What's Your Question?

10 Great Essay Writing Tips

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Knowing how to write a college essay is a useful skill for anyone who plans to go to college. Most colleges and universities ask you to submit a writing sample with your application. As a student, you’ll also write essays in your courses. Impress your professors with your knowledge and skill by using these great essay writing tips.

Prepare to Answer the Question

Most college essays ask you to answer a question or synthesize information you learned in class. Review notes you have from lectures, read the recommended texts and make sure you understand the topic. You should refer to these sources in your essay.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Plan Your Essay

Many students see planning as a waste of time, but it actually saves you time. Take a few minutes to think about the topic and what you want to say about it. You can write an outline, draw a chart or use a graphic organizer to arrange your ideas. This gives you a chance to spot problems in your ideas before you spend time writing out the paragraphs.

Choose a Writing Method That Feels Comfortable

You might have to type your essay before turning it in, but that doesn’t mean you have to write it that way. Some people find it easy to write out their ideas by hand. Others prefer typing in a word processor where they can erase and rewrite as needed. Find the one that works best for you and stick with it.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

View It as a Conversation

Writing is a form of communication, so think of your essay as a conversation between you and the reader. Think about your response to the source material and the topic. Decide what you want to tell the reader about the topic. Then, stay focused on your response as you write.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Provide the Context in the Introduction

If you look at an example of an essay introduction, you’ll see that the best essays give the reader a context. Think of how you introduce two people to each other. You share the details you think they will find most interesting. Do this in your essay by stating what it’s about and then telling readers what the issue is.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Explain What Needs to be Explained

Sometimes you have to explain concepts or define words to help the reader understand your viewpoint. You also have to explain the reasoning behind your ideas. For example, it’s not enough to write that your greatest achievement is running an ultra marathon. You might need to define ultra marathon and explain why finishing the race is such an accomplishment.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Answer All the Questions

After you finish writing the first draft of your essay, make sure you’ve answered all the questions you were supposed to answer. For example, essays in compare and contrast format should show the similarities and differences between ideas, objects or events. If you’re writing about a significant achievement, describe what you did and how it affected you.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Stay Focused as You Write

Writing requires concentration. Find a place where you have few distractions and give yourself time to write without interruptions. Don’t wait until the night before the essay is due to start working on it.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Read the Essay Aloud to Proofread

When you finish writing your essay, read it aloud. You can do this by yourself or ask someone to listen to you read it. You’ll notice places where the ideas don’t make sense, and your listener can give you feedback about your ideas.

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Avoid Filling the Page with Words

A great essay does more than follow an essay layout. It has something to say. Sometimes students panic and write everything they know about a topic or summarize everything in the source material. Your job as a writer is to show why this information is important.


how do you write an argument analysis essay

Tutlance Learn

Writing an Argument Analysis Essay (outline, examples,

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Definition : An argument analysis essay is a type of academic essay that provides a detailed overview of the structure and content of an argument. This type of essay is especially common in fields such as philosophy, rhetoric, and communication studies.

An argument analysis essay functions as a supporting text for another work by analyzing and describing an argument contained within the primary text (typically referred to as the primary text). In most cases, this results in an analysis of what has been stated in certain parts of the primary text or arguments that have been made in favor or against other statements made in the primary text.

The purpose of such essays is to analyze and critically review information contained within another source. Often times they will identify bias or logical fallacies present within a given argument. These types of essays are commonly used to examine and criticize arguments made within a film, novel, or any other sort of text.

How to write argument analysis essay effectively

Before you can start writing an argument analysis essay, it is wise to familiarize yourself with a variety of analytical strategies that can be used alongside this type of assignment.

By doing this, you will have more options available for identifying flaws and errors present within an argument.

Here is some sample list of various ways in which you can analyze arguments:

Explaining an argument in terms of its component parts, which will involve identifying key terms and any assumptions that have been made with respect to at least one premise or conclusion made within the argument. This may also involve presenting details regarding how a particular theory might apply to supporting or refuting the conclusions drawn from an argument.

Even though this type of assignment is most common in the fields mentioned above, it can be used for analyzing and describing arguments presented via many different types of works.

Learn about: how to write an argumentative essay .

Good argument analysis essay structure – outline, format

Here are some example outline formats to get you started writing your own argument analysis essay.

The structure of an argument analysis essay includes: Introduction, body paragraphs, conclusion, and a citation page. Each part has been explained below with examples.

This part of the essay should include an outline of what will be discussed throughout the rest of the essay. Typically there will only be one paragraph included in this section as a way to present a snapshot overview of how the body paragraphs will flow from one into another.

A good introduction for an argument analysis essay can set up the tone and general direction of what follows.

A well-written introduction will also give enough background information about the subject at hand so that readers are not confused when they see any vocabulary or references to historical names that might otherwise be unfamiliar to them.

After the introduction comes this part where all aspects of the primary text that pertain to its argument are examined in detail. This typically will include a description of the argument, its key terms, and any statements that have been made in favor or against certain claims. Then, the essay will usually proceed to providing an analysis of these claims so as to determine whether they are accurate or not.

The conclusion section is used to summarize all the points presented within the body paragraphs. This way it will be easier for readers to grasp exactly what was stated in each body paragraph. It should also be used at this time to provide any closing thoughts that may pertain to other interpretations of arguments presented by this primary text or if there are any criticisms that still need to be addressed. Keep in mind that this part should only focus on additional material and critical commentary pertaining to the topic at hand.

The conclusion ties together all points made in its body paragraphs through restating important ideas or facts from this section or summarizing whatever major points may have been left unclear in other parts of the paper.

Be sure to use citations throughout your analysis essay so as to demonstrate where you got your information from, especially when using outside sources

Basic argument analysis essay outline example

The argument analysis essay should be organized into an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. In the introduction, the basic premises of the text’s arguments should be laid out with the aim of giving readers some general idea of what to expect in the body. The main claim or premise is then broken down into parts for more detailed examination. The body presents each argument or claim made within each paragraph. The conclusion summarizes all points made in the body and continuing arguments found within it.

Here is a basic argument analysis essay outline that you can use to write a perfect essay.

Use this example argument analysis essay outline to create a better outline based on the topic you are writing about. You can also review our main section on how to write an essay outline .

What are the 5 Steps to Analyzing an argument?

Video on how to write an argument analysis essay with examples

Here is a video explaining how to write with argument analysis essay examples

What should an argument analysis include?

An argument analysis should include an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.

The introduction should include the basic premises of the text that is being analyzed and should give readers a general summary of what will be covered in the body. Then, the body should break down these premises into segments where each segment is representative of a specific argument or claim made within the text. The conclusion should summarize everything discussed in the body and point out any arguments that still need to be addressed.

Include citations so as to demonstrate where you got your information from. Use quotes or paraphrases when presenting information so as to make it easier for people reading your essay to see exactly what you are referring to.

How do I evaluate an argument?

You can evaluate an argument by determining its strengths and weaknesses. Consider important details such as key words, assumption made, component parts, and possible theory application. Identify any errors in the logical progression of the argument and identify any fallacies committed within its construction.

General tips for writing a good argument analysis essay

Here are tips to write a good argument analysis essay that we find great for students in college and high school level:

Brainstorming tips for writing an argument analysis essay that will earn good grades:

Need help writing an argument analysis essay? Contact us for essay help and see how great you can do on assignments using our online homework writing service .

How to shorten an essay

How to write a good college essay

Statistical analysis essay, related guides, how to write a summative essay | definition,..., how to write an ethics essay, topics, outline,..., enduring issues essay, writing a commentary essay, how to write a film analysis essay with..., background information essay, dialogue essay, formal essay vs informal essay, short story essay, discussion essay, how to write a photo essay – examples..., proper heading for essay, analysis paper, attention grabbers for essays, essay draft: how to write a draft essay, how to polish an essay for a better..., peel paragraph, how to write a position paper essay |..., how to write an interview paper.

Need Academic Writing Help?

Hire a Writer Now

How to Write an Argument Analysis Essay

As a college assignment, the argument analysis teaches critical reading and thinking skills. In professional applications, the argument analysis serves as a check and balance that may help an organization's leadership to make better decisions, effect change and make progress toward goals. The writer of an argument analysis will look closely at the rhetorical techniques and sources of support that another writer employs, and then construct an argument of her own that answers the first one.

Locate the thesis of the argument you are analyzing. The author or presenter will often state it in one succinct sentence close to the beginning of the article, essay or presentation.

List each argument and piece of evidence in support of the thesis and leave space for notations.

Analyze the logic, facts and any data that the argument presents. Look out for emotional arguments, hasty generalizations, and red herrings, which a sound argument must omit. Also look for erroneous facts, omissions of facts that you know should be there, and data that is dated or taken out of context. Make notes as you work.

Look at studies that the author quotes if they seem suspect. Sometimes researchers do only short studies or studies that do not include a large enough sample. Sometimes they don't ask the right questions or the methodology is weak. Also, the references should come from credible sources; credible sources are those written by research scholars in the field or practicing experts. Make notes as you work.

Open your analysis with a paragraph that ends with your own thesis, either agreeing or disagreeing with the other person's thesis.

Address the argument point by point. Do so in the same order in which the author or speaker presented his points. Alternatively, you can group related points together. Concede valid points, but point out flaws in others. Save your strongest, most important point for last.

Weave in concrete support for your analysis. Cite reliable, current references.

Conclude the analysis with the discussion of your strongest point or with a short discussion of the subject matter as it pertains to your thesis.

Cat Reynolds has written professionally since 1990. She has worked in academe (teaching and administration), real estate and has owned a private tutoring business. She is also a poet and recipient of the Discover/The Nation Award. Her work can be found in literary publications and on various blogs. Reynolds holds a Master of Arts in writing and literature from Purdue University.

Library homepage

selected template will load here

This action is not available.

Humanities LibreTexts

10: Writing Argument Analysis

Learning Outcomes 

A magnifying glass lies over a sheet with stripes of different colors

Excelsior OWL

an Excelsior University site

Argument Analysis

magnifying glass focusing on the word analysis

Therefore, even though this section on argument analysis is one of the last lessons in this area, your professor may have you start here before you draft a single word of your own essay.

In the pages that follow, you will learn about analyzing arguments for both content and rhetorical strategies. The content analysis may come a little easier for you, but the rhetorical analysis is extremely important. To become a good writer, we must develop the language of writing and learn how to use that language to talk about the “moves” other writers make.

When we understand the decisions other writers make and why, it helps us make more informed decisions as writers. We can move from being the “accidental” writer, where we might do well but are not sure why, to being a “purposeful” writer, where we have an awareness of the impact our writing has on our audience at all levels.

Write  |  Read  |  Educators

Grumble... Applaud... Please give us your feedback!

how do you write an argument analysis essay

how do you write an argument analysis essay

How to Analyze an Argument in an Essay | 4 Easy Steps & Examples

girl writing & computer - how to analyze an argument

If you’re a high school or college student or you’re studying for your GRE , you’ll probably be expected at some point to understand, restate, comment on, or discuss an author’s position assertion (strongly stated position).

In this guide, I will go over analyzing an argument example and give you step-by-step directions for successfully completing this task.

How Do We Analyze an Argument?

Learning these straightforward points and steps will help you understand how to analyze an argument in no time.

An argument is a reason(s) for a conclusion.

When asked to analyze an argument , you need to explain how and why something works or does not work.

How to Analyze an Argument in 4 Steps

To analyze an author’s argument, take it one step at a time:

You may also be interested in: How to Get a Better High School GPA

Let’s take a look at an analyze argument essay example with an analysis of the argument:

Reasonable Risk-taking Part of my philosophy is that a life worth living involves taking reasonable risks, whatever that may mean to a person. Without that openness, responsiveness, a person sees very little possibility for change and can sink into a rut of routines. I have known many who define themselves by their routines–and little else. These are the people an American educator spoke of when he said, “Many people should have written on their tombstones: ‘Died at 30, buried at 60.'” How sad! I think that one of the most horrible feelings a person must have is to be on the deathbed, regretting the many things never tried, and many things done that cannot be undone. I live my life to minimize possibilities of regrets, as I hope you do. Did you ever see the Sandra Bullock movie 28 Days? She plays an alcoholic in a destructive relationship with a guy who wants only to have fun. A staff person at the clinic where she is sentenced to spend 28 days for rehab explained: “Insanity is repeating the same behavior over and over and expecting different results.” Maybe more people should watch that movie.  The world may not go out of its way to help you–the world does not owe us fairness–but the world is there with more possibilities than most of us imagine. If we are responsible to ourselves–and response-able, we can continue growing in directions that are good for us. We do not need to understand the future, which, after all, does not exist, has not yet been created.

Main assertion: Worthwhile life = taking reasonable risks

Want to improve your reading comprehension? Learn some strategies that really work . 

Final Thoughts on Analyzing an Argument

You can now summarize the author’s position and, if required, agree or disagree in part or in whole, offering examples from your own experiences.

Complicated, huh? Yes, it is, until you practice and get used to developing such a reaction paper. A writing tutor can be very helpful in guiding you through this process of how to analyze an argument , step by step, until you feel confident working with this important college skill.


Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.


Choose Your Test

Sat / act prep online guides and tips, 3 strong argumentative essay examples, analyzed.

author image

General Education


Need to defend your opinion on an issue? Argumentative essays are one of the most popular types of essays you’ll write in school. They combine persuasive arguments with fact-based research, and, when done well, can be powerful tools for making someone agree with your point of view. If you’re struggling to write an argumentative essay or just want to learn more about them, seeing examples can be a big help.

After giving an overview of this type of essay, we provide three argumentative essay examples. After each essay, we explain in-depth how the essay was structured, what worked, and where the essay could be improved. We end with tips for making your own argumentative essay as strong as possible.

What Is an Argumentative Essay?

An argumentative essay is an essay that uses evidence and facts to support the claim it’s making. Its purpose is to persuade the reader to agree with the argument being made.

A good argumentative essay will use facts and evidence to support the argument, rather than just the author’s thoughts and opinions. For example, say you wanted to write an argumentative essay stating that Charleston, SC is a great destination for families. You couldn’t just say that it’s a great place because you took your family there and enjoyed it. For it to be an argumentative essay, you need to have facts and data to support your argument, such as the number of child-friendly attractions in Charleston, special deals you can get with kids, and surveys of people who visited Charleston as a family and enjoyed it. The first argument is based entirely on feelings, whereas the second is based on evidence that can be proven.

The standard five paragraph format is common, but not required, for argumentative essays. These essays typically follow one of two formats: the Toulmin model or the Rogerian model.

3 Good Argumentative Essay Examples + Analysis

Below are three examples of argumentative essays, written by yours truly in my school days, as well as analysis of what each did well and where it could be improved.

Argumentative Essay Example 1

Proponents of this idea state that it will save local cities and towns money because libraries are expensive to maintain. They also believe it will encourage more people to read because they won’t have to travel to a library to get a book; they can simply click on what they want to read and read it from wherever they are. They could also access more materials because libraries won’t have to buy physical copies of books; they can simply rent out as many digital copies as they need.

However, it would be a serious mistake to replace libraries with tablets. First, digital books and resources are associated with less learning and more problems than print resources. A study done on tablet vs book reading found that people read 20-30% slower on tablets, retain 20% less information, and understand 10% less of what they read compared to people who read the same information in print. Additionally, staring too long at a screen has been shown to cause numerous health problems, including blurred vision, dizziness, dry eyes, headaches, and eye strain, at much higher instances than reading print does. People who use tablets and mobile devices excessively also have a higher incidence of more serious health issues such as fibromyalgia, shoulder and back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and muscle strain. I know that whenever I read from my e-reader for too long, my eyes begin to feel tired and my neck hurts. We should not add to these problems by giving people, especially young people, more reasons to look at screens.

Second, it is incredibly narrow-minded to assume that the only service libraries offer is book lending. Libraries have a multitude of benefits, and many are only available if the library has a physical location. Some of these benefits include acting as a quiet study space, giving people a way to converse with their neighbors, holding classes on a variety of topics, providing jobs, answering patron questions, and keeping the community connected. One neighborhood found that, after a local library instituted community events such as play times for toddlers and parents, job fairs for teenagers, and meeting spaces for senior citizens, over a third of residents reported feeling more connected to their community. Similarly, a Pew survey conducted in 2015 found that nearly two-thirds of American adults feel that closing their local library would have a major impact on their community. People see libraries as a way to connect with others and get their questions answered, benefits tablets can’t offer nearly as well or as easily.

While replacing libraries with tablets may seem like a simple solution, it would encourage people to spend even more time looking at digital screens, despite the myriad issues surrounding them. It would also end access to many of the benefits of libraries that people have come to rely on. In many areas, libraries are such an important part of the community network that they could never be replaced by a simple object.

The author begins by giving an overview of the counter-argument, then the thesis appears as the first sentence in the third paragraph. The essay then spends the rest of the paper dismantling the counter argument and showing why readers should believe the other side.

What this essay does well:


Argumentative Essay Example 2

There are multiple drugs available to treat malaria, and many of them work well and save lives, but malaria eradication programs that focus too much on them and not enough on prevention haven’t seen long-term success in Sub-Saharan Africa. A major program to combat malaria was WHO’s Global Malaria Eradication Programme. Started in 1955, it had a goal of eliminating malaria in Africa within the next ten years. Based upon previously successful programs in Brazil and the United States, the program focused mainly on vector control. This included widely distributing chloroquine and spraying large amounts of DDT. More than one billion dollars was spent trying to abolish malaria. However, the program suffered from many problems and in 1969, WHO was forced to admit that the program had not succeeded in eradicating malaria. The number of people in Sub-Saharan Africa who contracted malaria as well as the number of malaria deaths had actually increased over 10% during the time the program was active.

One of the major reasons for the failure of the project was that it set uniform strategies and policies. By failing to consider variations between governments, geography, and infrastructure, the program was not nearly as successful as it could have been. Sub-Saharan Africa has neither the money nor the infrastructure to support such an elaborate program, and it couldn’t be run the way it was meant to. Most African countries don't have the resources to send all their people to doctors and get shots, nor can they afford to clear wetlands or other malaria prone areas. The continent’s spending per person for eradicating malaria was just a quarter of what Brazil spent. Sub-Saharan Africa simply can’t rely on a plan that requires more money, infrastructure, and expertise than they have to spare.

Additionally, the widespread use of chloroquine has created drug resistant parasites which are now plaguing Sub-Saharan Africa. Because chloroquine was used widely but inconsistently, mosquitoes developed resistance, and chloroquine is now nearly completely ineffective in Sub-Saharan Africa, with over 95% of mosquitoes resistant to it. As a result, newer, more expensive drugs need to be used to prevent and treat malaria, which further drives up the cost of malaria treatment for a region that can ill afford it.

Instead of developing plans to treat malaria after the infection has incurred, programs should focus on preventing infection from occurring in the first place. Not only is this plan cheaper and more effective, reducing the number of people who contract malaria also reduces loss of work/school days which can further bring down the productivity of the region.

One of the cheapest and most effective ways of preventing malaria is to implement insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs).  These nets provide a protective barrier around the person or people using them. While untreated bed nets are still helpful, those treated with insecticides are much more useful because they stop mosquitoes from biting people through the nets, and they help reduce mosquito populations in a community, thus helping people who don’t even own bed nets.  Bed nets are also very effective because most mosquito bites occur while the person is sleeping, so bed nets would be able to drastically reduce the number of transmissions during the night. In fact, transmission of malaria can be reduced by as much as 90% in areas where the use of ITNs is widespread. Because money is so scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa, the low cost is a great benefit and a major reason why the program is so successful. Bed nets cost roughly 2 USD to make, last several years, and can protect two adults. Studies have shown that, for every 100-1000 more nets are being used, one less child dies of malaria. With an estimated 300 million people in Africa not being protected by mosquito nets, there’s the potential to save three million lives by spending just a few dollars per person.

Reducing the number of people who contract malaria would also reduce poverty levels in Africa significantly, thus improving other aspects of society like education levels and the economy. Vector control is more effective than treatment strategies because it means fewer people are getting sick. When fewer people get sick, the working population is stronger as a whole because people are not put out of work from malaria, nor are they caring for sick relatives. Malaria-afflicted families can typically only harvest 40% of the crops that healthy families can harvest. Additionally, a family with members who have malaria spends roughly a quarter of its income treatment, not including the loss of work they also must deal with due to the illness. It’s estimated that malaria costs Africa 12 billion USD in lost income every year. A strong working population creates a stronger economy, which Sub-Saharan Africa is in desperate need of.  

This essay begins with an introduction, which ends with the thesis (that malaria eradication plans in Sub-Saharan Africa should focus on prevention rather than treatment). The first part of the essay lays out why the counter argument (treatment rather than prevention) is not as effective, and the second part of the essay focuses on why prevention of malaria is the better path to take.


Argumentative Essay Example 3

There are many ways payments could work. They could be in the form of a free-market approach, where athletes are able to earn whatever the market is willing to pay them, it could be a set amount of money per athlete, or student athletes could earn income from endorsements, autographs, and control of their likeness, similar to the way top Olympians earn money.

Proponents of the idea believe that, because college athletes are the ones who are training, participating in games, and bringing in audiences, they should receive some sort of compensation for their work. If there were no college athletes, the NCAA wouldn’t exist, college coaches wouldn’t receive there (sometimes very high) salaries, and brands like Nike couldn’t profit from college sports. In fact, the NCAA brings in roughly $1 billion in revenue a year, but college athletes don’t receive any of that money in the form of a paycheck. Additionally, people who believe college athletes should be paid state that paying college athletes will actually encourage them to remain in college longer and not turn pro as quickly, either by giving them a way to begin earning money in college or requiring them to sign a contract stating they’ll stay at the university for a certain number of years while making an agreed-upon salary.  

Supporters of this idea point to Zion Williamson, the Duke basketball superstar, who, during his freshman year, sustained a serious knee injury. Many argued that, even if he enjoyed playing for Duke, it wasn’t worth risking another injury and ending his professional career before it even began for a program that wasn’t paying him. Williamson seems to have agreed with them and declared his eligibility for the NCAA draft later that year. If he was being paid, he may have stayed at Duke longer. In fact, roughly a third of student athletes surveyed stated that receiving a salary while in college would make them “strongly consider” remaining collegiate athletes longer before turning pro.

Paying athletes could also stop the recruitment scandals that have plagued the NCAA. In 2018, the NCAA stripped the University of Louisville's men's basketball team of its 2013 national championship title because it was discovered coaches were using sex workers to entice recruits to join the team. There have been dozens of other recruitment scandals where college athletes and recruits have been bribed with anything from having their grades changed, to getting free cars, to being straight out bribed. By paying college athletes and putting their salaries out in the open, the NCAA could end the illegal and underhanded ways some schools and coaches try to entice athletes to join.

People who argue against the idea of paying college athletes believe the practice could be disastrous for college sports. By paying athletes, they argue, they’d turn college sports into a bidding war, where only the richest schools could afford top athletes, and the majority of schools would be shut out from developing a talented team (though some argue this already happens because the best players often go to the most established college sports programs, who typically pay their coaches millions of dollars per year). It could also ruin the tight camaraderie of many college teams if players become jealous that certain teammates are making more money than they are.

They also argue that paying college athletes actually means only a small fraction would make significant money. Out of the 350 Division I athletic departments, fewer than a dozen earn any money. Nearly all the money the NCAA makes comes from men’s football and basketball, so paying college athletes would make a small group of men--who likely will be signed to pro teams and begin making millions immediately out of college--rich at the expense of other players.

Those against paying college athletes also believe that the athletes are receiving enough benefits already. The top athletes already receive scholarships that are worth tens of thousands per year, they receive free food/housing/textbooks, have access to top medical care if they are injured, receive top coaching, get travel perks and free gear, and can use their time in college as a way to capture the attention of professional recruiters. No other college students receive anywhere near as much from their schools.

People on this side also point out that, while the NCAA brings in a massive amount of money each year, it is still a non-profit organization. How? Because over 95% of those profits are redistributed to its members’ institutions in the form of scholarships, grants, conferences, support for Division II and Division III teams, and educational programs. Taking away a significant part of that revenue would hurt smaller programs that rely on that money to keep running.

While both sides have good points, it’s clear that the negatives of paying college athletes far outweigh the positives. College athletes spend a significant amount of time and energy playing for their school, but they are compensated for it by the scholarships and perks they receive. Adding a salary to that would result in a college athletic system where only a small handful of athletes (those likely to become millionaires in the professional leagues) are paid by a handful of schools who enter bidding wars to recruit them, while the majority of student athletics and college athletic programs suffer or even shut down for lack of money. Continuing to offer the current level of benefits to student athletes makes it possible for as many people to benefit from and enjoy college sports as possible.

This argumentative essay follows the Rogerian model. It discusses each side, first laying out multiple reasons people believe student athletes should be paid, then discussing reasons why the athletes shouldn’t be paid. It ends by stating that college athletes shouldn’t be paid by arguing that paying them would destroy college athletics programs and cause them to have many of the issues professional sports leagues have.


3 Tips for Writing a Good Argumentative Essay

Now that you’ve seen examples of what good argumentative essay samples look like, follow these three tips when crafting your own essay.

#1: Make Your Thesis Crystal Clear

The thesis is the key to your argumentative essay; if it isn’t clear or readers can’t find it easily, your entire essay will be weak as a result. Always make sure that your thesis statement is easy to find. The typical spot for it is the final sentence of the introduction paragraph, but if it doesn’t fit in that spot for your essay, try to at least put it as the first or last sentence of a different paragraph so it stands out more.

Also make sure that your thesis makes clear what side of the argument you’re on. After you’ve written it, it’s a great idea to show your thesis to a couple different people--classmates are great for this. Just by reading your thesis they should be able to understand what point you’ll be trying to make with the rest of your essay.

#2: Show Why the Other Side Is Weak

When writing your essay, you may be tempted to ignore the other side of the argument and just focus on your side, but don’t do this. The best argumentative essays really tear apart the other side to show why readers shouldn’t believe it. Before you begin writing your essay, research what the other side believes, and what their strongest points are. Then, in your essay, be sure to mention each of these and use evidence to explain why they’re incorrect/weak arguments. That’ll make your essay much more effective than if you only focused on your side of the argument.

#3: Use Evidence to Support Your Side

Remember, an essay can’t be an argumentative essay if it doesn’t support its argument with evidence. For every point you make, make sure you have facts to back it up. Some examples are previous studies done on the topic, surveys of large groups of people, data points, etc. There should be lots of numbers in your argumentative essay that support your side of the argument. This will make your essay much stronger compared to only relying on your own opinions to support your argument.

Summary: Argumentative Essay Sample

Argumentative essays are persuasive essays that use facts and evidence to support their side of the argument. Most argumentative essays follow either the Toulmin model or the Rogerian model. By reading good argumentative essay examples, you can learn how to develop your essay and provide enough support to make readers agree with your opinion. When writing your essay, remember to always make your thesis clear, show where the other side is weak, and back up your opinion with data and evidence.

What's Next?

Do you need to write an argumentative essay as well?  Check out our guide on the best argumentative essay topics for ideas!

You'll probably also need to write research papers for school.  We've got you covered with 113 potential topics for research papers.

Your college admissions essay may end up being one of the most important essays you write. Follow our step-by-step guide on writing a personal statement to have an essay that'll impress colleges.

Need more help with this topic? Check out Tutorbase!

Our vetted tutor database includes a range of experienced educators who can help you polish an essay for English or explain how derivatives work for Calculus. You can use dozens of filters and search criteria to find the perfect person for your needs.

Connect With a Tutor Now

Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.

Student and Parent Forum

Our new student and parent forum, at , allow you to interact with your peers and the PrepScholar staff. See how other students and parents are navigating high school, college, and the college admissions process. Ask questions; get answers.

Join the Conversation

Ask a Question Below

Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!

Improve With Our Famous Guides

The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 160+ SAT Points

How to Get a Perfect 1600, by a Perfect Scorer

Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section:

Score 800 on SAT Math

Score 800 on SAT Reading

Score 800 on SAT Writing

Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section:

Score 600 on SAT Math

Score 600 on SAT Reading

Score 600 on SAT Writing

Free Complete Official SAT Practice Tests

What SAT Target Score Should You Be Aiming For?

15 Strategies to Improve Your SAT Essay

The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 4+ ACT Points

How to Get a Perfect 36 ACT, by a Perfect Scorer

Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section:

36 on ACT English

36 on ACT Math

36 on ACT Reading

36 on ACT Science

Series: How to Get to 24 on Each ACT Section:

24 on ACT English

24 on ACT Math

24 on ACT Reading

24 on ACT Science

What ACT target score should you be aiming for?

ACT Vocabulary You Must Know

ACT Writing: 15 Tips to Raise Your Essay Score

How to Get Into Harvard and the Ivy League

How to Get a Perfect 4.0 GPA

How to Write an Amazing College Essay

What Exactly Are Colleges Looking For?

Is the ACT easier than the SAT? A Comprehensive Guide

Should you retake your SAT or ACT?

When should you take the SAT or ACT?

Stay Informed

how do you write an argument analysis essay

Get the latest articles and test prep tips!

Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?

Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here:

GRE Online Prep Blog

GMAT Online Prep Blog

TOEFL Online Prep Blog

Holly R. "I am absolutely overjoyed and cannot thank you enough for helping me!”

Want to create or adapt books like this? Learn more about how Pressbooks supports open publishing practices.

Argument Analysis Assignment

1. What is an argument analysis?

An  argument analysis  looks at what makes an argument ‘work’. What makes an argument valid and sound and acceptable to its audience? The answer to this question is that a number of aspects contribute to making an argument work.

One aspect—suggested by the phrase “acceptable to its audience”—is to consider the ways in which the argument is tailored for particular listeners or readers, for a particular purpose, and within a particular context. Another aspect—suggested by the phrase “valid and sound”—is to consider the extent to which the argument follows the laws of logic and avoids fallacies in its reasoning.

Your instructor may refer to the first aspect—with its focus on audience, purpose, and context—as  rhetorical  and the second aspect—with its focus on reasoning—as  logical . However, logos has long been considered an element of rhetoric, so do not be surprised if the logical and the rhetorical overlap.

2. What tasks do I perform that will help me begin an argument analysis?

At the outset of an argument analysis, it is important to recognize that the speaker or writer is trying to persuade an audience of something. One task, then, is to identify the conclusion —the overall position that the speaker or writer is supporting. The word conclusion here is not being used to refer to the ending or final paragraph of the essay or speech. Instead, it is being used to refer to the outcome of a chain of reasoning.

Another task is to pinpoint the argument’s  premises —the statements that the speaker or writer brings forward to create the chain of reasoning that supports the conclusion. By performing these tasks, you bring into focus the logical structure of the argument.

One specific technique for describing an argument’s logical structure is to create a ‘map’ or diagram. Another useful move is to determine whether the argument is  deductive  or inductive  (or a mix of both).

3. What is the place of evaluation in an argument analysis?

A complete analysis of an argument requires more than charting its logical structure and determining the role of deduction and induction within that structure. The point of identifying the main parts of an argument—its premises and its conclusion—is to enable you to  evaluate   it.

In evaluating arguments ask questions such as these:

4. What type of writing is used for argument analysis?

We often look for ways to respond to what we have read or heard, and one way to do so is to write a  critique . In a critique, we systematically examine and evaluate a piece of writing or a speech. We may want to analyze a writer’s or speaker’s logic. We may want to identify and assess his persuasive or rhetorical strategies. A critique can allow us to do either or both. One way to approach the Argument Analysis, then, is to think of it as a critique. Your Argument Analysis essay will systematically examine and evaluate the rhetoric and logic of a speech or a piece of writing.

5. What should I include in a critique of an argument?

In a  critique , you want to carefully consider whether an author has achieved her goal and what part language and other choices play in the success or failure of the argument. Ask yourself questions like the following:

In the critique, be certain to keep the focus on the text being examined and evaluated rather than on your own personal response to the argument. To avoid inserting your personal response into the critique, avoid phrases such as “I think,” “I feel” or “I believe,” as well as related phrases such as “It seems to me” or “It appears to me.”

Also be careful not to be sidetracked into summarizing the argument instead of analyzing it. You may need to include some brief summary in a critique, but only in order to bring up points that you then evaluate for their success in advancing the author’s position.

This work ( Radford University Core Handbook by Radford University) is free of known copyright restrictions.

Share This Book


Rhetorical Argument


An analysis paper is an examination of the elements of a paper; in an argument analysis paper, the writer examines the argument of the author, the evidence, and the conclusions in an article. The purpose of the paper is not to agree or disagree with the position the author takes in their argument, but rather to evaluate the argument made. When writing an argument analysis paper, consider the following:

When analyzing an argument, you are scrutinizing the logic and structure the author uses to present their argument. You can suggest improvements to their argument and point out counterarguments, but ultimately your point in the analysis is to evaluate the logic and quality of the support they provide for their claim.

Being able to identify core components of an argument and analyze the effectiveness of an argument helps you to understand the components of an argument, judge arguments critically, and to write your own effective arguments. 

Follow us! @lscuplibrary

Lone Star College-University Park • Student Learning Resource Center 20515 SH 249 • Building 12, 8th Floor • Houston, TX 77070

Creative Commons License


  1. How Do You Write An Argument Analysis Essay

    how do you write an argument analysis essay

  2. Examples of good argumentative essays pdf • Emplanej

    how do you write an argument analysis essay

  3. How to Write an Argumentative Essay (Outline, Samples and Guide)

    how do you write an argument analysis essay

  4. Tips on How to Write an Argumentative Essay

    how do you write an argument analysis essay

  5. FREE 15+ Argumentative Essay Samples in PDF

    how do you write an argument analysis essay

  6. 50 Compelling Argumentative Essay Topics

    how do you write an argument analysis essay


  1. Argument Essay Topics

  2. Sources for argumentative essays

  3. Argument Essay Assignment

  4. How to Write an Argumentative Essay


  6. how to write an argumentative essay


  1. How Do You Write an Argumentative Essay?

    To write an argumentative essay, write an opening paragraph that introduces the topic, craft a thesis statement that details the position or side of the argument defended in the body, and provide supporting arguments throughout the body of ...

  2. 10 Great Essay Writing Tips

    Knowing how to write a college essay is a useful skill for anyone who plans to go to college. Most colleges and universities ask you to submit a writing sample with your application. As a student, you’ll also write essays in your courses.

  3. How to Write a Perspective Essay?

    Writing a perspective essay begins with choosing a topic, determining the thesis statement for the essay, choosing a specific point of view and backing up the essay with concrete examples, illustrations and questions.

  4. Argument Analysis Essay

    A crash course on writing an argument analysis essay—grab your pen and hover your finger over the pause button because this is going to be

  5. How to write an Argument Analysis Essay (outline, examples

    An argument analysis essay functions as a supporting text for another work by analyzing and describing an argument contained within the primary

  6. How to Write an Argument Analysis Essay

    Analyze the logic, facts and any data that the argument presents. Look out for emotional arguments, hasty generalizations, and red herrings, which a sound

  7. 10: Writing Argument Analysis

    An argument analysis should summarize the argument and discuss how well any appeals to trust and emotion are likely to work with readers.

  8. Argument Analysis

    Sometimes, the best way to learn how to write a good argument is to start by analyzing other arguments. When you do this, you get to see what works, what doesn'

  9. Basic Analytical/ Argumentative Essay Outline

    Keep in mind the difference between analytical and argumentative essays can vary across disciplines.1 From a writing standpoint, argument means you are staking

  10. How to Analyze an Argument in an Essay

    How to Analyze an Argument in 4 Steps · Briefly note the main assertion (what does the writer want me to believe or do?) · Make a note of the

  11. 3 Strong Argumentative Essay Examples, Analyzed

    Argumentative essays are persuasive essays that use facts and evidence to support their side of the argument. Most argumentative essays follow

  12. How to Write an Analytical Essay in 7 Simple Steps

    Analytical essays provide a way to share your insights about a work of literature, scientific study, or historical event.

  13. Core 201

    An argument analysis looks at what makes an argument 'work'. What makes an argument valid and sound and acceptable to its audience? The answer to this question

  14. Argument Analysis

    An analysis paper is an examination of the elements of a paper; in an argument analysis paper, the writer examines the argument of the