic sentence in a compare contrast paragraph?
A topic sentence introduces the main idea of a paragraph. This one states that there is a similarity between X and Y, but also points out some differences too.
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What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay? Simple Examples To Guide You
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If you’ve ever gone clothes shopping and wondered at the merits of a warm yak wool sweater compared to a cool and breezy denim jacket, you’ve already gone through phase one of a compare and contrast essay. With just a document and some extra research, you could have a fully built essay about outerwear. But what is a compare and contrast essay, and how do you write a good one?
What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay?
A compare and contrast essay is a type of analytical or informative essay that explores the similarities and differences between two subjects, hopefully leading to some larger insight about the two.
That can seem pretty basic, but the real key is to make connections between the subjects that aren’t obvious. Greater insight in compare and contrast essays comes from looking at subtle, nuanced, or surprising similarities and differences.
Unlike argumentative or critical essays , compare and contrast essays aren’t really intended for you to make some sort of argument or state an opinion. That’s not to say you can’t state a claim about what you hope a reader should learn from comparing the two subjects, but this is very much about analyzing the subjects, not criticizing them.
Compare and Contrast Essay Template: General Format and Structure
The structure of a compare and contrast essay will depend largely on your subjects and the amount of space and time that you have, which might not always fit a five-paragraph essay assignment .
In its most basic form, a compare and contrast essay could look like:
- An introduction that provides background context and a thesis stating what you’re comparing and why
- A body paragraph discussing the similarities between the two subjects
- A body paragraph discussing the differences between the two subjects
- A conclusion that restates the thesis and looks at further potential questions for consideration
The biggest variation here will come in the body paragraphs. Aside from the above general structure, you could approach the similarities and differences using the block method, wherein you discuss all the information about one subject before discussing all the information about the second subject.
You can also use the point-by-point method. This involves dedicating one paragraph to each point of comparison. For example, you can spend one paragraph talking about how both the yak wool sweater and denim jacket will keep you warm, though to different degrees.
Examples of Compare and Contrast Essay Topics
Coming up with what to actually compare and contrast is half the battle, partly because you can potentially compare and contrast nearly anything. Use your brainstorming skills, figure out what interests you, and otherwise have fun with it.
If you need to get the cogs turning in your noggin, it doesn’t hurt to look at some example topics.
- American English vs. British English : What's the Difference?
- Android vs. iPhone: Which Has the Best Bang for Your Buck?
- Aphrodite or Hercules: Which Greek God Possessed More Power?
- Border Collies vs. Labrador Retrievers: Which Breed Is Better for Young Families?
- Coffee vs. Tea: Which One Is Healthier?
- Commuting or Dorming: What's the Best Way to Enjoy College?
- Facebook or Instagram: Which Will Help Your Business Grow?
- Irish and Scottish Mythology: What Themes Do They Share?
- Liberal Arts or the Sciences: Which Degree Program Offers More Job Prospects?
- Music and Poetry: Which Is More Personal?
- Music from the 1950s and the 1970s: Who Rocked It Out Better?
- PC vs. Mac: Which Computer Lasts Longer?
- The Bible vs. the Quran: What's the Difference?
Compare and Contrast Essay Example
You have a pretty solid idea of how to write a compare and contrast essay , but it doesn’t hurt to see what a compare and contrast essay could look like. We can’t write your essay for you because you might have some amazing, nuanced, and surprising insights on similarities and differences that we just won’t notice. Besides, we wouldn’t want to take that opportunity away from you anyway.
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Sample Compare and Contrast Essay Introduction
A compare and contrast essay’s introduction doesn’t have much variance from intros in other essays, so don’t skimp on the details here. Include a good hook and some basic background context. End with a thesis statement that discusses what you’re comparing and why the comparison even matters.
When people think monster , they might recall blood-draining vampires, brain-hungry zombies, or boogeymen under the bed. Few might consider the terrors of an amphibious puppet and a lonely ogre. While these two strange creatures might not have much in common, Fremont the Toad and Gerf (from the animated film series of the same name) present interesting similarities that help to understand both of them as deeper characters and closer to human than the audience may realize.
Compare and Contrast Essay Body Paragraph Examples
Body paragraphs for compare and contrast essays will see a lot of variance, maybe more so than any other essay type. This comes down to how you frame your comparison, what you want to focus on with your subjects, and countless other factors. In general, you’ll be highlighting the similarities and why they matter and highlighting the differences and why they matter.
Fremont and Gerf have some significant differences that set them apart in both goals and personalities. Fremont is a musical toad with big show business aspirations. In contrast, Gerf is an ogre with a self-imposed isolationist view. Fremont’s aspirations mean that he is constantly in interaction with others, from strangers to friends, as a means of learning and making connections to further his dreams. On the other hand, Gerf possesses no such dreams and instead prefers keeping others away as both a safety measure and defense mechanism. In spite of their differences, Fremont and Gerf do share some similarities. Aside from both being a similar shade of chartreuse, Fremont and Gerf share a similar home environment: the swamp. This flooded, damp biome acts as a place of hiding and solitude for both of them. This might run counter to Fremont’s big dreams, but to this talented toad, the swamp is a space to get away from the spotlight, to find himself. Gerf, however, must venture outside the swamp to understand himself better.
Compare and Contrast Essay Conclusion Example
You should always make your conclusions matter. It’s your opportunity to get a little cheesy, draw on other questions, and consider the “why” of your entire essay. Even if it’s the “last part” of your essay, your conclusion can inform the rest of your essay, so give it some extra thought.
Both Fremont the Toad and Gerf the ogre are mysterious creatures with some distinctly different aspirations. However, they both have a deeper need to connect to themselves while connecting to others. In other words, these two strange creatures may be more human than what viewers initially think, creating a deeper reading of their characters beyond the superficial.
- Essay Guides
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- Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: Types & Examples
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: Types & Examples
Table of contents
Creating a winning essay from scratch is a real challenge. But starting with a good outline helps a lot. In this article we will show you how to write a compare and contrast essay outline. Having a structured plan ensures that you build your arguments in an easy-to-follow manner. For that reason, this article is jam-packed with detailed writing tips followed by outline templates. Besides, you will find some examples you are sure to like. So let’s dive deep into the details!
What Is Compare and Contrast Essay Outline and Why Is It Important?
A compare and contrast outline is a scheme of your future paper on the basis of which you can contrast two or more objects. It’s a visual structure of your piece showing a clear plan for your work. Outlines are used to show connections between critical ideas within your text. Writing a compare and contrast essay outline helps you in a number of ways:
- Organizing your ideas
- Shaping the pattern of descriptions
- Listing all similarities & differences between objects
- Review your paper’s structure
- Correcting all mistakes at the early stage.
You can choose between two main types of compare and contrast essay outlines:
- Point-by-point method
- Block pattern.
Each of these methods depends on the way you want to arrange facts about 2 or more items. Both techniques have their advantages and disadvantages. We will describe them down below so you can choose the most suitable method.
Compare and Contrast Essay: Point-By-Point Outline
Compare and contrast essay point-by-point outline is used to analyse one aspect of 2 items within one paragraph. You can choose any similar or different characteristic. Then, you will explore each object in terms of this aspect. A point-by-point method is very helpful if you have multiple items for comparison. Let’s see how its structure should look:
- Engaging hook
- List of items to compare
- Thesis statement: list of criteria or topics of comparison
- Brief Summary
This structure helps to provide an organized review of the objects or situation you compare against the whole list of criteria you have selected. You can create as many paragraphs as you need to cover your topic in detail. The point-by-point method may be quite hard at first, but once you master it, you will be able to create an explicit overview of any objects. We recommend using a good compare and contrast essay example .
Compare and Contrast Essay: Block Method Outline
A compare and contrast essay block method outline typically involves comparison of multiple items which are quite different from each other. Each item is described within its own block, where you put it against all criteria you have selected for analysis. This is how it should look like:
- Captivating hook
- List of items for comparison
- Thesis statement: list of criteria or topics for contrast
- Aspect 3, etc
- Brief summary
The block method is way easier than the point-by-point one. So if you are a beginner or want to keep things simple, use this method without hesitation.
How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay Outline
When writing a compare and contrast essay outline, you should set a proper organization of your ideas in this plan from the start. First, choose one of the best compare and contrast essay topics and introduce it. Then, you list the items or subjects you compare against each other. After that, provide your thesis statement with criteria for comparison. Finally, you will write one sentence per each paragraph, showing what is similar and what is different between the items. Let’s look at each section more in detail.
Introduction for Your Compare and Contrast Essay Outline
Let us start with the compare and contrast essay introduction. Outline should be short so better give only 1 sentence per each element. Here are the key components your essay introduction should contain:
- Main topic of your essay Start with an interesting hook.
- Items you will compare This could be people, animals, concepts, academic areas , drinks – whatever you chose to write about.
- Thesis statement with the list of aspects Size, color, usability, negative consequences of usage or consumption, etc – depending on the context.
Make sure your thesis statement is clear. For better results, feel free to use Compare and Contrast Thesis Statement Generator .
Body Paragraphs in Your Compare and Contrast Essay Outline
When it comes to body paragraph, outline for compare and contrast essay should follow an appropriate pattern – block or point-to-point one. It depends on the number of selected items as well as aspects they will be compared by. If you analyze 2 items using 3 criteria, your block pattern outline will have two body paragraphs. At the same time, a point-to-point pattern may have 3 body paragraphs. This happens because you can choose 3 characteristics for comparison. It would be useful to conduct a preliminary research before writing the outline. This way, you will understand which pattern is better to use.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline – Conclusion
Last but not the least – an effective compare and contrast essay conclusion. It should briefly summarize the key ideas of your work. This boils down to:
- Restatement of your thesis presented in introduction.
- Key findings discovered during the comparison.
- Significance of your comparison.
Each part of the conclusion in your plan should be one sentence long. Remember to keep your outline brief as it will make it easier to review before writing an entire text.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline Template
We have prepared a simple compare and contrast essay outline template for your reference. Feel free to use the template by StudyCrumb to make your own outline on the topic you have selected.
- Main topic mentioning the items for comparison
- Thesis statement with the list of characteristics
- Compare the items by the first criterion
- Or put the first item against all criteria
- Compare the items by the second criterion
- Or put the second item against all criteria, etc
- Re-evaluating your thesis
- Summarizing comparison results
You can also find more templates for inspiration below.
Compare and Contrast Essay Point-By-Point Outline Template
Here is another compare and contrast essay point-by-point outline template for your in more detail.
- Main topic: comparison of Item A & Item B
- Thesis statement: find out the relation between A and B using criteria
- Inspect A using criterion 1
- Examine B using criterion 1
- Inspect A using criterion 2
- Examine B using criterion 2
- Inspect A using criterion 3
- Examine B using criterion 3
- Highlight the relation between A & B
- Summarize the comparison results
- Elaborate on the significance of findings.
Keep in mind that your own outline could differ a lot since you might have much more criteria to analyze your selected items.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline Template for Block Pattern
Here is another template: compare and contrast essay block method outline. Check it out and proceed with writing on your specific topic.
- Main topic: presenting the contrast between Item A & Item B
- Thesis statement: list criteria 1, 2 and 3 for analysis of A & B
- A's criterion 1
- A's criterion 2
- A's criterion 3
- B's criterion 1
- B's criterion 2
- B's criterion 3
- Highlight the contrast between A & B
- Summarize your findings
- Explain the importance of your analysis.
Remember that your outline doesn’t need to be perfect. Just make it informative. This way, it will turn out very helpful for you.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline Example
Are you looking for some helpful compare and contrast essay outline examples? We’ve got some for you to analyze. Take it and use it to make your own essay.
Have you found some new ideas of what to write about? Good luck to you and thanks for visiting this page.
Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: Final Thoughts
We have explored a compare and contrast essay outline in detail. Now it’s time to use all rules covered in this blog post to create your own plan. Use our templates to organize your thoughts when comparing items to each other. Make sure to review your plan before writing a full version of your essay. Remember that compare and contrast essay is a typical assignment that can influence your final results.
Feel free to get in touch with our custom academic writing service at any time. Our academic experts will be happy to write a tailored paper from scratch or add professional touches to your draft.
FAQ About Compare and Contrast Essay Outlines
1. how do you write a college compare and contrast essay outline.
A typical college compare and contrast essay outline presents 1 specific subject in each paragraph. It either offers a comparison or contrast of some items. The goal of a college essay is to demonstrate how well you can describe similarities and differences between your different items. Still, you should keep your essay structure plain. Do not make any overcomplicated statements.
2. How do you write a 5 paragraph compare and contrast essay outline?
A 5-paragraph compare and contrast essay outline is a simple type of work. It consists of an introduction, 3 body paragraphs and a brief conclusion. Here is how you write your plan:
- Pick your topic carefully.
- Organize your ideas.
- Develop your thesis statement.
- Decide on the structuring method.
- Assign key characteristics to each item.
- Write, proofread & edit.
3. What is a compare and contrast essay outline with transition words?
While writing a compare and contrast essay outline, you should use transition words to provide a smooth flow. It must look logical: each transition between sentences and paragraphs should be meaningful. The following transition words are expected to be used in your outline:
- In the same way
- In like manner
- By the same token
- On the contrary etc.
Daniel Howard is an Essay Writing guru. He helps students create essays that will strike a chord with the readers.
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Compare And Contrast Essay Guide
Compare And Contrast Essay Examples
Last updated on: Feb 9, 2023
Good Compare and Contrast Essay Examples For Your Help
By: Barbara P.
Reviewed By: Jacklyn H.
Published on: Mar 17, 2020
Working on a compare and contrast essay can be an enriching experience for students. They get a chance to analyze different things, and this is what makes the process so exciting. Compare and contrast essay topics for college students mostly include non-fiction books and articles.
However, if you are worried about writing your essay, we have some good compare and contrast essay examples that simplify your writing phase.
On this Page
Good Compare and Contrast Essay Examples
A compare and contrast essay is all about comparing two subjects. Writing essays is not always easy, but it can be made easier with help from the examples before you write your own first. The examples will give you an idea of the perfect compare and contrast essay. We have gathered an example that will help you to understand how this type of essay is written.
SAMPLE COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLE
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY INTRODUCTION EXAMPLE
BOOK COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
CITY COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
CATS & DOGS COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
SCIENCE & ART COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
E-BOOKS & HARDBACK BOOKS COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
HOMESCHOOLING BOOKS COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
PARENTING STYLES COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY
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Compare and Contrast Essay Examples University
Compare and contrast paper is a common assignment for university students. This type of essay tells the reader how two subjects are the same or different from each other. Also, show the points of comparison between two subjects.
Look at the example that is mentioned below and create a well-written essay.
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLE UNIVERSITY
Compare and Contrast Essay Examples College
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLE COLLEGE
Compare and Contrast Essay Examples High School
Compare and contrast essays are often assigned to high school students to help them improve their analytical skills. In addition, some teachers assign this type of essay because it is a great way for students to improve their analytical and writing skills.
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLE HIGH SCHOOL
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLE 9TH GRADE
Compare and Contrast Essay Examples Middle school
In middle school, students have the opportunity to write a compare and contrast essay. It does not require an expert level of skills, but it is still a way to improve writing skills.
Middle school students can easily write a compare and contrast essay with a little help from examples. We have gathered excellent examples of this essay that you can use to get started.
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLE MIDDLE SCHOOL
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLES 5TH GRADE
Literary Analysis Compare and Contrast Essay Examples
The perfect way to inform readers about the pros and cons of two subjects is with a comparison and contrast essay. It starts by stating the thesis statement, and then you explain why these two subjects are being compared in this essay.
The following is an example that you can use for your help.
LITERARY ANALYSIS COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY EXAMPLE
Compare and Contrast Essay Conclusion Example
The conclusion of an essay is the last part, in which you wrap up everything. It should not include a story but rather summarize the whole document so readers have something meaningful they can take away from it.
COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY CONCLUSION EXAMPLE
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Compare and Contrast Essay Writing Tips
A compare and contrast essay presents the facts point by point, and mostly, the argumentative essay uses this compared contrasted technique for its subjects.
If you are looking for some easy and simple tips to craft a perfectly researched and structured compare and contrast essay, we will not disappoint you.
Following are some quick tips that you can keep in mind while writing your essay:
- Choose the essay topic carefully.
- Research and brainstorm the points that make them similar and different.
- Create and add your main statement and claim.
- Create a Venn diagram and show the similarities and differences.
- Choose the design through which you will present your arguments and claims.
- Create compare and contrast essay outline. Use either block method and point-by-point structure.
- Research and add credible supporting evidence.
- Use transitional words and phrases.
- Edit, proofread, and revise the essay before submission.
Not sure if you could write your comparison essay successfully? You don't need to take the risk either. Simply consult 5StarEssays.com , the best do essay for me? academic writing service specializing in providing high-quality essays and papers at affordable rates.
Contact us now and get your essays on a short deadline.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do i write a compare and contrast essay.
Here are some steps that you should follow and write a great essay.
- Begin by brainstorming with a Venn diagram.
- Create a thesis statement.
- Develop an outline.
- Write the introduction.
- Write the body paragraphs.
- Write the conclusion.
How do you start a compare and contrast essay introduction?
When writing a compare and contrast essay, it is important to have an engaging introduction that will grab the reader's attention. A good way to do this would be by starting with a question or fact related to the topic to catch their interest.
What are some good compare and contrast essay topics?
Here are some good topics for compare and contrast essay:
- E-books or textbooks.
- Anxiety vs. Depression.
- Vegetables and fruits.
- Cinnamon vs. sugar.
- Similarities between cultural and traditional fashion trends.
How long is a compare and contrast essay?
Usually, a compare and contrast essay would consist of five paragraphs but there are no hard and fast rules regarding it. Some essays could be longer than five paragraphs, based on the scope of the topic of the essay.
What are the two methods for arranging a comparison and contrast essay?
The two ways to organize and arrange your compare and contrast essay. The first one is the Point-by-Point method and the second one is the Block method.
Dr. Barbara is a highly experienced writer and author who holds a Ph.D. degree in public health from an Ivy League school. She has worked in the medical field for many years, conducting extensive research on various health topics. Her writing has been featured in several top-tier publications.
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How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay
Last Updated: January 29, 2023 Approved
This article was co-authored by Megan Morgan, PhD . Megan Morgan is a Graduate Program Academic Advisor in the School of Public & International Affairs at the University of Georgia. She earned her PhD in English from the University of Georgia in 2015. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article has 29 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 3,076,092 times.
The purpose of a compare and contrast essay is to analyze the differences and/or the similarities of two distinct subjects. A good compare/contrast essay doesn’t only point out how the subjects are similar or different (or even both!). It uses those points to make a meaningful argument about the subjects. While it can be a little intimidating to approach this type of essay at first, with a little work and practice, you can write a great compare-and-contrast essay!
Formulating Your Argument
- You could pick two subjects that are in the same “category” but have differences that are significant in some way. For example, you could choose “homemade pizza vs. frozen grocery store pizza.”
- You could pick two subjects that don’t appear to have anything in common but that have a surprising similarity. For example, you could choose to compare bats and whales. (One is tiny and flies, and the other is huge and swims, but they both use sonar to hunt.)
- You could pick two subjects that might appear to be the same but are actually different. For example, you could choose "The Hunger Games movie vs. the book."
- For example, ask yourself: What can we learn by thinking about “The Hunger Games” and “Battle Royale” together that we would miss out on if we thought about them separately?
- It can be helpful to consider the “So what?” question when deciding whether your subjects have meaningful comparisons and contrasts to be made. If you say “The Hunger Games and Battle Royale are both similar and different,” and your friend asked you “So what?” what would your answer be? In other words, why bother putting these two things together?
- A “Venn diagram” can often be helpful when brainstorming. This set of overlapping circles can help you visualize where your subjects are similar and where they differ. In the outer edges of the circle, you write what is different; in the overlapping middle area, you write what’s similar.  X Trustworthy Source University of North Carolina Writing Center UNC's on-campus and online instructional service that provides assistance to students, faculty, and others during the writing process Go to source
- You can also just draw out a list of all of the qualities or characteristics of each subject. Once you’ve done that, start looking through the list for traits that both subjects share. Major points of difference are also good to note.
- For example, if you are comparing and contrasting cats and dogs, you might notice that both are common household pets, fairly easy to adopt, and don’t usually have many special care needs. These are points of comparison (ways they are similar).
- You might also note that cats are usually more independent than dogs, that dogs may not provoke allergies as much as cats do, and that cats don’t get as big as many dogs do. These are points of contrast (ways they are different).
- These points of contrast can often be good places to start thinking about your thesis, or argument. Do these differences make one animal a superior type of pet? Or a better pet choice for a specific living situation (e.g., an apartment, a farm, etc.)?
- Show readers why one subject is more desirable than the other. Example: "Cats are better pets than dogs because they require less maintenance, are more independent, and are more adaptable."
- Help readers make a meaningful comparison between two subjects. Example: "New York City and San Francisco are both great cities for young professionals, but they differ in terms of their job opportunities, social environment, and living conditions."
- Show readers how two subjects are similar and different. Example: "While both The Catcher in the Rye and To Kill a Mockingbird explore the themes of loss of innocence and the deep bond between siblings, To Kill a Mockingbird is more concerned with racism while The Catcher in the Rye focuses on the prejudices of class."
- In middle school and high school, the standard format for essays is often the “5-paragraph form,” with an introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion. If your teacher recommends this form, go for it. However, you should be aware that especially in college, teachers and professors tend to want students to break out of this limited mode. Don’t get so locked into having “three main points” that you forget to fully explore your topic.
Organizing Your Essay
- Subject by subject. This organization deals with all of the points about Topic A, then all of the points of Topic B. For example, you could discuss all your points about frozen pizza (in as many paragraphs as necessary), then all your points about homemade pizza. The strength of this form is that you don’t jump back and forth as much between topics, which can help your essay read more smoothly. It can also be helpful if you are using one subject as a “lens” through which to examine the other. The major disadvantage is that the comparisons and contrasts don’t really become evident until much further into the essay, and it can end up reading like a list of “points” rather than a cohesive essay.  X Trustworthy Source University of North Carolina Writing Center UNC's on-campus and online instructional service that provides assistance to students, faculty, and others during the writing process Go to source
- Point by point. This type of organization switches back and forth between points. For example, you could first discuss the prices of frozen pizza vs. homemade pizza, then the quality of ingredients, then the convenience factor. The advantage of this form is that it’s very clear what you’re comparing and contrasting. The disadvantage is that you do switch back and forth between topics, so you need to make sure that you use transitions and signposts to lead your reader through your argument.
- Compare then contrast. This organization presents all the comparisons first, then all the contrasts. It’s a pretty common way of organizing an essay, and it can be helpful if you really want to emphasize how your subjects are different. Putting the contrasts last places the emphasis on them. However, it can be more difficult for your readers to immediately see why these two subjects are being contrasted if all the similarities are first.  X Research source
- Introduction. This paragraph comes first and presents the basic information about the subjects to be compared and contrasted. It should present your thesis and the direction of your essay (i.e., what you will discuss and why your readers should care).
- Body Paragraphs. These are the meat of your essay, where you provide the details and evidence that support your claims. Each different section or body paragraph should tackle a different division of proof. It should provide and analyze evidence in order to connect those proofs to your thesis and support your thesis. Many middle-school and high-school essays may only require three body paragraphs, but use as many as is necessary to fully convey your argument.
- Acknowledgement of Competitive Arguments/Concession. This paragraph acknowledges that other counter-arguments exist, but discusses how those arguments are flawed or do not apply.
- Conclusion. This paragraph summarizes the evidence presented. It will restate the thesis, but usually in a way that offers more information or sophistication than the introduction could. Remember: your audience now has all the information you gave them about why your argument is solid. They don’t need you to just reword your original thesis. Take it to the next level!
- Introduction: state your intent to discuss the differences between camping in the woods or on the beach.
- Body Paragraph 1 (Woods): Climate/Weather
- Body Paragraph 2 (Woods): Types of Activities and Facilities
- Body Paragraph 3 (Beach): Climate/Weather
- Body Paragraph 4 (Beach): Types of Activities and Facilities
- Body Paragraph 1: Similarity between woods and beaches (both are places with a wide variety of things to do)
- Body Paragraph 2: First difference between woods and beaches (they have different climates)
- Body Paragraph 3: Second difference between woods and beaches (there are more easily accessible woods than beaches in most parts of the country)
- Body Paragraph 4: Emphasis on the superiority of the woods to the beach
- Topic sentence: This sentence introduces the main idea and subject of the paragraph. It can also provide a transition from the ideas in the previous paragraph.
- Body: These sentences provide concrete evidence that support the topic sentence and main idea.
- Conclusion: this sentence wraps up the ideas in the paragraph. It may also provide a link to the next paragraph’s ideas.
Putting It All Together
- If you are having trouble finding evidence to support your argument, go back to your original texts and try the brainstorming process again. It could be that your argument is evolving past where it started, which is good! You just need to go back and look for further evidence.
- For example, in a body paragraph about the quality of ingredients in frozen vs. homemade pizza, you could close with an assertion like this: “Because you actively control the quality of the ingredients in pizza you make at home, it can be healthier for you than frozen pizza. It can also let you express your imagination. Pineapple and peanut butter pizza? Go for it! Pickles and parmesan? Do it! Using your own ingredients lets you have fun with your food.” This type of comment helps your reader understand why the ability to choose your own ingredients makes homemade pizza better.
- Reading your essay aloud can also help you find problem spots. Often, when you’re writing you get so used to what you meant to say that you don’t read what you actually said.
- Avoid bias. Don't use overly negative or defamatory language to show why a subject is unfavorable; use solid evidence to prove your points instead.
- Avoid first-person pronouns unless told otherwise. In some cases, your teacher may encourage you to use “I” and “you” in your essay. However, if the assignment or your teacher doesn’t mention it, stick with third-person instead, like “one may see” or “people may enjoy.” This is common practice for formal academic essays.
- Proofread! Spelling and punctuation errors happen to everyone, but not catching them can make you seem lazy. Go over your essay carefully, and ask a friend to help if you’re not confident in your own proofreading skills.
Sample Body Paragraphs
- "When one is deciding whether to go to the beach or the woods, the type of activities that each location offers are an important point to consider. At the beach, one can enjoy the water by swimming, surfing, or even building a sandcastle with a moat that will fill with water. When one is in the woods, one may be able to go fishing or swimming in a nearby lake, or one may not be near water at all. At the beach, one can keep one's kids entertained by burying them in sand or kicking around a soccer ball; if one is in the woods, one can entertain one's kids by showing them different plans or animals. Both the beach and the woods offer a variety of activities for adults and kids alike."
- "The beach has a wonderful climate, many activities, and great facilities for any visitor's everyday use. If a person goes to the beach during the right day or time of year, he or she can enjoy warm, yet refreshing water, a cool breeze, and a relatively hot climate. At the beach, one can go swimming, sunbathe, or build sandcastles. There are also great facilities at the beach, such as a changing room, umbrellas, and conveniently-located restaurants and changing facilities. The climate, activities, and facilities are important points to consider when deciding between the beach and the woods."
Sample Essay Outline
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- Collect your sources. Mark page numbers in books, authors, titles, dates, or other applicable information. This will help you cite your sources later on in the writing process. ⧼thumbs_response⧽ Helpful 0 Not Helpful 1
- Don't rush through your writing. If you have a deadline, start early. If you rush, the writing won't not be as good as it could be. ⧼thumbs_response⧽ Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- Use reputable sources. While Wikipedia may be an easy way to start off, try to go to more specific websites afterwards. Many schools refuse to accept Wikipedia as a valid source of information, and prefer sources with more expertise and credibility. ⧼thumbs_response⧽ Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
- If you have external sources, make sure you always cite them. Otherwise, you may be guilty of plagiarism. ⧼thumbs_response⧽ Helpful 3 Not Helpful 0
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- ↑ http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/comparing-and-contrasting/
- ↑ http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/comparcontrast.html
- ↑ http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/compcontrast/
About This Article
To write a compare and contrast essay, try organizing your essay so you're comparing and contrasting one aspect of your subjects in each paragraph. Or, if you don't want to jump back and forth between subjects, structure your essay so the first half is about one subject and the second half is about the other. You could also write your essay so the first few paragraphs introduce all of the comparisons and the last few paragraphs introduce all of the contrasts, which can help emphasize your subjects' differences and similarities. To learn how to choose subjects to compare and come up with a thesis statement, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No
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Writing Compare and Contrast Essay: Structure, Procedure, Tips
Updated 30 Dec 2022
It is common knowledge that analytical writing develops thinking skills. A true professional and any educated person must be capable of noticing distinctive and similar features of various entities, whether they relate to art, history, literature, exact sciences, etc. That’s why a compare and contrast essay is a frequent type of assignment encountered by US students, regardless of whether they are in high school, college, or university.
This type of essay should help readers reach a critical decision on any given matter. It could compare/contrast two (or more) people, literature characters, attitudes, phenomena, objects, products, services, problems, historical periods, events, theories, methods, etc. Normally, such essays focus both on both similarities and differences of two compared/contrasted entities, but they can also be fed on listing either similarities like comparing essay or differences like contrasting essay.
Steps for Writing Compare and Contrast Essay
If you ask yourself “How to write a compare and contrast essay?”, your common sense might very well offer a general intuition about key steps involved and their order. Below is our attempt to describe these stages:
Precisely define your compare and contrast essay topics (in case there is no fixed topic). You might discover that the initial topic you had in mind is too broad and for this reason, can’t be used for an efficient comparison. In this case, it needs to be narrowed down to a workable topic (some basic research might be needed). Picking up an overly broad topic is a relatively frequent mistake that can severely decrease the paper’s informational value and utility. One could get inspiration for an inspiring essay by looking up lists of compare and contrast essay ideas on several online resources, but even in this case, double check that chosen topics support meaningful comparisons.
Research the problem. Start by researching subject to get familiar with it – this will directly offer ideas for paper but would also help you understand relative importance of arguments/ pieces of evidence/ sources, etc., so that it doesn’t happen that you only touch subject’s surface without realizing that more solid evidence exists. Make notes while reading so that you can always locate evidence /particular sources and can include these in your essay.
List traits allowing a meaningful comparison of the two entities as well as similarities/ differences along each of these traits (this is normally done in parallel). Use Venn diagrams for organizing these lists – draw two big intersecting circles and in the shared area, list similarities, while in remaining two sections – traits unique to each entity. Alternatively, tables or charts could be used. By the end of this exercise, you are expected to notice prevalence of similarities or differences, to develop a position based on this, and to know what the article’s main message should be.
Thesis development. A thesis typically emerges from researching topic and tends to convey an article’s message in a single comprehensive sentence. For instance, thesis might state that identified similarities are overwhelming when compared to differences. It could also state the opposite, or that these two entities are half similar and half dissimilar. It also reflects on the relationship between entities in light of discovered differences /similarities (it could be for instance, that existing differences actually add value or that, despite being numerous, they do not outshine some select overwhelming similarities).
Choose a structure and create an outline. Normally, one of the two types of structure mentioned earlier would be used (depending on how you want to organize content). Following a chosen structure, start sketching a detailed outline.
Write a draft, then edit. Using an outline for compare and contrast paper, you can start assembling/detailing evidence, supporting it with citations, as well as writing down other sections. It is easiest to first write a thesis along with the body and only then to proceed with conclusions and introduction.
Read also: How to Write a Reflective Essay Quickly and Efficiently?
Structure of Compare and Contrast Paper
Like with other essay types, writing a compare and contrast essay involves making sure that paper has the following recognizable sections/ elements:
Introduction – this section would typically mention why we should bother comparing these entities, what the role of this comparison is in the greater scheme of things, or why a critical decision on this matter is important.
Thesis – it makes an arguable statement summarizing writer’s position that is later supported throughout the essay.
Main body – this section lists evidence supporting it with citations. The length of paper/ number of paragraphs depends on how many criteria are analyzed/compared/contrasted. Normally, there are two ways to organize information:
- into two distinct blocks, where one block describes similarities between compared/contrasted objects or other describes distinct/ unique features
- into an indefinite number of mini-sections, each corresponding to a specific feature being analyzed, both in terms of similarities and differences.
Conclusion - in this section, writers must restate thesis, synthesize key points, provide closing remarks.
References – all used citations are gathered in this section and listed in accordance with an appropriate citation format (APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago are mostly used in US).
In case any information seems confusing, consider buying college essays from specialized services (like ours). This would allow obtaining a few samples written by professional writers in agreement with provided instructions, which you can analyze to become more familiar with the compare and contrast essay format /structure .
Read also: How to create the best college research paper outline
Suitable Sources & How to Choose Them
Of course, one has total freedom in writing but it does not mean that paper should not be supported by sources. Language, as well as style of compare and contrast essay must be formal.
Referencing is best way to prove facts, idea, data, or explain why you support this or that position. It’s required to choose materials that are not more than 5 years old, unless specified. Sources should be credible, better scholarly, from scientific journals or websites.
Good sources include:
- peer-reviewed articles,
- official magazines,
- academic journals,
- websites ending in .edu, .org, .com.
NOTE! Do not use such sources as Wikipedia, blogs, articles without author and reference page.
Need more writing assistance?
Connect with our top writers and receive a paper sample crafted to your needs.
Useful Tips For Writing Your Essay
Below are a few tips for a good compare and contrast essay:
- An important prerequisite for making comparisons is to first understand which comparison criteria are most relevant and which ones are less relevant – this helps prioritize them and decide whether they need to be mentioned at all in your contrast or comparison essay . For instance, if you are comparing efficiency of different explosives, color is not a relevant feature to mention. By contrast, if learning to distinguish various explosives is the aim, then color could be very important (along with smell, texture, etc.). This suggests that what features are relevant depends greatly on context and comparison goals.
- Always try associating those paragraphs that are related by meaning (for instance, discussing related features of two products, like color and design, price and availability, voltage and power). This would ensure papers are coherent and made up of a minimum number of continuous semantic blocks.
- Avoid providing just a “dry” list of resemblances and dissimilarities between entities. Always aim to illustrate the significance/meaning of the comparison in order to motivate readers to go through this list of evidence. Mixing in reflections/ interpretations/ judgments/ attitudes (if appropriate) make papers more interesting.
- If you are stuck on reflecting how to start a compare and contrast essay and can’t get things going with the introduction or thesis, feel free to skip directly to the main body, where you may start working with evidence (drawing information from sources). It is very likely that after sifting through much of evidence, strong position would emerge that would, in turn, suggest how introduction/ thesis should be shaped. Try to revise thesis as you go and even when you finish writing. In fact, it is very likely it would need slight adjustments anyway – this could be, for instance, in order to make it more comprehensive or more precise, or to adjust it better to some new evidence you’ve provided.
- If you are free to pick a topic for a comparison paper but don’t have a clue where to start, check out available sources to write a compare and contrast essay – these often list hundreds of ideas grouped by disciplines.
- When writing an outline or draft, a template can greatly simplify your work (it can help both with structure and with formatting).
- Once you choose a certain type of paper structure, follow it consistently, otherwise, readers are very likely to get an unpleasant feeling from a weird transition in the middle of their reading experience.
- When editing or before writing, you might benefit a lot from recalling transitions words and other frequent words used when contrasting (“however”, “although”, “yet”, “still”, “on the other hand”, “conversely”, “nevertheless”, “even though”, “on the contrary”, “by contrast”, “unlike”, “at the same time”, “despite”, “while”) or when comparing (“similarly”, “both”, “regardless”, “also”, “likewise”, “like”, “identically”, “equally”, “alike”, “akin”, “analogous”, “equivalent”, “matching”). Alternating these words wisely would ensure balanced language, avoiding annoying repetitions and sometimes, wordiness.
Benefit from Professional Writing Services
Now you know what is a compare and contrast essay. It’s similar in structure with other types of essays but allows freedom in choosing how to structure the body paragraph (the flow of arguments). Following some intuitive steps while writing (like narrowing down the topic, researching, brainstorming, sketching an outline, writing a draft) but also a series of useful recommendations ensures a smooth procedure and improves outcomes.
One option you can always employ for dealing with this paper or virtually any other writing task is contracting a professional essay writer online , that would take charge of the task with full responsibility/ full consideration for provided instructions. Our service brings under a common umbrella numerous writers with formidable language skills specializing in various disciplines. We have a customer support line active 24/7 for solving any potential issues - rely upon it even in cases of emergency. Obviously, we also have active writers 24/7, so place an order at any time for writing a compare and contrast essay.
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Posted: 02 June, 2017
Compare And Contrast Essay: How-To, Structure, Examples, Topics
Compare and contrast essays are very common at university, and you may have come across them before. This guide will help you understand exactly what's expected of you, and give the structure you'll need to write a high grading essay of your own.
Table Of Contents
What is Compare and Contrast Essay?
Compare and contrast essay structure, how to write compare and contrast essay, compare and contrast essay topics, compare and contrast essay examples.
A compare and contrast essay is designed to see the links between two different theories or ideas. Comparing will be looking at what's similar, and contrasting will be looking at what's different between the two.
Here's how an average compare and contrast essay could be laid out:
- Introduction: Introduce the two ideas that you're going to compare. Give a brief background on both, to give context for the main body.
- Thesis statement: This is going to be your impression of the two theories. Are they more similar than you thought, or do they differ more than is obvious to the average person?
- Main body: Each paragraph in this section will detail a different point. You can start either with comparing the theories, or contrasting them. Just make sure that each point is backed up with relevant research.
- Conclusion: This will draw all the main points together, and emphasise how they support your thesis.
- Research the two topics you have been given. Look for the similarities and differences, and make notes. How will this affect your essay? Think about whether you've been surprised by the information you've found.
- Put together your thesis. Are your two topics similar, or more different than you thought? Are they similar in a surprising way? Use your research to come up with a good statement.
- Write an essay outline. Use the structure above to write your own outline. Pencil in all the main points you need to include. This way you can't forget anything.
- Write your essay. Use the structure you created to write your essay proper. Give yourself enough time to do this, or your writing will appear rushed.
- Proofread and edit. Make sure you don't skip this step, as presentation of your essay is important, too.
As the name implies, your topics will be two ideas or theories that can be compared. This could be anything from two different books, people, ideas, or events. For example, you could be described to compare and contrast Tesla and Edison.
Here are some examples of compare and contrast essays that you can try writing:
- American football and rugby
- Pablo Picasso and Vincent Van Gogh
- Rehabilitation and incarceration
- Undergraduate and graduate studies
Give them a try, and hone your essay writing skills. When you get a real essay to write, you'll feel more comfortable in writing it.
Now you have the tools to write a great compare and contrast essay. Remember, make sure you do your research, and take your time writing. That way, you can get an excellent grade.
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How to Structure an Essay
Do you know how to structure your essays? Many students do not, and this can cause them to struggle with their writing assignments. The basic structure of an essay is quite simple: it consists of an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. However, there are a few other things that you need to keep in mind if you want to write a good essay.
What is an essay structure?
The structure of an essay is the way in which it is organised. The traditional essay structure consists of three parts: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. However, there are many different ways to organise an essay, and the structure will vary depending on the type of essay and the purpose for writing it.
For example, a five-paragraph essay structure (introduction, three body paragraphs, conclusion) is typically used to argue a point or to persuade the reader, while a narrative essay might be organised chronologically or around a central theme. The important thing is to select the right structure for the task at hand. A well-structured essay will be easier to read and understand, and it will be more likely to achieve its purpose.
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In this article, we explore how to structure an essay. We will look at the different elements that need to be included in an essay and how to organize them.
Basic essay structure: the 3 main parts of an essay
The first thing you need to do is to understand the basic structure of an essay. As we mentioned above, an essay consists of 3 main parts:
The introduction of an essay is the first opportunity to make an impression on the reader. It sets the stage for the rest of the paper and should give the reader a clear sense of your argument and purpose.
An effective introduction will grab the reader’s attention, provide context for the main body of the essay, and give a preview of what is to come.
There are a few key elements that should be included in any good introduction:
- Hook : A hook in an essay grabs the reader’s attention and makes them want to continue reading. It can be a quote, an interesting statistic, or a rhetorical question.
- Background Informatio n: You should start by giving some background information on the topic.
- Thesis Statement : You should finish your introduction with a clear thesis statement that outlines the main argument of your essay. An essay thesis statement is the main point that you are trying to make in your essay.
By following these simple guidelines, you can ensure that your introduction makes a strong first impression and set yourself up for success.
The body of an essay is where you develop your ideas and provide evidence to support your argument.
Each paragraph should focus on a single idea or claim, and should be supported with relevant evidence. When developing your ideas, it is important to structure your paragraphs in a way that is easy for the reader to follow.
Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the main idea of the paragraph. Follow this with supporting sentences that provide further details and explanation.
Finally, conclude the paragraph with a sentence that summarises the key points and leaves the reader with something to think about.
By following this basic essay body paragraph structure, you can ensure that your body paragraphs are clear, concise, and effective.
The conclusion of an essay is just as important as the introduction. The conclusion should tie all of the ideas in the essay together and provide a final perspective on the topic. Many students make the mistake of simply restating the thesis in the conclusion, but this does not provide any new information for the reader.
A good essay conclusion will leave the reader with a strong impression of what the essay was about and why it was important.
It should also make it clear how the ideas in the essay are related to each other.
When writing a conclusion, be sure to avoid introducing any new information or ideas. This will only confuse the reader and make it difficult to follow your argument. Instead, focus on providing a clear and concise summary of what has already been said.
Now that you understand the basic structure of an essay, let’s look at some examples of essay structures.
Essay structure examples
There are 3 main examples of structuring an essay based on the order of information: chronological structure, compare-and-contrast structure, and problems-methods-solutions structure.
When writing an essay , it is important to consider the order in which the information will be presented. One option is to use a chronological structure, in which the essay proceeds in a linear fashion, covering events in the order in which they occurred. This approach can be particularly effective for narratives or for essays that describe a process. In a chronological essay, each section builds on the one that came before, creating a clear sense of progression. When used effectively, this type of structure can help to engage readers and keep them focused on the argument at hand. However, it is important to avoid simply presenting a series of facts; instead, the goal should be to use these facts to support a larger point. Ultimately, a well-crafted chronological essay can provide readers with a clear and concise overview of a complex topic.
The compare-and-contrast structure of an essay is used to compare two or more ideas. This type of structure is often used when writing literary analysis essays, as it allows you to explore the relationships between different characters or themes.
High school and college students often find themselves tasked with writing compare and contrast essays. These essays require the writer to analyze two or more subjects and highlight the similarities and differences between them.
While the majority of compare-and-contrast essays are assigned in English and other language arts classes, this type of essay can be helpful in any subject where you need to able to identify both similarities and differences.
There are two common structures for compare and contrast essays: the point-by-point structure and the block structure.
In a point-by-point essay, each paragraph focuses on one specific similarity or difference between the two subjects. For example, in a compare-and-contrast essay about cats and dogs, you might discuss the similarities and differences between their appearance, behavior, and care.
The point-by-point structure can be helpful when you are writing about subjects that are similar in many ways but have at least one significant difference.
The block structure, on the other hand, discusses all of the similarities in the first half of the essay and all of the differences in the second half.
This type of structure can be helpful when you are writing about subjects that are very different from one another.
One of the most common essay structures is the problems-methods-solutions (or PMS) structure. In this type of essay structure, you first identify a problem, then discuss possible methods for solving it, and finally presenting your proposed solution as the best option. PMS structure can be used for both informative and persuasive essays. The main advantage of the PMS structure is that it provides a clear and logical flow for your argument. Additionally, this structure can be used to effectively address counterarguments, as you can directly address any objections to your proposed solution in the final section. Overall, the PMS structure is a versatile and effective tool for crafting well-reasoned arguments.
Essay Structuring Tips
Now that you understand the different types of essay structures, let’s look at some tips for how to structure your own essay.
Here are five easy tips to help you structure an academic essay:
Tip # 1. Start with an outline
This will help you organize your thoughts and determine what points you want to make in your essay. An essay outline will help you determine what information needs to be included in each section of your paper. It will also make the writing process much easier for you.
Tip #2. Include a catchy introduction
The first impression is always important, and this is especially true when it comes to writing essays. Your introduction should grab the reader’s attention and give them an idea of what your essay is about. You can do this by including a strong thesis statement or by using a story or example in your introduction.
Tip #3. Write clear and concise body paragraphs
Your body paragraphs should be clear and concise. Each paragraph should have one main idea that supports your thesis statement. Remember to include evidence and examples to support your argument.
Tip #4. Use a strong conclusion
Your conclusion should summarize your argument and restate your thesis statement. You can also include a call to action or make a suggestion for further research.
Tip #5. Edit and proofread your essay
Before you submit your essay, be sure to edit and proofread it. This will help to ensure that your essay is free of errors and is well-written.
Tip #6. Get feedback
One final tip is to get feedback from others before you submit your essay. Ask a friend or family member to read over your essay and give you their thoughts. This can help you catch any mistakes that you may have missed.
Tip #7. Essay Length: How long an essay should be?
While there is no hard and fast rule for how long an essay should be, most essays structured or organized into three sections: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.
The length of each section will vary depending on the overall length of the essay, but keep in mind that an essay should generally be about three to five paragraphs long.
The introduction should grab attention and provide background information on the main points of the essay; the body should develop these points in more detail; and finally, the conclusion should restate the main points of the essay and leave readers with something to think about.
With this general structure in mind, you’ll be well on your way to writing a clear and concise essay.
In conclusion, following these tips should help you structure an essay that is well-reasoned and effective. However, remember that there is no one right way to structure an essay. Experiment with different structures and find what works best for you. And always be sure to edit and proofread your work before submitting it. Good luck!
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Compare And Contrast The Institutional Structure Of The Declaration Of Independence
Summary of a brilliant solution.
This was encountered when the men began to decide how the powers would be separated in the federal government, beginning with the executive branch. This branch posed many problems and brought great conflict. So much that the men had to move on to the legislative branch before coming back to the executive branch. Through all of this separation of power, the men were trying to avoid tyranny. Again, this was the greatest concern among the men. They had to find the perfect balance for the executive branch. They could not give them too much power or else there would be an opportunity for tyranny and the possibility of another monarchy, but on the other hand, the branch had to possess enough power to do something and make a change. The problem faced with the articles of confederation was a lack of power and this cannot be fixed with more lack of power. Pinckney said, “How far do you intend to go in reducing the power of the states?” (Page 69). This shows that there was a balance that had to be found. Some of the topics they debated on where topics such as the president 's salary and how to prevent against sectional favoritism. The largest topic, however, was on how the president should be elected. One of the first struggles the men encountered was on who should elect the president. There were two sides, the supporters of the legislative branch electing the president and the supporters of popular vote. After much heated debate, and leaving the subject of the executive branch and returning to it, an idea was proposed. This proposal goes to the roots of our nation as it was made in compromise of the two most popular standing ideas. This proposal was the electoral college. This gave the votes to the electors who chose how their state would use their electoral votes. The votes were based on the size of each state. The popular vote is incorporated as the people vote for who they would
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As our nation first formed, there was much concern about the role of our nation’s leader and how powerful they should be. When the Articles of Confederation were written in 1781, it did not provide for an executive branch. In 1787, at the first Constitutional convention, the delegates agreed that there had to be an executive branch which would be separate from the legislative branch. They felt this would avoid any corruption and would provide for checks and balances to prevent dictatorial rule by this branch of government. Though small, the executive branch plays a crucial role in running the United States.
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The American Constitution is a vital segment of the United States’ foundation-- it was the premise of a unique government that did not exist before its time. Although, prior to the Constitution The Founding Fathers of the United States sought to establish a government that would not exploit the American people the way the British government had done so. With considerable fear of corruption, standing armies and lack of representation the Articles of Confederation was enacted. At the outset, the A.O.C had achieved exactly what it was written to do-- supply the governed people with the power over the government. In the near
Articles Of Confederation Persuasive Essay
The Articles of Confederation also outlined the role of Congress. Congress had no role in executive functions, and they had extreme constraints on gaining power over the thirteenth colonies, as well as, making amendments to the Constitution.
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Over three-hundred years ago The United States had to quickly make a constitution, and decided upon the Articles of Confederation. The United States started out like an experiment for the World. This experiment was what our Government will become, there was not a defined path on what our future will behold. The path to present day for The United States was a rough one, but the experiment turned out to be a success in the end. One of these rough patches was the Articles of Confederation, which taught us that a balance of power is of great importance. We abandoned the Articles of Confederation and adopted a new Constitution because of State powers, and lack of Congressional powers.
The Constitutional Convention: The Three-Fifths Compromise
In the early years, after winning independence from Great Britain, the American colonies set up their government in accordance with their first constitution, the Articles of Confederation. This means that the majority of the power laid in the hands of the states and Congress, “the only institution of national authority” (Brinkley 151) at that time, had very little power. This distribution of authority was the manifestation of the American’s fear of a strong, central government. However, as time passed, more and more people came to agree that the national government was too weak and needed to be strengthened. For this purpose, a special convention was held in Philadelphia for delegates to “overhaul” the Articles of Confederation and “render the constitution of the Federal government adequate to the exigencies of the union” (161). During what came to be known as the Constitutional Convention, many issues were debated and
Articles Of Confederation Dbq
Together with other unfair treatments from the British government, the American colonists declared the Revolution War and announced their independence through the Declaration of the Independent. After declaring their independence, this new nation needed a working government system to maintain the functionality of the union. After experiencing the control of the British government, the new nation wanted to limit the power of the central government and remain most of the power under the States’ hand. Under this circumstance, the Article of Confederation was born. Although the Articles of Confederation was the first step to make the United States a better nation, it failed to provide a strong national government to regulate the economy and international affairs. Eventually, the Articles of Confederation was reform to today’s the Constitution.
What Are The Best Outcomes Of The Articles Of Confederation Dbq
The Articles of Confederation had been created in a rush and by were no means a permanent form of government for the colonies. The government which the colonies had established had sought to contrast the English Parliament in every way possible. The government, in fear of electing corrupt leaders, lacked an executive branch and stayed away from
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A problem that arose during the Articles of Confederation was the fact that there were no laws over states, no enforcement of these laws, and no interpretation of these laws. The founders saw these three errors and came up with the legislative (creation of laws), judicial (interpretation of laws) and executive (enforcement of laws). These three branches gave the federal government the ability to solve issues between states and also to form treaties and negotiate with other countries. A system known as checks and balances was also put into place to keep control in the hands of the people. The system lets the branches check the power of the other branches and keep them from becoming too strong. The Articles of Confederation created a free for all amongst the states and basically left them all as their own sovereign nations. The new form of government bound them all together as one independent nation while still giving states power to police themselves on certain
Why Did The Articles Of Confederation Fail
2. The central government was designed to be very, very weak. The Articles established “the United States of America” as a perpetual union formed to defend the states as a group, but it provided few central powers beyond that. But it didn’t have an executive official or judicial
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After the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, thirteen American colonies desired a government to displace and overturn the rule of British. So, they attempted to establish a governance of the Article of Confederation. As the first written constitution of the United States, the Articles of Confederation was not faultless. The Articles formed a weak central government and a loose confederation of sovereign states, leaving most of the power and independence with the state governments. Although the document gave Congress authority to make treaties, coin money and maintain army force, the central government still lacked of ability to implement these rules (Foner, 1991). Moreover, the central government had to depend on financial contribution from
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Compare And Contrast The Independence And The Declaration Of Rights Of Man
The Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of Rights of Man were both important documents to their countries history.Both documents as well had their thoughts coming from the Enlightenment,which was the beginning of people wanting equality and the time of reasoning with things that made sense.The declaration of Independence was created so the thirteen colonies could depart from its mischievous ruler Britain.The declaration of rights of man was created so there would be more equality between the three estates.Though the Declaration of rights of man was created looking at the declaration of independence they went two totally different ways.This is a major point when you compare and contrast these two documents.
Essay On Did The Constitution Establish A Just Government
People did not want a super authoritative government like they had with England, but the Articles of Confederation’s failure proved that strong federal government was necessary. To prevent the new national government they were implementing from becoming too powerful, they developed a system that prevents it from infringing on the people's rights. For instance, if a bill passes both the house and the senate, the president has the power to veto the bill and send it back to congress (Article 1 Section 7). However, if congress votes on it again and ⅔ of each house vote for it, the bill will override the president’s veto and be signed into a law. The supreme court can check this power too, as they can get rid of laws too if they are not in accordance with the constitution. This system was ingenious because it prevents one branch of the government from using (and abusing) too much power. As Federalist No 51 states, “you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself”. The constitution is just in this way because it limits the government's own power, which prevents it from being able to become
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A compare-and-contrast essay is a style of essay that points out the similarities and differences between two or more subjects. It's ideal for showing what separates and unites related things or concepts, particularly if the subjects are often confused for each other or unjustly lumped together.
When comparing and contrasting in an essay, there are two main ways to structure your comparisons: the alternating method and the block method. The alternating method In the alternating method, you structure your text according to what aspect you're comparing. You cover both your subjects side by side in terms of a specific point of comparison.
To write a good compare-and-contrast paper, you must take your raw data—the similarities and differences you've observed—and make them cohere into a meaningful argument. Here are the five elements required. Frame of Reference. This is the context within which you place the two things you plan to compare and contrast; it is the umbrella ...
This handout will help you first to determine whether a particular assignment is asking for comparison/contrast and then to generate a list of similarities and differences, decide which similarities and differences to focus on, and organize your paper so that it will be clear and effective.
The Structure of a Comparison and Contrast Essay The compare-and-contrast essay starts with a thesis that clearly states the two subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both and the reason for doing so. The thesis could lean more toward comparing, contrasting, or both.
Basic essay structure: the 3 main parts of an essay. ... A compare-and-contrast essay has a structure that discusses multiple subjects, like several novels, concepts, or essays you've been assigned to read. There are a few different ways to structure a compare-and-contrast essay. The most obvious is to spend one paragraph discussing the ...
Even though a compare and contrast essay follows a common structure, such as the introduction, the main part, and the conclusion, the means of unveiling similarities and dissimilarities are unique and unusual to a regular essay. Here are the three possible ways of structuring this written piece.
The Structure of a Compare or Contrast Essay In a compare / contrast essay students have to compare two objects, problems or events and evaluate their similarities and differences. This can be done in three ways: 1. Discuss the similarities between them 2. Discuss the differences between them 3. Discuss the similarities and differences between them
Compare and contrast essays are academic papers in which a student analyses two or more subjects with each other. To compare means to explore similarities between subjects, while to contrast means to look at their differences. Both subjects of the comparison are usually in the same category, although they have their differences.
A compare and contrast essay is a type of academic writing often assigned to high school and college students. In this essay type, a writer selects two objects or subjects to draw a comparison or contrast between them. Like other essay types, drafting a compare and contrast essay is based on some prewriting and writing steps.
Compare and contrast essays are taught in school for many reasons. For one thing, they are relatively easy to teach, understand, and format. Students can typically understand the structure with just a short amount of instruction. In addition, these essays allow students develop critical thinking skills to approach a variety of topics.
Compare-and-contrast structure. Essays with two or more main subjects are often structured around comparing and contrasting.For example, a literary analysis essay might compare two different texts, and an argumentative essay might compare the strengths of different arguments.. There are two main ways of structuring a compare-and-contrast essay: the alternating method, and the block method.
There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay: using a block or a point-by-point structure. For the block structure, all information about one of the objects being compared/contrasted is given first, and all of the information about the other object is listed afterwards.
In a basic five paragraph compare and contrast essay, you will follow a traditional structure common to most academic essays. You will have an introduction, plus body paragraphs, plus your conclusion. In this example outline for a compare and contrast essay, we will use the topic Comparing Online and Face-to-Face School.
Following are the steps involved in the writing process of a compare and contrast essay: 1. Choose a Subject Choose two subjects or objects to draft your compare and contrast essay on. Make sure that both the subjects you choose should belong to the same category.
A compare and contrast essay is a type of analytical or informative essay that explores the similarities and differences between two subjects, hopefully leading to some larger insight about the two. That can seem pretty basic, but the real key is to make connections between the subjects that aren't obvious.
A compare and contrast outline is a scheme of your future paper on the basis of which you can contrast two or more objects. It's a visual structure of your piece showing a clear plan for your work. Outlines are used to show connections between critical ideas within your text.
A compare and contrast essay presents the facts point by point, and mostly, the argumentative essay uses this compared contrasted technique for its subjects. ... Use either block method and point-by-point structure. Research and add credible supporting evidence. Use transitional words and phrases. Edit, proofread, and revise the essay before ...
Compare & Contrast Essay Student/Class Goal Students are often asked to explain or evaluate in their writing and will be asked to write compare and contrast essays for postsecondary courses. Outcome (lesson objective) Students will explore the similarities and differences between two texts, then write a compare and contrast essay. Time Frame
A good compare/contrast essay doesn't only point out how the subjects are similar or different (or even both!). ... Decide on a structure. ... This paragraph comes first and presents the basic information about the subjects to be compared and contrasted. It should present your thesis and the direction of your essay (i.e., what you will discuss ...
Choose a structure and create an outline. Normally, one of the two types of structure mentioned earlier would be used (depending on how you want to organize content). Following a chosen structure, start sketching a detailed outline. Write a draft, then edit. Using an outline for compare and contrast paper, you can start assembling/detailing ...
Bundle. This resource has everything you need to teach your students how to compare and contrast nonfiction texts - and how to write compare and contrast nonfiction essays! It includes no prep and low prep resources that make teaching this skill easier on you while keeping your students engaged and learning. This is a .zip file.
Compare And Contrast The Anti Federalist Structure Of The Government. The Anti-Federalist's structure of the government was the right way the government should have been shaped. Their efforts clearly showed that the protection of our individual rights, and prevention of the government having too much power over the states was their main goal ...
A compare and contrast essay is designed to see the links between two different theories or ideas. Comparing will be looking at what's similar, and contrasting will be looking at what's different between the two. Compare and Contrast Essay Structure Here's how an average compare and contrast essay could be laid out:
Basic essay structure: the 3 main parts of an essay. The first thing you need to do is to understand the basic structure of an essay. As we mentioned above, an essay consists of 3 main parts: ... The compare-and-contrast structure of an essay is used to compare two or more ideas. This type of structure is often used when writing literary ...
Compare And Contrast The Institutional Structure Of The Declaration Of Independence. 1360 Words6 Pages. The birth of the United States of America began with the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration set the standard of justice for which the country would move towards overtime. The Declaration also provided guidance for the constitution.