Gender-Based Violence Essay
Angela champagne-frome: gender-based violence analysis.
If an individual is harmed or in need of immediate aid, be it from falling in their own home or being attacked in a parking garage downtown, it’s a common belief that the individual can rely on emergency services to help them. Simply call and help arrives. While this may be true for some situations, it’s simply not the case for many. As seen in the attack on Angela Champagne-Frome, some people – some women – cannot rely on dialing the three numbers for aid. This example appears to reflect a theme in the world of state, law, and social policy. Gender-based violence is an epidemic around the globe, yet there are few cases of the power of state seriously seeking and following through to remedy the local violent statistics, let alone the international
Essay on The Feminist Movement and Domestic Violence
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Feminism has not changed today, but its focus has changed. Many women today have good education and employment opportunities just like men, as the early feminist fought for them. Now, after getting all these, men are now discriminating them and at times abusing them in order to undermine their hard work and potentiality. Men are doing all they can to undermine the success women have been able to acquired, however, today’s feminism is struggling to protect women and girls from domestic violence, sexual harassment, and rape as well as discrimination.
The Violence Against Women Act Essay
I am a 38-year-old white American female. Some would argue that there is no better time to a woman in America – we have far more rights and privileges than either our colonial ancestors or women in many third world nations. Yet, even in my lifetime women have achieved milestones like the Violence Against Women Act, originally passed in 1994 but reauthorized and updated in 2013. Females in this country fight battles on many fronts that males, as a group, do not have to deal with on the same level. Women are sexually harassed, assaulted and raped far more than men. I myself have dealt with all three scenarios so far in my 38 years. Sexual harassment, sexual battery, and rape are all social problems that millions of American women face daily.
Violence Against Women Act of 1994 Essay
For centuries domestic violence has been perceived as a private matter private of which the government has not been concerned about nor was it considered the government’s business to intervene on behalf of a battered spouse. The unlawful nature of this failure for state or federal government intervention against this crime contributed to the systematic abuse of women in the family. The traditions, customs, and common law found in both British and American societies continued right up until the last decade of the 20th century and left the battered wives and very frequently, her children, at the mercy of the husband. It wasn’t until the 1990’s when the government began to do something to protect mothers, wives, and lovers from intimate
Victimization of Women Essay
“People dominate animals, men dominate women.” Each is a relation of hierarchy, an inequality, with particularities and variations within and between them. (Cite Orange book pg. 92.) For centuries, women have been viewed and used as a man’s “property”, whether it is being used for sexual satisfaction or for the sake of bearing children and taking care of the home. Men are typically perceived as head of the household and whatever they say goes; anything to satisfy their hunger for power and control. Have women ever had a say about what they want to use their bodies for? Laws against rape may have changed over time, but men’s consistent aggressive behavior unfortunately, has not.
Violence Against Women During The United States
Discussing the nature of the issue, violence against women includes females of all ages, race, and socioeconomic status, who are being violated through acts of physical and sexual violence, as well as psychological abuse. It is not just
Essay on Gender Bias and Domestic Violence
Women have always taken a back seat to men in American society. There has always seemed to be one set of standards that apply to men, and another set of standards that apply to women. This is evident in the home, workplace, and all throughout society.
Violence Theory And Gender Role Theory
The violence that surrounds homes can be summarized in the culture of violence theory and gender-role theory. The culture of violence theory looks at the broad acceptance of violence in our society and concludes that its acceptance is the foundation for violence within the family. Gender-role theory blames the traditional socialization of children into gender roles. Domestic violence plays a huge part in which parent will have custody of minor children. The culture of violence that is presented tries to understand why and how violence is committed in the family.
Controversy: Violence At The Hands Of Women
Every day, women experience violence at the hands of men. Somehow, in our society, even rape and assault have fallen into a moral grey area. With the controversy surrounding [that], few pay much thought to the less extreme, but far more common acts of molestation. While smaller attacks are considered innocuous by many, they too can have long lasting effects of and we as women have no way to ever escape.
Application Of Feminist And Family Violence
Janine Latus’ If I am Missing or Dead is a true story that incorporates various aspects of both family violence theory and feminist theory. Although one could argue that overall, the story emphasizes many more aspects of a family violence theory, aspects of the feminist theory are undeniably present throughout the book as well.
Are Women Less Privileged? Today 's Society Than Men?
Firstly, Women are less privileged in today 's society because of the overwhelming numbers of sexualy based crimes and harrasments. Women face harassment on a daily basis, even in the western society women are troubled with the fear of these humiliating and often violent forms of discrimination. Sexual harassment and violence is a vast topic because of the different forms in which it takes. but the most common forms consist of catcalling, unwanted sexual
Female Victims Of Gendered Violence
After reading this chapter, I am shocked over how much violence towards women goes underreported. I knew beforehand that victims of gendered violence do not report their situation to the police for various reasons, ranging from fear to shame. However, I did not know that reporting of gendered violence is especially rare in communities with women of color. Realizing how minority communities expect the female members “...to maintain silence about sexual assault, to protect ‘family honor and community integrity’” (p.265) was both frustrating and heartbreaking. The fact that the community the woman is a member of, during the time she needs them the most, expects her to continue suffering with her current situation was depressing to read. I can understand how the minority community, and the minority victim of abuse, may want to keep the police out of their situation because of reports about police brutality. However, their denial of receiving help due to stigma against police, who are the most capable for ending the victim’s abuse, was tragic to learn about.
Why Women Stay In Violent Relationships Essay
In every nation, individuals have seen or experienced violent relationships at some point in their lives. Some people even have a pattern of being trapped in violent relationships. Usually, this individuals that are caught in a love and war relationship are sometimes reluctant to leave. There are many reasons for this social phenomenon that constantly occurs in violent relationships. According to Seccombe, “Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to violence between those who are emotionally or sexually intimate, such as spouses, partners, or those who are dating” (264). It seems that has two people date, their connections begin to blossom as time goes on. Soon after, they decide to be in a relationship together and may even cohabit with each
Essay about Domestic Violence
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Did you know that every 9 seconds a women is being beaten or assaulted? It is known that around the world, at least one and every three women has been beaten into having sex or some rudely thing in her entire lifetime. There are many cases where the abuser is a family member. Domestic violence is that the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sex crime, and different abusive behavior perpetrated by an intimate partner against another. It is a virulent disease touching people in each community, notwithstanding age, economic standing, race, religion, status or academic background. Violence against girls is usually amid showing emotion abusive and dominant behavior, and so is a component of a scientific pattern of dominance and
Essay Domestic Violence Against Men
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The first reaction upon hearing about the topic of battered men, for many people, is that of incredulity. Battered husbands are a topic for jokes (such as the cartoon image of a woman chasing her husband with a rolling-pin). One researcher noted that wives were the perpetrators in 73% of the depictions of domestic violence in newspaper comics (Saenger 1963).
- Sexual intercourse
- Human sexual behavior
- Sexual assault
- Gender role
Essay on Gender Based Violence
Gendered Based Violence In this paper we will discuss three different types of gender-based violence. We will discuss intimate partner abuse, harassment, and sexual abuse. These types of abuse happen all over the world, every day. These types of abuse are usually gender based and geared toward women. Let us begin with intimate partner abuse. In the U.S. domestic abuse accounts for 11% of all murders and three out of four victims are women. (Sapiro) The rate of intimate partner violence is higher among some categories of women than others. This is especially higher for women in their early 20’s, poorer women, black women, divorced or separated women, and or women with children in the household. (Sapiro) Victims of domestic violence are not just subject to physical abuse, they may also experience one or more of the following: somatic and stress related illnesses, chronic pain syndromes, depression, post traumatic stress disorder(PST), or even substance abuse disorders. (Sapiro) There has been much debate as to the cause of domestic abuse against women. Some, especially the men committing the abusive acts, would say that it is actually the woman’s fault. She caused her own abuse. How crazy does that sound? But, unfortunately the men really believe that’s the reason they do what they do. They will say that they were provoked and she deserved it. I know this to be true by personal experience. I was married to my husband for ten years and we had six children at home. He was an abusive man and in the beginning it was all good. But soon after we married he became very controlling and he was verbally and emotionally abusive. He isolated me from my family and friends. He only wanted me to be at home and under his control/. He was a very jealous man and we would fight if another man even spoke to me. I had to do something or say something to make that other man even pay attention to me. It was always my fault. He would degrade me and I allowed him to destroy my self-esteem. He was very big on traditional roles for men and women. He was the breadwinner and I was the homemaker. He made sure the bills got paid and I made sure the children were taken care of and catered to his needs as well. I found myself always trying to please him so that he didn’t get upset and go off. It was just the verbal and emotional abuse at first and then came the physical. I think that he started with the physical abuse because he never had consequence for the other behaviors, so he might as well get that off too. I was afraid to leave him because I had been so dependent on him throughout the years, that I honestly didn’t think I would make it without him. He liked things this way and he liked the fact that I was so dependent on him. He felt like he was more in control of the situation. Not to mention the fact I had six children depending on us both. I had never went to the law before and the one time I did he was able to lie and say that I was the aggressor and they made me leave my house with the kids. He was able to stay and they told me that if I came back before 24 hrs was up I would be the one to get arrested. I never called the police again. I thought to myself, they would not believe me anyway and was no help the last time I called. Up until the 70’s the law enforcement really wouldn’t do anything for a domestic call. They would consider themselves to be the peace makers and that’s it. No arrest was ever really made. I watched a true story on Lifetime called “The Tracy Thurman Story”. It was a woman who was married to an abusive man and she tried several times to get away from him. He abused her every time he seen her. She had a restraining order against him and he was still stalking her and harassing her. She had called the police every time she seen him outside her house or if he showed up at her door. She had called the police so many times that they thought she was just Show More
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Essay on Gendered Violence
Gendered violence can be described as aggression or harmful actions directed to individuals according to their gender. Gender-based violence starts as a result of gender discrimination, power abuse, and also harmful cultures. Gendered violence is a severe violation of human rights; it threatens the life and health issues of an individual. Although gendered violence is extreme, it can be normalized and prevented by individuals if they enact good rules to prevent it. In most cases, this kind of violence is controlled, it becomes invisible in society, but later it is reproduced after some time.
How Gendered Violence is Normalized
Normalization of gender-based violence can be done if all people accept that violence is an unchallengeable part of people’s lives and that descriptions of violent behavior have no real-life penalties. Every person should take that it is the victim’s responsibility to prevent violence from happening but not the responsibility of the perpetrator. The use of media can also normalize gender-based violence. Through repeated exposure of the effects of gender-based violence to the public, media has the power to normalize people’s view of the violence. The exposure can make individuals change their perception of gender-based violence and accept responsibility to normalize it in their daily living.
How Gendered Violence Become Invisible and Reproduced
Gendered violence becomes invisible when the victims of the violence decide to hold the matter and fail to report the incidences to the concerned authorities. In most cases, the affected members of the violence choose to hide the issue and keep it as family secrets in fear of exposing their families and the occurrence of more violence. In this way, the gendered violence may seem to have ended in the society, although it is still there. The invisible causes of gendered violence are later reproduced and seen in the community.
Gendered violence is reproduced when the victims of the violence or, in most cases, the parents who have suffered the violence expel their frustrations on their children and other people. By venting these frustrations to children or those around them, they transmit and intensify the negative experiences (Barbara et al., 2017). Having learned the violence from their parents, the growing children end up growing knowing that violence is the best alternative means to solve conflicts and misunderstandings in communication. Hence in this way, violence becomes reproduced and perpetuated among society.
Strategies to Eliminate Gendered Violence
Several actions can be taken to eliminate gender-based violence in our societies. Addressing inequality in gender power relations should be upheld in the community (Shrivastava et al., 2018). This will foster good relations among both genders as no gender will be given much power over the other. Women’s participation in civil society should be funded and supported entirely to encourage them to speak of their rights and ideas in the general community. The facilities of health in lower communal levels should be provided with gender-based clinical services to reach all the people regardless of their social status. Gender-based violence can also be eliminated in societies by developing practical guidance to the public, which will help build the whole system.
Barbara, G., Collini, F., Cattaneo, C., Facchin, F., Vercellini, P., Chiappa, L., & Kustermann, A. (2017). Sexual violence against adolescent girls: labeling it to avoid normalization. Journal of Women’s Health , 26 (11), 1146-1149.
Shrivastava, S. R., Shrivastava, P. S., & Ramasamy, J. (2018). The necessity to Address Gender-Based Violence in the Conflict-Affected Regions of Myanmar: United Nations Population Fund. MAMC Journal of Medical Sciences , 4 (2), 105.
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Causes and Effects of Gender Based Violence
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A Global Threat Of Gender Based Violence
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Every day we hear about another woman brutally murdered and rape, another woman a victim of the cruel reality of gender-based violence and all we can do is ask ourselves why. Gender-based violence is a term used that refers to any harm committed against someone’s will that negatively impacts their psychological and physical health because of their gender (Mpani & Nsibande, 2015). There are numerous types of gender-based violence with different reasons why it is being performed, thus having severe consequences on the victim’s well-being. This essay will focus on the main forms and causes of gender-based violence, the consequences of GBV on the victim, possible prevention strategies against GBV and why it should be prevented.
One of the most common forms of gender-based violence is domestic violence or also known as intimate partner violence. It can be defined as any form of physical, sexual and/or emotional abuse when one partner feels the need to control or dominate the other (Toby D. Goldsmith, 2020). In many cultural beliefs people think men have the right to assert dominance toward women, and that women are not equal to men (Toby D. Goldsmith, 2020). It is believed that men have the right to discipline women when they have done something ‘wrong’, that sexual harassing their partner is normal and women cannot deny their partner sex (Oxfam, 2020).
These types of behaviors of domestic violence are caused by many different factors; it can be internal or external factors. Alcohol and drug abuse is strongly associated with domestic violence because the abuser has less control over their behavior when under the influence of drugs or alcohol and can become more violent toward their partner and causing imminent harm, even death, toward their partner (Toby D. Goldsmith, 2020). Another cause can be when the perpetrator has a history of violence within their family, either witnessing violence or being a victim of child abuse, thus learning these violent behaviors from their family members or cultural influences and growing up with the idea that abuse toward their partner or being abused by their partner is normal (WHO, 2017).
Violence against women is one of the most extreme forms of gender-based violence in South Africa (CSVR, 2016). The UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women defines it as an act of violence that result in psychological, physical or sexual harm toward women and girls (Shepard, 2010). Violence against women can also be associated with economic abuse where community standards give men higher privileges and status in employment, therefore discriminating against women and not giving women the same opportunities given to men (WHO, 2017). Economic abuse also includes the control over a female partner’s assets or income, thus giving the female partner no economic independence or control over their income (CSVR, 2016).
The root cause of violence against women is gender inequality and the imbalance of power in a relationship and favor men over women. Cultural norms often place men in superior positions in relation to women due the practicing of cultural traditions such as labola (CSVR, 2016). It is mainly believed that violence against women, the use of alcohol and the ownership of guns are indicators of masculinity in the community which ultimately give men the idea that practicing such behaviors are normal.
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Gender discrimination can be seen as another form of gender-based violence which indicates that heterosexuality is the only acceptable sexual orientation (Oxfam, 2020). It is also known as discrimination against the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans-gender and queer) community, people with disabilities, widows and divorced women. Such people experienced unequal rights, responsibilities and opportunities (Mpani & Nsibande, 2015). The main cause for this form of gender-based violence is due to the lack of education and also due to cultural and religious beliefs of an individual. It is believed that divorced women have less value and are seen as the property of the family in law who paid for them, thus not being respected by the family (Oxfam, 2020).
Other forms of gender-based violence include physical, emotional and sexual violence which are all strongly associated with violence against women and domestic violence. Physical violence is a form of violence that assert any physical harm toward a person like kicking or punching, whereas emotional violence involves verbal abuse which affects the victim’s self-esteem and self-confidence (CSVR, 2016). Sexual violence, on the other hand, involves sexual intercourse or abuse without the victims consent such as rape, sexual harassment and the trafficking of victims for sexual purposes (CSVR, 2016). The main cause of these forms of violence is due to cultural beliefs which not only make men superior toward women and that women must be submissive toward their male partner, but also women must obey their husbands and act according to their male partner’s wishes (Oxfam, 2020).
Gender-based violence has a diverse list of consequences on the victims and can be physical, psychological and behavioral effects. Physical effects may include head injuries, internal organ damage, loss of eyesight and/or hearing (CSVR, 2016). Other physical affects can include unwanted pregnancies which include gynecological problems, abortions and sexual transmitted infections such as HIV (WHO, 2017). Women who are victims of intimate partner violence have an increased possibility of miscarriages, stillbirths and low birth weight in babies (WHO, 2017). Possible psychological effects include post-traumatic stress disorder resulting in nightmares and flashbacks, a major form of depression that can result in suicide, and severe anxiety disorders (CSVR, 2016). Finally, behavioral effects on victims of gender-based violence include increased substance abuse like alcohol and drugs, males being perpetrators and females being victims later in life if they were exposed to violent behaviors within their family or community as well as practicing risky sexual behaviors due to exposure of violence (WHO, 2017).
There is a lot that needs to be done and more resources are needed to achieve long-term prevention of gender-based violence. One of the most crucial strategies in preventing gender-based violence is to put an end to any form of discrimination against women and girls (WHO, 2017). Having women empowerment initiatives will help end discrimination against women in the work place and give them equal opportunities in employment and making decisions. It is important to educate young boys and girls that any form of gender-based violence is unacceptable and what the consequences of such violence might be by having this topic as a part of a life skills subject taught in school (WHO, 2017). Health workers can help educate children on the linkage between gender-based violence and sexual-reproductive health issues in a “youth-friendly” manner by doing community visits at schools and allow adolescents to have access to gender-based violence and sexual-reproductive health services (Shepard, 2010). By identifying victims of gender-based violence at an early stage will help in the prevention of repetitive violence against them and can therefore provide them with the appropriate support they need (WHO, 2017). Having population-based surveys can help identify possible gender-based violence victims and educate the community on the forms of gender-based violence and what behavior to look out for to prevent them from being a victim (WHO, 2017).
It is clear that gender-based violence is a major problem, not only in South Africa but around the world. So many young people are losing their lives because we are not working hard enough to prevent this from happening. I think it is very important to educate children from a young age that gender-based violence is a massive problem and what can be done to prevent this form of violence. Perpetrators should have a more severe punishment if they are found guilty of gender-based violence, because this just might help in lowering the total number of reports. It is important that we should stand together and fight against this problem, because together we can stop someone from being a victim or becoming a perpetrator.
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essay gender based violence
Gender-based violence is a scourge that affects women and girls all over the world. It takes many different forms, from domestic violence and sexual assault to human trafficking and female genital mutilation. This violence is often rooted in discrimination and inequality, and it persists because of the power imbalance between men and women. But there is hope. In this blog post, we will explore some of the ways that gender-based violence can be addressed. From laws and policies to awareness-raising and support services, there are many ways to make a difference. We hope this post will provide some inspiration for those who want to make a stand against gender-based violence.
What is gender-based violence?
Gender-based violence is any form of violence that is directed against an individual because of their gender. This can include physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological abuse, as well as economic and social discrimination. It can happen to anyone, regardless of their age, race, religion, or socioeconomic status.
Gender-based violence is a serious human rights violation that has a profound impact on the lives of women and girls around the world. It is estimated that 1 in 3 women will experience some form of gender-based violence in their lifetime. This means that nearly 1 billion women worldwide are affected by this issue.
Gender-based violence is often rooted in gender inequality and discriminatory attitudes towards women and girls. In many societies, women and girls are seen as second-class citizens who are not deserving of the same rights and protections as men and boys. This attitude creates an environment in which violence against women is seen as acceptable or even justified.
Gender-based violence can have a devastating impact on the physical, mental, and emotional health of survivors. It can also lead to long-term problems such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, eating disorders, and self-harm. In extreme cases it can even result in death.
Despite the widespread nature of this problem, gender-based violence is still often seen as a private issue that should be dealt with within the family or community. This prevents many
The different types of gender-based violence
There are many different types of gender-based violence, all of which disproportionately affect women and girls.
Physical violence is the most visible type of gender-based violence, and can include everything from slapping and hair-pulling to severe beatings and murder.
Sexual violence includes any form of sexual assault or harassment, including rape, forced marriage, forced pregnancy, or genital mutilation.
Psychological violence can be just as damaging as physical violence, and can take the form of threats, intimidation, emotional manipulation, or controlling behavior.
Economic violence can make it difficult for women to support themselves and their families. This can include things like denying women access to education or work opportunities, forcing them into marriage or prostitution, or preventing them from owning property or accessing financial services.
Gender-based violence is a serious problem that affects women and girls around the world. It’s important to be aware of the different types of gender-based violence so that we can better understand how to prevent it.
The impact of gender-based violence
Gender-based violence is a major problem in our society. It affects both women and men, but women are more likely to be victims of this type of violence. This violence can take many forms, such as domestic violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking.
This violence often goes unreported because the victims are afraid to come forward. They may be afraid of retaliation from their abuser or they may not want to relive the trauma. This means that the true extent of the problem is unknown.
The impact of gender-based violence can be devastating. It can lead to physical and mental health problems, as well as economic problems. Victims may have to take time off work or drop out of school. They may also struggle with relationships or have trouble trusting people.
This violence can have a ripple effect on families and communities. It can cause division and mistrust. It can also lead to other types of violence, such as child abuse or intimate partner violence.
We need to do more to raise awareness about gender-based violence and support victims. We need to create safe spaces for them to heal and we need to hold abusers accountable for their actions. Only then will we start to see a change in our society.
The causes of gender-based violence
There is no single cause of gender-based violence; instead, it is the result of a complex interaction of individual, relational, community, and societal factors.
Individual factors include things like personality traits, history of trauma or abuse, substance abuse, and mental health problems. Relational factors include power imbalances in the relationship, communication breakdowns, and lack of social support. Community factors include poverty, crime rates, and cultural norms that condone violence. Societal factors include gender inequality, unequal access to resources and opportunities, and exposure to violence in the media.
All of these factors combine to create an environment in which gender-based violence can occur.
How to prevent gender-based violence
There is no one answer to the question of how to prevent gender-based violence. However, there are many things that can be done to reduce its incidence and impact.
One way to prevent gender-based violence is to increase awareness of the issue. This can be done through education and training programs that teach people about the signs and symptoms of abuse, as well as how to respond if they witness or experience it. It is also important to raise awareness of the resources available to help those affected by gender-based violence.
Another way to reduce gender-based violence is to change social norms that condone or tolerate it. This can be done through public education and campaigns that challenge harmful attitudes and beliefs about gender roles and expectations. It is also important to create environments – both physical and virtual – that are safe for all people, regardless of their gender identity or expression.
Finally, it is essential to hold perpetrators accountable for their actions. This can be done through law enforcement and the justice system, as well as workplace policies and procedures that address sexual harassment and assault. By taking these steps, we can begin to create a world in which everyone is safe from harm.
In conclusion, gender-based violence is a serious problem that needs to be addressed. It affects both women and men, and can have a lasting impact on survivors. There are many ways to prevent and respond to gender-based violence, and it is important for everyone to be aware of these issues.
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The Problem of Gender-Based Violence Essay
Introduction, global context of the problem, gender-based violence among adolescents, gender-based violence towards the lgbtq community, ways to mitigate the problem.
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With the development of humanity, the problems of gender interaction in society have become less acute compared to the situation in past eras. Nevertheless, despite the success of the struggle for equality and established moral values, the issue of gender-based violence continues to exist. Women, in this case, are a vulnerable side, although there are cases of violence against men. According to the World Health Organization, the most common causes are domestic disagreements that account for 38% to 50% of women murdered by their intimate partners (5). The situation is aggravated by the fact that gender-based violence occurs not only among adults but also among young people, which creates additional difficulties and is a good reason to draw various stakeholders’ attention. Despite widespread access to information and opportunities to receive help, victims of physical abuse often seek to cope with their challenges individually, and this does not contribute to solving the issue effectively. Gender-based violence is an urgent problem that affects people of different ages, countries, and sexual orientations and requires addressing through the creation of an adequate preventive environment and strengthening measures to persecute aggressive citizens successfully.
As people move towards democratic freedoms and human rights, along with the values of equality and mutual respect, gender-based violence remains a problem in a global context. The situation is aggravated by the fact that, in some world regions, the existing patriarchal foundations do not contribute to creating a favorable environment for dealing with the issue in question. Wood et al. examine the rural region of Tajikistan, the country in Central Asia, and note the distinctive perceptions of violence between men and women, particularly the empowerment of the male population (1). In such archaic conditions, women are not endowed with an opportunity to fight for their rights, and any manifestations of violence against them are permissible at the level of traditional perception and people’s cultural background.
Another factor proving the global context of the problem under consideration is the economic crisis in many world regions. As Dowd argues, gender-based violence develops where the authorities are more concerned about financial problems than social ones (42). Violence between intimate partners is a consequence of social and economic challenges that impede normal life and are a catalyst for aggression (World Health Organization 5). As a result, women often experience physical abuse while living in poverty because low social status is one of the concomitant factors of violence.
Today, a number of agencies work to strengthen the regulatory framework and publicize the problem at the international level. Simister cites the examples of UNECE, the World Health Organization, and some other organizations that aim to disseminate information about the inadmissibility of gender-based violence (190). As Gerlach notes, with the emergence of the United Nations, the first attempts to reduce pressure on women were undertaken globally and across different social spheres (86). However, given the aforementioned challenges, particularly economic difficulties and patriarchal canons, the problem has not been resolved until now. Therefore, in an international context, conducting targeted work to help vulnerable populations and prevent physical abuse has weight as an activity to emphasize the importance of this issue and its urgency in modern society. Notably, the manifestation of violence among young people is an acute problem within the stated topic.
Gender-based violence in adolescence is a particularly dangerous phenomenon since the psyche of young people is not formed comprehensively, and physical abuse based on gender can be a stimulus for the development of severe disorders. According to Mathews and Gould, adolescents who have experienced gender-based violence are prone to intellectual disabilities and even chronic illnesses (61). However, despite these threatening prospects, this form of social conflict exists, and individual social constraints exacerbate it. For instance, Chandra-Mouli et al. state that “the percentage of countries with gender gaps in school attendance increases from 37% for primary education to 54% and 77% for lower and upper secondary education, respectively” (239). Teenage girls become objects of health-harming acts, and the current social regulations cannot address this issue adequately due to the lack of proper control and sustainable policies to protect vulnerable adolescents.
The existing social norms of some groups can also be a negative driver of gender-based violence in relation to vulnerable adolescents. Sommer et al. remark that gender-based stigma may arise, and what is contrary to modern values in a civilized society may be acceptable in individual communities (155). As an example, the authors cite the concept of victim-blaming, according to which a girl is initially guilty of committing violence against her due to her overly defiant behavior, appearance, and other controversial factors (Sommer et al. 155). This practice does not fit into modern social norms, which, nevertheless, does not affect the episodic nature of cases of violence. Moreover, according to the World Health Organization, young boys can also be targets of violence from older girls, and precedents exist (21). As a result, stigmatization manifests itself against both genders, albeit unequally.
The need to ensure the protection of vulnerable adolescents from gender-based violence is felt acutely during military conflicts. Etienne gives dire cases of young females’ abuse by soldiers and notes that such incidents should be regarded as a war crime against humanity and punished to the fullest extent of the law (139). However, even if victims of violence are assisted, they are at risk of developing dangerous mental disorders caused by acute shocks. Ensuring the safety of adolescents from gender-based abuse should be a mandatory practice in a modern democratic world, and this category of the population should be given no less attention than adults. Thus, discussing the ways to mitigate these issues from different perspectives is critical.
Issues related to gender-based violence arising from the topic of sexual orientation are the problems that concern both adults and young people. In particular, the LGBTQ community is vulnerable, and many of its members are forced to face stigma and bias from the sexual majority. Crooks et al. state that schoolchildren who identify themselves as belonging to the LGBTQ community are often harassed and pressured by peers (45). This, in turn, affects their morale negatively and is a favorable factor for the development of concomitant mental disorders. Therefore, countering such a form of bullying is an important aspect of creating a normal environment in which people with equal opportunities can defend their interests.
To provide vulnerable categories of the population with protection from gender-based violence, targeted work should be carried out from an early age. Crooks et al. propose to create special youth programs for primary and secondary school children, which include teaching social interaction skills (31). This practice can be useful as a tool to educate children and adolescents about the dangerous consequences of gender-based abuse, and building healthy behaviors is a valuable outcome of such work.
Maintaining an adequate preventive environment at the international level should be supported by responsible organizations and agencies dealing with social regulations. The World Health Organization offers a special algorithm that includes several stages of targeted work, in particular, joining the efforts of different committees, investing in maintaining a stable regulatory framework, and developing individual community practices (19). The aforementioned problem of the perception of gender-based violence within outdated cultural values can be addressed through the involvement of local representatives to implement corresponding security programs at the regional level. These initiatives may contribute to addressing the issue as effectively as possible while taking into account the characteristics of each population group.
With regard to gender-based violence in the LGBTQ community, special measures can be taken. In particular, Crooks et al. pay attention to the program of assistance to schoolchildren with non-traditional sexual orientation as one of the tools to address the problem (45). Such a program aims to give students an opportunity to share experiences and create a communication environment in which bullying gives way to positive interaction. Addressing this form of gender-based violence at an early age is an important aspect of the formation of appropriate social values and norms. As a result, in adulthood, the likelihood of facing open aggression can be minimized due to timely work with the population.
In addition, educating the adult population as a tool for strengthening preventive work is no less important aspect than corresponding regulatory decisions. According to Simister, education is an effective form of combating gender-based violence since, despite distinctive deviant features in different communities, the background of the problem is the same – abuse allowance by the gender factor (70). The more often people hear about the inadmissibility of humiliating others’ honor and dignity, the higher are the chances of reducing the incidence of physical abuse against vulnerable groups. Moreover, through education, stakeholders can not only build but also assess the sustainability of specific measures taken to reduce risks (World Health Organization 21). Therefore, outreach work, complemented by appropriate regulatory constraints, is a valuable practice.
Addressing the issue of gender-based violence by introducing both relevant legal practices and educational projects at different levels is a crucial task due to the dangerous implications of this social problem. Particular attention should be paid to the topic of physical abuse by the gender factor among children and adolescents since their psyche is the most vulnerable, and a number of health problems can develop. The representatives of the LGBTQ community are also under the threat of social pressure and may need support and protection to defend their interests and social rights. The reasons for gender-based violence can be distinctive, but the main prerequisites for the issue are economic constraints and impaired cultural norms promoted in individual communities. According to Etienne, local groups can educate the population successfully and build an adequate preventive environment (139). At the same time, international organizations’ activities are also valuable due to the popularization of the issue globally and an opportunity to attract public attention.
Chandra-Mouli, Venkatraman, et al. “Addressing Harmful and Unequal Gender Norms in Early Adolescence.” Nature Human Behaviour , vol. 2, no. 4, 2018, pp. 239-240.
Crooks, Claire V., et al. “Preventing Gender-Based Violence Among Adolescents and Young Adults: Lessons from 25 Years of Program Development and Evaluation.” Violence Against Women , vol. 25, no. 1, 2019, pp. 29-55.
Dowd, Douglas. Inequality and the Global Economic Crisis: Douglas Dowd . Pluto Press, 2009.
Etienne, Margareth. “Addressing Gender-Based Violence in an International Context.” Harvard Women’s Law Journal , vol. 18, 1995, p. 139.
Gerlach, Christian. Extremely Violent Societies: Mass Violence in the Twentieth-Century World . Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Mathews, Shanaaz, and Chandré Gould. “Preventing Violence: From Evidence to Implementation.” ChildGauge , edited by Lucy Jamieson, Lizette Berry, and Lori Lake, University of Cape Town, 2017, pp. 61-67.
Simister, John. Gender Based Violence: Causes and Remedies . Nova Science Publishers, 2012.
Sommer, Marni, et al. “How Gender Norms Are Reinforced Through Violence Against Adolescent Girls in Two Conflict-Affected Populations.” Child Abuse & Neglect , vol. 79, 2018, pp. 154-163.
Wood, Elizabeth A., et al. “Exploring the Differences Between Men’s and Women’s Perceptions of Gender-Based Violence in Rural Tajikistan: A Qualitative Study.” BMC Women’s Health , vol. 21, no. 1, 2021, pp. 1-15.
World Health Organization. RESPECT Women: Preventing Violence Against Women . World Health Organization, 2019.
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More about Essay On Gender Based Violence
- Domestic violence
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Home — Essay Samples — Social Issues — Gender Inequality — A Discussion on Gender-Based Violence
A Discussion on Gender-based Violence
- Subject: Sociology , Social Issues
- Category: Sociology of Gender , Social Inequality , Discrimination and Prejudice
- Essay Topic: Gender , Gender Inequality , Race and Gender
- Published: 05 September 2018
- Downloads: 701
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What is Gender Based Violence?
What is Gender Based Violence? The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women defines gender-based violence (GBV) as, “Any act…that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” It is also broadly defined as any harm to a person due to the power disparities caused by gender inequality. Gender based violence includes childhood sexual abuse, “prenatal sex selection in favor of boys, female infanticide, dowry deaths, honors killings ,female genital mutilation, trafficking and forced prostitution, forced early marriage, sexual assault and intimate partner violence” In order to tackle the issue of gender based violence, one must first understand the root of the issue. According to Peterson and Runyan, gender refers to the socially learned behavior and expectations that distinguish between masculinity and femininity. However, sex identity is known as the genetic and anatomical characteristics. Meanwhile, socially learned gender is an acquired identity gained through performing predetermined gender roles. Understandably, Society places different values on masculine and feminine behaviors. Gender has now become the basis for relations of inequality and is a powerful lens that we all use to experience and organize reality. Gender has played a role in a lot of the issues that plague us globally as well as locally. It is estimated that one out of three women and girls across the world experience GBV. After research done within 10 countries, it was found that 15 to 71 percent of women have experienced physical violence, sexua... ... middle of paper ... ...P: (People against Suffering, Oppression and Poverty: http://www.passop.co.za/about-us Peacock, D. (2004). The Men as Partners Program in South Africa: Reaching Men to End Gender-Based Violence and Promote Sexual and Reproductive Health. International Journal of Men's Health, 173-188. Peter, J. (1995). Women's Rights, Human Rights: International Feminist Perspectives. Routledge. Peterson, V., & Runyan, A. S. (1999). Global Gender Issues: Dilemmas in World Politics. Boulder: Westview Press. Renzetti, C. (2005). Gender-based Violence. Lancet. Strudwick, P. (2014, January 4). risis in South Africa: The shocking practice of 'corrective rape ' - aimed at 'curing' lesbians. Retrieved from The Independent. United Nations. (1993, December 20). Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. Retrieved from United Nations: http://www.unhchr.ch/huridocda/huridoca.nsf/
In this essay, the author
- Analyzes data from 1,395 interviews with women attending antenatal clinics in soweto, south africa. the prevalence of physical/sexual partner violence was 55.5%, while adult sexual assault by nonpartners was 7.9%.
- Argues that rape and sexual violence in south africa are increasing due to a backlash against constitutionally-enforced gender equality of south african women.
- Cites peacock, d. (2004). the men as partners program in south africa: reaching men to end gender-based violence
- Explains that peterson, v., and runyan, a. s. (1998), global gender issues: dilemmas in world politics.
- Defines gender-based violence as any act that results in physical, sexual, or psychological harm to a person due to the power disparities caused by gender inequality.
- Analyzes how gender-based violence has increased in south africa with the rise of corrective rape.
- Explains that organizations have been focused on ending gender-based violence, but they have adopted different ways of accomplishing that goal.
- Cites bent-goodley, britton, cock, dunkle, herek, and kim.
- Cites strudwick, p., and the united nations' declaration on the elimination of violence against women.
- Opines that domestic violence is a growing problem in the united states and around the world.
- Explains that domestic violence is more than none aimed at women, so why do men choose to be violent towards a woman?
- Explains that poverty and intimate partner violence are mediated through stress, and that male identity is associated with experiences of power.
- Explains that women of color don't report their abuse because they want to protect their ethnic group from additional stigma, stereotyping, and discrimination.
- Explains why women refuse to report their abuse when it comes to the criminal justice system. women of color are particularly determined to keep abuse hidden for fear of their private lives being scrutinized and the police force being hostile toward them.
- Explains that women who suffer from this syndrome are in a stage of "learned helplessness" which was brought on due to their abuse.
- Opines that society needs to help women who are being abused get their lives back on track and move forward whether that’s seeking couselling services or pressing charges.
- Explains that it is our duty to help victims feel comfortable in their own skin enough to seek justice or help with overcoming what they endured.
- Opines that domestic violence is a major issue in the united states and around the world. women can be raped, physically, verbally or emotionally abused.
- Analyzes bailey, k. d., and davis, d. a. (2004). betrayed by the angel: what happens when violence knocks and politeness answers.
- Opines that men's violence toward women is the serious social problem.
- Explains that recent acts of violence by children have prompted us to look at the causes and possible solutions to this crisis in our schools. according to public agenda, school safety was identified as the most important issue affecting schools by those surveyed.
- Explains that school violence is directly related to the violence in our society. for many children, especially those who experience family violence early in their lives, school can often be their only safe haven.
- Explains that aggression and violence are the direct result of learned behavior. our society is full of examples of violence and aggression that unfortunately have become part of our daily lives.
- Opines that children are victims and perpetrators of violent crimes. although there is a sharp increase in violence among girls and women, females are more often victims than victims of crime.
- Explains that parents expect girls to be passive and nurturing, while boys are aggressive and competitive. children in our society learn to behave in ways that meet their parents' expectations to gain their approval.
- Analyzes how the media shape the minds of our children and set society's expectations of them. cartoons, video games, and movies are full of examples of strong, brave, aggressive and often violent male characters.
- Explains that bullying is a form of aggression that begins to show in the early stages of children's development and can lead to more violent forms of behavior if not resolved. girls learn coping behaviors to deal with intimidation and violence in school.
- Argues that disciplinary programs in schools do not take seriously the development of potentially violent behavior in children until it is almost too late to reverse.
- Opines that we can change school environments to bring about long-term positive outcomes. the hoped-for changes need to be structural in nature and to take into consideration the socio-emotional and educational needs of students.
- Opines that parents and educators need to do more to prevent violence among children and youth. they can teach and model assertive behaviors for girls, while boys need help with alternatives for self-expression and non-physical problem-solving techniques.
- Opines that we must all begin to deal with reversing the patterns of aggression against children in general, and girls specifically in our society.
- Cites bachman, giroux, isaac, and prothrow-stith for their violence against women class presentation.
- Opines that battered women want their children to always have a father around and remain in the relationship, not only because they are afraid to make the move in separating or divorcing the partner.
- Explains that some cultures feel that the women have done something wrong to offend her partner and they blame the victim while exonerating the perpetrator.
- Advises battered women to be careful in the kind of partner they choose by avoiding any male partner that may have some similarities with the formal one.
- Opines that it is disappointing to discover that some culture justifies abuse on women who are unfaithful or disrespectful to the husband’s family as an appropriate behavior, without considering how their body are constantly exposed to pain in carrying the signs of violence in their relationship.
- Explains that the research topic is on battered women. it aims at gaining more knowledge and understanding about women who have experienced pain and suffering in their past or present life.
- Asks whether battered women are afraid of leaving the relationship because of cultural taboo, family, or societal expectation. they are trying to avoid stigmatization on being placed among the category.
- Opines that battered women are trapped in their abusive relationship, in an ambivalent emotional situation, and hope that the partner will change puts them in a difficult position.
- Explains that social-psychological factors like patriarchy, inadequate social support from workplace and community agencies, women's economic dependency and personal factors have contributed as impeding factors that prevent women from leaving their abusive relationship.
- Opines that domestic violence is a serious issue that negatively impacts women in our society.
- Opines that women should be educated about resources available to help them through these difficult times.
- Explains that there are 1,500 shelters for battered women in the united states and 3,800 animal shelter — it's not nearly enough to save every woman in need.
- Explains that eve foundation ending violence everywhere. fawcett, barbara, brid featherstone, jeff hearn, and christine toft.
- Opines that domestic abuse is a big issue around the world and that nobody should be treated this way.
- Explains domestic abuse is when a spouse is considered abusive if he/she throws something at the partner, pushes, grabs or shoves. violence against men and mostly women is shrouded in silence.
- Explains that a spouse stays in an abusive relationship because of financial stability. the spouse manipulates and controls the other spouse. domestic abuse affects men and women.
- Explains that there have been many cases on women killing their spouse because of abuse. many women say their husbands threaten to kill them if they dared to leave them.
- Explains that battered women often admit to murder and reveal a history of domestic abuse. the outcome of these trials depends on three main issues: self-defense, equal force, and immediate versus imminent danger.
- Explains that south asian women engage in patriarchal values and normative structure established more than two thousand years ago, and continue to be oppressed by a dominant group of men.
- Explains that critical social theory believes that all subordinate groups are oppressed on personal, cultural, and institutional levels by visible and invisible structures as well as by conscious and unconscious means.
- Explains that the highest prevalence of domestic violence was found in the homes of immigrants from developing countries. immigrant women internalize and hide the crimes due to social stigma, shame, cultural/religious constraints and lack of community resources.
- Analyzes how shirwadkar (2004) revealed that the presence of indian immigrant communities has a higher concentration in some parts of canada, especially ontario and british columbia.
- Analyzes how williams discussed the existence of oppression and privilege on the basis of race, gender, and class by evaluating a child custody case.
- Explains that indian (south asian) women feel trapped in abusive relationships when confronted with immigration laws, language barriers, social isolation, cultural constraints, and fear of losing children.
- Explains that even educated immigrant women become vulnerable to oppression and social injustice when their professional and academic qualifications are not recognized by canadian laws or institutions.
- Argues that cultural blaming is needed to understand the real impact of inequalities and social injustice for women of color from racialist communities.
- Argues that canadian social systems need to identify gaps in social policies that are inadvertently not serving this population appropriately.
- Explains that immigrant women are most vulnerable to discrimination in canadian society, face oppression upon arrival in canada, and are often at risk of social isolation.
- Opines that culturally sensitive services within social organizations are needed as this population is experiencing negative experiences due to lack of cross-cultural sensitivity and training among social services providers.
- Argues that anti-oppressive social workers need to make collective efforts in bringing changes in social services policies that serve the oppressed members in terms of developing alternative services that meet the cultural, social and emotional needs of this marginalized group.
- Explains that promoting empowerment for social workers is an integral part of anti-oppressive practices, but empowerment has not been fully addressed in the aops context. social work education has shifted from option to a necessity.
- Suggests that social workers must have insight into the problem of domestic violence to effectively work toward ending violence and social injustice against this vulnerable population.
- Argues that feminist therapy is a compelling modality to use with women and children who are survivors of domestic violence due to its explicit focus on the influence of power and oppression in their lives.
- Opines that empowerment and self-determination can only be achieved if social workers advocate at macro level to influence policy makers to approve social services programs that are culturally and linguistically competent to address the diverse needs of south asian women and their children.
- Explains that shim and haight emphasize the need to refer battered women to domestic violence related counselling services in order to increase their insight into the problem.
- Argues that anti-oppressive practices or feminist theories provide values of empowerment and self-determination as effective tools to assist the oppressed population to eradicate violence, social injustice, and marginalization of their lives.
- Explains that the pressures of cultural, ethnicity, lower socioeconomic status and family ties prevent immigrant women from suffering violence, oppression, and social injustice.
- Explains that domestic violence was one of the most unreported crimes that involved females and males getting hurt and dying.
- Opines that domestic violence is an important social problem that lacks supporters, and that people should develop more services to help victims in need of protection.
- Argues that men's organizations counter the common assumption that domestic violence is a gendered issue. they abuse women because they feel powerless, ineffective, and have low self-esteem.
- Opines that domestic violence isn't the answer to relationship problems. abusers need to understand how victims are feeling.
- Opines that it takes supporters who are against domestic violence to help stop it. abusers are always hurting innocent people then asking the victims for forgiveness.
- Opines that domestic violence is rampant in all aspects of our communities, states, and throughout the world.
- Explains that the city of tampa, florida has a densely populated community with emergency, health and education facilities, and places that supply food and entertainment. the people in the community are from various ethnic backgrounds, socioeconomic statuses, gender and ages.
- Compares tampa's demographical data with the national average population of 308,745,538 people. the average household size in the united states is 2,272,194 and the average family size is 3.14 persons.
- Reports that in the city of tampa, florida, 2,471 victims were subjected to domestic violence. in the united states, more than 4 million women have experienced physical assault and rape by their partners.
- Opines that domestic violence cases are influenced by alcohol intoxication in the community. having fewer places that sell alcohol like cvs, walgreens or gas stations might help reduce alcohol based incidents.
- Concludes that domestic violence is a serious and widespread problem in our society; women continue to endure severe abuse at the hands of their intimate partners.
- Explains that the injury and violence prevention objectives for 2020 represent a broad range of issues which, if adequately addressed, will improve the health of the nation.
- Explains that the state of california requires all domestic violence offenders to take court order classes as a form of reprimand and in part to educate offender. social workers must be proactive in advocating for those at risk.
- Recommends that social workers at all levels allocate a strategy for social change aim at violence prevention by working hand in hand with lausd.
- Argues that domestic violence can go unnoticed, unreported, and undeterred before it’s too late. the center of diseases control and prevention classifies ipv and dv as a social health problem.
- Opines that more research is needed to identify protective and risk factors for violence victimization, taking into account the long-term consequences and ramifications of dv and ipv.
- Explains that domestic violence is a virulent disease that affects people in each community, notwithstanding age, economic standing, race, religion, status or academic background.
- Explains that violence affects children, and that victims of violence suffer psychological and physical injuries.
- States that domestic violence occurs in homosexual relationships, not just in heterosexual relationships. girls between nineteen and twenty nine experience more force than women in other age ranges.
- Explains that although women are the majority of domestic violence victims, there are a few percentages of male victims.
- Explains clark prosecutor.org's domestic violence: are you a victim.
- Describes the social determinants of health in poverty on wikipedia.
Most of the violence is perpetrated by men against women. Gender-based violence is often physical abuse, often involving sexuality, but it may also be
Domestic Violence is one of the commonest forms of gender-based violence. Many women have been battered, abused, raped, butchered, and killed by the men they
Gendered violence can be described as aggression or harmful actions directed to individuals according to their gender. Gender-based violence
Violence against women mutually violates and impairs or nullifies the gratification by women of their human rights and elementary freedoms. In
This essay will focus on the main forms and causes of gender-based violence, the consequences of GBV on the victim, possible prevention
Gender-based violence is any form of violence that is directed against an individual because of their gender. This can include physical, sexual, emotional, and
Gender-based violence is an urgent problem that affects people of different ages, countries, and sexual orientations and requires addressing
Physical GBV has many divisions of which include killing, human trafficking, beating the victims either with hands or weapons which inflicts injury and at times
Gender-based violence (GBV) is directly based on sex differences, a gender identity that are socially defined norms of femininity or
In this essay, the author ... Gender-based violence is made possible by the ideology of sexism in Indian traditional culture which argues that women are worth