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150 great articles & essays: interesting articles to read online, life & death, attitude by margaret atwood, this is water by david foster wallace, why go out by sheila heti, after life by joan didion, 30 more great articles about life, 20 more great articles about death, the book by patrick symmes, shipping out by david foster wallace, death of an innocent by jon krakauer, the place to disappear by susan orlean, 50 more great articles about travel, words and writing, on keeping a notebook by joan didion, everything you need to know about writing by stephen king, how to talk about books you haven't read by pierre bayard, where do you get your ideas by neil gaiman, 15 more great essays about writing, short memoirs, explicit violence by lidia yuknavitch, seeing by annie dillard, call me loyd by david owen, three by david sedaris, 50 more great short memoirs, a few words about breasts by nora ephron, the american male at age ten by susan orlean, the comfort zone by jonathan franzen, 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On this page , you’ll find my best long and short articles on everything from emotional wellness to accelerated learning  and productivity .

Not sure where to start?  If this is your first time reading my work, you may want to head to the blog page , where you’ll be able to explore my best articles by topic , by search and/or even by letting me show you around.

If you’re familiar with the blog , then you’ll find all the best articles published on TAoL in alphabetical order below  so you can jump straight to the interesting article you’re looking for.

Note : For some tips on how to read faster and more effectively in general, you might also enjoy this summary of Adler and van Doren’s excellent  How To Read a Book .

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Finding Open Access - Free Journals: Free Journal Article Databases

Free journal article databases.

Finding open access (free) journals

This LibGuide provides a list with active links to assist in finding open access (free) journals.

Options for finding reliable full text journal articles.

Other good sources for journals, newspapers, and more available for free on the Internet:

Google Scholar - A search engine for scholarly publications from peer-reviewed journals, professional societies, books, theses, and other sources.

Highwire Press - Offers free articles in biological, physical and social sciences and medicine. The site includes a search engine. Highwire has also put together a list of links to other large archives of scientific resources (highwire.stanford.edu/lists/largest.dtl)

Public Library of Science - A nonprofit scientific/medical organization making articles available for free.

BioMed Central - Publishes a number of journals that are available as open access, including Environmental Health and Journal of Biology. Others are available free to registered users.

OAIster - Indexes over three million digitized resources worldwide and can be limited to text, images, audio, or video files.

The Directory of Open Access Journals - Includes articles from more that 700 titles from around the world. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, Fishery Bulletin, Journal of Construction Education, and Biopolicy are just a few of the titles included.

Scitopia - A federated (“one-stop-shopping”) search portal for publications of a number of professional societies in the areas of science and technology. Over three million documents, including patents and government publications, can be found here.

Scientific Journals International - A Publisher of open-access journals in science, technology, health, education, and social sciences. Links to online issues are included.

Encyclopedia of Life - A collaborative initiative to collect information on every species on earth. Contributing organizations include Smithsonian Institution, Royal Botanic Garden, and American Museum of Natural History.

Internet Public Library - “Information you can trust” with subject indexes, newspapers, magazines, special collections, and more.

WorldCat - Sometimes called the catalog of catalogs, WorldCat lets you search through library holdings from thousands of libraries around the world. Search for everything from books, articles, CDs, DVDs, audio files, and more. This is a great resource for locating material that can be obtained through Interlibrary Loan if it is not available on the Internet.

WolframAlpha - A Wolfram Research resource, this "computational knowledge engine" can answer a wide variety of questions and provide information on various topics. Subjects covered include mathematics, statistics and data analysis, chemistry, engineering, and earth sciences among many more.

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Articles for Students

Scholastic Classroom Magazines combine authentic texts with digital resources to ignite student engagement and raise achievement in every content area. 

These free articles cover some of our most popular topics, from current events to social and emotional learning. Share them with your students, share them on social media, or just check them out for yourself!

Early Learning

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Do you want to practise your reading and learn about global issues, special days and festivals?

In this section, read articles about a wide variety of topics. The articles are written for learners at B1 English level (intermediate) and B2 English level (upper intermediate) .

You will improve your reading comprehension and develop your vocabulary on a diverse range of international events, celebrations and topics. Each article has interactive exercises to help you understand and use the language.

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International Women's Day

March 8 is International Women's Day, but the global campaigns for equal rights for women continue all year round. Read more about #IWD in this article.

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Holi is sometimes called the festival of colours. Find out more about this very special springtime festival in this article.

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World Wildlife Day

On World Wildlife Day, 3 March, people all around the world hold events to celebrate the natural world and to raise awareness of the importance of protecting wildlife. Read the article to find out more.

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International Mother Language Day

There are about 6,500 languages in the world, but did you know that a language disappears and dies every two weeks? International Mother Language Day, on 21 February, is a day to celebrate and protect all the languages of the world.

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Pancake Day

Pancake Day is on a different date every year and is a celebration unique to the UK. Read the text and find out why British people celebrate with pancakes.

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Carnival is an annual festival celebrated in many different ways in many countries around the world. Some of the world's most famous carnivals are held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, New Orleans, USA, and Venice, Italy. Find out what happens in these and one other carnival you may not have heard of.

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Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day is celebrated in many countries, but what are the differences between today's celebration and in the past? Read the text to find out some curious facts about the most romantic day of the year.

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International Day of Women and Girls in Science

February 11 is International Day of Women and Girls in Science. We explore some of the reasons why there are fewer girls and women interested in working in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and what's happening to encourage equality in these fields.

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You and your data

On Safer Internet Day let's take a closer look at who uses our online data, what it's used for and what we can do to protect it.

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Lunar New Year

Were you born in the year of the Dog, the Monkey or maybe the Rooster? Read on to find out more about Lunar New Year and how it is celebrated in some places in Asia.

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New Year celebrations

On the night of 31 December and the morning of 1 January, people in many countries all over the world will celebrate the beginning of a new year. How will they celebrate and how did this tradition begin?

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It's the time of year for Santa Claus, fairy lights and all the best pop songs. What are the essential elements of Christmas in the UK?

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Hanukkah is a Jewish festival that is celebrated for eight days, usually in December. It is also called the Festival of Lights. Find out why and learn about what people do to celebrate this special holiday.

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Modern-day slavery

December 2 is the United Nation's International Day for the Abolition of Slavery. Did you know that slavery still exists today and is probably much closer to you than you realise?

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Black Friday and Buy Nothing Day

Every year in November, people look for bargains on Black Friday. But did you know that the same day is also Buy Nothing Day?

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Every autumn, Canadian and American families gather for a day centred around community, food and giving thanks – the day of Thanksgiving. Where did this holiday come from and how is it celebrated today?

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Universal Children's Day

Children all around the world need adults to help, protect and teach them. Do you know what the Rights of the Child are? Every year, 20 November is Universal Children's Day, a chance for all of us to learn how we can help the youngest, most vulnerable members of our communities.

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World Kindness Day

World Kindness Day is celebrated on 13 November. How can we become happier by doing kind things for others? And how can we help the world by doing kind things for ourselves?

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Bonfire Night

If you’re ever in the UK on the evening of 5 November, you might wonder why you can hear fireworks. Bonfire Night is celebrated all over the country, but what is it about? Find out about the history of this well-loved event in this article.

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Vegans argue that animal farming is not only cruel but also bad for the environment. World Vegan Day, on 1 November, puts the focus on the vegan way of life.

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October 31 is Halloween and is now celebrated in many countries around the world, but do you know anything about the origins of this scary special day? Read the article and find out.

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Diwali is a festival of light which originated in South Asia and is celebrated over five days. The dates change every year, but it is always celebrated in October or November and is now celebrated around the world.

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World Mental Health Day

World Mental Health Day, on 10 October, is a day to raise awareness of the effects mental illness has on millions of people’s lives across the world, and to help educate and inform us all.

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World Teachers' Day

October 5 is World Teachers' Day. Find out which famous people want to say thank you to their school teachers for their success.

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Black History Month

October is Black History Month in the UK. The event recognises black people's achievements and educates people about black history.

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How to Get Past a Paywall to Read an Article for Free

Even if you regularly support journalism by paying, sometimes you need to get around it..

Most of us have done it before. Over the past several years, countless websites have added paywalls: If you want to read their articles, you have to sign up and pay a monthly fee. Some sites have a “metered” paywall—meaning you can read a certain number of articles for free before they ask for money—and others have a hard paywall, where you’ll have to pay to read even one article.

It’s mostly news websites that have paywalls, largely because relying on advertising income alone just isn’t viable anymore, and news companies are pursuing more direct revenue sources like monthly subscriptions. And, of course, we’re not against paywalls—and you probably aren’t either. If you can afford to pay to read articles, you absolutely should. But whether you lost your password, haven’t saved it on your phone, are in a rush, or are just strapped for cash and promise yourself that you’ll subscribe later, there are several ways to bypass paywalls on the internet.

You may be able to use some of these methods successfully today, but that could change in the future as websites clamp down on bypass methods. I hope that you support the websites that you read by signing up for memberships—especially your friendly local news outlet— but if you’re can’t right now, here are some of the best ways to bypass paywalls online.

Paste the headline in Google

The simplest ways are often the best. There are plenty of paywalled websites that have an arrangement which lets people arriving from Google search access their articles for free. Your first port of call should be to copy the headline and paste it in the search bar on Google. The article should appear as the first result, so just click that to read it for free.

Wayfair Surplus Sale

Shop sales in every category. Uh-oh, overstock: Wayfair put their surplus on sale for up to 50% off.

Try a Facebook redirect

Some paywalled websites let readers arriving from Facebook read articles for free, and the method works even if you don’t have a Facebook account. To do it, open the article you want to read and go to the address bar of your web browser. Now paste https://facebook.com/l.php?u= before the URL of the paywalled article and open the page. This’ll show you a Facebook redirect page and you can click Follow Link to open the website. The paywalled article should now be free to read.

Open the link in an incognito window

Another quick way is to open the paywalled articles in an incognito window in your web browser, just note that this method works with metered paywalls only. If you’ve used up your free article quota for the month on any website, opening its articles in an incognito window could let you keep reading without paying yet.

Disable JavaScript in your browser

Some websites use JavaScript to hide content behind paywalls, and you can circumvent those blocks by disabling JavaScript in your browser. Note that disabling JavaScript can (and will) break most websites—some may not let you view comments, while others may not load at all. But it’s worth trying if you just need to read the content of the post.

Ideally, you’d use a separate browser for this so that you don’t have to keep enabling and disabling JavaScript. Once you’ve chosen your secondary browser, check out our guide to disabling JavaScript in various ones .

Edit a couple of elements on the webpage

If you understand a bit of HTML and CSS, you can edit elements using your browser to go past some paywalls. Essentially, you’re editing the page to remove the banners that lock content behind a subscription. It’s a lot like opening the curtains to reveal the nice view outside your window.

It works with some websites, but others have added a hard block that reveals the article only if you’ve signed in with a paid account. Still, it’s worth trying once to see if it works:

On any website, right-click the banner just below the last visible sentence of the article and select Inspect Element . This will open up a console where you can search for the offending elements and hide or change them. The exact element varies from site to site, but it’s often labeled display , paywall , or subscribe . Here’s a neat GIF on Reddit that shows you how to get it done.

Use an annotation service

Annotation services allow you to clear the clutter from websites and add some notes or highlights, just as you would in a printed book or magazine. Some of these services can be used to bypass some paywalls. Outline is one such service.

You can go to the Outline website and paste the link of the paywalled article. Click Create Outline to let the site work its magic. You’ll be taken to a new page that loads the entire article, which is your way to get past the paywalls. Outline creates a fresh URL for each article you try to load using its website, so keep bookmarking these to read later.

Some sites have blocked Outline from accessing their websites, and in case the service is unable to show you the article, you can try using a URL shortener like is.gd as a workaround. Just paste the shortened URL on Outline to circumvent the block.

Try browser add-ons

There are lots of browser extensions that allow you to bypass paywalls on most websites. You can check out Bypass Paywalls (works on Chrome, Edge, and Firefox), or Bypass Paywalls Clean ( Firefox ). For academic articles, Unpaywall ( Firefox , Chrome ) is a good choice.

Check out paywall bypass shortcuts on iPhone

The last method on our list works only on iPhones: Apple’s free Shortcuts app lets you run automation routines on your iPhone, and its tools have been used to bypass paywalls on various websites. There are plenty of these shortcuts and they may not work with all websites. You can try AntiPaywall , Bypass Paywall , Paywall and Cookie Bypass , or Unpaywall .

Access News Articles for Free: A Guide to Unlocking Paywalls

Last Updated: January 29, 2023 References

This article was co-authored by wikiHow staff writer, Nicole Levine, MFA . Nicole Levine is a Technology Writer and Editor for wikiHow. She has more than 20 years of experience creating technical documentation and leading support teams at major web hosting and software companies. Nicole also holds an MFA in Creative Writing from Portland State University and teaches composition, fiction-writing, and zine-making at various institutions. This article has been viewed 343,019 times. Learn more...

Are you trying to read a news article that requires a subscription? Even if you do support great journalism, it can be pricey to subscribe to every publication you want to read. If you're not ready to commit to a subscription, there are several ways to access any news article for free—even if it's behind a paywall. This wikiHow article will teach you 12 easy tricks for reading any news articles online without a subscription.

Try Incognito mode to bypass a soft paywall.

Image titled Activate Incognito Mode Step 3

Install Postlight Reader for Chrome or Edge.

Image titled Access News Articles for Free Step 2

Try Reader Mode on your device.

Image titled Use Safari's Reader Mode on PC or Mac Step 9

Try 12ft.io in any browser.

Image titled Access News Articles for Free Step 4

View the archived version of the site or article.

Image titled Access News Articles for Free Step 5

Paste the headline into Google.

Image titled Become an Accomplished Young Author Step 19

Use Bypass Paywalls on a computer.

Image titled Access News Articles for Free Step 7

Use a paywall-bypassing iPhone shortcut.

Image titled Use the Shortcuts App on iPhone or iPad Step 1

Use Bypass Paywalls Clean for Android.

Image titled Access News Articles for Free Step 9

Use a service or browser that hides your IP address.

Image titled Access News Articles for Free Step 10

Delete the page's cookies to read more articles.

Image titled Access News Articles for Free Step 11

Access articles through your local library.

Image titled Cope Without Friends on a Temporary Basis Step 7

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Darius Foroux

Best Articles: 400+ Articles With Life-Changing Ideas

writing tips

Thanks for checking out my blog. On July 7, 2015, I published my first article on DariusForoux.com. The last time I checked, I published more than 400 articles on this blog about many different topics. But I’ve always written about topics that are related to personal growth.

By reading books and articles, we can accelerate our learning curve. Instead of spending a lifetime figuring things out through trial and error, you can learn faster from other people’s experiences. That’s the reason I started this blog.

On this page, you can find my best articles to read on life, productivity, habits, decision making, personal finance, entrepreneurship, and more.

So if you’re new to my site, reading my best articles will give you a good introduction. I hope they will help you to live a productive life. You can browse the articles by the most popular categories. Enjoy!


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Aleksey (Aleks) Weyman

Jan 28, 2019


Read Any Article Online For Free

Popular online reading journals will often have annoying pop-ups or require membership to continue reading, but not anymore.

Originally published at millennialmoderator.com .

Have you ever tried reading an online article and been shown an annoying “you must subscribe to keep reading” pop up that demands not only membership but also a monetary subscription to the website? Students doing research, adults reading up on the latest news, or any other online reader, we’ve all been pitched the “join to read” bit. All we want is to learn something new! Turns out there’s now a way to bypass all of these annoying membership popups.


Outline.com is an extremely simple tool that can be used on any (yes, any) web-based article to cut out the annoying spam and present you with just the written portion of the article. Want an example? Check out this very article using outline.com here . The outlined version of the document also gives you a unique URL to share the article, which loads in outline.com mode. You can also get any article outlined by simply typing https://outline.com/ before the website URL, like so:

https://outline.com/https://millennialmoderator.com/read-any-article-online-for-free .

Neat, right?

Another great feature of outline.com is that it lets you annotate the document right from within the webpage, which is a huge bonus to students doing online research. You can view the outline.com homepage here and try putting in any URL of your choosing. Outline.com also offers a Google Chrome extension, which I have not personally tried myself, but would imagine it’s quite useful.

If you found this tool useful, please consider subscribing to my private newsletter where I share other valuable business tools, technology guides, and self-improvement tips. As always, please consider sharing this article using the links below, and let’s connect on Twitter !

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My name is Aleksey (Aleks) Weyman. I’m a business owner and independent contractor with six years of hands-on experience in several industries.

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Nowadays, most activities have come online, like grocery shopping , watching movies, or even reading newspapers (or articles). At times we come across an interesting article, and after reading through a few lines, a pop-up comes asking us to pay to read further. Most people can’t pay such a sum of money just to read an article and decides to close the tab without reading what they came for. Well not anymore, because in this article I’m going to tell you how to read articles without a subscription.

How to Read Paywalled Articles Without Paying Any Subscription

Table of Contents

Use the Incognito Tab

Stop the page loading before the paywall gets loaded, reset your browser cookies, use a mobile browser, save the article as a pdf.

A paywall can stop you from reading an article only when you are reading it online. It can’t stop you when you have saved the entire article as a pdf on your phone or computer. There are multiple free ways to save a webpage as a pdf, checkout out our detailed article about saving a webpage on your phone and computer .

Look for the Duplicate Article

Use a vpn service, disable javascript to bypass paywall articles.

2. Click on the hamburger menu in the case of Google Chrome (same for both computer and mobile).

3. Go to settings, and click on the Privacy and Security tab .

7. If you want to read more often from the same website, then you can add that site’s URL to the Not   Allow List so that the JavaScript will be permanently disabled for that website.

Use Outline to read articles without a subscription

Use the bypass paywalls extension (chrome/firefox/microsoft edge).

Adding an Extension to a web browser is an easy way to bypass the paywall, and works on a lot of websites. One such extension is ByPass Paywalls, follow these steps to add it to Chrome, Firefox, or Edge.

Steps to Add ByPass Paywall on Firefox

2. Now, click on Continue to Installation and then click on Add .

Steps to Add ByPass Paywall on Chrome/Microsoft Edge

2. Follow the instructions mentioned on the said page.

You can also try the Unpay Wall extension for Chrome, this extension searches the internet for a free pdf version (legal) of the article you want to read.

Use Temporary Accounts Services

Use cached pages.

3. Copy the link to that article.

Use Google Reading Mode App

On Android phones, you can use the Google Reading mode app to bypass any paywalled article for free. All you need to do it before the paywall gets loaded is activate the Google Reading mode app on your Android phone, and you will be able to read or even listen to the page without any image for free.

Use Reader Mode in Safari

1. Visit the Paywalled Webpage you want to read, and if you see the Reader Available under the page.

3. Here, tap on the Show Reader option to switch to Safari’s Reader mode.

4.  Now, the page can be accessed without any paywall, for free.

Wrapping Up: Read Articles without a Subscription

You can also follow us for instant tech news at  Google News  or for tips and tricks, smartphones & gadgets reviews, join  GadgetsToUse Telegram Group , or for the latest review videos subscribe  GadgetsToUse Youtube Channel.

Gaurav Sharma

Related topics, how to enable and use paytm upi lite, 2 ways to turn off and delete significant locations on iphone and ipad, 4 ways to save and share your memoji and animoji on iphone.

Awesome Articles for Students: Websites and Other Resources

All of these sites are free.

Tablet computer atop books on a classroom desk

In today’s digital world, we seem to be surrounded by news. Clickbait, anyone? Yet the pervasive and often intrusive nature of internet news articles belies the fact that many of these sites are behind a paywall, biased, or feature low-quality reporting.

Still, online articles are a great starting point for all kinds of learning assignments across the curriculum. That’s why we’ve compiled a list of the best free article websites for students. Many of these sites offer not only high-quality topical articles on every subject, but also ideas for lessons, such as questions, quizzes, and discussion prompts.

Student Article Websites

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CommonLit (opens in new tab) With thousands of high-quality, Common Core-aligned reading passages for grades 3-12, this easy-to-use literacy site is a rich source of English and Spanish texts and lessons. Search by theme, grade, Lexile score, genre, and even literary devices such as alliteration or foreshadowing. Texts are accompanied by teacher guides, paired texts activities, and assessments. Teachers can share lessons and track student progress with a free account. 

DOGOnews (opens in new tab) News articles featuring current events, science, social studies, world events, civics, environment, sports, weird/fun news, and more. Free access to all articles. Premium accounts offer extras such as simplified and audio versions, quizzes, and critical thinking challenges. 

CNN10 (opens in new tab) Replacing the popular CNN Student News, CNN 10 provides 10-minute video news stories on current events of international importance, explaining how the event fits into the broader news narrative. 

KiwiKids News (opens in new tab) Created by a New Zealand primary school educator, Kiwi Kids News features free articles about health, science, politics (including U.S. political topics), animals, and the Olympics. Kids will love the “Odd Stuff” articles, which focus on unusual news, from the world’s biggest potato to centenarian athletes. 

PBS NewsHour Daily News Lessons Daily articles covering current events in video format. Each lesson includes a full transcript, fact list, summary, and focus questions. 

NYT Daily Lessons/Article of the Day (opens in new tab) The New York Times Daily Lessons builds a classroom lesson around a new article each day, offering thoughtful questions for writing and discussion, as well as related ideas for further study. Perfect for practicing critical thinking and literacy skills for middle and high school students, it’s a part of the larger NYT Learning Network , which provides an abundance of activities for students and resources for teachers.

The Learning Network (opens in new tab) Current event articles, student opinion essays, movie reviews, students review contests, and more. The educator resource section offers top-notch teaching and professional development resources. 

News For Kids (opens in new tab) With the motto “Real News, Told Simply,” News for Kids strives to present the latest topics in U.S. and world news, science, sports, and the arts in a way that’s accessible to most readers. Features a coronavirus update page (opens in new tab) .

ReadWorks (opens in new tab) A fully free research-based platform, Readworks provides thousands of nonfiction and fiction passages searchable by topic, activity type, grade, and Lexile level. Educator guides cover differentiation, hybrid and remote learning, and free professional development. Great resource for teachers.

Science News for Students (opens in new tab) Winner of multiple awards for journalism, Science News for Students publishes original science, technology, and health features for readers ages 9-14. Stories are accompanied by citations, recommended readings, glossaries, readability scores, and classroom extras. Be sure to check out Top 10 tips to stay safe during an epidemic (opens in new tab) . 

Teaching Kids News (opens in new tab) A terrific site that publishes readable and teachable articles on news, art, science, politics, and more for students grades 2-8. Bonus: The Fake News resource section links to online games about fake news and images. A must for any digital citizen.

Smithsonian Tween Tribune (opens in new tab) An excellent resource for articles on a wide range of topics, including animals, national/world news, sports, science, and much more. Searchable by topic, grade, and Lexile reading score. Lesson plans offer great ideas for the classroom and simple, usable frameworks for implementing these in any grade. 

Wonderopolis (opens in new tab) Have you ever wondered if llamas really spit or if animals like art? Every day, the award-winning Wonderopolis posts a new standard-based article exploring intriguing questions such as these. Students may submit their own questions and vote for their favorites. Be sure to check out “Wonders with Charlie,” featuring acclaimed writer, producer, and director Charlie Engelman.

Youngzine (opens in new tab) A unique news site for young people that focuses on climate science, solutions, and policies to address the myriad effects of global warming. Kids have an opportunity to express their views and literary creativity by submitting poetry or essays. 

Scholastic Kids Press (opens in new tab) A multinational group of young journalists ages 10-14 report the latest news and fascinating stories about the natural world. Features sections dedicated to coronavirus and civics.

National Geographic Kids (opens in new tab) A fine library of articles about animals, history, science, space, and—of course—geography. Students will enjoy the “Weird But True” short videos, featuring fun animations about oddball topics.  

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Writing Beginner

How To Read Medium Articles for Free (5 Real Methods)

Can you read medium articles for free.

Yes, you can read Medium articles for free.

How To Read Medium Articles for Free

Use the incognito browser.

When you browse in incognito mode, your Chrome browser doesn’t save your browsing history, cookies, or other data. This means that Medium can’t track your activity and charge you for access to articles.

Use Multiple Medium Accounts

Use a paid member’s account, use the telegram instant view feature.

If you’ve ever tried to share an article from Medium on Telegram, you may have noticed the little “Instant view” button that appears.

Use the Read Medium for Free Chrome Extension

Pay for your account with no-brainer blogging, how to read medium articles for free on your mobile phone, what’s the easiest way to read medium articles for free, final thoughts: how to read medium articles for free.

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For a Fair and Efficient Tax Policy, Restore the SALT Deduction

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Prior to the passage of President Trump’s Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) in 2017, state and local income and property taxes were fully deductible from income subject to federal taxation. This has commonly been referred to as the SALT deduction . The TCJA capped those deductions at $10,000 for property and income taxes combined. This change significantly impacted taxpayers in high property and income tax states like New York, California, and Connecticut. And while the Democrats promised to repeal these restrictions, it is a promise they have been unable or unwilling to keep. 

Furthermore, in a strange reversal of traditional roles, many conservatives and libertarians have been, and continue to be, supportive of limiting or even completely eliminating these deductions, which clearly amount to a targeted tax increase on specific, mostly higher-income Americans. It should be noted that the $10,000 limit is not adjusted for inflation, so with the increase in average housing prices, this tax hike is impacting people with lower real incomes as time passes. 

Arguments in Favor of Limiting the Deduction

There are two main arguments that primarily right-leaning pundits have put forth in favor of these limitations. They point out that people living in higher-tax states “benefit more” from unlimited state and local tax deductibility than do people in lower-tax states. They argue that this justifies limitations on the deduction, because these differentials between states actually constitute an “ unfair subsidy ” to those living in the higher-tax states by those living in lower-tax states.

In a tax setting, to subsidize means either to directly take income from some and transfer it to others, or to benefit some categories of taxpayers by allowing them to operate under a different set of rules than other taxpayers. The deductibility of state and local taxes does not fit either of these categories. But more importantly, to call this deduction a subsidy of one set of taxpayers by another is putting the cart before the horse. The first question that needs to be answered is what should a properly constructed tax base look like, and is it appropriate to include in that tax base income that people are compelled to use to pay state and local taxes. If it is not, then any talk of subsidizing one group by another due to not taxing these revenues is irrelevant.

Layered on top of this argument, some important voices, particularly on the libertarian right, have expressed the concern that deductions for state and local taxes are regressive. In 2017, the Tax Foundation’s Nicole Kaeding argued that the deduction should be disallowed because “almost 90 percent of it flows to those with incomes in excess of $100,000.” And in 2019, when Democrats attempted to repeal the limitations, the headline at Reason.com read, “Eat the Rich: Democrats Plan to Pass Huge Tax Breaks for Wealthy Homeowners.” It is unclear why otherwise free marketeers would ever favor what could be described as a discriminatory tax increase. It is even more inexplicable that their arguments would be based on an egalitarian approach to tax fairness that is inherently unfriendly to freedom and free markets.  But regardless of whether the question of regressivity is important, if this is income that shouldn’t be taxed in the first place, the regressivity argument, like the tax subsidy argument, is irrelevant.

What’s Being Ignored?

The question typically raised is, should income used to pay taxes be taxed at all? Or, more broadly, should you be taxed on income you are not allowed to own? As a question of simple tax fairness, it is difficult to see how the answer could be yes. That would be to claim that it is morally justified for an individual to be taxed on someone else’s income. This is exactly the case with income that goes to paying state and local taxes. It is income we are forced to give up all rights to, with no enforceable promise of anything in return. Legally, as opposed to morally, this money is not our own; we have no choice about how it is allocated. Therefore, not allowing state and local taxes to be deducted from federal taxes is the moral equivalent of taxing people on income that is someone else’s. In this case, it belongs to the state or local government.

In addition to the moral argument, which I think is the most compelling, basic supply-side economics of taxation also suggest that state and local taxes should be deductible from taxable income at the federal level. To avoid biasing the tax system against saving and investment, only income used for consumption purposes should be taxed. Taxing all income creates a bias in favor of consumption. I will argue below that to disallow the deduction of state and local income and property taxes exacerbates this bias. Note that state and local taxes are not part of the taxable base under a traditional consumption tax, such as a national retail sales tax.

Properly, no one suggests that a sales tax, for example, the FAIR Tax , should apply to state and local tax payments, only to purchased goods and services. The functional equivalent of a sales tax, using income as the base rather than sales, is what is known as the consumed income tax , or what the late Norman Turé called the inflow-outflow tax . With an income-based consumption tax, like a sales tax, any income not used for consumption is not part of the tax base. These were the basic principles behind Ronald Reagan’s Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (ERTA) and Steve Forbes’ flat tax .

Under a properly constructed consumption tax of any kind, taxes paid to one level of government are deducted from the tax base at other levels of government. Norman Turé, widely considered to be the chief architect of ERTA, and described by the Wall Street Journal as being “among the most economically rigorous of the supply side theorists,” describes the appropriate tax base as follows:

An individual’s revenues from work, saving, and transfer payments received — would be taxable. Outflows associated with earning the revenues (such as net saving, investment, and some education outlays), and income transferred to others… would be deductible. Net taxable income would, in effect, consist of revenues utilized for the individual’s own consumption… People should be taxed only on the income over which they retain control and of which they enjoy the benefit. (emphasis added)  

Turé then goes on to emphasize that tax payments don’t fit this category:

All payroll and state and local taxes would be deductible as income over which the taxpayer has lost control and transferred to others. State and local taxes are involuntary outflows.

Consistent with Turé’s and others’ supply-side analyses of the “non-neutral” effects of taxation is the fact that property taxes are a form of wealth tax. Therefore, they are biased against accumulating wealth in the form of real property, and by implication biased against saving and investment relative to consumption. Similar analysis can be applied to state income taxes which, by including both saved income and the returns on those savings in taxable income, also create a bias against saving and investment. For the federal government not to allow these taxes to be fully deductible exacerbates these biases.

The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, and its limitations on SALT deductions, are scheduled to expire in 2025. While it would be good to restore the deduction sooner, Congress will likely not consider the issue in the near term. This means that in the coming two years, there is likely to be a fierce debate over whether to let the entire Act expire, which would mean a major tax increase; to renew the Act as it was originally passed, including the caps on SALT deductibility; or to keep some aspects of the 2017 legislation and let others parts of the the tax code return to their pre-Trump status. This third option is the most likely, regardless of which party controls Congress during the debate. 

Restoring 100-percent deductibility of state and local taxes could be an area of bipartisan agreement. While Democrats already favor this change, it would mean that Republicans would have to reverse their previous position on the issue. But that would not mean having to sell out their principles. Restoring full deductibility would realign the party’s position on this issue with a more free-market approach to tax fairness and its long-time support of supply-side tax analysis, which guided most of the other changes in 2017.

Roy Cordato

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Roy Cordato, Ph.D., is Senior Economist Emeritus and was the first VP for Research at the John Locke Foundation in Raleigh, NC.

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Smoke rises from a derailed cargo train in East Palestine, Ohio.

Here’s the real reason the EPA doesn’t want to test for toxins in East Palestine

The agency is familiar with dioxins, having researched its adverse effects, and if they test the soil in East Palestine for it, they will find it

T he decision to release and burn five tanker cars of vinyl chloride and other chemicals at the site of a 38-car derailment in East Palestine, Ohio, just over three weeks ago unleashed a gigantic cloud full of particulates that enveloped surrounding neighborhoods and farms in Ohio and Pennsylvania.

It is well documented that burning chlorinated chemicals like vinyl chloride will generate dioxins. “Dioxin” is the name given to a group of persistent, very toxic chemicals that share similar chemical structures. The most toxic form of dioxin is 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin or TCDD. TCDD is more commonly recognized as the toxic contaminant found in Agent Orange and at Love Canal, New York and Times Beach, Missouri, both sites of two of the most tragic environmental catastrophes in US history.

Dioxin is not deliberately manufactured. It is the unintended byproduct of industrial processes that use or burn chlorine. It is also produced when chemicals such as vinyl chloride are burned such as occurred in East Palestine.

The organization I work for, the Center for Health, Environment & Justice, has worked with communities affected by dioxins for over 40 years. We have seen the impact of exposure to dioxins in communities from Love Canal and Times Beach to Pensacola, Florida. And now, we are asking, why isn’t EPA testing for dioxins in East Palestine, Ohio? Are dioxins present in the soil downwind from the site of the accident?

At a townhall meeting in East Palestine last week, people talked about what it was like when the black cloud reached their property. One person who lived 15 miles away described burned ash material from the fire that settled on her property. Another who lived 3 miles away described how the black cloud completely smothered his property. Repeatedly people asked: was it safe for my kids to play in the yard? Is it safe to grow a garden? What is going to happen to my farm animals?

These are important questions that deserve to be answered. Today there are no clear answers. Why? Because no one has done any testing for dioxins anywhere in East Palestine. No one. And, it seems, that the EPA is uninterested in testing for dioxins, behaving as though dioxin is no big deal.

This makes no sense. Testing for dioxin, a highly toxic substance, should have been one of the first things to look for, especially in the air once the decision was made to burn the vinyl chloride. There is no question that dioxins were formed in the vinyl chloride fire. They would have formed on the particulate matter – the black soot – in the cloud that was so clearly visible at the time of the burn. Now, the question is how much is in the soil where people live in and around East Palestine. Without testing, no one will know and the people who live there will remain in the dark, uncertain about their fate.

This is important because of the adverse health effects associated with exposure to dioxins. Exposure to dioxins can cause cancer, reproductive damage, developmental problems, type 2 diabetes, ischemic heart disease, infertility in adults, impairment of the immune system and skin lesions.

The EPA is very familiar with dioxins. For more than 25 years, the agency evaluated and assessed the risks posed by exposure to dioxins. They published multiple draft reports on the health effects caused by exposure to dioxins. They published an inventory of dioxin sources and devoted an enormous amount of time to studying dioxins. The agency knows this chemical very well.

So why is EPA unwilling to test for dioxins in the soil? My guess is because they know they will find it. And if they find it, they’ll have to address the many questions people are asking. It will not be easy to interpret the results of the testing for dioxins in soil, but to avoid testing is irresponsible. The EPA’s mission is to protect human health and the environment. Clearly the situation in East Palestine is the place where EPA should follow its mission and do right by the people who live in this town. EPA must test the soil in East Palestine for dioxins.

The people who live there need to know so they can make informed decisions about their future.

Stephen Lester is a toxicologist and the science director of the Center for Health, Environment & Justice, a project of the People’s Action Institute

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Volkswagen Stock Is Practically Free, and Rivian Is Cheap. Valuations Can Make No Sense.

Volkswagen stock sometimes can feel like it makes no sense, as can shares of electric vehicle start-ups like Rivian Automotive But for investors, sometimes market disconnects can spell opportunity .

Volkswagen (ticker: VOW.Germany) shares jumped Friday after the company reported numbers that it had already released three weeks ago.

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Volkswagen stock sometimes can feel like it makes no sense, as can shares of electric vehicle start-ups like Rivian Automotive.

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21 Legit Research Databases for Free Journal Articles in 2022


Written by  Scribendi

Has this ever happened to you? While looking for websites for research, you come across a research paper site that claims to connect academics to a peer-reviewed article database for free.

Intrigued, you search for keywords related to your topic, only to discover that you must pay a hefty subscription fee to access the service. After the umpteenth time being duped, you begin to wonder if there's even such a thing as free journal articles .

Subscription fees and paywalls are often the bane of students and academics, especially those at small institutions who don't provide access to many free article directories and repositories.

Whether you're working on an undergraduate paper, a PhD dissertation, or a medical research study, we want to help you find tools to locate and access the information you need to produce well-researched, compelling, and innovative work.

Below, we discuss why peer-reviewed articles are superior and list out the best free article databases to use in 2022.

Download Our Free Research Database Roundup PDF

Why peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles are more authoritative.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Determining what sources are reliable can be challenging. Peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles are the gold standard in academic research. Reputable academic journals have a rigorous peer-review process.

The peer review process provides accountability to the academic community, as well as to the content of the article. The peer review process involves qualified experts in a specific (often very specific) field performing a review of an article's methods and findings to determine things like quality and credibility.

Peer-reviewed articles can be found in peer-reviewed article databases and research databases, and if you know that a database of journals is reliable, that can offer reassurances about the reliability of a free article. Peer review is often double blind, meaning that the author removes all identifying information and, likewise, does not know the identity of the reviewers. This helps reviewers maintain objectivity and impartiality so as to judge an article based on its merit.

Where to Find Peer-Reviewed Articles

Peer-reviewed articles can be found in a variety of research databases. Below is a list of some of the major databases you can use to find peer-reviewed articles and other sources in disciplines spanning the humanities, sciences, and social sciences.

What Are Open Access Journals?

An open access (OA) journal is a journal whose content can be accessed without payment. This provides scholars, students, and researchers with free journal articles . OA journals use alternate methods of funding to cover publication costs so that articles can be published without having to pass those publication costs on to the reader.

Open Access Journals

Some of these funding models include standard funding methods like advertising, public funding, and author payment models, where the author pays a fee in order to publish in the journal. There are OA journals that have non-peer-reviewed academic content, as well as journals that focus on dissertations, theses, and papers from conferences, but the main focus of OA is peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles.

The internet has certainly made it easier to access research articles and other scholarly publications without needing access to a university library, and OA takes another step in that direction by removing financial barriers to academic content.

Choosing Wisely

Features of legitimate oa journals.

 There are things to look out for when trying to decide if a free publication journal is legitimate:

Mission statement —The mission statement for an OA journal should be available on their website.

Publication history —Is the journal well established? How long has it been available?

Editorial board —Who are the members of the editorial board, and what are their credentials?

Indexing —Can the journal be found in a reliable database?

Peer review —What is the peer review process? Does the journal allow enough time in the process for a reliable assessment of quality?

Impact factor —What is the average number of times the journal is cited over a two-year period?

Features of Illegitimate OA Journals

There are predatory publications that take advantage of the OA format, and they are something to be wary of. Here are some things to look out for:

Contact information —Is contact information provided? Can it be verified?

Turnaround —If the journal makes dubious claims about the amount of time from submission to publication, it is likely unreliable.

Editorial board —Much like determining legitimacy, looking at the editorial board and their credentials can help determine illegitimacy.

Indexing —Can the journal be found in any scholarly databases?

Peer review —Is there a statement about the peer review process? Does it fit what you know about peer review?

How to Find Scholarly Articles

Identify keywords.

Keywords are included in an article by the author. Keywords are an excellent way to find content relevant to your research topic or area of interest. In academic searches, much like you would on a search engine, you can use keywords to navigate through what is available to find exactly what you're looking for.

Authors provide keywords that will help you easily find their article when researching a related topic, often including general terms to accommodate broader searches, as well as some more specific terms for those with a narrower scope. Keywords can be used individually or in combination to refine your scholarly article search.

Narrow Down Results

Sometimes, search results can be overwhelming, and searching for free articles on a journal database is no exception, but there are multiple ways to narrow down your results. A good place to start is discipline.

What category does your topic fall into (psychology, architecture, machine learning, etc.)? You can also narrow down your search with a year range if you're looking for articles that are more recent.

A Boolean search can be incredibly helpful. This entails including terms like AND between two keywords in your search if you need both keywords to be in your results (or, if you are looking to exclude certain keywords, to exclude these words from the results).

Consider Different Avenues

If you're not having luck using keywords in your search for free articles, you may still be able to find what you're looking for by changing your tactics. Casting a wider net sometimes yields positive results, so it may be helpful to try searching by subject if keywords aren't getting you anywhere.

You can search for a specific publisher to see if they have OA publications in the academic journal database. And, if you know more precisely what you're looking for, you can search for the title of the article or the author's name.

The Top 21 Free Online Journal and Research Databases

Navigating OA journals, research article databases, and academic websites trying to find high-quality sources for your research can really make your head spin. What constitutes a reliable database? What is a useful resource for your discipline and research topic? How can you find and access full-text, peer-reviewed articles?

Fortunately, we're here to help. Having covered some of the ins and outs of peer review, OA journals, and how to search for articles, we have compiled a list of the top 21 free online journals and the best research databases. This list of databases is a great resource to help you navigate the wide world of academic research.

These databases provide a variety of free sources, from abstracts and citations to full-text, peer-reviewed OA journals. With databases covering specific areas of research and interdisciplinary databases that provide a variety of material, these are some of our favorite free databases, and they're totally legit!

CORE is a multidisciplinary aggregator of OA research. CORE has the largest collection of OA articles available. It allows users to search more than 219 million OA articles. While most of these link to the full-text article on the original publisher's site, or to a PDF available for download, five million records are hosted directly on CORE.

CORE's mission statement is a simple and straightforward commitment to offering OA articles to anyone, anywhere in the world. They also host communities that are available for researchers to join and an ambassador community to enhance their services globally. In addition to a straightforward keyword search, CORE offers advanced search options to filter results by publication type, year, language, journal, repository, and author.

CORE's user interface is easy to use and navigate. Search results can be sorted based on relevance or recency, and you can search for relevant content directly from the results screen.

Collection: 219,537,133 OA articles

Other Services: Additional services are available from CORE, with extras that are geared toward researchers, repositories, and businesses. There are tools for accessing raw data, including an API that provides direct access to data, datasets that are available for download, and FastSync for syncing data content from the CORE database.

CORE has a recommender plug-in that suggests relevant OA content in the database while conducting a search and a discovery feature that helps you discover OA versions of paywalled articles. Other features include tools for managing content, such as a dashboard for managing repository output and the Repository Edition service to enhance discoverability.

Good Source of Peer-Reviewed Articles: Yes

Advanced Search Options: Language, author, journal, publisher, repository, DOI, year

2. ScienceOpen

Functioning as a research and publishing network, ScienceOpen offers OA to more than 74 million articles in all areas of science. Although you do need to register to view the full text of articles, registration is free. The advanced search function is highly detailed, allowing you to find exactly the research you're looking for.

The Berlin- and Boston-based company was founded in 2013 to "facilitate open and public communications between academics and to allow ideas to be judged on their merit, regardless of where they come from." Search results can be exported for easy integration with reference management systems.

You can also bookmark articles for later research. There are extensive networking options, including your Science Open profile, a forum for interacting with other researchers, the ability to track your usage and citations, and an interactive bibliography. Users have the ability to review articles and provide their knowledge and insight within the community.

Collection: 74,560,631

Other Services: None

Advanced Search Options:  Content type, source, author, journal, discipline

3. Directory of Open Access Journals

A multidisciplinary, community-curated directory, the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) gives researchers access to high-quality peer-reviewed journals. It has archived more than two million articles from 17,193 journals, allowing you to either browse by subject or search by keyword.

The site was launched in 2003 with the aim of increasing the visibility of OA scholarly journals online. Content on the site covers subjects from science, to law, to fine arts, and everything in between. DOAJ has a commitment to "increase the visibility, accessibility, reputation, usage and impact of quality, peer-reviewed, OA scholarly research journals globally, regardless of discipline, geography or language."

Information about the journal is available with each search result. Abstracts are also available in a collapsible format directly from the search screen. The scholarly article website is somewhat simple, but it is easy to navigate. There are 16 principles of transparency and best practices in scholarly publishing that clearly outline DOAJ policies and standards.

Collection: 6,817,242

Advanced Search Options:  Subject, journal, year

4. Education Resources Information Center

The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) of the Institution of Education Sciences allows you to search by topic for material related to the field of education. Links lead to other sites, where you may have to purchase the information, but you can search for full-text articles only. You can also search only peer-reviewed sources.

The service primarily indexes journals, gray literature (such as technical reports, white papers, and government documents), and books. All sources of material on ERIC go through a formal review process prior to being indexed. ERIC's selection policy is available as a PDF on their website.

The ERIC website has an extensive FAQ section to address user questions. This includes categories like general questions, peer review, and ERIC content. There are also tips for advanced searches, as well as general guidance on the best way to search the database. ERIC is an excellent database for content specific to education.

Collection: 1,292,897

Advanced Search Options: Boolean

5. arXiv e-Print Archive

The arXiv e-Print Archive is run by Cornell University Library and curated by volunteer moderators, and it now offers OA to more than one million e-prints.

There are advisory committees for all eight subjects available on the database. With a stated commitment to an "emphasis on openness, collaboration, and scholarship," the arXiv e-Print Archive is an excellent STEM resource.

The interface is not as user-friendly as some of the other databases available, and the website hosts a blog to provide news and updates, but it is otherwise a straightforward math and science resource. There are simple and advanced search options, and, in addition to conducting searches for specific topics and articles, users can browse content by subject. The arXiv e-Print Archive clearly states that they do not peer review the e-prints in the database.

Collection: 1,983,891

Good Source of Peer-Reviewed Articles: No

Advanced Search Options:  Subject, date, title, author, abstract, DOI

6. Social Science Research Network

The Social Science Research Network (SSRN) is a collection of papers from the social sciences community. It is a highly interdisciplinary platform used to search for scholarly articles related to 67 social science topics. SSRN has a variety of research networks for the various topics available through the free scholarly database.

The site offers more than 700,000 abstracts and more than 600,000 full-text papers. There is not yet a specific option to search for only full-text articles, but, because most of the papers on the site are free access, it's not often that you encounter a paywall. There is currently no option to search for only peer-reviewed articles.

You must become a member to use the services, but registration is free and enables you to interact with other scholars around the world. SSRN is "passionately committed to increasing inclusion, diversity and equity in scholarly research," and they encourage and discuss the use of inclusive language in scholarship whenever possible.

Collection: 1,058,739 abstracts; 915,452 articles

Advanced Search Options: Term, author, date, network

7. Public Library of Science

Public Library of Science (PLOS) is a big player in the world of OA science. Publishing 12 OA journals, the nonprofit organization is committed to facilitating openness in academic research. According to the site, "all PLOS content is at the highest possible level of OA, meaning that scientific articles are immediately and freely available to anyone, anywhere."

PLOS outlines four fundamental goals that guide the organization: break boundaries, empower researchers, redefine quality, and open science. All PLOS journals are peer-reviewed, and all 12 journals uphold rigorous ethical standards for research, publication, and scientific reporting.

PLOS does not offer advanced search options. Content is organized by topic into research communities that users can browse through, in addition to options to search for both articles and journals. The PLOS website also has resources for peer reviewers, including guidance on becoming a reviewer and on how to best participate in the peer review process.

Collection: 12 journals

Advanced Search Options: None

8. OpenDOAR

OpenDOAR, or the Directory of Open Access Repositories, is a comprehensive resource for finding free OA journals and articles. Using Google Custom Search, OpenDOAR combs through OA repositories around the world and returns relevant research in all disciplines.

The repositories it searches through are assessed and categorized by OpenDOAR staff to ensure they meet quality standards. Inclusion criteria for the database include requirements for OA content, global access, and categorically appropriate content, in addition to various other quality assurance measures. OpenDOAR has metadata, data, content, preservation, and submission policies for repositories, in addition to two OA policy statements regarding minimum and optimum recommendations.

This database allows users to browse and search repositories, which can then be selected, and articles and data can be accessed from the repository directly. As a repository database, much of the content on the site is geared toward the support of repositories and OA standards.

Collection: 5,768 repositories

Other Services: OpenDOAR offers a variety of additional services. Given the nature of the platform, services are primarily aimed at repositories and institutions, and there is a marked focus on OA in general. Sherpa services are OA archiving tools for authors and institutions.

They also offer various resources for OA support and compliance regarding standards and policies. The publication router matches publications and publishers with appropriate repositories.

There are also services and resources from JISC for repositories for cost management, discoverability, research impact, and interoperability, including ORCID consortium membership information. Additionally, a repository self-assessment tool is available for members.

Advanced Search Options:  Name, organization name, repository type, software name, content type, subject, country, region

9. Bielefeld Academic Search Engine

The Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) is operated by the Bielefeld University Library in Germany, and it offers more than 240 million documents from more than 8,000 sources. Sixty percent of its content is OA, and you can filter your search accordingly.

BASE has rigorous inclusion requirements for content providers regarding quality and relevance, and they maintain a list of content providers for the sake of transparency, which can be easily found on their website. BASE has a fairly elegant interface. Search results can be organized by author, title, or date.

From the search results, items can be selected and exported, added to favorites, emailed, and searched in Google Scholar. There are basic and advanced search features, with the advanced search offering numerous options for refining search criteria. There is also a feature on the website that saves recent searches without additional steps from the user.

Collection: 276,019,066 documents; 9,286 content providers

Advanced Search Options:  Author, subject, year, content provider, language, document type, access, terms of reuse

Research Databases

10. Digital Library of the Commons Repository

Run by Indiana University, the Digital Library of the Commons (DLC) Repository is a multidisciplinary journal repository that allows users to access thousands of free and OA articles from around the world. You can browse by document type, date, author, title, and more or search for keywords relevant to your topic.

DCL also offers the Comprehensive Bibliography of the Commons, an image database, and a keyword thesaurus for enhanced search parameters. The repository includes books, book chapters, conference papers, journal articles, surveys, theses and dissertations, and working papers. DCL advanced search features drop-down menus of search types with built-in Boolean search options.

Searches can be sorted by relevance, title, date, or submission date in ascending or descending order. Abstracts are included in selected search results, with access to full texts available, and citations can be exported from the same page. Additionally, the image database search includes tips for better search results.

Collection: 10,784

Advanced Search Options:  Author, date, title, subject, sector, region, conference

11. CIA World Factbook

The CIA World Factbook is a little different from the other resources on this list in that it is not an online journal directory or repository. It is, however, a useful free online research database for academics in a variety of disciplines.

All the information is free to access, and it provides facts about every country in the world, which are organized by category and include information about history, geography, transportation, and much more. The World Factbook can be searched by country or region, and there is also information about the world’s oceans.

This site contains resources related to the CIA as an organization rather than being a scientific journal database specifically. The site has a user interface that is easy to navigate. The site also provides a section for updates regarding changes to what information is available and how it is organized, making it easier to interact with the information you are searching for.

Collection: 266 countries

12. Paperity

Paperity boasts its status as the "first multidisciplinary aggregator of OA journals and papers." Their focus is on helping you avoid paywalls while connecting you to authoritative research. In addition to providing readers with easy access to thousands of journals, Paperity seeks to help authors reach their audiences and help journals increase their exposure to boost readership.

Paperity has journal articles for every discipline, and the database offers more than a dozen advanced search options, including the length of the paper and the number of authors. There is even an option to include, exclude, or exclusively search gray papers.

Paperity is available for mobile, with both a mobile site and the Paperity Reader, an app that is available for both Android and Apple users. The database is also available on social media. You can interact with Paperity via Twitter and Facebook, and links to their social media are available on their homepage, including their Twitter feed.

Collection: 8,837,396

Advanced Search Options: Title, abstract, journal title, journal ISSN, publisher, year of publication, number of characters, number of authors, DOI, author, affiliation, language, country, region, continent, gray papers

13. dblp Computer Science Bibliography

The dblp Computer Science Bibliography is an online index of major computer science publications. dblp was founded in 1993, though until 2010 it was a university-specific database at the University of Trier in Germany. It is currently maintained by the Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz Center for Informatics.

Although it provides access to both OA articles and those behind a paywall, you can limit your search to only OA articles. The site indexes more than three million publications, making it an invaluable resource in the world of computer science. dblp entries are color-coded based on the type of item.

dblp has an extensive FAQ section, so questions that might arise about topics like the database itself, navigating the website, or the data on dblp, in addition to several other topics, are likely to be answered. The website also hosts a blog and has a section devoted to website statistics.

Collection: 5,884,702

14. EconBiz

EconBiz is a great resource for economic and business studies. A service of the Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, it offers access to full texts online, with the option of searching for OA material only. Their literature search is performed across multiple international databases.

EconBiz has an incredibly useful research skills section, with resources such as Guided Walk, a service to help students and researchers navigate searches, evaluate sources, and correctly cite references; the Research Guide EconDesk, a help desk to answer specific questions and provide advice to aid in literature searches; and the Academic Career Kit for what they refer to as Early Career Researchers.

Other helpful resources include personal literature lists, a calendar of events for relevant calls for papers, conferences, and workshops, and an economics terminology thesaurus to help in finding keywords for searches. To stay up-to-date with EconBiz, you can sign up for their newsletter.

Collection: 1,075,219

Advanced Search Options:  Title, subject, author, institution, ISBN/ISSN, journal, publisher, language, OA only

15. BioMed Central

BioMed Central provides OA research from more than 300 peer-reviewed journals. While originally focused on resources related to the physical sciences, math, and engineering, BioMed Central has branched out to include journals that cover a broader range of disciplines, with the aim of providing a single platform that provides OA articles for a variety of research needs. You can browse these journals by subject or title, or you can search all articles for your required keyword.

BioMed Central has a commitment to peer-reviewed sources and to the peer review process itself, continually seeking to help and improve the peer review process. They're "committed to maintaining high standards through full and stringent peer review." They publish the journal Research Integrity and Peer Review , which publishes research on the subject.

Additionally, the website includes resources to assist and support editors as part of their commitment to providing high-quality, peer-reviewed OA articles.

Collection: 507,212

Other Services: BMC administers the International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) registry. While initially designed for registering clinical trials, since its creation in 2000, the registry has broadened its scope to include other health studies as well.

The registry is recognized by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, as well as the World Health Organization (WHO), and it meets the requirements established by the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.

The study records included in the registry are all searchable and free to access. The ISRCTN registry "supports transparency in clinical research, helps reduce selective reporting of results and ensures an unbiased and complete evidence base."

Advanced Search Options:  Author, title, journal, list

A multidisciplinary search engine, JURN provides links to various scholarly websites, articles, and journals that are free to access or OA. Covering the fields of the arts, humanities, business, law, nature, science, and medicine, JURN has indexed almost 5,000 repositories to help you find exactly what you're looking for.

Search features are enhanced by Google, but searches are filtered through their index of repositories. JURN seeks to reach a wide audience, with their search engine tailored to researchers from "university lecturers and students seeking a strong search tool for OA content" and "advanced and ambitious students, age 14-18" to "amateur historians and biographers" and "unemployed and retired lecturers."

That being said, JURN is very upfront about its limitations. They admit to not being a good resource for educational studies, social studies, or psychology, and conference archives are generally not included due to frequently unstable URLs.

Collection: 5,064 indexed journals

Other Services: JURN has a browser add-on called UserScript. This add-on allows users to integrate the JURN database directly into Google Search. When performing a search through Google, the add-on creates a link that sends the search directly to JURN CSE. JURN CSE is a search service that is hosted by Google.

Clicking the link from the Google Search bar will run your search through the JURN database from the Google homepage. There is also an interface for a DuckDuckGo search box; while this search engine has an emphasis on user privacy, for smaller sites that may be indexed by JURN, DuckDuckGo may not provide the same depth of results.

Advanced Search Options:  Google search modifiers

Dryad is a digital repository of curated, OA scientific research data. Launched in 2009, it is run by a not-for-profit membership organization, with a community of institutional and publisher members for whom their services have been designed. Members include institutions such as Stanford, UCLA, and Yale, as well as publishers like Oxford University Press and Wiley.

Dryad aims to "promote a world where research data is openly available, integrated with the scholarly literature, and routinely reused to create knowledge." It is free to access for the search and discovery of data. Their user experience is geared toward easy self-depositing, supports Creative Commons licensing, and provides DOIs for all their content.

Note that there is a publishing charge associated if you wish to publish your data in Dryad. When searching datasets, they are accompanied by author information and abstracts for the associated studies, and citation information is provided for easy attribution.

Collection: 44,458

Advanced Search Options: No

Run by the British Library, the E-Theses Online Service (EThOS) allows you to search over 500,000 doctoral theses in a variety of disciplines. All of the doctoral theses available on EThOS have been awarded by higher education institutions in the United Kingdom.

Although some full texts are behind paywalls, you can limit your search to items available for immediate download, either directly through EThOS or through an institution's website. More than half of the records in the database provide access to full-text theses.

EThOS notes that they do not hold all records for all institutions, but they strive to index as many doctoral theses as possible, and the database is constantly expanding, with approximately 3,000 new records added and 2,000 new full-text theses available every month. The availability of full-text theses is dependent on multiple factors, including their availability in the institutional repository and the level of repository development.

Collection: 500,000+

Advanced Search Options:  Abstract, author's first name, author's last name, awarding body, current institution, EThOS ID, year, language, qualifications, research supervisor, sponsor/funder, keyword, title

PubMed is a research platform well-known in the fields of science and medicine. It was created and developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the National Library of Medicine (NLM). It has been available since 1996 and offers access to "more than 33 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books."

While PubMed does not provide full-text articles directly, and many full-text articles may be behind paywalls or require subscriptions to access them, when articles are available from free sources, such as through PubMed Central (PMC), those links are provided with the citations and abstracts that PubMed does provide.

PMC, which was established in 2000 by the NLM, is a free full-text archive that includes more than 6,000,000 records. PubMed records link directly to corresponding PMC results. PMC content is provided by publishers and other content owners, digitization projects, and authors directly.

Collection: 33,000,000+

Advanced Search Options: Author's first name, author's last name, identifier, corporation, date completed, date created, date entered, date modified, date published, MeSH, book, conflict of interest statement, EC/RN number, editor, filter, grant number, page number, pharmacological action, volume, publication type, publisher, secondary source ID, text, title, abstract, transliterated title

20. Semantic Scholar

A unique and easy-to-use resource, Semantic Scholar defines itself not just as a research database but also as a "search and discovery tool." Semantic Scholar harnesses the power of artificial intelligence to efficiently sort through millions of science-related papers based on your search terms.

Through this singular application of machine learning, Semantic Scholar expands search results to include topic overviews based on your search terms, with the option to create an alert for or further explore the topic. It also provides links to related topics.

In addition, search results produce "TLDR" summaries in order to provide concise overviews of articles and enhance your research by helping you to navigate quickly and easily through the available literature to find the most relevant information. According to the site, although some articles are behind paywalls, "the data [they] have for those articles is limited," so you can expect to receive mostly full-text results.

Collection: 203,379,033

Other Services: Semantic Scholar supports multiple popular browsers. Content can be accessed through both mobile and desktop versions of Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, Apple Safari, and Opera.

Additionally, Semantic Scholar provides browser extensions for both Chrome and Firefox, so AI-powered scholarly search results are never more than a click away. The mobile interface includes an option for Semantic Swipe, a new way of interacting with your research results.

There are also beta features that can be accessed as part of the Beta Program, which will provide you with features that are being actively developed and require user feedback for further improvement.

Advanced Search Options: Field of study, date range, publication type, author, journal, conference, PDF

Zenodo, powered by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), was launched in 2013. Taking its name from Zenodotus, the first librarian of the ancient library of Alexandria, Zenodo is a tool "built and developed by researchers, to ensure that everyone can join in open science." Zenodo accepts all research from every discipline in any file format.

However, Zenodo also curates uploads and promotes peer-reviewed material that is available through OA. A DOI is assigned to everything that is uploaded to Zenodo, making research easily findable and citable. You can sort by keyword, title, journal, and more and download OA documents directly from the site.

While there are closed access and restricted access items in the database, the vast majority of research is OA material. Search results can be filtered by access type, making it easy to view the free articles available in the database.

Collection: 2,220,000+

Advanced Search Options:  Access, file type, keywords

Check out our roundup of free research databases as a handy one-page PDF.

How to find peer-reviewed articles.

There are a lot of free scholarly articles available from various sources. The internet is a big place. So how do you go about finding peer-reviewed articles when conducting your research? It's important to make sure you are using reputable sources.

The first source of the article is the person or people who wrote it. Checking out the author can give you some initial insight into how much you can trust what you’re reading. Looking into the publication information of your sources can also indicate whether the article is reliable.

Aspects of the article, such as subject and audience, tone, and format, are other things you can look at when evaluating whether the article you're using is valid, reputable, peer-reviewed material. So, let's break that down into various components so you can assess your research to ensure that you're using quality articles and conducting solid research.

Check the Author

Peer-reviewed articles are written by experts or scholars with experience in the field or discipline they're writing about. The research in a peer-reviewed article has to pass a rigorous evaluation process, so it’s a foregone conclusion that the author(s) of a peer-reviewed article should have experience or training related to that research.

When evaluating an article, take a look at the author’s information. What credentials does the author have to indicate that their research has scholarly weight behind it? Finding out what type of degree the author has—and what that degree is in—can provide insight into what kind of authority the author is on the subject.

Something else that might lend credence to the author’s scholarly role is their professional affiliation. A look at what organization or institution they are affiliated with can tell you a lot about their experience or expertise. Where were they trained, and who is verifying their research?

Identify Subject and Audience

The ultimate goal of a study is to answer a question. Scholarly articles are also written for scholarly audiences, especially articles that have gone through the peer review process. This means that the author is trying to reach experts, researchers, academics, and students in the field or topic the research is based on.

Think about the question the author is trying to answer by conducting this research, why, and for whom. What is the subject of the article? What question has it set out to answer? What is the purpose of finding the information? Is the purpose of the article of importance to other scholars? Is it original content?

Research should also be approached analytically. Is the methodology sound? Is the author using an analytical approach to evaluate the data that they have obtained? Are the conclusions they've reached substantiated by their data and analysis? Answering these questions can reveal a lot about the article’s validity.

Format Matters

Reliable articles from peer-reviewed sources have certain format elements to be aware of. The first is an abstract. An abstract is a short summary or overview of the article. Does the article have an abstract? It's unlikely that you're reading a peer-reviewed article if it doesn’t. Peer-reviewed journals will also have a word count range. If an article seems far too short or incredibly long, that may be reason to doubt it.

Another feature of reliable articles is the sections the information is divided into. Peer-reviewed research articles will have clear, concise sections that appropriately organize the information. This might include a literature review, methodology, and results in the case of research articles and a conclusion.

One of the most important sections is the references or bibliography. This is where the researcher lists all the sources of their information. A peer-reviewed source will have a comprehensive reference section.

An article that has been written to reach an academic community will have an academic tone. The language that is used, and the way this language is used, is important to consider. If the article is riddled with grammatical errors, confusing syntax, and casual language, it almost definitely didn't make it through the peer review process.

Also consider the use of terminology. Every discipline is going to have standard terminology or jargon that can be used and understood by other academics in the discipline. The language in a peer-reviewed article is going to reflect that.

If the author is going out of their way to explain simple terms, or terms that are standard to the field or discipline, it's unlikely that the article has been peer reviewed, as this is something that the author would be asked to address during the review process.


The source of the article will be a very good indicator of the likelihood that it was peer reviewed. Where was the article published? Was it published alongside other academic articles in the same discipline? Is it a legitimate and reputable scholarly publication?

A trade publication or newspaper might be legitimate or reputable, but it is not a scholarly source, and it will not have been subject to the peer review process. Scholarly journals are the best resource for peer-reviewed articles, but it's important to remember that not all scholarly journals are peer reviewed.

It’s helpful to look at a scholarly source’s website, as peer-reviewed journals will have a clear indication of the peer review process. University libraries, institutional repositories, and reliable databases (and you now might have a list of some legit ones) can also help provide insight into whether an article comes from a peer-reviewed journal.

Free Online Journal

Common Research Mistakes to Avoid

Research is a lot of work. Even with high standards and good intentions, it’s easy to make mistakes. Perhaps you searched for access to scientific journals for free and found the perfect peer-reviewed sources, but you forgot to document everything, and your references are a mess. Or, you only searched for free online articles and missed out on a ground-breaking study that was behind a paywall.

Whether your research is for a degree or to get published or to satisfy your own inquisitive nature, or all of the above, you want all that work to produce quality results. You want your research to be thorough and accurate.

To have any hope of contributing to the literature on your research topic, your results need to be high quality. You might not be able to avoid every potential mistake, but here are some that are both common and easy to avoid.

Sticking to One Source

One of the hallmarks of good research is a healthy reference section. Using a variety of sources gives you a better answer to your question. Even if all of the literature is in agreement, looking at various aspects of the topic may provide you with an entirely different picture than you would have if you looked at your research question from only one angle.

Not Documenting Every Fact

As you conduct your research, do yourself a favor and write everything down. Everything you include in your paper or article that you got from another source is going to need to be added to your references and cited.

It's important, especially if your aim is to conduct ethical, high-quality research, that all of your research has proper attribution. If you don't document as you go, you could end up making a lot of work for yourself if the information you don’t write down is something that later, as you write your paper, you really need.

Using Outdated Materials

Academia is an ever-changing landscape. What was true in your academic discipline or area of research ten years ago may have since been disproven. If fifteen studies have come out since the article that you're using was published, it's more than a little likely that you're going to be basing your research on flawed or dated information.

If the information you're basing your research on isn’t as up-to-date as possible, your research won't be of quality or able to stand up to any amount of scrutiny. You don’t want all of your hard work to be for naught.

Relying Solely on Open Access Journals

OA is a great resource for conducting academic research. There are high-quality journal articles available through OA, and that can be very helpful for your research. But, just because you have access to free articles, that doesn't mean that there's nothing to be found behind a paywall.

Just as dismissing high-quality peer-reviewed articles because they are OA would be limiting, not exploring any paid content at all is equally short-sighted. If you're seeking to conduct thorough and comprehensive research, exploring all of your options for quality sources is going to be to your benefit.

Digging Too Deep or Not Deep Enough

Research is an art form, and it involves a delicate balance of information. If you conduct your research using only broad search terms, you won't be able to answer your research question well, or you'll find that your research provides information that is closely related to your topic but, ultimately, your findings are vague and unsubstantiated.

On the other hand, if you delve deeply into your research topic with specific searches and turn up too many sources, you might have a lot of information that is adjacent to your topic but without focus and perhaps not entirely relevant. It's important to answer your research question concisely but thoroughly.

Different Types of Scholarly Articles

Different types of scholarly articles have different purposes. An original research article, also called an empirical article, is the product of a study or an experiment. This type of article seeks to answer a question or fill a gap in the existing literature.

Research articles will have a methodology, results, and a discussion of the findings of the experiment or research and typically a conclusion.

Review articles overview the current literature and research and provide a summary of what the existing research indicates or has concluded. This type of study will have a section for the literature review, as well as a discussion of the findings of that review. Review articles will have a particularly extensive reference or bibliography section.

Theoretical articles draw on existing literature to create new theories or conclusions, or look at current theories from a different perspective, to contribute to the foundational knowledge of the field of study.

10 Tips for Navigating Journal Databases

Use the right academic journal database for your search, be that interdisciplinary or specific to your field. Or both!

If it’s an option, set the search results to return only peer-reviewed sources.

Start by using search terms that are relevant to your topic without being overly specific.

Try synonyms, especially if your keywords aren’t returning the desired results.

Scholarly Journal Articles

Even if you’ve found some good articles, try searching using different terms.

Explore the advanced search features of the database(s).

Learn to use Booleans (AND, OR, NOT) to expand or narrow your results.

Once you’ve gotten some good results from a more general search, try narrowing your search.

Read through abstracts when trying to find articles relevant to your research.

Keep track of your research and use citation tools. It’ll make life easier when it comes time to compile your references.

7 Frequently Asked Questions

1. how do i get articles for free.

Free articles can be found through free online academic journals, OA databases, or other databases that include OA journals and articles. These resources allow you to access free papers online so you can conduct your research without getting stuck behind a paywall.

Academics don’t receive payment for the articles they contribute to journals. There are often, in fact, publication fees that scholars pay in order to publish. This is one of the funding structures that allows OA journals to provide free content so that you don’t have to pay fees or subscription costs to access journal articles.

2. How Do I Find Journal Articles?

Journal articles can be found in databases and institutional repositories that can be accessed at university libraries. However, online research databases that contain OA articles are the best resource for getting free access to journal articles that are available online.

Peer-reviewed journal articles are the best to use for academic research, and there are a number of databases where you can find peer-reviewed OA journal articles. Once you've found a useful article, you can look through the references for the articles the author used to conduct their research, and you can then search online databases for those articles, too.

3. How Do I Find Peer-Reviewed Articles?

Peer-reviewed articles can be found in reputable scholarly peer-reviewed journals. High-quality journals and journal articles can be found online using academic search engines and free research databases. These resources are excellent for finding OA articles, including peer-reviewed articles.

OA articles are articles that can be accessed for free. While some scholarly search engines and databases include articles that aren't peer reviewed, there are also some that provide only peer-reviewed articles, and databases that include non-peer-reviewed articles often have advanced search features that enable you to select “peer review only.” The database will return results that are exclusively peer-reviewed content.

4. What Are Research Databases?

A research database is a list of journals, articles, datasets, and/or abstracts that allows you to easily search for scholarly and academic resources and conduct research online. There are databases that are interdisciplinary and cover a variety of topics.

For example, Paperity might be a great resource for a chemist as well as a linguist, and there are databases that are more specific to a certain field. So, while ERIC might be one of the best educational databases available for OA content, it's not going to be one of the best databases for finding research in the field of microbiology.

5. How Do I Find Scholarly Articles for Specific Fields?

There are interdisciplinary research databases that provide articles in a variety of fields, as well as research databases that provide articles that cater to specific disciplines. Additionally, a journal repository or index can be a helpful resource for finding articles in a specific field.

When searching an interdisciplinary database, there are frequently advanced search features that allow you to narrow the search results down so that they are specific to your field. Selecting “psychology” in the advanced search features will return psychology journal articles in your search results. You can also try databases that are specific to your field.

If you're searching for law journal articles, many law reviews are OA. If you don’t know of any databases specific to history, visiting a journal repository or index and searching “history academic journals” can return a list of journals specific to history and provide you with a place to begin your research.

6. Are Peer-Reviewed Articles Really More Legitimate?

The short answer is yes, peer-reviewed articles are more legitimate resources for academic research. The peer review process provides legitimacy, as it is a rigorous review of the content of an article that is performed by scholars and academics who are experts in their field of study. The review provides an evaluation of the quality and credibility of the article.

Non-peer-reviewed articles are not subject to a review process and do not undergo the same level of scrutiny. This means that non-peer-reviewed articles are unlikely, or at least not as likely, to meet the same standards that peer-reviewed articles do.

7. Are Free Article Directories Legitimate?

Yes! As with anything, some databases are going to be better for certain requirements than others. But, a scholarly article database being free is not a reason in itself to question its legitimacy.

Free scholarly article databases can provide access to abstracts, scholarly article websites, journal repositories, and high-quality peer-reviewed journal articles. The internet has a lot of information, and it's often challenging to figure out what information is reliable. 

Research databases and article directories are great resources to help you conduct your research. Our list of the best research paper websites is sure to provide you with sources that are totally legit.

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How to Find Free Articles on Google Scholar

There are tons of resources for students to find articles online, and Google Scholar is a top pick. Here's how to use it.

Are you working on a research project or simply looking for credible information? Google Scholar can help you find free and credible research articles.

Instead of searching for scholarly articles in a standard Google search, you can use a simpler method to find articles. Google Scholar is a division of Google that focuses on scholarly literature, that way you can easily find articles that you need for your research.

Find Free Articles on Google Scholar

You might enjoy reading insanely weird articles on Wikipedia . However, maybe it's time that you read information from the academics that the world has to offer.

It can be frustrating searching the internet for articles, without finding anything that doesn't require payment. Google Scholar offers a wide variety of research articles, many of which are available for free.

Here's how to find free articles on Google Scholar:

Typically, free articles on Google Scholar have a visible PDF text link next to the article title. If you are unlucky, the link will lead you to the publisher's website, where you would have to purchase the article.

However, when the article is free, you can save the document or read it online.

Finding Recently Published Articles

Google Scholar allows you to filter your search to a specific time frame. This way, you can find articles that were recently published, or that were published over 5 to 10 years ago.

To find an article according to the year it was published, click Since Year on Google Scholar's left sidebar. This allows you to find article papers that were published from the specified year. You can also choose whether you want the results page on Google Chrome to sort articles by date or relevance.

Click Sort by date to show just the new additions. If you are not too concerned about when the articles were published, you may click on Any time , which you will find in the left sidebar.

If you are looking for a less academic platform to gather information, you can use LinkedIn as a research tool  instead.

Improve Your Research Skills

Knowing how to research effectively is not an easy skill to have. Luckily, the internet makes life easier in so many ways. One of those ways is helping you research better.

If you are a research student, you might want to find out how to make the most of your search browser. That way you can get the best results from your research.

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Don’t get tricked into paying to file your taxes this year. Here’s how to find the truly free filing options offered by the IRS Free File program.

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Intuit, the Silicon Valley software giant behind TurboTax, doesn’t provide the only way to file your taxes electronically, but it has captured the market share like no other.

For over two decades, Intuit waged a campaign to prevent the federal government from making filing taxes simple and free for most taxpayers. The company spent millions of dollars on lobbying to restrict the IRS from creating its own free filing system, all while growing its multibillion-dollar franchise.

If you made $73,000 or less in 2022, you can file your federal taxes for free through the IRS Free File program . You must start at the IRS Free File page to get the correct tax products.

Why Do I Have to Pay TurboTax?

Intuit once participated in the IRS Free File program, a public-private partnership between the IRS and tax software companies to provide free tax filing services to millions of lower-income Americans. But it left the program in 2021 after ProPublica detailed the many ways TurboTax tricked Americans into paying to file their return.

TurboTax made its free version difficult to find, deliberately hiding its Free File landing page from search engines. (The code that enabled this has since been removed.) Through “dark pattern” web design tricks , it directed customers away from TurboTax’s Free File software in favor of a paid option. Meanwhile, it marketed some tax software options as “free” but would later charge taxpayers fees to finish the process.

After ProPublica reported on TurboTax’s deceptive campaign to stop Americans from filing for free, the FTC began investigating Intuit and last year sued to stop TurboTax’s “free” ad campaign. In May 2022, the company reached a $141 million settlement with state attorneys general to pay lower-income Americans who were “unfairly charged” for filing their taxes. Intuit did not admit any wrongdoing in the settlement.

Today, TurboTax continues to advertise a “free” version but notes it’s only for simple tax returns — defined by Intuit as IRS Form 1040 only “with no added complexity.” The FTC said only one-third of all tax filers in 2020 qualified for TurboTax’s “simple return.”

How to Do Taxes for Free Without TurboTax

If you made less than $73,000 in 2022, you can file for free with the IRS Free File program. You must start at the IRS Free File site to access the truly free version of the tax software.

According to a recent report by the Government Accountability Office, about 70% of taxpayers were eligible to file for these free guided tax preparation programs during the 2020 tax year, but less than 3% of eligible taxpayers used the program.

There are two ways you can file your taxes through the program: You can use guided tax preparation (provided by partner companies) or use IRS fillable forms.

Guided Tax Preparation

If you’ve used TurboTax before, you’re familiar with the guided tax preparation process. The IRS offers 11 free guided tax preparation options delivered by participating tax preparation companies. The software will ask you simple questions and compute all the math for you.

Each free option has different requirements to use them for free. Some tax preparers will charge for state tax filings, for example, while others only offer free services for those making under $60,000. The IRS created a tool to browse free file options based on your adjusted gross income, filing status, age, state of residence, eligibility for the earned income tax credit and military status.

Free Fillable Forms

You can also choose to do the work yourself directly on the IRS website by filling out Free File Fillable Forms , which are essentially electronic versions of IRS paper forms. Anyone, regardless of income, can file their taxes for free with these forms. With this method, you don’t get step-by-step guidance, and you’ll have to work on your state tax return separately.

Step by Step: How to File Your Taxes Through the IRS Free File Program

1. Gather your tax documents. Before you begin guided tax preparation, find all documents related to your income so you can easily fill out your tax return. These forms and information could include:

A full list of necessary paperwork can be found here , but this information will get you started on selecting a free file option.

2. Browse free file options. Use the IRS Free File Online Lookup Tool to direct you to the offers you qualify for based on your adjusted gross income, filing status, age, state of residence, eligibility for the earned income tax credit and military status.

Or you can browse the 11 free file programs offered by On-LineTaxes, 1040Now, ezTaxReturn.com, FileYourTaxes.com, TaxAct, FreeTaxUSA and TaxSlayer.

3. Choose the program that meets your needs. Now, select the program that you want. It will take you to the chosen IRS partner’s landing page, where you will need to create a new account or sign into an existing account. From there, the program will guide you through e-filing your tax return.

Important: To receive the free file option, you must begin your guided tax preparation at IRS.gov . If you go directly to a company’s website, you may not receive the benefits offered through the IRS Free File program.

About this guide: ProPublica has reported on the IRS , the Free File program and other tax topics for years. ProPublica’s tax guide is not personalized tax advice. Speak to a tax professional about your specific tax situation.

Kristen Doerer is a reporter in Washington, D.C. Her writing has appeared in PBS NewsHour, The Guardian and The Chronicle of Higher Education, among other places. Follow her on Twitter at @k2doe .

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How to get your free Bojangles sausage biscuit today

Melissa hall.

The price of breakfast in America is on the rise.

N.C. State University's win over Syracuse in the Women's ACC Tournament on Thursday was not just a win for State. 

It was a win for Bojangles sausage-biscuit lovers everywhere.

When a team playing in either the women's or men's ACC tournament scores 77 or more points, Bojangles will give away free sausage biscuits at participating restaurants the next day. (The 77 is a nod to 1977, the year Bojangles was founded.)

N.C. State beat Syracuse 83-58 on Thursday, so Friday is free biscuit day. 

In order to get your biscuit, download the Bojangles app. When you place your order, use the code ACC.

Participants are limited to one free sausage biscuit per day.

All fans, including those of Syracuse, can have a biscuit, Bojangles said.

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A fresh batch of biscuits at the Peters Creek Parkway Bojangles.


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Insider insists Tom Brady could sign with 49ers in 2023

Pro Football Talk's Mike Florio remains convinced that recently re-retired quarterback Tom Brady would at least consider signing with the San Francisco 49ers as a free agent if asked. 

As David Bonilla mentioned on 49ers WebZone, Florio appeared on the KNBR "Murph & Mac" program on Friday to explain why he speculated in late February that Brady could come out of retirement and eventually join the 49ers after he becomes a free agent when the new league year opens on March 15. During the interview, Florio suggested Brady could have second thoughts about his latest retirement by July at the latest. 

"Tom Brady has said in the past, 'I'll retire when I suck,'" Florio remarked. "And he acknowledged on his podcast after he retired that he meant it when he said it, and now he's retiring before he sucks. I'm not ruling out anything with Tom Brady. He wanted to sign with the 49ers in 2020. They said, 'No, thank you.'"

49ers head coach Kyle Shanahan hinted this past December he regretted not landing Brady before TB12 signed with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in March 2020. Brady grew up a Niners fan in San Mateo, Calif., where his parents still live. 

"But I'm not getting off that horse because I know, dating back to his first foray into free agency three years ago, the 49ers were his first choice," Florio continued. "And I just feel like he's going to believe his career isn't complete until he wears that gold helmet with the 49er logo on it for one season of his career."

Florio isn't alone. 

Fellow NFL insider Michael Silver said earlier this week he thinks the 49ers could reach out to Brady with 2022 rookie sensation Brock Purdy likely sidelined for a minimum of six months due to his upcoming surgery to address the torn ulnar collateral ligament in his right elbow. As things stand today, unproven 2021 first-round draft pick Trey Lance is set to begin the new league year atop San Francisco's depth chart at the position. 

Meanwhile, the 49ers are coming off back-to-back NFC Championship Game defeats and may be a seven-time Super Bowl champion quarterback away from winning a title. 

"I don't think it's anything that happens anytime soon," Florio added about Brady. "I think they leave a light on for him, they go forward with the guys they have, maybe they get some low-level veteran that they could dump without significant expense." 

At the NFL Combine this week, 49ers general manager John Lynch had an opportunity to slam the door shut on signing Brady. Lynch didn't do so, and he raised some eyebrows with his words in the process. 

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Stocks & ETFs for AI, Travel & Green Hydrogen

In this episode of ETF Spotlight, I speak with Sylvia Jablonski, CEO and CIO at Defiance ETFs, about the broader market and some interesting thematic ETFs.

Stocks struggled in February after an impressive start to the year. Sylvia believes that the market could stay volatile in the short term but sees great opportunities for longer-term investing.

She likes tech giants and semiconductor stocks like NVIDIA ( NVDA Quick Quote NVDA - Free Report ) and AMD ( AMD Quick Quote AMD - Free Report ) that could benefit from the great adoption of artificial intelligence. She is also bullish on travel and green hydrogen themes.

The Defiance Quantum ETF ( QTUM Quick Quote QTUM - Free Report ) provides exposure to companies on the forefront of machine learning, quantum computing, cloud computing, and other transformative computing technologies. Its holdings include NVIDIA, AMD, Microsoft ( MSFT Quick Quote MSFT - Free Report ) and Alphabet ( GOOGL Quick Quote GOOGL - Free Report ) .

Travel stocks were among the early winners this year as they benefited from the post-pandemic surge in travel demand as well as the shift in consumer spending from goods to services. These areas may get an additional boost from China reopening.

The Defiance Hotel, Airline, and Cruise ETF ( CRUZ Quick Quote CRUZ - Free Report ) holds airline, hotel, and cruise stocks. Hilton Worldwide ( HLT Quick Quote HLT - Free Report ) Royal Caribbean Cruises ( RCL Quick Quote RCL - Free Report ) and Delta Air Lines ( DAL Quick Quote DAL - Free Report ) are its top holdings.

Hydrogen is often touted as the fuel of the future, and even big oil companies are investing millions in green hydrogen projects. However, the technology is not currently cost-effective. The Inflation Reduction Act includes new incentives for green hydrogen and could boost these stocks.

The Defiance Next Gen H2 ETF ( HDRO Quick Quote HDRO - Free Report ) provides diversified exposure to global firms focused on the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

Tune in to the podcast to learn more.

Make sure to be on the lookout for the next edition of the ETF Spotlight and remember to subscribe! If you have any comments or questions, please email [email protected] .

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How to Watch Morgan Wallen’s Free Concert Via Livestream

The country star is set to stream his show held at Nashville's Bridgestone Arena.

By Jessica Nicholson

Jessica Nicholson

Morgan Wallen

Even Morgan Wallen fans who did not score tickets to Friday evening’s (March 3) free pop-up album release concert in Nashville — in support of his new album, One Thing at a Tim e — will be able to watch the show. Wallen’s team has announced the show will be livestreamed across several social media platforms.

Ten Songs From Morgan Wallen’s ‘One Thing at a Time’ You Need to Hear

His acoustic show will stream live from Nashville’s Bridgestone Arena, beginning at 7:30 p.m. CT.

Since there are no tickets left cause you guys got ‘em so quick yesterday I wanted to make sure all of you had a chance to watch.. so we will be live streaming the free @BrdgstoneArena show on all my socials tonight at 7:30pm CT pic.twitter.com/zZy4uo7T3x — morgan wallen (@MorganWallen) March 3, 2023

The pop-up show was announced Thursday (March 2), and the only way to obtain free tickets was to line up outside Bridgestone Arena. Lines quickly formed, wrapping around the venue in downtown Nashville, and all tickets to the show were gone within hours.

For fans who did not obtain tickets, there are four ways to watch it via livestream:

Wallen’s 36-track One Thing at a Time album features a blend of his country , alternative and hip-hop influences, and includes collaborations with Eric Church on “Man Made a Bar,” HARDY on “In the Bible,” and ERNEST on “Cowgirls.”

“This record represents the last few years of my life, the highs and the lows,” Wallen said via a press release. “It also brings together the musical influences that have shaped me as an artist – country, alternative and hip-hop. There are 36 songs on this album because we just kept exploring with fresh lyrics, music and production ideas and these are the songs that felt right to me. It was a blast to create, and I was so grateful to be back in the studio to lay this out for my fans.”

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