Talk to our experts


  • Essay on AIDS

aids essay in english

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is an infection that causes cells in the body that help it fight infections, making a person more susceptible to other infections and diseases. Interaction with certain bodily secretions of an HIV-positive individual, most commonly during unprotected intercourse (sex without the use of a condom or HIV treatment to prevent or treat HIV), or sharing injection drug equipment spreads the virus.

If HIV is not treated, it can progress to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV cannot be eradicated by the human body, and there is no effective HIV cure. As a result, whether you have HIV, you will have it for the rest of your life.

Long and Short AIDS Essay in English

There are many diseases causing microorganisms, like bacteria, viruses, fungi etc. The symptoms of the diseases depend on the type of microorganism that is spreading it. It can vary from mild to severe. AIDS which stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is a viral disease that is rampant in growth. It was only in the last century that this viral disease has proved to be lethal and fatal, taking away about twenty million lives globally. The awareness about the disease and the virus causing it which is HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is more now compared to earlier. In this HIV AIDS essay, we can go through the important information about it and burst some myths.

Below are different ways to write an AIDS essay in English. The essay on HIV AIDS can be of 2 formats, a long essay on HIV AIDS or a short AIDS essay.

Short Essay on Aids

This AIDS essay is a brief one and will cover the important notes about the disease and the ways one can prevent it.

The way of occurrence of this disease is in the name itself, AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. The disease is acquired via the virus which is called Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is not an auto-immune disease in the early stages of infection where the immune system in the body fights off infection to protect the body from diseases that go against itself. The virus enters from an outside source and destroys the efficiency of our immune system.

AIDS is transmitted through contact. The contact with infected blood of the HIV OR AIDS patient in any form can easily transfer this viral disease. It can also be transmitted through contact with semen or vaginal fluids of the infected person. This occurs in the case when one is sexually exposed to a person with HIV.

HIV once enters the body, invades and conquers the immune system making the body susceptible to other diseases. It is then very easy for the simple flu or cold infection to be severe as the immune system is no longer fit to fight it.

When detected in the early period can be battled with, but more often than not people assume the symptoms to not be AIDS so it spreads and kills the individual. To be protected when having sex and not sharing any form of toiletries with others is the way to prevent and keep this deadly virus at bay.

Long Essay on AIDS

This is the long format of an essay on HIV AIDS where its workings, causes and effects and remedies are discussed.

There are some diseases that have been borne by the living in this world which has created a ruckus in human history and the struggle to find a permanent cure still exists. AIDS is one such disease. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is the name of the disease which is also shortened as AIDS.

It has since only the 20 th century affected the human race and many people lost their lives, more than 20 million of them. The virus that aids in the transmission of this disease is Human Immunodeficiency Virus or also called HIV. Due to the same property of immunodeficiency, it is referred to as HIV/AIDS.

Since it affects the immune system severely, the cells and the workings of it in our body must be clearly understood. The immune system’s role in the body is that of a soldier wherein it identifies any sort of anomalies that enters or infiltrates the body and prepares antibodies against it. And kills them in order to prevent infection that has the probability of causing a harmful disease.

Since the cells of the immune system have already created the antibodies, the cell memory is activated when the entry occurs again and the immune system fights and destroys such foreign and harmful matter.

What Happens when HIV Enters the Body?

When a person is infected with the Human immunodeficiency virus, it directly attacks the immune system making the cells weak and incapable of creating antibodies for this particular virus. As they become weak their function to perform the task of defending against other microorganism entrants is also weakened.

When the fighter in our bodies becomes weak, we are more likely to fall ill. The illness can be a simple flu or an allergy and our body cannot fight any further. The symptoms once infected will start to appear within the first two weeks. The symptoms are very flu-like for instance, one will be more tired than usual and fatigue will be more frequent and regular. Other symptoms include sore throat and fever. The risk of opportunistic infections like tuberculosis and herpes also increases. Some people however remain asymptomatic even for longer periods after being infected with the virus.

Cause of HIV/AIDS

The main and only cause of this dreadful disease is the contact through blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, vaginal fluids, rectal fluids and breast milk. The semen and vaginal fluids are transferred through sex and rectal fluids through anal sex. When people have multiple partners, and they have unprotected sex the transmission is highly likely. The contact through blood can also be via the unhygienic practice of sharing an infected person’s razors, blades. Even unsterilized syringes while taking drugs or even a tattoo parlor where they use unsterilized machines on the body can transmit the virus easily. The transmission means are endless so one must proceed with utmost caution to keep themselves safe either way.

What is the Life Expectancy for the Patients Carrying HIV or AIDs with Them?

Many factors can affect the life expectancy of people living with HIV. Depending on these factors there are many differences in the outcomes between people, and other factors. The factors on which life expectancy depend are:

Access to effective HIV treatment and quality health care.

Start HIV treatment as soon as possible after HIV infection, before your CD4 cell count drops to a low level. The sooner you are diagnosed and start HIV treatment, the better your long-term chances are.

Having serious HIV-related illnesses in the past. This may occur before HIV is diagnosed and/or before HIV treatment is started. These diseases have a detrimental effect on life expectancy.

Results one year after starting HIV treatment. Studies show that life expectancy is better for people who respond well within a year of starting treatment than people who do not respond. In particular, people with a CD4 count of at least 350 and an undetectable viral load during the year have a much better chance long-term.

Year of Diagnosis - HIV treatment and medical care have improved over the years. People who have been diagnosed in recent years are expected to live longer than people who were diagnosed long ago.

Heart diseases, liver diseases, cancer and other health conditions are more likely to be the cause of death than HIV or AIDs.

Injecting drug use - Life expectancy is short for people with HIV who inject drugs, due to drug overdose and viral infections.

Social and Economic Conditions - there are significant differences in life expectancy depending on where you grew up, your income, education, social status and more.

Gender – Men are supposed to live for a shorter period of time than women.

Genetics - you may have certain conditions if close relatives have.

Mental and Emotional Well-being - high levels of stress are associated with reduced life expectancy.

Lifestyle - longevity for people who eat a balanced diet, are physically active, maintain a healthy weight, avoid alcohol abuse or use drugs, and stay in touch with the community. Avoiding smoking is very important in life.

There are a few myths surrounding this disease. It is believed earlier that AIDS can spread even through contact or touch without any exchange of fluids. Like through a hug or just by being near the infected person. That myth has been debunked and it is absolutely untrue. One can freely hug an AIDS patient without worry.

The other one was when kissing, there is an exchange of saliva which is also a fluid and AIDS can spread through kissing, which also proved to be untrue. And HIV always means AIDS that is fatal was another rumor or myth, and this myth is proven wrong where many people have lived longer with HIV by medication and taking care of their health.

There is no permanent cure yet for treating HIV/AIDS, so it is our responsibility to look out for ourselves. The way one can first prevent themselves from being infected is by getting vaccinated. It is important to get tested in your adult life if you have multiple sexual partners and also get your partner tested for the same. The other way is being monogamous. The most used form of prevention is having protected and safe sex and using condoms that creates a barrier for transmission. Do check for sterilized needles in case you decide to get a tattoo or injected.  Lessen the use of alcohol and drugs as that is anyway weakening and altering the immune system.

According to the estimates of the Indian government  2.40 million Indians are living with HIV wherein, the infected ones fall in the age group of 15-49, and 39 %of them that is 9,30,00 of them are women. The numbers are alarming and the rate of increase is not slowing down anytime soon. We as a country must break the traditions and conversations about sex should be open and safe. It is high time we lose our lives to this disease which can be prevented.

aids essay in english

FAQs on Essay on AIDS

1. Is AIDS an Autoimmune Disease?

In the early stages of HIV infection that leads to AIDS, the immune system only weakens so it is not an auto-immune disease. But during the later and final stages, the workings of the immune system are similar to that of an auto-immune system where it works against itself. And in such cases, the body of the individual is susceptible to many more diseases. AIDS, a disease found in immune deficiency disorder, is caused by HIV and weakens the human immune system. Autoimmune diseases, on the other hand, are where the immune system turns, attacking healthy cells.

2. Does one die from HIV Infection?

The HIV infection results in many symptoms that make the body weaker day by day. But some do not even suffer those symptoms and they may live longer than the ones showing severe symptoms. In any case, it is important to take medications that are prescribed to reduce the severity of symptoms and live a little longer. The best way is to keep healthy and lead an active lifestyle as much as possible. Although the death toll from AIDS has dropped dramatically around the world, this situation increases the risk of contracting a fatal disease — potentially leading to death. No treatment or cure is present for HIV.

3. What method was adopted by the hospitals to report HIV or AIDs cases?

The doctors took the active initiative for the reporting and diagnosis of HIV or AIDs cases all over the world. The methods that all the French hospital wards were known for, for their role in controlling HIV infection, were asked to report the 2000 deaths among HIV-positive adults. The causes of death were recorded using a standard questionnaire. The Mortality 2000 study was launched to explain the distribution of the leading causes of death of HIV-positive people at the national level in France in the year 2000.

4. What is the way of determining the root cause of death in AIDs patients?

Following the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) to death, the information contained in the questionnaire was used to determine the single cause of death. The causes of AIDS were categorized as one cause of death, followed by definitions of AIDS-related diseases. If a standard questionnaire was lost, summarized quarter notices were used to determine the underlying cause of death, if possible. Determination of the AIDs cases was set to the most important things in the list, which was done from the abstracted quarterly notifications from the questionnaires.

5. Is Vedantu a reliable website for knowing about AIDs disease?

Vedantu is the most reliable website for referring to information about AIDs disease. Being one of the most dangerous diseases in the world with no proper treatment or cure, the world's physicians are still under pressure to decipher the way to save a person from this disease. The Vedantu website contains authentic or updated information about this disease and thus the readers and viewers can rely on this source of information for perfect knowledge about the disease and its prevention also.

Business Management Ideas

The Wisdom Post

Essay on AIDS

List of essays on aids, essay on aids – short essay (essay 1 – 200 words), essay on aids (essay 2 – 250 words), essay on aids – written in english (essay 3 – 300 words), essay on aids – for students (class 9, 10, 11 and 12) (essay 4 – 400 words), essay on aids – causes, signs, symptoms and effects (essay 5 – 500 words), essay on aids – for medical students (essay 6 – 600 words), essay on aids – introduction, causes, effects and conclusion (essay 7 – 750 words), essay on aids – for ips, upsc, ias, civil services and other competitive exams (essay 8 – 1000 words).

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection or HIV /AIDS as it is popularly called is a disease which is caused by a virus and affects the immune system in a person. It is one of the deadliest diseases we have on earth today and as on date, there is no cure available for this disease. That is why it is all the more important for the students to understand this disease so as to keep themselves protected and guide others as well. Keeping this in mind; we have prepared short essays for students so as to make them understand what AIDS is all about, how it is transmitted and what steps that can be taken to prevent this disease from further transmission.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) and college students. Furthermore, those students preparing for IAS, IPS, UPSC, Civil Services and other competitive exams can also increase their knowledge by studying these essays.


AIDS is a global healthcare concern and most people are aware of it. It is not a disease but it is a syndrome that is associated with the infection named  HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), hence the disease is termed as HIV or AIDS.

What is AIDS?

AIDS is an acronym that stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS affects the immune system and that is why an individual shows symptoms of immune deficiency. The advancement of AIDS is usually in stages and the individual may deteriorate as symptoms worsen. There have been formulation of drugs that are being used to minimize the symptoms because the condition is incurable.

Symptoms of AIDS:

In the last stage of HIV infection i.e., full-blown stage, is when the person presents with symptoms of AIDS. An individual presents with severe weight loss, opportunistic infections like Tuberculosis due to destruction of the immune system, and in some people Kaposi’s sarcoma, which is cancer affecting blood vessels, may develop.


AIDS is a killer syndrome that is why it occurs in the last stage of HIV infection. It can be prevented for a long time if an individual with HIV infection adheres to medication and proper diet.

The human immunodeficiency virus or AIDS is often described as the disease of the modern age and to some extent that is true. One other thing that is interesting about AIDS is the fact that it is associated with a person’s sexual practice and therefore often used as a cause for discrimination. Let us look at the issue from a different perspective.

First of all, consider all the different epidemics that took over the earth in recent centuries, first among them is plague. We can see that every age or civilization has its own set of particular diseases that it struggles with. Sometimes they are controlled in small parts of the population while at other times they expand rapidly and get out of our control. When such events happen, people tend to panic and the same happened with AIDS.

Once fear gets a grip of us, we stop looking at things rationally and start acting according to instinct that is the moment when most people search for someone to blame for what is happening. When people meet someone with AIDS, they not only isolate the “infected” person from the normal people but they also  judge their moral character. The fight against AIDS needs to be led on two fronts. The first is medicine and a lot has been done after the initial panic of the 80s. The other front is social and all of us play an equal part in that struggle.

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. When a person has AIDS, it simply means that his immune system is unable to fight diseases or ailments. A person fighting this virus falls sick with every attack on his immune system. In severe cases, these diseases can lead to the death of the carrier.

How AIDS Develops:

AIDS is not a standalone disease but a later stage of another disease. Nobody contracts this disease unless he has first contracted HIV. Hence, to understand how the disease develops we must first examine how people contract HIV.

HIV is a virus and it is contracted when a person comes in contact with a person already carrying the virus. Specifically, this contact can be from sex, sharing sharp object like needles or breast milk in the case of a child.

When a person acquires HIV, he can live a full life since his immune system is strong enough to resist diseases. However, where HIV goes untreated, the immune system gradually gets weaker until it becomes AIDS. At this stage, the body has no defenses against any disease. Such a person can die even due to simple fever.

Prevention of AIDS:

In examining the preventive measures for AIDS we must approach it from two folds. From the perspective of a person who has not contracted HIV. Then, from the perspective of a person who has HIV but doesn’t want it to become AIDS.

In preventing the infection of HIV, one must do the following:

1. Avoid multiple sex partners and unprotected sex.

2. Do not share sharp objects like needles with anyone.

3. Keep your environment clean and hygienic.

When a person has already contracted HIV, he needs to prevent it from growing into AIDS. To do this, he or she needs to have a healthy diet, live in a clean environment and most importantly take antiretroviral drugs as prescribed by a medical practitioner.

Though there is no cure for HIV/AIDS yet, the scientist is getting closer as the days go by. In the meantime, we must limit and reduce the spread of this deadly virus.

AIDS or Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome is a syndrome affecting a person’s immune system of the body, causing the person to catch any infections or other diseases too quickly. This condition is caused due to a virus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.

What does HIV do to you?

AIDS is caused as a result of HIV attack. HIV is a virus that directly affects the immune cells of our body and infiltrates them. These white blood cells are the ones that travel our body to find if there is any type of defects or faults in any part. Attacking this cell will reduce our body’s ability to detect and combat any type of diseases.

This will eventually lead to catching any kind of infections, from the small fever to the dangerous infections, from the surrounding or from a person with any kind of infectious disease, etc. AIDS is the last stage for this disease where the person affected will completely lose the ability to cop up with the disease.

Starting stage of AIDS will be of a simple illness along with vomiting or weakness. It is very difficult to find AIDS in the early stage as it does not have any unique symptom. Whenever there is a fever or any other kind of infectious diseases seems to continuously affect a person, they should get the tests done for finding out whether they have AIDS or not.

Spreading of AIDS:

AIDS was detected in Africa mostly in the western and central part in the twentieth century by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). AIDS was known to be a life-threatening one and almost affected and killed more than 30 million people in the initial years. This number was found to be increasing as the years passed.

The main ways of AIDS from passing on is through actual sexual contact, direct tissue or body fluids exposure and from a pregnant mother to the child. The AIDS-infected mother may pass on the disease in early pregnancy stage, during delivery or while breastfeeding. AIDS get spread through the exposure of contaminated blood as well.

There is a myth that AIDS gets spread through speaking or mucus or eating on the same plate, etc. There is nothing like that and discriminating a person due to their disease should not be done.

Experts have not yet found a complete cure for this disease as HIV is an advanced form of a virus. But through frequent medication and treatments, AIDS can be controlled in a balanced way to avoid the person from getting affected by the advanced disease.

There has been much technological advancement in the field of medicine. However, there are still diseases for which we have not been able to find a cure. We can just have some measures in place to control them. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection or HIV /AIDS is one such disease which is spread by a virus and has no cure as on the day. HIV is a virus that reduces the ability of our white blood cells to fight an infection thereby making us prone to acquiring different infections. AIDS is just the advanced version of HIV. In this version, the body is at maximum risk of acquiring infections and cancer.

There are a number of causes which lead to the transmission of this disease. The first and foremost is getting a sexual contact with the infected person. This cause is, in fact, the most common way which has resulted in the spread of this disease. Sex workers are therefore often educated to take necessary precautions in order to protect themselves from this disease. Blood and blood products are the second most common cause which leads to the spread of this disease.

Blood transfusions using affected blood increase the risk of acquiring AIDS in the recipient. Unsafe medical syringes also contribute to the spread of the infection from one person to another. That is why disposing injections are advised in hospitals so as to stop the spread to disease. This disease can also be spread from a mother to her child through breastfeeding. In order to keep a check on this all expecting mothers are required to undergo a test to check if they have HIV / AIDS so that the child can be protected in case required.

Signs and Symptoms:

The initial period following the attack of HIV called intense HIV, essential HIV or intense retroviral disorder. Numerous people show up a flu-like disease or a mononucleosis-like ailment up to a month post introduction of this virus while others have no critical side effects.

Symptoms show up in 40-90% of the cases and most regularly incorporate fever, extensive delicate lymph hubs, throat irritation, a rash, cerebral pain, or potentially wounds of the mouth and private parts. The rash, which happens in 20-half of cases, is present on the trunk and is traditionally called maculopapular.

Effects on Society:

Since AIDS has no cure there is a stigma attached to it. A person suffering from AIDS shall be hesitant to talk about it in public as compared to a person suffering from any other common disease such as fever or the common cold. Also, the people suffering from this disease often face discrimination in society and at their workplace. There have been numerous instances where people have been fired from their jobs after they have been detected to be suffering from this disease.

However, we should understand that it is not a communicable disease and in fact, we should support such people as they are constantly living in fear of acquiring new infections knowing well that their body is not equipped to resist the infections. Even small infections can lead to their death. We should all be nice towards them and help them in their troubled times.

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the world’s most dreaded diseases and has caused millions of deaths over the years. AIDS is the extreme crackdown of immunity when the body is attacked and infected with HIV.

Difference between AIDS and HIV:

Many people get confused and remain unaware of the difference between AIDS and HIV. HIV is the short form of Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Basically, HIV is the virus that attacks the immune cells and causes infection in the body.

When this infection reaches its peak, it gives birth to AIDS disease. The bottom line is that an HIV positive person may or may not have AIDS. Everything depends on the severeness of the infection stage.

How AIDS is transmitted:

Transmission of HIV/ AIDS happens in a particular set of conditions. These include transfusion of HIV infected blood into a healthy person. The disease also spreads by using an HIV contaminated syringe or razor.

But the main and the most common cause of AIDS is having unprotected sex (anal/ vaginal) with an HIV person. The semen and vaginal secretions pass on the deadly infection to the healthy partner.

In other cases, if a mother is HIV positive, her child may have the same infection by birth. The infection also spreads to the baby through breastfeeding.

Signs and Symptoms of AIDS:

It is not necessary for the HIV infection to always show the symptoms. Sometimes, the virus is so low, that the HIV infection may go undetected in the tests. In such cases, it is not possible for the HIV person to pass on the infection to someone else.

But normally, with enough viruses, HIV/ AIDS may show enough signs. The first one would be a sharply fallen immune system. Such a person, when suffering from other bacterial or viral infections, would show the extreme symptoms and frequent attacks of that disease.

Basically, the symptoms of HIV have been categorized into three categories. These are early symptoms, asymptomatic HIV, and late signs of HIV. Early symptoms include fever, chills, rashes, weight loss, weakness, joint pain, and sore throat, etc.

Asymptomatic HIV means while the virus may be multiplying inside the body, the system wouldn’t show much of the symptoms to alarm the person. This can go on for as long as a decade and the infected person may look and feel healthy just like any other person.

In the late HIV/ AIDS stage, the symptoms consist of drastic weight loss, fever, sweating, poor immunity, dry cough, disturbed digestive process, blurred vision, excessive fatigue, and short breath etc.

Myths about AIDS:

AIDS does not spread through kissing as HIV is not transmitted through saliva. It does not circulate by shaking hands with the infected person or hugging him/ her. Sharing cutlery, towels, and bathroom with the same person doesn’t put you at the risk of catching the infection. These are all just misconceptions which should be dropped immediately as these are highly offensive to people carrying the disease.

Preventive Measures:

To prevent AIDS, one should always use a condom and never have unprotected sex. The rule applies to the homosexuals too. Any blood transfusion must have passed through a strict screening process. An HIV infected woman should not get pregnant, give birth, or breastfeed the child.

Take blood tests and retests to detect the infection at its earliest. There are a couple of treatments, vaccines, and classes of drugs to prevent the disease from growing severe. However, their effectiveness is still a topic of research. In reality, AIDS is a curse that is better prevented than treated.

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and Human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) popularly referred together as HIV and AIDS is just a series of conditions that is caused by the infection of a person with the virus known as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). After infection initially, the person infected with the virus might not have any symptoms and signs or might experience a very short period of illness that is influenza-like. Normally, this period is usually followed with a period that is prolonged without any signs or symptoms.

With time, the infection begins to progress and it starts interfering more and frequently with the infected person’s immune system which leads to an increase in the risk and chances of getting infected with various infections that are very common like tuberculosis and other types of opportunistic infections as well as tumours that do not usually affect the people that have immune systems that are functioning well. All of the very late signs symptoms associated with the infection are known as the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This period is most times characterised with weight loss that is unintended.

Causes of HIV and AIDS:

The spread of HIV and AIDS is done primarily through blood transfusions that are contaminated, sex that is unprotected (including oral and anal sex), breastfeeding, during pregnancy from mother to child and through hypodermic needles. Even bodily fluids like tears and saliva cannot transmit or cause HIV and AIDS. Some of the methods by which HIV and AIDS can be prevented include programs of needle exchange, safe sex, male circumcision and the treatment of people that are already infected.

Antiretroviral meditation when given to both the child and the mother can prevent the disease in the child. So far, no vaccine or cure has been discovered for HIV and AIDS, The disease can be slowed down with antiretroviral treatment and this can make the person suffering from the disease live a life with the normal expectancy. It is necessary that treatment is commenced immediately there is a diagnosis. If there is no treatment, eleven years is the survival time on an average after the infection.

As of 2016, the number of people infected with HIV and AIDS was 36.7 million and there have been a total of about a million deaths. There were fewer cases of new HIV and AIDS infections in 2016 when compared to 2015, the difference was about 300,000. It has been discovered that a majority of the people that are infected with HIV and AIDS reside in Africa, especially the sub-Saharan part of Africa.

From the very first report of AIDS around the beginning of the 1980s till 2017, there have been about 35 million deaths all over the world. HIV/AIDS is a very serious disease in the world and it is widespread in various parts of the world. HIV is believed to originate from the region of central Africa around the later part of the 19 th century and in the early years of the 20 th century. The first time that AIDS was recognised was in 1981.

Effects of AIDS:

HIV and AIDS have had a very great unimaginable impact on our society as a cause of discrimination between people and also as a disease or an illness. The many economic impacts of HIV and AIDS are very large. There are a lot of misconception and falsehood about the disease HIV and AIDS. Some of the wrong beliefs include the misconception that HIV and AIDS can also be transmitted through casual and non- sexual touch or contact.

There have been a lot of religious controversies surrounding HIV and AIDS including the stand of the church (Catholic Church) to not support the use of condoms as a method of prevention. This has attracted a lot of political as well as international medical attention and also a lot of funding on a large scale from the first time HIV and AIDS was identified and discovered in the early 1980s

There are ongoing researches on HIV and AIDS in an attempt to cure, treat or prevent HIV and AIDS. There are also researches to find out more about the HIV virus nature and the disease called AIDS. A lot of research and government institutions are carrying out HIV and AIDS research.

Some of the researches that are carried out include research into topics like HIV and circumcision, post-exposure prophylaxis and pre-exposure prophylaxis. There are also studies into antiretroviral drugs, HIV vaccines, microbes for diseases that are sexually transmitted, health interventions like drug development and sex education. There has been serious promotions and campaigns for the use of condoms as it is the only way of prevention through sex.

AIDS is an acquired immune deficiency syndrome which has spread like a fire in the population of the world. Earlier people were not much aware of this life-threatening disease. But now people are becoming more conscious about AIDS due to the effective movements by the government and the social organizations globally. They now know the cause of AIDS and in what way they can cure this problem.

When people have right info about AIDS, it becomes easy for them to fight against it. Moreover, it makes them familiar with the ways that help in stopping AIDS from spreading more.

Causes of AIDS:

HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is responsible for the occurrence of AIDS. It reproduces by injecting a copy of its genome DNA inside the mass cells. In such circumstance, the mass cells are WBCs (white blood cells) that are recognized as T CD4 cells founded in the human’s immune system.

HIV finishes white blood cells and creates replicas of it which ultimately deteriorates the immune system of human body. In other words, this virus decreases the capability of our body to resist diseases after some time.

But the HIV positive case of a person does not make him or her victim of AIDS. On the other hand, if such a person does not get the right treatment on time for curing the HIV then, it might develop into AIDS after some period.

Transmission of AIDS:

The AIDS can be transferred through the below ways:

1. Prenatal:

If female suffering from AIDS is expecting a baby or have become a new mother recently then, she might pass the virus of AIDS to her offspring. It can take place at the time of the prenatal period, during breastfeeding or at the time of delivery.

AIDS might get transmitted with the transfusion of blood. But the blood transfusion is fairly rare nowadays. The maximum number of developed nations follows a severe screening procedure to make sure that the blood that is being transfused is not carrying the virus of AIDS.

But, there is one more method through which the blood can pass from one individual to other i.e., by the use of common needles for injecting. The needles that are already used for the AIDS patient can transfer the virus to the person for which it is used again.

3. Sexual Transmission:

AIDS might get transmitted to the body of the other person while making a sexual relationship without any precaution like a condom. During this act, the fluids of the body get shared between bodies.

AIDS can also get transmitted via anal, oral or vaginal sex. If the sex toys used by the people suffering from AIDS are also shared by somebody then, it can also result in the AIDS transmission.

AIDS does not have recognizable symptoms all the time.

But, there are few symptoms that help in knowing the progress of AIDS in a person’s body:

1. Early symptoms of AIDS:

It is not mandatory that every person suffering from AIDS will get the sign of this disease at an early stage. The early symptoms of AIDS consist of fever, chills, joint pain, muscle aches, sore throat, night sweats, enlarged glands, red rash, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, and thrush. Only the blood test can reveal whether a person is suffering from AIDS or not.

2. Asymptomatic HIV:

The people suffering from AIDS might not come across the other signs of AIDS for a few months or in fact for a few years. It does not show that the virus is inactive. Actually, during this time the HIV virus gets busy in confronting the CD4 cells and deteriorating the body’s immune system. If the person does not get the right medication then, this procedure carries on without showing any signs.

3. Symptoms of Late-Stage:

During the late stage, the immune system of the AIDS infected person get weaken which makes him or her susceptible to numerous infections including mild to severe. Symptoms of the late stage of AIDS might consist of blurry vision, prolonged diarrhoea, dry cough, fever that persists for weeks, night perspirations, continuous tiredness, dyspnoea glands which are inflamed for weeks, white acnes on tongue and mouth, shortness of inhalation, and weight loss.

At this stage, people suffering from AIDS become more susceptible to numerous diseases like tuberculosis, Pneumonia and many more.

Treatment of AIDS:

At present, there is no treatment for AIDS because the virus that causes AIDS replicates by substituting the DNA with duplicates of its individual DNA. However, with the help of the ART or antiretroviral therapy you can stop this disease from spreading more in the body.

ART is a drug treatment which stops the virus from duplicating. It slows down the progress of the AIDS virus in the body. The best time to begin this treatment is during the initial stages of AIDS in order to make the immune system safer.

During the later phase of AIDS, you can combine the usage of drugs along with the therapy for getting more fruitful results. It also helps in curing the other diseases which people get owing to a weak immune system.

The transmittable secretions of the AIDS sufferer are cervical secretions, semen, and blood.

But by following the below ways you can avoid AIDS from spreading:

1. Avoiding the usage of razor blades and needles that are utilized by AIDS patient

2. Avoiding anal and vaginal sexual intercourse with the AIDS patient

3. Do not let the AIDS infested mother undergo childbirth

4. Do not use the syringe again that is already used by somebody

Some people have a misconception in their mind that AIDS is spread by hugging, shaking hands, kissing, sneezing, coughing etc. But it is not right as AIDS does not spread by such things.

After diagnosing the problem of AIDS in the early stage, it becomes easy to control it from spreading more and an AIDS patient can also live a long and lead a healthy life like others.

AIDS , Diseases , Health , HIV

Get FREE Work-at-Home Job Leads Delivered Weekly!

aids essay in english

Join more than 50,000 subscribers receiving regular updates! Plus, get a FREE copy of How to Make Money Blogging!

Message from Sophia!

aids essay in english

Like this post? Don’t forget to share it!

Here are a few recommended articles for you to read next:

No comments yet.

Leave a reply click here to cancel reply..

You must be logged in to post a comment.


Book Summaries

Digital Marketing

Internet Marketing

Law of Attraction

Law of Vibration

Motivational Speakers



Self-help 21 and 14 Days Course


Social Media

Website Development

Wisdom post, worlds most.

Our Portals: Gulf Canada USA Italy Gulf UK

Privacy Overview

Web Analytics

Essay on HIV AIDS

Have you read these.


HIV and AIDS Essay

Hiv and african americans essay.

The term Human Immunodeficiency Virus is commonly known as (HIV), which is a virus that attacks the immune system of humans by destroying the amount of CD4 cells in their bodies. Without CD4 the human body is unable to fight against diseases, which can lead to Acquired Immune deficiency syndrome known as AIDS for short. The first case of the HIV/AIDS virus in the U.S. occurred in the early 1980’s. The first spark of the virus was found in San Francisco with couple of homosexual Caucasian American males. Today African Americans account for the largest proportion of HIV and AIDS in this country, represent approximately 13% of the U.S. population, but accounted for an estimated 44% of new HIV infections in 2010(the last year a study was

Hiv / Aids Research Paper Essay

Human Immunodeficiency Virus is HIV that develops into AIDS, which is Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. This virus starts to break down white blood cells, as a result the immune system starts to deteriorate and our greatest shield cannot fight any longer (Mayo Clinic, 2016). The CDC (2015) states, that over 1.2 million people live with HIV in the United States and most who are infected are oblivious of their disease. Healthy people 2020 has declared HIV a public health crisis in the United States, and continues to sweep the nation with more than 500,000 new cases each year (HealthyPeople2020,2016).

Hiv And The United States Essay

Being that Blacks/African AMericans make up only 12 percent of the UNited States population, they account for about 44 percent of new HIV infections annually. It is estimated that at least 280,000 Black/African American men and women have died since the the epidemic began. Another race/ethnic group also disportionately affected by HIV/AIDS are Hispanics/Latinos. They make up about 15 percent of the United States population and account for 21 percent of new annual HIV infections. In total both minority groups makes up about 65 percent of HIV/AIDS cases. The likelihood of an African American or Latino male or female contracting the viruses are twice that of their white counterparts (CDC).

HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic Essay example

HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest known case of HIV was in 1959. It was discovered in a blood sample from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Looking further into the genetics of this blood sample researchers suggested that it had originated from a virus going back to the late 1940’s or early 1950’s. In 1999,

Hiv / Aids : A Global Health System

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS is a pandemic problem affecting global health. At the end of 2015, 36.7 million people were living with HIV/AIDS globally. The rate of incidence is more prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa with almost 1 in every 24 adults living with HIV/AIDS. In the united states, HIV/AIDS is a diversified health problem affecting all sexes, ages and races and involving the transmission of multiple risk behavior. However, with the introduction of various prevention programs and antiretroviral drugs, the incidence of HIV/AIDS has reduced.

AIDS In America

Most people in America are not aware of people with AIDS. There are a lot of people in America with AIDS that most people do not know of. “Since then, more than half of a million Americans have died of AIDS, and 1.1 million people are currently living with HIV in the United

HIV And HIV : Prevention And Prevention Of HIV

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a long-term (chronic) viral infection. HIV kills white blood cells that help to control the body's defense system (immune system) and fight infection. HIV spreads through semen, pre-seminal fluid, blood, breast milk, rectal fluid, and vaginal fluid. HIV is commonly spread through sexual contact and sharing needles or syringes, because these behaviors involve exchanging bodily fluids. Without treatment, HIV can turn into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), an advanced stage of HIV infection. AIDS is a very serious illness and can be life-threatening.

Hiv / Aids : An Acronym For Human Immunodeficiency Virus

What is HIV/AIDS? HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus can only attack humans, hence the name, and reproduces by taking over the T-cells (or CD4-cells which help fight off infections) and uses them to make copies of itself (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services). Unlike most viruses the human body cannot seem to shake HIV, which means once you have HIV you have it for life. HIV is transmitted through certain bodily fluids and they are blood, semen (including pre-seminal), vaginal secretions, breast milk, and rectal fluids. AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is the last stage of HIV, but it is important to note that not everyone with HIV will succumb to having AIDS. According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (2014) people who acquire AIDS have immune systems that have been severely deteriorated which

AIDS and HIV Essay

HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus which damages and kills cells of the immune system. It attacks the T-cells, key cells of the immune system, and uses them to make copies of itself. After being infected with the virus it progressively interferes and eventually destroys the immune system's ability to fight the anti-genes. HIV may develop into the syndrome AIDS, the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV is an STD - a sexually transmitted disease - and therefore most commonly it is spread through sexual contact, and the virus mainly enters the body through the penis, mouth, lining of the vagina or vulva during sexual activity. HIV can also be spread through sharing syringes or needles with someone who is infected with the

Research Paper On Hepatitis B

Today, the number of cases of HIV and AIDS have dropped since the epidemic in 1981. However they are both still terrible diseases and still affect people. According to,” …nearly 37 million people worldwide are living with HIV. According to the 2015 Statistical Update on HIV and AIDS among Children, HIV/AIDS is the second leading cause of death for teens

Hiv Aids Research Paper

HIV which stands for human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that attacks the human infection fighting CD4 cells of the immune system. AIDS which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is the most advanced stage of the HIV infection. If HIV is left untreated it leads up to AIDS, and that is when the immune system is too weak to fight off infections or even certain cancers. HIV is spread through certain body fluids such as blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, vaginal fluids, rectal fluids, and breast milk. In the United States HIV is commonly spread by having sex with someone who is infected or by sharing drug injection needles. HIV is not airborne so you cannot get infected by a simple

The Role Of AIDS In The 20th-21st Century

AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, has a set of symptoms that has caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV. This type of virus is considered to be when a person’s immune system is too weak to defend advanced HIV infections and how it develops certain symptoms and illnesses that will destroy the immune system. Most of the infections are harmless for healthy people, but the ones that have AIDS can die from the same diseases. “There is no cure for HIV and AIDS yet. However, treatment can control

A Closer Look at HIV Essay

Most of us know about H.I.V, but not all of us fully understand all of the aspects of this disease. Not only are there physical aspects, but also physiological aspects.

Essay on Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases: HIV

According to estimates and numbers provided by the CDC, about one and a half million people 13 years of age and younger is HIV positive. Demographics also show that almost 20% of people who are infected do not know they have the virus. The CDC estimates that now every year, there are about 50,000 new cases diagnosed (2013). At risk groups include gay men, bisexual people, and African Americans (CDC, 2013). Young African American males are at greatest risk for contracting HIV among various ethnicities and races (CDC, 2013).

Hiv-1 Essay

Human immunodeficiency virus (most commonly known as HIV) is a virus that damages the cells in your immune system, affecting the body’s natural defence system against

Related Topics

A Plus Topper

Improve your Grades

Essay On AIDS | AIDS Essay for Students and Children in English

February 23, 2023 by Prasanna

Essay on AIDS:  AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a life-threatening disease that one can contract via contact with blood or via sexual activity. It refers to when HIV or human immunodeficiency virus makes its way into a person’s body. HIV/AIDS affects the immune system so that the bodies of those affected with AIDS find difficulty in fighting minor illnesses.

You can read more  Essay Writing  about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Long and Short Essays on AIDS for Students and Kids in English

Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the life-threatening disease AIDS in both long and short form. The first is a long essay on the terrible disease, AIDS, of 400-500 words, which is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9, and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on AIDS of 150-200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.

Long Essay on AIDS 500 Words in English

Below we have given a long essay on AIDS of 500 words. Long Essay on AIDS in English for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants

AIDS or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome is a life-threatening disease which is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. This is the reason why the anagrams of HIV/AIDS are often grouped with each other. The virus threatens its victim’s life as it weakens the host body’s immune system. This is incredibly dangerous to people who have weak immune systems, and even more so for those with a disease like AIDS. First, we need to know the function of the immune system to understand the severity of an immunodeficiency syndrome.

The immune system is the bodily system that defends or protects the body from infections, illnesses, and other such problems. It builds antibodies within our bodies against diseases that we have suffered from before, so it can protect us from sickness again. In simple terms, the immune system is the part of your body that fights off infections and keeps you safe and healthy. With this being said, you should now understand better why somebody with a weak immune system is more prone to illnesses.

When HIV enters the body, it attacks the immune system by destroying CD4 cells. These cells are the ones responsible for fighting off illnesses, and HIV destroys them, weakening the system so that it fails to defend the body from other diseases. This is the reason why we call it life-threatening because it makes the body of the sufferer physically vulnerable. With HIV/AIDS, even a controllable infection like the common cold can become fatal, as the immune system is unable to fight it off.

AIDS is called the ‘Acquired’ Immuno Deficiency Syndrome because it is a disease that you can only acquire from another person, including your mother, who can pass it down to you at childbirth. The main mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS is via unprotected sexual activity, which makes it a sexually transmitted disease (STD), or if you come in contact with an HIV-positive individual’s blood. This can be by sharing a needle, coming in connection with a bleeding wound, etc. which can transmit the syndrome to you.

The most unfortunate part of suffering from AIDS is that there is no permanent cure for it as of yet. However, there is the treatment to help keep the level of CD4 cells high and reduce the amount of virus in the body. This means that once someone has been diagnosed with AIDS, they must be extremely careful living their life and follow their treatment to the dot so that they can live the best lives possible for them in that situation.

Many celebrities have also been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, such as actor Charlie Sheen, singer Freddie Mercury, comedian Steve Moore (who even made an HBO special about it), among several others. HIV/AIDS activism is a relatively new concept that calls for the normalization and destigmatization of positive individuals. While HIV/AIDS is a terrible disease to take people over, it is a must to remember that there is always hope, even on the darkest days.

AIDS Essay

Short Essay on AIDS 200 Words in English

Below we have given a short essay on AIDS of 200 words. short essay on AIDS is suitable for students of classes 1,2,3,4,5 and 6.

AIDS is a horrible disease which threatens the life of the people who have got it. It is a disease that a person can get when a virus called HIV enters our bodies. It is very dangerous for our bodies and can even lead to death.

In our bodies, we have a system called the immune system that takes care of us by fighting off any infection that comes to us. HIV destroys the cells in our immune system that saves us from becoming unwell. This means that if HIV enters the body, even small illnesses like a cold can make someone very sick.

A person can get AIDS when they come in contact with the blood of a person who has HIV. They can also contract it while doing some kind of sexual activity. Another way to get HIV/AIDS is by being born with it, but this only happens if your mother who gave birth to you had it. AIDS is not a natural disease, but it comes from somewhere else into the body.

It is challenging to live with HIV/AIDS because it can’t be cured. However, doctors can help you control it so that you can live happily.

10 Lines About AIDS Essay

Essay About AIDS

FAQ’s on Essay on AIDS

Question 1. What is AIDS?

Answer: AIDS is the Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome caused by the presence of a virus called the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the body. It weakens the immune system in a life-threatening manner.

Question 2. What’s the difference between AIDS and HIV?

Answer: The mere difference between AIDS and HIV is that the former is a disorder with the immune system, and the latter is the virus that causes this disorder.

Question 3. How can a person get HIV/AIDS?

Answer: AIDS can be transmitted in one of three ways – by contact with HIV-positive blood, sexual activity with an HIV-positive individual, or via childbirth if your biological mother is HIV-positive.

Question 4. Is there a cure for HIV/AIDS?

Answer: No, there is no cure for AIDS, unfortunately, so for the individuals who suffer from it. However, there is a treatment that patients must take precisely the way they are prescribed to them, which helps increase the body’s illness-fighting cells.


  1. (HIV infection and AIDS) Short Essay in Simple English

    aids essay in english

  2. How to make effective use of Teaching Aids?

    aids essay in english

  3. Hiv essay

    aids essay in english

  4. essay hiv

    aids essay in english

  5. Essay on AIDS in 100 Words for Class 1, 2, 3, 4

    aids essay in english

  6. 😍 Essay on how to control hiv aids in nigeria. Hiv And Aids Problem In Nigeria Health And Social

    aids essay in english


  1. សំណេរអង់គ្លេស : Essay " Tuberculosis " #Shorts

  2. Spread the Word: Act Against Aids

  3. aids diwas par kavita/poem on world aids day in hindi/vishwa aids diwas par kavita/poem/kavita

  4. សំណេរអង់គ្លេស : Essay "AIDS" #Shorts

  5. 10 lines speech in World AIDS Day/Speech on World AIDS Day in english/World AIDS Day/AIDS Day Speech

  6. Teaching AIDS |Types Need Components of Teaching Aids|Micro Teaching


  1. Essay on AIDS for Students and Children

    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or better known as AIDS is a life-threatening disease. It is one of the most dreaded diseases of the 20 th century. AIDS is caused by HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which attacks the immune system of the human body. It has, so far, ended more than twenty-nine million lives all over the world.

  2. Essay on AIDS for Students in English

    This AIDS essay is a brief one and will cover the important notes about the disease and the ways one can prevent it. The way of occurrence of this disease is in the name itself, AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. The disease is acquired via the virus which is called Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

  3. Essay on AIDS: 8 Selected Essays on AIDS

    Essay on AIDS – Written in English (Essay 3 – 300 Words) Introduction: AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. When a person has AIDS, it simply means that his immune system is unable to fight diseases or ailments. A person fighting this virus falls sick with every attack on his immune system.

  4. Short Essay On HIV AIDS In English • English Summary

    Short Essay On HIV AIDS In English • English Summary Essay on HIV AIDS One of the deadliest and most destructive ailments that has gripped human society is the pandemic known as AIDS. The disease itself is a retro-viral disease with its pathogen known as HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

  5. HIV and AIDS Essay

    AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease in which the body's immune system breaks down and is unable to fight off certain infections, known as "opportunistic infections," and other illnesses that take advantage of a weakened immune system.

  6. AIDS Essay for Students and Children in English

    Essay on AIDS: AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a life-threatening disease that one can contract via contact with blood or via sexual activity. It refers to when HIV or human immunodeficiency virus makes its way into a person’s body.