Resource Library | Activity : 50 mins
Resource library activity : 50 mins, threatened animals and their habitats.
Students use National Geographic Photo Ark images of threatened or extinct animals to research the dangers that affect the animals’ existence. They use the information to draw the habitats of these animals and investigate links between habitat, ecosystem, and animal livelihood or extinction.
Biology, Geography, Physical Geography
1. Generate interests by showing student photographs.
As students see a series of animal photographs, encourage them to think about what all the animals have in common. Click through the photographs, pausing on each for several seconds. Ask: What do all these animals have in common? (Answer: They are all in danger of becoming extinct or they are already extinct.)
Invite a few students to share their ideas, which will likely vary widely. Explain that all of these animals have very few of their species alive in the wild. They are considered threatened—some more seriously than others.
Tell students that they may read or hear that threatened species are considered Vulnerable, Endangered, or Critically Endangered. The terms refer to different levels of their populations in the wild, but all are in danger of extinction.
2. Assign students animals and instruct them to draw habitats.
Tell students they will investigate and then draw a threatened or extinct species’ habitat or former habitat. Ask: What are the main parts of a habitat? What do all animals need to live and thrive? (Answer: Animals need shelter, water, food, and space in their habitats. NOTE: You may wish to discuss the word thrive .) Divide students into small groups. Give each group a printed copy of one of the animal photographs. Encourage students to research the animals using books and the Internet. After they have found out where their animals live or lived, give them time to create habitat drawings.
3. Discuss ecosystems.
Say: An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms work together with weather and landscape to form a “bubble” or community of life. All the parts of an ecosystem depend on each other, either directly or indirectly. For example, a change in an ecosystem’s temperature affects what plants will grow there. In order to survive, animals that depend on those plants for food and shelter will have to adapt to the changes or move to another ecosystem. For animals to thrive, their ecosystem must be balanced.
Ask students to use their habitat drawings to identify different types of ecosystems. Ask: What are some ways you think ecosystems could become unbalanced? (Answer: The balance can be affected by changes in weather or temperature, introduction of different (non-native or invasive) plants and animals, pollution, human land use, or hunting). If students need help with ideas for this question, ask leading questions to activate background knowledge:
- How might humans affect an ocean ecosystem? (pollution, overfishing)
- How might construction of a new golf course affect a forest ecosystem? (habitat destruction through human land use)
- How might hunting lions affect a savanna ecosystem? (disrupted balance between predator and prey populations)
4. Have students research causes of extinction.
Students will use their research sources to look for reasons why their animals are in danger. Ask them to consider what changes occurred in the animal’s habitat or ecosystem. Encourage them to add to their drawings and include a representation of something that threatened the animals’ existence.
5. Assess students through informal presentations.
Ask each group to share their animal, explain their drawings, and talk about some of the reasons their animal is threatened. Encourage students to ask each other questions. Ask presenters about the relationship between the animal and its ecosystem.
As groups informally present their research, assess the connections they made between the animals’ threatened status and disruptions to the habitat and ecosystem. Ask follow-up questions to help make this connection explicit.
Extending the Learning
Have students list ideas for how humans can help keep animals from being threatened. You may wish to have students create posters that promote protecting threatened species.
Subjects & Disciplines
- Physical Geography
- research using a variety of sources
- make connections between ecosystem disruptions and contributing causes of threatened species
- share research and reflections verbally and through artistic expression
- Cooperative learning
This activity targets the following skills:
- Media Literacy
- Communication and Collaboration
- Social and Cross-Cultural Skills
- Environmental Literacy
- Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
Connections to National Standards, Principles, and Practices
Ira/ncte standards for the english language arts.
- Standard 11 : Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities.
National Geography Standards
- Standard 4 : The physical and human characteristics of places
- Standard 8 : The characteristics and spatial distribution of ecosystems and biomes on Earth's surface
Next Generation Science Standards
- 3-LS4-4 : Make a claim about the merit of a solution to a problem caused when the environment changes and the types of plants and animals that live there may change.
- LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience : When the environment changes in ways that affect a place’s physical characteristics, temperature, or availability of resources, some organisms survive and reproduce, others move to new locations, yet others move into the transformed environment, and some die. (secondary to 3-LS4-4)
- LS4.C: Adaptation : For any particular environment, some kinds of organisms survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all. (3-LS4-3)
- LS4.D: Biodiversity and Humans : Populations live in a variety of habitats, and change in those habitats affects the organisms living there. (3-LS4-4)
What You’ll Need
Materials you provide.
- Assorted art materials
- Grade-level non-fiction texts about habitat, ecosystem, and extinction.
The resources are also available at the top of the page.
- Internet Access: Required
- Tech Setup: 1 computer per small group, Printer
Ensure the room is set up in a way that is conducive to small-group work. Groups should be able to move with ease between doing computer research and drawing the habitats.
- Heterogeneous grouping
A habitat is the place where a plant, animal, or fungus makes its home. An organism’s habitat meets all the environmental conditions needed for survival. For an animal, that means resources for finding and gathering food, selecting a mate, and successfully reproducing.
An ecosystem is a community of all living things—and some nonliving things, like weather and landscape—in an area. Everything in an ecosystem is connected. A clear example is a predator-prey relationship. A less obvious example might be optimal water temperature and coral reef survival. All the parts of an ecosystem are either directly or indirectly dependent on each other. A change in an ecosystem, no matter how subtle, causes a ripple effect.
The term threatened is not a specific category. It is an umbrella term the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) uses to encompass all three of the most concerning levels: Vulnerable, Endangered, and Critically Endangered. A species classified as Vulnerable faces threats in the wild, like loss of habitat and poaching, that may cause it to go extinct. Endangered species populations are in severe decline and are at risk for extinction based on several factors, such as pollution, deforestation, and hunting. Critically Endangered species are those that are almost extinct in the wild. Their numbers have become so few that they may need breeding help from conservationists to keep the entire species viable.
The interaction between animals and their ecosystems is essential for keeping the planet healthy for all of us. But for many species, time is running out. Photo Ark founder and National Geographic photographer Joel Sartore has visited 40 countries in his quest to create this photo archive of global biodiversity. To date, he has completed intimate portraits of more than 6,000 species.
The National Geographic Photo Ark is a project committed to documenting every species in captivity—inspiring people not just to care, but also to help protect these animals for future generations.
- Students should have prior knowledge of habitats and ecosystems.
Recommended Prior Activities
community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area.
organism that is no longer a part of an ecosystem.
environment where an organism lives throughout the year or for shorter periods of time.
art and science of producing still or moving images using the chemical reaction of light on a sensitive surface, such as film or an electronic sensor.
animal that hunts other animals for food.
animal that is hunted and eaten by other animals.
Articles & Profiles
- Joel Sartore, Photographer
- Photo Ark: capturing endangered wildlife before it’s too late
Tips & Modifications
Modification english language learners (ell).
To support ELLs, pre-teach vocabulary, such as extinction, species, habitat, and ecosystem.
Modification Teacher Tip
To modify this activity for visual learners, ask them to present their research solely with images.
Tip Teacher Tip
While each group gives their informal presentation, model active listening and offer thoughtful follow-up questions. Give specific praise when a student engages with presenters in a meaningful way.
The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.
Elaine Larson, National Geographic Society
Karen Ang, Editorial Projects, LLC
Jordan Lim, National Geographic Society
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Learn at Home: Grades 3-5
Being at home is a great time to learn. This curated collection for learners in grades 3-5 can be implemented at home with minimal supplies and includes engaging, fun, and skill-building lessons in social studies, geography, science, and more.
The Photo Ark
Students learn about conservation efforts to combat the loss of biodiversity and extinction.
Endangered Animals of the Americas
Students select an endangered or threatened animal to research, locate it on a map, and create a persuasive essay or poster to convince others to help the animals.
Drivers of Extinction
Students explore drivers of extinction across Earth’s major biomes, including human-to environment interactions that threaten biodiversity, and seek solutions to mitigate habitat loss and prevent extinction. As a result, they develop research-based action steps critical to protecting a certain species and incorporate key findings into their culminating conservation pamphlets. This lesson is part of the Engaging in the Fight Against Extinction unit.
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This critically endangered South China tiger lives at the Suzhou Zoo in China. This is a species that may be gone from the wild now. As of 2015 there were only 100 in captivity.
Endangered species, explained
An animal is endangered when its numbers in the wild have dropped so low that it’s at great risk of extinction.
Whether a species is endangered— meaning at risk of extinction —depends on which definition you use. The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species classifies an animal as endangered when its numbers in the wild have dropped so low that it’s at “extremely high risk” of extinction.
Meanwhile, the United States’s Endangered Species Act of 1973 takes into consideration any destruction to a species’ habitat, whether it has been over-consumed, any disease or predation that threaten it, whether any other man-made factors put it in danger, and what policies currently exist to protect it.
When members of the public or a state agency propose to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service or the National Marine Fisheries Service that a species be listed as endangered under the law, research and management plans are formed to help those species survive. It is illegal under the Endangered Species Act to capture, hunt, shoot, or otherwise harm an animal that’s listed as endangered.
Sometimes, federal agencies decide that although a species could be considered endangered, other species are higher priorities. In those cases, the animal or plant gets limited protections.
One animal whose numbers have increased through conservation is the bald eagle . There were only about 500 bald eagles in the continental United States in the 1960s because of pesticides that damaged the shells of their eggs. Conservation efforts including captive breeding programs, habitat protection, and a ban on the insecticide DDT helped the bald eagle’s numbers soar back into the thousands.
Another is the giant panda, which was declared no longer endangered in 2016 thanks to 50 years of efforts to save it.
U.S. Rep. John Dingell (D-Mich.), who wrote the Endangered Species Act, argued that “only natural extinction is part of natural order.” Scientists believe that 227 species—including the grizzly bear, the peregrine falcon and the gray wolf—were saved from extinction in the first 33 years of the law’s existence.
Still, critics argue that the act is expensive and ineffective because it protects so many species . Several federal courts have heard and rejected arguments that the Endangered Species Act is unconstitutional, and members of Congress have tried to weaken the law in small ways.
Luckily for endangered species, there are many people looking out for them. To learn what National Geographic is doing to help, visit nationalgeographic.org .
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Reasons Animals Become Endangered
Jennifer Bove is an award-winning writer and editor with a background in field biology.
- University of Missouri in Columbia
- University of Tennessee
Freder / Getty Images
- Animal Rights
- Endangered Species
When an animal species is considered endangered, it means that the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has evaluated it as nearly extinct, which means that a significant portion of its range has already died off and the rate of birth is lower than the species' death rate.
Today, more and more animal and plant species are on the verge of extinction because of a variety of major factors that cause a species to become endangered, and as you might expect, humans play a role in quite a few of them. In fact, the biggest threat to endangered animals is human encroachment on their habitats.
Fortunately, conservation efforts around the world are bent on helping these endangered animals revitalize their dwindling populations through a variety of humanitarian efforts, including curtailing illegal poaching, halting pollution, and habitat destruction, and curtailing the introduction of exotic species into new habitats.
Every living organism needs a place to live, but a habitat is not just a residence, it is also where an animal finds food, raises its young and allows the next generation to take over. Unfortunately, humans destroy animal habitats in a number of different ways: building houses, clearing forests to get lumber and plant crops, draining rivers to bring water to those crops, and paving over meadows to make streets and parking lots.
Habitat destruction is the number one reason for animal endangerment, which is why conservation groups work diligently to reverse the effects of human developments. Many non-profit groups like the Nature Conservancy clean up coastlines and establish nature preserves to prevent further harm to native environments and species around the world.
In addition to physical encroachment, human development of animals' habitats pollutes the natural landscape with petroleum products, pesticides, and other chemicals, which destroy food sources and viable shelters for the creatures and plants of that area.
As a result, some species die outright while others are pushed into areas where they can't find food and shelter. Worse yet, when one animal population suffers it affects many other species in its food web so more than one species' population is likely to decline.
Introduction of Exotic Species
An exotic species is an animal, plant, or insect that is introduced into a place where it did not evolve naturally. Exotic species often have a predatory or competitive advantage over native species, which have been a part of a particular biological environment for centuries, because even though native species are well adapted to their surroundings, they may not be able to deal with species that closely compete with them for food. Basically, native species haven't developed natural defenses for an exotic species and vice versa.
One example of endangerment due to both competition and predation is the Galápagos tortoise. Non-native goats were introduced to the Galápagos Islands during the 20th century. These goats fed on the tortoises' food supply, causing the number of tortoises to decline rapidly. Because the tortoises could not defend themselves or stop the overpopulation of goats on the island, they were forced to abandon their native feeding grounds.
Many countries have passed laws banning specific exotic species known to endanger native habitats from entering the country. Exotic species are sometimes referred to as invasive species, especially in cases of banning them. For instance, the United Kingdom has placed raccoons, mongooses, and cabbages on their invasive species list, all of which are barred from entering the country.
Illegal Hunting and Fishing
When hunters ignore rules that regulate the number of animals that should be hunted (a practice known as poaching), they can reduce populations to the point that species become endangered. Unfortunately, poachers are often hard to catch because they are deliberately trying to evade authorities, and they operate in areas where enforcement is weak.
Furthermore, poachers have developed sophisticated techniques for smuggling animals. Baby bears, leopards, and monkeys have been sedated and stuffed into suitcases for transport. Live animals have been sold to people who want exotic pets or medical research subjects. And, animal pelts and other body parts are also secretly smuggled across borders and sold through black market networks of buyers who pay high prices for illegal animal products.
Even legal hunting, fishing, and gathering of wild species can lead to population reductions that cause species to become endangered. A lack of restriction on the whaling industry in the 20th century is one example. It wasn't until several whale species were nearing extinction that countries agreed to abide by an international moratorium. Some whale species have rebounded thanks to this moratorium but others remain at risk.
International laws forbid these practices, and there are a number of government and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) whose sole purpose is to stop illegal poaching, especially of animals like elephants and rhinoceroses. Thanks to the efforts of groups like the International Anti-Poaching Foundation and local conservation groups like the PAMS Foundation in Tanzania, these endangered species have human advocates fighting to protect them from outright extinction.
Of course, species endangerment and extinction can happen without human interference. Extinction is a natural part of evolution. Fossil records show that long before people came along, factors such as overpopulation, competition, sudden climatic change, and catastrophic events like volcanic eruptions and earthquakes drove the decline of numerous species.
Determining Which Species Are at Risk
There are a few warning signs that a species could become extinct . If a species has some economic importance, such as the Atlantic salmon, it may be at risk. Surprisingly, large predators, who we might expect to have an advantage over other species, are often at risk as well. This list includes grizzly bears, bald eagles , and gray wolves .
A species whose gestational period is lengthy, or who have small numbers of offspring at each birth has the potential to become endangered more readily. The mountain gorilla and California condor are two examples. And species with weak genetic makeup, like manatees or giant pandas , have more risk of extinction with each generation.
" Losing Their Homes Because of the Growing Needs of Humans ." World Wildlife Foundation.
Marris, Emma. " Goodbye Galapagos Goats ." Nature , 2009, doi:10.1038/news.2009.61
" Adoption of the First List of Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern ." European Commission . Published July 13, 2016.
" Whales ." World Wildlife Fund .
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Animals are in Danger of Extinction IELTS Essay
Animals are in danger of extinction. Some people say that we should protect only those animals, which are useful to humans. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. You should write at least 250 words.
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Animal extinction has become a matter of great concern. I disagree with the given statement that we Animal extinction has become a matter of great concern. I disagree with the given statement that we should conserve only those animals, which are beneficial to humans. I believe that all animals have direct or indirect effect on mankind. It has been rightly said that plans to protect wildlife are in fact plans to protect man.
The most important reason for saving all animals is that they are part of our ecosystem. Every species of wildlife plays a role to maintain the balance of life on Earth. Thus, the loss of any species can affect us directly or indirectly. For example, there are many bat species that are becoming extinct. Such bats help keep the insect population in control. If these bats die then the insects will increase a lot and destroy our crops. So, we will have nothing to eat. In addition, many animals, like rodents, help in the dispersal of plant seeds and in the pollination of plants. By protecting endangered animals we ensure not only their survival but also the biodiversity that is necessary for the ecological health of the planet.
Secondly, wild animals provide many valuable substances such as medicine and fur. The horn of the rhinoceros has medicinal value and the fur of the mink is very valuable. The recreational viewing of animals at zoos is also a source of revenue. Thus, the financial value of wild species is important to the economies of many nations.
Furthermore, wild animals have aesthetic appeal. They are beautiful creatures of nature and are a part of our bio-diversity. Their beautiful and mysterious life has enchanted mankind since the dawn of evolution. Scientists have been awed, by observing their behaviour. Such study has helped scientists understand how the human body functions and why people behave as they do. Scientists have also gained medical knowledge by studying the effect of many drugs on these animals.
Finally, it is undeniable that animal species have been vanishing at a much faster rate for about a century now due to human factors such as pollution, commercial over exploitation, poaching and deforestation. Knowingly or unknowingly, we humans are doing so much damage to plants and animals that working for their conservation has become a necessity.
To sum up, it can be reiterated that saving all the animal species on the verge of extinction is well justified. All animals have direct or indirect relation to humans. So we should not work to save only those few species, which have a visible effect on humans.
IELTS Essay on Animal Extinction
These days, the number of endangered species has reached an alarming stage. While some people think that people should only protect those animals that are useful to us, I completely disagree with this idea and believe that we should try to protect all species, even if there are those who consider them useless. This essay will present arguments in support of my opinion.
To begin with, I believe that a large number of endangered animals are due to human activities. For instance, deforestation and burning forest are two major factors that have driven dozens of species to extinction. Therefore, there is nothing more just than to protect those animals that we put in such a position, regardless of whether they are useful to humans or not. Furthermore, we may think that some species are not useful nowadays, but we are not able to predict the future and that some species that we classify as unusable will be in the future.
Moreover, each animal plays an important role in the environment. In other words, each individual species is extremely important for maintaining balance in the animal kingdom. For example, the extinction of a single animal can lead to serious trouble for others. This is because every animal has a place in the animal web, with some being prey and others being predators. If one of them goes missing, the entire system could be in danger.
In conclusion, I believe that people should be concerned about the protection of all kinds of animals. Not only because they are important to the environment, but also because some of them are endangered due to human activity.
Also Check: Changing Lifestyle and Family Relationships IELTS Essay
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Short essay on Wildlife in Danger
Species have been dying out since life began. In a way extinction is a part of the ecosystem. It is impossible to determine how many species have disappeared. Scientists estimate that go percent of the species that have ever lived have vanished. The rate of extinction went up during certain times in the earth’s history. It grew very much some 65 million years ago and the dinosaurs died out completely. The rate was gone up again in modern times. Since 1600 more than 200 species of mammals, birds and other creatures have vanished from the earth.
Now men are able to change the natural environment very rapidly. Many species of animals are not able to adapt to the changed conditions. They perish. This is the problem today. Such forces of change have to control to prevent extinction of wildlife.
In the past unregulated killing of wildlife caused the extinction of species. The North Atlantic Sea-bird, the auk was mercilessly killed for fish and fish bait. By 1844 it had vanished from the earth. Killing animals for hides and meat contributed largely to the extinction the gaggua, a South African Zebra. In the last century the North American bison was almost exterminated for similar reasons. Killing for commercial and food purpose continues to threaten various cats, whales, sea-turtles and certain other creatures.
Relentless killing of animals in no longer considered as hunting. Hunting in many countries now is a regulated activity. Hunting of rare species is forbidden by law. The annual number of species to be hunted is fixed by acts. This number is replaces by fresh breeding in the following season. Slaughter is not the only cause for species vanishing from the sea earth.
The dodos once thrived on the island Mauritius. Many dodos were killed for food. Yet this was not the only threat to their survivals. The worst threat came from the rats and pigs that ate away the eggs of the dodos from their nests. The dodos built their nests on the earth. Wolves and tigers would have declined in numbers even if they had not been hunted. Many men have invaded the forests and destroyed the wilderness of the habit of wolves and tigers. Destruction of habitat is the greatest threat of wildlife. The other forms of thereat are overgrazing by live stock, population of air and water deforestation, the establishment of towns and factories.
There are many ways to find out to what extent a species is endangered. The most obvious is by numbers. There are about only six enchoparakeet living on Mauritius now. Their number has come down because of the destruction of their habitats. Poaching and deforestation has reduced the number of the Javah rhinoceros to a few dozen only. There are other ways to gudge the extent of thereat to the life of a species. The Tokyo bittering a small fresh water fish lives in the streams. There are about a thousand of them living now. The city is expanding. More and more land is needed for building purpose. Streams are being filed up with sand, stone and soil. Overcrowding has caused air and air pollution. The state of affairs has endangered the bettering.
International agreements play a major role in protecting imperiled wildlife. Many countries have agreed to prohibit trade the hides of vanishing species such as the cheetah and the snow leopard. Another international agreement attempts to regulate the hunting of whales.
Private organizations are working to protect wildlife. The world wildlife Fund and the International union for the conservation of nature and natural Resources are some such organisation. They are establishing parks and reservations. They are breeding wild animals in captivity. They are educating the public. Private groups helped the government of Peru establish a reserve in the Ades for the vicuna. Protection from poachers and maintenance of their habitat increased the number of the species. They were sent to other parts of the country. Not there are many vicunas. The vicuna wool is sold for the benefit of the local people.
People can help protect wildlife by keeping bird feeding station, confining the family dog at night and putting a bell on the cat to warn the birds of its approach. They can refuse to buy products made from rare animals. They can prevent extinction by becoming aware of events that affect wildlife. They can put pressure on the government to make and enforce sound conservation laws. They can join with others and support the organizations devoted to the preservation of nature and wildlife.
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What are Endangered Species?
Earth is home to lots of wonderful wildlife. There are over 8 million species of plants and animals that live on the planet. Sadly, many of these plants and animals are in danger of dying out. They are called endangered species. This means that there aren’t many of them left in the wild. There are different reasons why species may become endangered. Most of them have to do with humans, such as pollution, overhunting, and the destruction of the home of plants and animals. Read on for an explainer on endangered species for kids.
There are different levels of endangered species. Some are at bigger risk of dying out than others. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), a group of international scientists, keeps a list of these plants and animals. In this list, there are seven levels, and they range from Least Concern (almost no risk of dying out) to Extinct (species are gone forever). Today, there are more than 40,000 species on the list that are in danger of dying out, including tigers, dolphins, turtles, and some types of penguins. There are also many species that are already gone forever, including some types of rhinos, frogs, and dolphins.
The IUCN’s work is important because it tells us how well wildlife is doing. It tells us about the animals and plants that need our protection the most. From there, scientists can do more research on the best ways to protect them, and governments can set laws to do the same. These efforts have helped to save some animals from dying out. The best known example is the Giant Panda. When the Giant Panda became endangered in 1990, the Chinese government and scientists worked hard to save the species. They passed laws to protect the panda from hunters, and made sure to protect its habitat. Slowly, there began to be more giant pandas in the wild. In 2016 , the IUCN no longer considered the Giant Panda to be endangered, although it still needs our protection.
The story of the Giant Panda tells us that we do not have to lose hope for all endangered species. Being endangered does not mean the end for the species. They can also become less at risk if we take action. When governments, scientists, and people work together, we can help to save our wildlife.
If you like our endangered species guide for kids, check this out next: Why Are There Tuskless Elephants?
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Essay On Endangered Animals
The pros and cons of big game hunting.
In the last couple of years, the issue regarding big game hunting has received more recognition since the killing of Cecil the lion in 2015. Despite the controversy concerning the use of legal paperwork by Walter Palmer, the individual who killed the lion, the killing of the exotic animal itself caused a major spark in the ethicality of trophy hunting. “The killing of Cecil the lion in Zimbabwe in July 2015 reignited the debate over big game hunting” (Big Game). When looking at big game hunting from an ethical point of view, it is more beneficial than opposers realize. There are many controversies surrounding the dispute of the legality involving big game hunting, most educated hunters know that big game hunting actually helps, not hurts, the
Persuasive Essay: Should Trophy Hunting Be Banned?
Every year hundreds of wild, exotic animals are killed, primarily in Africa, for money, bragging rights, and even decoration. Big game trophy hunting is a booming business, but has sparked a worldwide debate, especially after the killing of Cecil the Lion. Trophy hunters claim they are helping conservation efforts, but in reality, they are harming them. This sport is damaging the overall population of a species, especially lions, rhinos, and elephants. Also, the overall revenue from big game hunting is a small amount, and only a small percent of that goes to help the community. Although some countries have banned trophy hunting, they continue to allow “canned hunting” in which animals are bred to be hunted.Big game hunting takes a turn for the worse when it becomes canned hunting, or when it can be linked to poaching. People all over the world are voicing their opinion on the sport, legal or illegal. Big game trophy hunting is an unethical game, and this sport should be banned in more countries.
The Zoos Will Survive Analysis
All over the planet, there are different types of animals, and half of the animal species are endangered. Not only that, but some species are almost extinct. But luckily there are some people that are ready to help these creatures. According to “The Stripes Will Survive” by Jacqueline Adams, “The Zoos Go Wild” from No More Dodos, by Nicholas Nirgiotis and Theodore Nirgiotis, and a video called “Behind the Scenes with the National Zoo's Lion Cubs” zoos are the ones that protect animals. All in all, the sources have different and similar ways in supporting that the zoo's role is to protect animals.
Argumentative Essay On Exotic Animals
Imagine all the trouble of owning a puppy, owning a tiger is much worse. Imagine the expenses of that tiger and the dangers and hazards of owning that tiger. Do you really think it’s a good idea to get that tiger? No, it’s not. It’s a lot of work, and it’s also extremely dangerous. Exotic animals are not good to buy and have. If you buy that cute tiger, it will eventually grow up and not be so cute as it used to be and it will also be dangerous and strong. It’s also a wild animal and it’s very unpredictable, and there are many diseases you can catch from that tiger, and there are many dangers of having that tiger that you can’t forget.
Persuasive Essay: Why Zoos Are Good For Animals
Zoos save endangered species by bringing them into a safe environment, where they are protected from poachers, habitat loss, starvation, and predators. “The Arabian Oryx was hunted to extinction in the wild. However, from just a handful of animals in captivity the species was brought back from the brink thanks the conservation efforts of Phoenix Zoo and others. Through this incredible work, there are now over 1,000 of these magnificent animals back in the wild and thousands more looked after by zoos worldwide.”(CSA, page 1)
Zoos Research Paper
The question of the necessity of zoos is extremely controversial nowadays. There are many people who advocate for replacing them with sanctuaries as they believe money spent on keeping wild animals captive might have been used for conserving them in wild. Others are concerned that zoos serve not only for people's pleasure but for preserving and keeping populations that otherwise would go extinct. There are sufficient arguments for both points of view, expressed in various articles that are dedicated to the significant topic. “Do elephants belong in zoos?” by Jeffrey P. Cohn and “Eight reasons why zoos are good for conservation” by James Borrell are the examples of such articles. The opinions expressed there are mostly similar for they state
Argumentative Essay: The Role Of Hunting In Our Society
Hunting creates a national economic impact of about $61 billion and has supported over seven-hundred billion jobs. Hunting also brings in about $1.4 billion in state tax revenues and $1.7 billion in federal income taxes. Hunting isn’t a cheap past time, in order to even attempt to get an animal you must first purchase a license every season. Hunting is well regulated between the federal and state governments in order to prevent over hunting. The problem that can come up is illegal hunting and poaching. Poaching and illegal hunting can cause an off set in the ecosystem by overhunting animals. When one animal population decline drastically, other organisms are affected too. The decline in native predators is the main cause for overpopulation of animals like deer. Deer overpopulation has led to rapid decrease vegetation life causing other animals to be put at risk. Removing predators from the food web disrupts the entire balance of an
Benefits Of Hunting Essay
If the world today gave up hunting, wildlife would become non existent and animals would struggle to thrive due to disease and overpopulation. Outdoorsmen also gain plentiful amount of experience while hunting. They gain relationships, knowledge of the outdoors, and they maintain an old tradition and keep it alive and thriving. In the future hunting may become an even more pressing and controversial subject; however, we must do everything in our power to keep hunting alive. Hunting has a deeper meaning to some people and to take that away from them is in some ways inhumane. In addition, the detrimental wildlife issues that would emerge if hunting were no longer an option to keep animal populations under control would increase significantly. The idea of keeping hunting alive is crucial to keep our wildlife safe. Hunting may not apply to all people in the world, but it has to be done. In today’s world there is no other possible way to manage our wildlife in such an effective manner as we do it now. What people need to realize and accept is the fact that hunting does not harm the animals as severely as leaving them to overpopulate does. There would be more problems that would present themselves in the future if nothing was done to prevent them now. Henceforth hunting should be acknowledged as a benevolent act that conserves wildlife, promotes personal growth for people who hunt, and maintains
Persuasive Speech On Endangered Animals
Have you ever thought about which animals are near extinction or endangerment ? Have you looked them up? How many are left? Which ones have been removed? Do you know why they are going endangered? Have you heard what a dodo is? Well yeah it’s extinct. Do you know why? Do you know why it’s important to save an endangered animal?
Persuasive Essay Zoos
Zoos may be very necessary for endangered species. But, there are different ways how to save and continue endangered species, and every zoo have had choice how they do it. Some zoos are breeding endangered species trying to continue the species, but that is not right, because it leads to very complicated health issues. For example white tiger who are very rare animal, breeding requirements are that all white tigers parents must be white tigers too, to get only white tiger, and so are zoos breeding white tigers fathers with their daughters and mothers with their sons. But some zoos again are preserving and studying endangered species in captivity to save endangered species in the wild. For example the San Diego Zoo researchers are working to preserve living cell samples from animals. Hoping that one day they will have the technology to turn cells into full animals, which could allow scientists to restore endangered species. So zoos have had the choice how to save endangered species, ones what are quicker or ones what are not possible to do right now.
Pros And Cons Of Zoos
One of the advantages of having zoos, is to provide protection to some animals that are endangered. Animals such as the Tiger, Pandas and African Chimpanzees are kept inside zoos in order to preserve their species and prevent them from going extinct. They are well protected from their predators which allows them to breed and, hopefully, repopulate their species in order to keep their species alive. One of the examples is that zoos implemented International Breeding Programs in order to help these endangered species breed. As the numbers of that
National Wildlife Federation Essay
National Wildlife Federation is a wildlife organization founded by Ding Darling. The Wildlife Federation works to protect the ecosystem that is crucial to the native wildlife. The National Wildlife Federation took part in the passing of clean water act, clean air act, and endangered species act. In 2007 the water resources development act was successfully passed thanks to the help of the Wildlife Federation.
Write An Argumentative Essay About Zoos
People say that zoos are important for education and are a great way for people to learn about exotic animals (Agnew n.p). Researchers cannot learn as much when animals are captive, you can learn just as much or even more while they are in their natural habitat. While some believe that zoos are important for education, they also believe that zoos are necessary for the survival of species (Zoos n.p). Most zoos claim that they take in extinct and needy animals, most animals at zoos aren’t orphaned, extinct, or injured at all (Zoos n.p). Lastly, one big claim is that zoos help conservation of animals (Borrel n.p). If zoos were really concerned, they would try to conserve animals in their natural habitat, “the only way to realistically stop extinction is to preserve the world’s habitat and ecosystems,” (Zoos n.p). While zoos may help a bit, there are better ways to help and learn from
Zoos Should Be Abolished Essay
Zoos are an unsuitable environment for wild animals and should be abolished. A zoo cannot provide the perfect environment for every type of animal. Also, one of the biggest reasons zoos exist is not for helping animals in danger, but in fact breeding them for human enjoyment.Starting thousands of years ago, zoos attracted large crowds around the world. Because of that, everyone today has seen, been to, or heard of a zoo at least once in their lifetime. From the article Why Do European Zoos kill healthy zoo animals, it says “between 3,000 and 5,000 health zoo animals are killed in Europe every year”. Zoos generally regard the animals they keep as a product to be kept until sold. They’re regularly take away animals from their family group to
Essay On Stray Animals
Strays are not a random occurrence but a symptom of a bigger problem caused by the following:
More about Essay On Endangered Animals
- Animal testing
- Animal rights
- The Animals
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Guide to Writing
Essay on Animals
Animals are the most precious living beings that God has given us. They have occupied this earth as long as humans have. There are different species in animals, firstly there are mammals which includes lion, cow, bears, etc., second there are reptiles which lay eggs and they are lizards, snakes, crocodiles and turtles, third there are amphibians that have thin skin through which they breath, they reside within land and water and they include toads, frogs, salamanders, etc. fourth we have birds and lastly insects which are really small.
Formerly animals such as horses, donkeys and camels were used for the transportation purpose, dogs for protection and some other animals as their companions also known as pets, dogs have been great companions and help to handicaps and old people.
Animals are the creatures of God and has been made to help human’s environment. They provide humans with food and soil with nutrition’s, they are main source to provide us with meat, dairy and poultry. Moreover, some animals are made to help control the animal population for example, the tiger who is considered as the king of the jungle.
People are cutting down the trees from the forests to expand the buildings and factories making animals lose their home and making them extinct. There are people who cages them and keeps them away from their families making them feel depressed and lonely which affects their well-being. Water species are also being harmed by water pollution and industrial wastes that endangers the life of water animals.
Hunters also tortures the animals and then kills them for the fashion products such as fur and leather. Furthermore, animals are also used as drug or product testing in research laboratories. Animal lives are sacrificed to protect the humans from any future drugs that may be harmful for them. Animals are also used in circuses and are trained to show different tricks to entertain themselves and earn money from them which is pure animal cruelty.
Earth not only belongs to the humans, animals have as much right to live on this land as humans. Therefore, we need to protect the animals from this world’s cruelty. Organizations of PETA and WWF spread awareness and work to protect the animals. Animals are also kept as detection dogs in police forces which is considered as an honor to the animals. Animals are used for joyous rides from horses, camels and elephants by children. On the 3 rd of march every year, people celebrate the World Wildlife Day to spread the awareness that the animals are in danger and needs to be protected.
Animals are more reliable friends than human can ever be, dogs, cats or monkeys will never betray us as they are loyal and faithful to their companions. Animals play a very important role in our lives, humans and earth needs the animals more than animals need humans, human race depends on animals lives otherwise they cannot survive. Thus, it is our duty to protect the animals from any type of cruelty.
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Home — Essay Samples — Environment — Human Impact — Endangered Species
Essays on Endangered Species
The importance of the conservation of endangered species, circle of life: why should we protect endangered species, endangered species: the african elephant, endangered species: the factors and the ways to prevent, loss of habitat as one of the main factors of the increase in endangered species, endangered animals: the causes and how to protect, endangered species in vietnam: south china tiger and asian elephant, funding and support for people responsible for protecting endangered species, endangered animals and the acts to protect them, keystone species and the importance of raising endangered species awareness, de-extinction can help to protect endangered species, protection of endangered species can help us to survive, the way zoos helps to protect endangered species, ways of protection endangered species, sharks demand protection just like endangered species, the reasons why the koala species is endangered, the issue of philippine eagle endangerment, the issue of conserving endangered animals in the jungles of southeast asia, a report on the endangered species act: the formulation of a policy from inception to implementation, primates research project: the bushmeat crisis, the negative impact of the food culture on the environment and jani actman article that fish on your dinner plate may be an endangered species, nesting and population ecology of western chimpanzee in bia conservation area, human impact on red panda populations , the impact of climate change on the antarctic region, the ethics of bengal tigers, poaching and the illegal trade, the issue of poaching and the urgent need to stop it, feeling stressed about your essay.
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An endangered species is a species that is very likely to become extinct in the near future, either worldwide or in a particular political jurisdiction.
Endangered species may be at risk due to factors such as habitat loss, poaching and invasive species.
Giant panda, tiger, whoopng crane, blue whale, asian elephant, sea otter, snow leopard, gorilla, tasmanian devil, orangutan, etc.
As many as 30 to 50 percent of all species are possibly heading toward extinction by mid-century. 99% of currently threatened species are at risk from human activities. More than 20% of mammals are nearly extinct. Animals are going extinct between 1000 to 10,000 times faster than the natural rate. More than 125,000 animals get hunted as trophies every year.
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How to Protect Endangered Animal
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Animal Extinction Essay – Animals Are On The Verge Of Extinction
The model answer for Animal Extinction Essay.
Write about the following topic:
More and more wild animals are on the verge of extinction and others are on the endangered list. What are the reasons for this? What can be done to solve this problem?
Complete the topic within 20 minutes. Write a 200-300 word essay.
Animal Extinction Essay
[Submitted by Nirav]
It is ironic that even though wild animals are way stronger than humans, they are facing a dark void of extinction due to human activities. Wild Animals are one of the most important elements in preserving a nation’s natural environment. However, human greed and interference through poaching have caused a worldwide risk in the existence of wild animals.
Wild animals like tigers and elephants, generally known for their toughness, have evolved with features like thick fur, strong teeth, and bones for their survival. However, it is quite surprising that people are taking advantage of these features by killing them and selling their body parts in the market to earn money. This has unknowingly led to a decrease in their reproduction and hence put them on the endangered list. If proper steps are not taken to preserve the wild animals, very soon they will face the risk of extinction.
Citizens of every nation and the government representing them should come together and take steps in reducing these killings by creating a safe atmosphere for the wild animals where they can strive and reproduce. Various measures like building sanctuaries, strict action against poaching and wildlife activism have already been taken up which has resulted in an increase in the population of wild animals.
It is quite imperative that wild animals need to be protected against extinction since they not only add to the natural environment but they are an important part of the ecosystem. In the end, it is up to the humans whether to co-habit the environment with other wild animals or face a bleak future of restricted species of the animal kingdom.
Do You Know:
There are over 100 essay topics that get repeated in PTE Academic Exam. I have compiled the list of most latest and repeated essays. Here is the link – PTE Essay
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Model Answer 2:
In recent times, mankind has been confronted with one of the most serious issues of our modern life – endangerment of animals. Animals constitute an important part of our ecosystem. Without them, the cycle would disrupt and could result in life-threatening situations for all.
The increase in urbanization and industrialization has consequently increased the demands of the population. Coupled with a massive population boom, it is becoming necessary to clear off new lands to build housing projects, metros, shopping complexes, schools, and hospitals. Such immense pressure on resources to provide for everyone requires new industries and luxuries which are too, obtained at the behest of our ecosystem.
When forests are cleared off, animals lose their habitat which in turn threatens their survival. Hunting and poaching are also one of the main causes behind the endangerment of animals. Various body parts of animals are used for commercial purposes. Hence, to satisfy these demands, hunting animals is common in the wildlife area.
Despite the setbacks, there are several steps that can be taken both at a governmental and societal level to establish a safe habitat and prevent animal endangerment. Firstly , the government of a state should keep a strict watch over-hunting and poaching activities. Also, development should be made in balance with nature. Reckless exploitation of the environment for making houses or industries would harm us more than benefit. Lastly , there are many steps we can undertake as an individual. We should boycott products made out of animal body parts and do our bit to sustain a balanced ecosystem.
In conclusion, people should always remember that man is a part of nature, not its master.
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This assay is really awesome and well written even in simple words and easily understood….
Thsnks alot !
The verge of extinction making every efforts fruitless. Also, another set of animals firstly reaching Red book, in other words endanger list. In this essay the writer will discuss root causes of the issues and sustainable solutions in details
It is known fact that extinction of animal not new thing, that had been happing over the millions of time due to various reasons. Some of examples are environmental problems, change genetics over the course of time, increase of predators can be given. But due to human activities impact on animal extinctions more deeply, for an instance, deforestation in rain forest completed wipe out some of species from earth. Also, Excessive hunting activates in Arctic Ocean led to record polar bears as endanger animal in red book. In Africa, killing animals for tusks and various body parts another reason excitation of some animals, especially North African white rhinos.
Although, our plant reaching to a unlivable place due to pollutions and destructions of environment, as humans we have much more responsibility protect animals at higher cost… moreover, to keep the balance of natural environment,, governments and civil society must be more initiatives Solve this problem, upmost solution is educate people who are closely live in places where animal reaching Extinction or risk of being ad to Redbook. Secondly, enforce tight laws and penalties who are doing illegal trade of killed animals or products made by killed animals. Thirdly, Use biological technologies to increase reproduction of endanger animals and Verge of Extinction animals. These are some of long term solutions,
In conclusion, safe guard life’s of endanger and near extinction animal are responsibility of every human and it must apply collective efforts to find long lasting solution as if balance of nature fail it will more worst impact on human life.
19’48” – 218 words Although called wild animals, many of those species are fragile and in danger of extinction. There is an increasing list of animals that are close to disappear and will never be seen apart of the pictures whether nothing is done.
The reasons that led to this dramatic situation are innumerous, such as poaching, shrinking of forests and wild areas and lack of government interests.
Firstly, actions to ban poachers from the wild regions where those species live in should be taken as well as punishment for those who break the law should be applied severely. Secondly, forests must be preserved as much as possible and urbanized areas should not overpass boundaries of protected environments. In countries where there is a well planned urban growth those places are monitored and separated from each other. And last but not least, the governments should be more responsible about the nature in their country not only updating their laws and preserved areas, but also monitoring and investing money in research organizations that look for solutions to avoid the extinction of species.
To summarize, I believe that it is possible to revert the situation; however, there will be work for everyone in the society and it has to be started on the conscious of those who act against the nature and the laws.
The wild animals are a vital part of natural beauty of this universe. It shows the artistic mind of the creator that how many types of living exist in this world. A lot of such unique animals are on danger list and so many already vanished from this earth. This piece of work will elaborate that why these rare animals are in great danger and what are the main reasons of their extinction from this world and how we can tackle this problem.
The human being love to eat meat because it is their nature and to fulfill this desire they start hunting from their early stone age which are still a very lovable hobby. The extinction of so many rare animals like ostrich is one of major example in this concern. We need to develop international hunting rules to deal with this problem.
The forest are the main living source of wild animals and day by day the number of forest decreased sharply due to cut down of trees for human use. The population of world increasing very rapidly and people use wood to build their houses. This is the main reason of reduction of forest and a great danger for wild life. The international society start taking steps and they introduced the synthetic wood to handle this problem.
This essay discussed about hunting and deforestation that are the main reason of extinction of so many wild animals. In my opinion, to save such unique species it is essential to established international rules that must apply in every part of the world.
Dear Author, please review and comment on the below essay.
1)More and more wild animals are on the verge of extinction and others are on the endangered list. What are the reasons for this? What can be done to solve this problem?
Now-a-day, human kind has been confronted to the most vicious menace of endangerment of animal life. Animals contribute to our ecosystem and without having them may disrupt the cycle of ecosystem.
There are several reasons of extinction of animals, the foremost one is urbanization and industrialization. Due to increase in population, there has been increase in need of housing and other facilities and to fulfill these demands, people are tending to build buildings and factories on the forest lands destroying forests. This results in loosing habitats of animals and causing their life in danger. In addition to this, hunting and poaching is also one of the causes that induce animals extinction. In modern life, this has become a hobby of people to kill animals for their pleasure and to meet their hunger. Moreover, animal’s skin is used for commercial purpose by killing them. Most of the products are made from their skin and used for the luxury purpose.
To eradicate this vicious problem, I would like to put emphasis on some suggestions. Firstly, individuals and government should be amenable to solve this deadlock jointly. Government should ban the products made from animal skin and should not coax manufacturers to manufacture such products. Individuals should considerate animals as equal to human beings and should understand the importance of their life. Secondly, implementation of strict laws by government for hunting animals can be one of the solutions to save their life. Lastly, a balanced focus on nature and fulfilling needs aroused from urbanization, will prevent the excessive use of lands.
In a nutshell, I would like to conclude that no matter to what extent world become modern, we should never forget our values and morals and always understand the importance of others lives.
They asked about that there are lot of problems that requires funding as well as research. But some people says that funding can solve those problems while other says that research is also that much important as funding. So to what extent do you agree with this statement?
Thank you Rajwinder. I am working on it just about to finish.
Thankyou author. I’ll wait for your answer.
Actually author, even i exactly don’t understand the meaning of this essay. But i am sure that it was exactly the same essay topic which i have to answer. So, what i understand, its not specifically mentioned any single problem, its you have to write the importance to funding as well as research in solving the current problems facing world. In my opinion, problems such as global warming and pollution, to find more efficient measures more research is required. On the other hand, in case of funding, problems like poverty and illiteracy grants by government, scholarships by schools for students who excel in their studies but belong to poor families can help them in their long-term education. I answered in exam in this way, but i’m not sure that i was on right track or not. So, author according to you, whatever you understand about this essay please provide me the answer to this question. I’m good in writing but on that day i lost with my ideas that how to answer such kind of essay. Thankyou. Waiting for your reply
Ok, let me see. Give me 1-2 days
Hello author, actually i have got a essay in my exam at Pearson on 4th of august. The essay was about Current facing problems desires funding and research. To what extent do agree and disagree? So, i tried to search this topic through many resources but i didn’t get any satisfactory answer. So, if you can help to provide the answer for such kind of essay, it will be great help for me author. I’ll be waiting for your answer.
Thanks for sharing. But I not able to understand the essay question “Current facing problems desires funding and research. ”
Instead of re phrasing the question, can you tell me in simple words what they aksed in question
Hay very good morning
Dear can u provide me your hand wriitin eassy as i m going to appear in next mnth…. 9988008788 [email protected]
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Modern Zoos Are Not Worth the Moral Cost
Credit... Photographs by Peter Fisher for The New York Times
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By Emma Marris
Ms. Marris is an environmental writer and the author of the forthcoming book “Wild Souls: Freedom and Flourishing in the Non-Human World.”
- June 11, 2021
After being captives of the pandemic for more than a year, we have begun experiencing the pleasures of simple outings: dining al fresco, shopping with a friend, taking a stroll through the zoo. As we snap a selfie by the sea lions for the first time in so long, it seems worth asking, after our collective ordeal, whether our pleasure in seeing wild animals up close is worth the price of their captivity.
Throughout history, men have accumulated large and fierce animals to advertise their might and prestige. Power-mad men from Henry III to Saddam Hussein’s son Uday to the drug kingpin Pablo Escobar to Charlemagne all tried to underscore their strength by keeping terrifying beasts captive. William Randolph Hearst created his own private zoo with lions, tigers, leopards and more at Hearst Castle. It is these boastful collections of animals, these autocratic menageries, from which the modern zoo, with its didactic plaques and $15 hot dogs, springs.
The forerunners of the modern zoo, open to the public and grounded in science, took shape in the 19th century. Public zoos sprang up across Europe, many modeled on the London Zoo in Regent’s Park. Ostensibly places for genteel amusement and edification, zoos expanded beyond big and fearsome animals to include reptile houses, aviaries and insectariums. Living collections were often presented in taxonomic order, with various species of the same family grouped together, for comparative study.
The first zoos housed animals behind metal bars in spartan cages. But relatively early in their evolution, a German exotic animal importer named Carl Hagenbeck changed the way wild animals were exhibited. In his Animal Park, which opened in 1907 in Hamburg, he designed cages that didn’t look like cages, using moats and artfully arranged rock walls to invisibly pen animals. By designing these enclosures so that many animals could be seen at once, without any bars or walls in the visitors’ lines of sight, he created an immersive panorama, in which the fact of captivity was supplanted by the illusion of being in nature.
Mr. Hagenbeck’s model was widely influential. Increasingly, animals were presented with the distasteful fact of their imprisonment visually elided. Zoos shifted just slightly from overt demonstrations of mastery over beasts to a narrative of benevolent protection of individual animals. From there, it was an easy leap to protecting animal species.
The “educational day out” model of zoos endured until the late 20th century, when zoos began actively rebranding themselves as serious contributors to conservation. Zoo animals, this new narrative went, function as backup populations for wild animals under threat, as well as “ambassadors” for their species, teaching humans and motivating them to care about wildlife. This conservation focus “ must be a key component ” for institutions that want to be accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, a nonprofit organization that sets standards and policies for facilities in the United States and 12 other countries.
This is the image of the zoo I grew up with: the unambiguously good civic institution that lovingly cared for animals both on its grounds and, somehow, vaguely, in their wild habitats. A few zoos are famous for their conservation work. Four of the zoos and the aquarium in New York City, for instance, are managed by the Wildlife Conservation Society, which is involved in conservation efforts around the world. But this is not the norm.
While researching my book on the ethics of human interactions with wild species, “Wild Souls,” I examined how, exactly, zoos contribute to the conservation of wild animals.
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A.Z.A. facilities report spending approximately $231 million annually on conservation projects. For comparison, in 2018, they spent $4.9 billion on operations and construction. I find one statistic particularly telling about their priorities: A 2018 analysis of the scientific papers produced by association members between 1993 and 2013 showed that just about 7 percent of them annually were classified as being about “biodiversity conservation.”
Zoos accredited by the A.Z.A. or the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria have studbooks and genetic pedigrees and carefully breed their animals as if they might be called upon at any moment to release them, like Noah throwing open the doors to the ark, into a waiting wild habitat. But that day of release never quite seems to come.
There are a few exceptions. The Arabian oryx, an antelope native to the Arabian Peninsula, went extinct in the wild in the 1970s and then was reintroduced into the wild from zoo populations. The California condor breeding program, which almost certainly saved the species from extinction, includes five zoos as active partners. Black-footed ferrets and red wolves in the United States and golden lion tamarins in Brazil — all endangered, as well — have been bred at zoos for reintroduction into the wild. An estimated 20 red wolves are all that remain in the wild.
The A.Z.A. says that its members host “more than 50 reintroduction programs for species listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act.” Nevertheless, a vast majority of zoo animals (there are 800,000 animals of 6,000 species in the A.Z.A.’s zoos alone ) will spend their whole lives in captivity, either dying of old age after a lifetime of display or by being culled as “surplus.”
The practice of killing “surplus” animals is kept quiet by zoos, but it happens, especially in Europe. In 2014, the director of the E.A.Z.A. at the time estimated that between 3,000 and 5,000 animals are euthanized in European zoos each year. (The culling of mammals specifically in E.A.Z.A. zoos is “usually not more than 200 animals per year,” the organization said.) Early in the pandemic, the Neumünster Zoo in northern Germany coolly announced an emergency plan to cope with lost revenue by feeding some animals to other animals, compressing the food chain at the zoo like an accordion, until in the worst-case scenario, only Vitus, a polar bear, would be left standing. The A.Z.A.’s policies allow for the euthanasia of animals, but the president of the association, Dan Ashe, told me, “it’s very rarely employed” by his member institutions.
Mr. Ashe, a former director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, suggested that learning how to breed animals contributes to conservation in the long term, even if very few animals are being released now. A day may come, he said, when we need to breed elephants or tigers or polar bears in captivity to save them from extinction. “If you don’t have people that know how to care for them, know how to breed them successfully, know how to keep them in environments where their social and psychological needs can be met, then you won’t be able to do that,” he said.
The other argument zoos commonly make is that they educate the public about animals and develop in people a conservation ethic. Having seen a majestic leopard in the zoo, the visitor becomes more willing to pay for its conservation or vote for policies that will preserve it in the wild. What Mr. Ashe wants visitors to experience when they look at the animals is a “sense of empathy for the individual animal, as well as the wild populations of that animal.”
I do not doubt that some people had their passion for a particular species, or wildlife in general, sparked by zoo experiences. I’ve heard and read some of their stories. I once overheard two schoolchildren at the Smithsonian’s National Zoo in Washington confess to each other that they had assumed that elephants were mythical animals like unicorns before seeing them in the flesh. I remember well the awe and joy on their faces, 15 years later. I’d like to think these kids, now in their early 20s, are working for a conservation organization somewhere. But there’s no unambiguous evidence that zoos are making visitors care more about conservation or take any action to support it. After all, more than 700 million people visit zoos and aquariums worldwide every year, and biodiversity is still in decline.
In a 2011 study , researchers quizzed visitors at the Cleveland, Bronx, Prospect Park and Central Park zoos about their level of environmental concern and what they thought about the animals. Those who reported “a sense of connection to the animals at the zoo” also correlated positively with general environmental concern. On the other hand, the researchers reported, “there were no significant differences in survey responses before entering an exhibit compared with those obtained as visitors were exiting.”
A 2008 study of 206 zoo visitors by some members of the same team showed that while 42 percent said that the “main purpose” of the zoo was “to teach visitors about animals and conservation,” 66 percent said that their primary reason for going was “to have an outing with friends or family,” and just 12 percent said their intention was “to learn about animals.”
The researchers also spied on hundreds of visitors’ conversations at the Bronx Zoo, the Brookfield Zoo outside Chicago and the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo. They found that only 27 percent of people bothered to read the signs at exhibits. More than 6,000 comments made by the visitors were recorded, nearly half of which were “purely descriptive statements that asserted a fact about the exhibit or the animal.” The researchers wrote , “In all the statements collected, no one volunteered information that would lead us to believe that they had an intention to advocate for protection of the animal or an intention to change their own behavior.”
People don’t go to zoos to learn about the biodiversity crisis or how they can help. They go to get out of the house, to get their children some fresh air, to see interesting animals. They go for the same reason people went to zoos in the 19th century: to be entertained.
A fine day out with the family might itself be justification enough for the existence of zoos if the zoo animals are all happy to be there. Alas, there’s plenty of heartbreaking evidence that many are not.
In many modern zoos, animals are well cared for, healthy and probably, for many species, content. Zookeepers are not mustache-twirling villains. They are kind people, bonded to their charges and immersed in the culture of the zoo, in which they are the good guys.
But many animals clearly show us that they do not enjoy captivity. When confined they rock, pull their hair and engage in other tics. Captive tigers pace back and forth, and in a 2014 study, researchers found that “the time devoted to pacing by a species in captivity is best predicted by the daily distances traveled in nature by the wild specimens.” It is almost as if they feel driven to patrol their territory, to hunt, to move, to walk a certain number of steps, as if they have a Fitbit in their brains.
The researchers divided the odd behaviors of captive animals into two categories: “impulsive/compulsive behaviors,” including coprophagy (eating feces), regurgitation, self-biting and mutilation, exaggerated aggressiveness and infanticide, and “stereotypies,” which are endlessly repeated movements. Elephants bob their heads over and over. Chimps pull out their own hair. Giraffes endlessly flick their tongues. Bears and cats pace. Some studies have shown that as many as 80 percent of zoo carnivores, 64 percent of zoo chimps and 85 percent of zoo elephants have displayed compulsive behaviors or stereotypies.
Elephants are particularly unhappy in zoos, given their great size, social nature and cognitive complexity. Many suffer from arthritis and other joint problems from standing on hard surfaces; elephants kept alone become desperately lonely; and all zoo elephants suffer mentally from being cooped up in tiny yards while their free-ranging cousins walk up to 50 miles a day. Zoo elephants tend to die young. At least 20 zoos in the United States have already ended their elephant exhibits in part because of ethical concerns about keeping the species captive.
Many zoos use Prozac and other psychoactive drugs on at least some of their animals to deal with the mental effects of captivity. The Los Angeles Zoo has used Celexa, an antidepressant, to control aggression in one of its chimps. Gus, a polar bear at the Central Park Zoo, was given Prozac as part of an attempt to stop him from swimming endless figure-eight laps in his tiny pool. The Toledo Zoo has dosed zebras and wildebeest with the antipsychotic haloperidol to keep them calm and has put an orangutan on Prozac. When a female gorilla named Johari kept fighting off the male she was placed with, the zoo dosed her with Prozac until she allowed him to mate with her. A 2000 survey of U.S. and Canadian zoos found that nearly half of respondents were giving their gorillas Haldol, Valium or another psychopharmaceutical drug.
Some zoo animals try to escape. Jason Hribal’s 2010 book, “Fear of the Animal Planet,” chronicles dozens of attempts. Elephants figure prominently in his book, in part because they are so big that when they escape it generally makes the news.
Mr. Hribal documented many stories of elephants making a run for it — in one case repairing to a nearby woods with a pond for a mud bath. He also found many examples of zoo elephants hurting or killing their keepers and evidence that zoos routinely downplayed or even lied about those incidents.
Elephants aren’t the only species that try to flee a zoo life. Tatiana the tiger, kept in the San Francisco Zoo, snapped one day in 2007 after three teenage boys had been taunting her. She somehow got over the 12-foot wall surrounding her 1,000-square-foot enclosure and attacked one of the teenagers, killing him. The others ran, and she pursued them, ignoring all other humans in her path. When she caught up with the boys at the cafe, she mauled them before she was shot to death by the police. Investigators found sticks and pine cones inside the exhibit, most likely thrown by the boys.
Apes are excellent at escaping. Little Joe, a gorilla, escaped from the Franklin Park Zoo in Boston twice in 2003. At the Los Angeles Zoo, a gorilla named Evelyn escaped seven times in 20 years. Apes are known for picking locks and keeping a beady eye on their captors, waiting for the day someone forgets to lock the door. An orangutan at the Omaha Zoo kept wire for lock-picking hidden in his mouth. A gorilla named Togo at the Toledo Zoo used his incredible strength to bend the bars of his cage. When the zoo replaced the bars with thick glass, he started methodically removing the putty holding it in. In the 1980s, a group of orangutans escaped several times at the San Diego Zoo. In one escape, they worked together: One held a mop handle steady while her sister climbed it to freedom. Another time, one of the orangutans, Kumang, learned how to use sticks to ground the current in the electrical wire around her enclosure. She could then climb the wire without being shocked. It is impossible to read these stories without concluding that these animals wanted out .
“I don’t see any problem with holding animals for display,” Mr. Ashe told me. “People assume that because an animal can move great distances that they would choose to do that.” If they have everything they need nearby, he argued, they would be happy with smaller territories. And it is true that the territory size of an animal like a wolf depends greatly on the density of resources and other wolves. But then there’s the pacing, the rocking. I pointed out that we can’t ask animals whether they are happy with their enclosure size. “That’s true,” he said. “There is always that element of choice that gets removed from them in a captive environment. That’s undeniable.” His justification was philosophical. In the end, he said, “we live with our own constraints.” He added, “We are all captive in some regards to social and ethical and religious and other constraints on our life and our activities.”
What if zoos stopped breeding all their animals, with the possible exception of any endangered species with a real chance of being released back into the wild? What if they sent all the animals that need really large areas or lots of freedom and socialization to refuges? With their apes, elephants, big cats, and other large and smart species gone, they could expand enclosures for the rest of the animals, concentrating on keeping them lavishly happy until their natural deaths. Eventually, the only animals on display would be a few ancient holdovers from the old menageries, animals in active conservation breeding programs and perhaps a few rescues.
Such zoos might even be merged with sanctuaries, places that take wild animals that because of injury or a lifetime of captivity cannot live in the wild. Existing refuges often do allow visitors, but their facilities are really arranged for the animals, not for the people. These refuge-zoos could become places where animals live. Display would be incidental.
Such a transformation might free up some space. What could these zoos do with it, besides enlarging enclosures? As an avid fan of botanical gardens, I humbly suggest that as the captive animals retire and die off without being replaced, these biodiversity-worshiping institutions devote more and more space to the wonderful world of plants. Properly curated and interpreted, a well-run garden can be a site for a rewarding “outing with friends or family,” a source of education for the 27 percent of people who read signs and a point of civic pride.
I’ve spent many memorable days in botanical gardens, completely swept away by the beauty of the design as well as the unending wonder of evolution — and there’s no uneasiness or guilt. When there’s a surplus, you can just have a plant sale.
Emma Marris is an environmental writer and the author of the forthcoming book “Wild Souls: Freedom and Flourishing in the Non-Human World.”
Photographs by Peter Fisher. Mr. Fisher is a photographer based in New York.
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Last Updated 03 Aug 2020
Animals in Captivity
The zoo is packed with children, running everywhere. They laugh and smile as they watch the animals at the zoo sleep. What these children do not realize is that these animals are dying on the inside. Animals that live at the zoo are extremely depressed. These animals can suffer severe psychological disorders from being out of their natural environment. But others argue that keeping these animals in captivity will help keep endangered species alive. However, the disadvantages of keeping animals in captivity are becoming more and more serious, and more people are beginning to believe that animals should not be held captive.
Animals should not be kept in captivity because of the negative impact it can have on their life. On Christmas Day, in the year 2007 a tiger broke out of its enclosure at the San Francisco Zoo. Once out of its cage, the tiger attacked 3 people, severely injuring two people, and killing one. Unfortunately, this was not the first time that this tiger had shown aggression towards people. A year before this incident, this tiger had injured a zoo keeper during a public feeding (Roberts, 2008).
In captivity animals are isolated from their natural habitat, and are provided with very little physical and mental stimulation. According to the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), facilities with potential dangerous animals, must have appropriate safety procedures in order to prevent attacks by these animals. Sadly, these procedures were not followed at the San Francisco Zoo (Roberts, 2008). Another incident like this occurred with a killer whale and its trainer. Dawn Brancheau was drug to the bottom of her killer whale’s tank at Sea World in Orlando, Florida.
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Although these whales are called, “killers” there is no record of them killing human beings in the wild. According to the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, attacks by killer whales in captivity happens more than you think (McCarthy, 2010). Why do these animals attack in captivity and not in the wild? The answer to this question is believed to be linked to captivity related stress. In the wild, these animals are very social, living with 10 to 20 other whales. Placing these animals in captivity alters their behavior, and leads these animals to have unpredictable anger.
Because of this animal welfare campaigners believe that killer whales should not be placed into captivity, but you can not just place the animals that were so easily caught into the wild again (McCarthy, 2010). People argue that keeping these kinds of animals in captivity provides the world with numerous educational benefits, but accidents like this are happening more and more. These incidents make a person wonder if these animals were never to be placed into captivity, would these tragedies have happened. Animals should not be kept in captivity because it has been proved to have a negative impact on their lives.
Generally, animals that live in zoos suffer from poor well-being. Although, these animals receive veterinary care that they normally would not receive in the wild, they can suffer from severe stress. Evidence has been found that psychological needs of these animals are not being met. Not only do these animals suffer mentally, but they also suffer physically too. After being placed in captivity, some animals can become susceptible to opportunistic infections such as jaw abscesses (Mason, 2009). Also the giraffe has a short lifep in captivity then it would normally have in the wild.
The reasoning behind this is that they have low energy intake in the wild and poor nutritional status (Mason, 2009). Many animals that live in captivity do not seem the flourish in the same way that they would in the wild. Many animals that live in captivity do not get the kind of exercise that their bodies need, especially elephants (Smith, 2008). Being locked up in a facility might be helping these animals avoid poachers, but the lack of exercise is causing cardiovascular disease. Elephants that live in captivity do not live nearly as long as they would in the wild. 7 elephants were examined at a British zoo, and only 11 of them were able to walk correctly. It is said that advancements are being made to improve elephant environments in captivity, but numerous zoos have shut down their elephant attractions (Smith, 2008). Many people are attracted to keeping wild animals as pets. They believe the wild animals to be interesting and exciting. At a young age, the animals may seem easier to tame, but the older these animals get, the more aggressive they tend to become. Many problems can develop from keeping a wild animal as a pet.
Wild animals have specific needs that have to be met, in order for them to prosper. “Only the most exceptional zoos and wildlife centers provide a living area that somewhat resembles the natural habitat of these animals, but it is virtually impossible to provide sufficient space for larger species”(CFHS). In captivity animals do not lose their wild instincts. They can be extremely unpredictable, and if provoked they can cause severe harm to people. Some wild animals, such as reptiles and hedgehogs can actually carry bacteria called salmonella, which is very easily transmitted to humans.
Exotic animals can be very social, and need to have a companion of the same species living with them. If the animal is kept isolated from its kind, then it can suffer psychologically (CFHS). Many wild animals that are kept as pets often get abandoned because the owner was not able to meet of its needs. Others try to place the animal back into its natural habitat, but after being in captivity for many years, the animal is not able to re-adapt to this environment. When these animals are abandoned, it is difficult to find a new home for them.
Sadly, most of these animals end up being humanely euthanized, or die from stress of being moved from one environment to another (CFHS). There are strict guidelines for some animals such as penguins that live in captivity. In some areas of the world, it is actually illegal to hold these animals captive. Due to some of the elements that penguins are exposed to in captivity, some can become very ill, or even die (Penguin Facts, 2009). Although, a lot of these facilities are cleaned regularly, the illnesses can spread extremely fast to members of the penguin colony without warning.
If the illness continues to spread throughout the colony then the penguins are all at risk of becoming ill, or even possibly dying (Penguin Facts, 2009). When new members are added to a colony, penguin may feel the urge to migrate, which is an instinct they must ignore in captivity(Penguin Facts, 2009). In zoos, it is commonly seen that two males or two females will have a relationship, but in the wild this is not seen (Penguin Facts, 2009). Another animal that does not do well in captivity is the monkey.
Behind bars these animals are well fed and safe, but they will never be able to socialize with other types of monkeys like they normally would be able to in the wild. Victor Hugo explains, "People think they can tame these wild creatures because they're so cute when they're babies - but they inevitably bite someone and then become a problem"(Macaskill, 2011). Monkeys are believed to be cute and cuddly creatures, but this animal can actually feel threatened by this kind of attention from a human. Eventually, leading to attacking what it feels threatened by, as it would do in the wild.
According to Victor, “Every day a monkey spends in captivity makes a difference and once they've become too humanized, they become non-releasable" (Macaskill, 2011). An argument many have placed in the defense of zoos is educational benefits and conservation. Not all zoos are bad. According to Michael Hutchins, PhD, director and William Conway Chair of the Department of Conservation and Science for the American Zoo and Aquarium Association, there are two kinds of zoos, zoos that meet AZA standards and zoos that just aren’t up to par (Keuhn, 2011).
He also discussed that in the past few years, zoos have changed from focusing on preserving species by captive breeding to preserving habitats and species that live in the wild. Zoos support conservation by educating members of society, and raising money for conservation projects. They can also help develop technologies, and with scientific research (Keuhn, 2011). It is said that by observing animals in captivity, scientists can find valuable information that they would not be able to gather in by observing animals in the wild. However, conservation is not justification for zoos.
Dr. Hutchins says that animal welfare is equally important. The AZA has taken a number of steps to improve animal welfare. They must promote natural habitats, and ensure quality care of their animals. They have also outreached to substandard zoos, to help close down the worst facilities (Keuhn, 2011). Some people argue that animals do not have rights. They believe that in order to keep endangered species alive, the animals must be captured. Zoos can also provide animals with safety from poachers and wildlife predators (Nakate, 2010).
Some zoos do treat animals in a harsh manner, but there is improvement being made in the quality of care being provided to animals. There are many educational benefits that zoos and conservation centers provide people with. These places are trying to make more people aware of the environment (Nakate, 2010). Many schools take field trips to zoos in order to educate children, early in their lives about animals, and their environment. Teaching children about the environment, at a young age will help raise awareness about environmental issues later on in their lives.
Terminating all zoos would hinder knowledge about some animals. For many scientists, it is hard for them to get a good look at animals in the wild. By placing some of these creatures in captivity, it enables scientists to get a closer look at these species and their behavior. Without zoos, conducting research would become a hassle. Scientists would have to go into the wild for several days to track the animal down, then once found, they would have to try to observe from a safe distance. Most penguins seem to do fairly well in zoos, and conservation centers.
Captivity is beneficial to penguins that have been injured in the wild, and would have died without the help from animal caretakers (Penguin Facts, 2009). In the wild, penguin eggs have the chance of being destroyed by predators, but in captivity there is a chance for all the eggs to survive. Also, this gives animal caretakers a chance to help feed the baby penguins that the adults will not care for (Penguin Facts, 2009). Ultimately, captivity is very beneficial to the penguin population. Although, it may seem like zoos and other conservation centers provide people with educational benefits that is not always the case.
Most children, who visit the zoo, do not even read the informational guides that are placed at each exhibit. Generally, people spend a few moments at each display, to take pictures of the animals then move on to the next without even taking a glance at any information given. While, not all zoos are bad, many zoos out there do not take proper care of their animals, leading them to a lifetime of misery, and pain. Without proper care, animals cannot function normally. Animals that do not live in their natural environment do not get the right amount of socialization that they need.
This can cause severe physiological effects on them. The stress of moving animals from one environment to another can be harmful as well. Even though these animals are captive, they are still wild animals, and have natural instincts to protect themselves. If an animal in captivity believes it is in danger, it will attack a human, causing severe injury, or death. Some animals in captivity will attack just because it is in their nature. Once placing an animal in captivity, it cannot be placed back into its natural environment. Animals have a hard time re-adapting to the wild.
Placing animals in captivity has its obvious benefits, but do these benefits outweigh the disadvantages that it has on an animal? When placing animals in zoos, people are not thinking about the natural well-being of them. They are only thinking of the scientific benefits and entertainment values that these animals bring to the world. Keeping animals in zoos may help out endangered species, but they will never be able to prosper outside of the cages of those facilities. Is an animal truly an animal when it’s trapped behind bars?
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The Amur Leopard: An Animal In Danger
The Panthera pardus orientalis better known as the Amur Leopard is a species which lie in the temperate, and mixed forests. This member of the cat family has incredible qualities with a top speed of a 37mile per hour sprint, and a leap of 10 feet horizontally. Surviving in the wild has been no issue for this carnivore, even at the species prime during the 19th century when this animal could be found a lot simpler, and the competition between one another for live game was intense. From the 19th century to today a lot has changed for the Amur Leopard and many things have become difficult such as, finding what to eat, its living conditions, and its interactions with other Amur Leopards as the species has decreased greatly. With only 35 of these leopard remaining in the wild the struggle to keep this species alive is a tough one with the ever so difficult living conditions. The life of the Amur Leopard species may be one that will end soon, unless people step in and take action. Geographical Location: Amur Leopard's can now only be found in the forests far east of Russia and the northern east of China , as this Leopard is the only subspecies of leopards that are capable of surviving in the cold climate conditions. The distribution of this animal is far more common in Russia then in China by comparison. "The one remaining territory in Russia is a small 772 square mile strip of land". Source: "Endangered Species: The Amur Leopard." Yahoo Contributor Network. N.p., 20 Apr. 2007. Web. 26 Dec. 2013. The State Of The Amur Leopards: With only approximately 50 Amur Leopards left it is no question that this species is critically endangered reaching almost extinction. With only 50 Leopards left it may seem that these large ca... ... middle of paper ... ... geographers to maintain the stability and biodiversity in the wild. Works Cited • Sylvester, Theresa. "Endangered Species: The Amur Leopard." Yahoo Contributor Network. Yahoo, 20 Apr. 2007. Web. 26 Dec. 2013. • Fund, WWF. WorldWildlife.org. World Wildlife Fund, n.d. Web. 26 Dec. 2013. • Klappenbach, Laura. "Amur Leopard." About.com Animals / Wildlife. AboutAnimals, n.d. Web. 26 Dec. 2013. • Stone, Lynn M. "Amur Leopard ( Panthera Pardus Orientalis)." Amur Leopard Videos, Photos and Facts. Auscape International, n.d. Web. 26 Dec. 2013. • "Help Save Last 30 Amur Leopards from Extinction." GlobalGiving.org. The Phoneix Fund, n.d. Web. 26 Dec. 2013. • "The Amur Leopard." Far Eastern Leopard Ecology. WC Russia, n.d. Web. 26 Dec. 2013. • Stone, Lynn M. "In the News: Amur Leopard Population Increases." ARKive Blog RSS. ARKive, n.d. Web. 26 Dec. 2013.
In this essay, the author
- Explains that the panthera pardus orientalis, or amur leopard, is a temperate, and mixed forest carnivore with incredible qualities.
- Explains that the mur leopard is the only subspecies of leopards that can survive in the cold climate conditions.
- Explains that only 50 amur leopards are left, and that the species needs the help of humans more than ever.
- Explains that the leopard national park was established in russia in 2012 to protect the animals and protect them from poachers.
- Explains that donations are a big part of protecting animals especially when it comes to the amur leopard. donations provide better food, better living conditions, and more funding for breeding programs.
- Explains that the amur leopard is a beautiful animal that must be respected and learned by all including the generations ahead.
- Explains that the amur leopard is one of the many leopards that face extinction but it is the closest. protecting this animal asserts killing off a leopard is not ok.
- Cites sylvester, theresa, and klappenbach, laura. "amur leopard." about.com animals / wildlife. aboutanimals.
- Explains that the snow leopard population is dwindling due to global warming, and illegal hunters are killing them for their pelts, bones and body parts.
- Opines that poaching is the main source of income for poachers, as they are barely able to survive on a few dollars per day.
- Explains that global warming is a problem all around the world, and is negatively affecting animals, including the snow leopard.
- Opines that snow leopards are in great danger of becoming extinct if humans continue to hunt them for their pelts and bones and climate change continues to negatively affect the temperature of asian mountain ranges.
- Describes the reasons for snow leopard conservation's decision to monitor snow leopards (threats) — they can be found at www.snowleopardconservancy.org.
- Explains that "all about the snow leopard- factfile" and "deforestation and its extreme effect on global warming." scientific american global rss.
- Explains that global warming thaws himalayan glaciers at frightening speed :: japanfocus. scherer, glenn, and marty fletcher.
- Explains that the oncilla has a slender body, narrow muzzle, round ears, and round eyes. they are nocturnal and make different noises to communicate.
- Explains petersen, christian, "what is the oncilla?" at http://www.wisegeek.com.
- Explains that the oncilla is a venerable to extinction because the biggest threat to the animal is man. they eat small mammals, lizards, birds, invertebrates and sometimes tree frogs.
- Opines that the oncilla is on the endanger species list because of humans and habitat loss.
- Explains that patel, c. (2011), "leopardus tigrinus" (on-line), animal diversity web.
- Explains that the florida panther has been on the endangered species list since 1967 with only 130 individuals surviving within a small area in southern florida.
- Explains that the loss of habitat for the florida panther has caused problems with dispersal and inbreeding within smaller populations.
- Explains that they saw the massive development of the five surrounding counties in the area first-hand and seeing any wildlife such as panthers in a fastly developing suburb was rare. panthers have been particularly susceptible to the creation of patchy habitats due to their large dispersal ranges.
- Explains that they wanted to learn more about how environmental change modeling could be applied to help the florida panthers in south florida.
- Analyzes the dispersal patterns of florida panthers in an effort to conserve areas for future populations.
- Compares the results of the florida panthers' dispersal with those of other large cat species, stating that despite environmental pressures, animals adapt to environmental challenges.
- Explains that the florida panther's dispersal patterns are purposeful to ameliorate inbreeding and to care for young kittens and establish a home territory.
- Argues that the study of dispersal patterns of the florida panther gives amazing insight into the lives of these animals and helps scientists pinpoint their ideal habitats and home territories.
- Explains randy kautz's article titled "how much is enough? landscape-scale conservation for the florida panther" that developed a model using dispersal patterns to define specific landscape types inhabited over time.
- Explains how gis analysis and software were used to verify the radio-collared locations of florida panthers. the compositional analysis produced 16 land cover types and euclidean distance analysis.
- Explains that the dispersal zone was located east of labelle, fl, and the secondary zone consisted mostly of freshwater marsh. the results show that panthers are diverse in their habitat choices from day to night.
- Concludes that the conservation implications of this article could make a dramatic difference in maintaining populations of the fl panther in the future.
- Reviews a data-based conservation planning tool created with arc gis software to calculate the impact of development on panther habitation areas.
- Cites facmire, charles f., timothy s. gross, and louis j. guillette, jr. reproductive impairment in the florida panther: nature or nature?
- Explains that florida panther (felis concolor coryi) : rare and endangered biota of florida found in humphrey, s.r.
- Cites maehr, david s., thatcher, van manen, and clark. a data-based conservation planning tool for florida panthers.
- Explains that both the snow leopard and the green turtle are endangered under the iucn red list with decreasing population trends.
- Explains the impacts of climate change on sea turtle populations, stating that they have survived climatic fluctuations during their evolutionary history, but the rising sea levels will impact their nesting beaches.
- Opines that there is work to be done on a global level and not just the uk. however, the majority of snow leopard conservation strategies focus on non-climatic stressors such as protection from paoching.
- Explains that management and conservation of sea turtles has focused almost entirely on non-climatic stressors, like the snow leopard.
- Explains that climate change is a major issue affecting many species around the globe. it can be caused by burning fossil fuels, breeding cattle that create methane, and cutting down forests that absorb carbon dioxide.
- Opines that future management strategies for the snow leopard could include using drones as they cover a large area very quickly and can record and take photographic images without the use of humans.
- Explains that bengal tigers are carnivorous mammals that live primarily in india and are renowned for their power and strength. the five remaining tiger subspecies are endangered.
- Explains that bengal tigers live in subtropical and tropical rainforests, dense grasslands, scrub forests, wet and dry deciduous forests and mangroves.
- Explains that bengal tigers range in weight from 180-260 kg (400-570 lbs) to 100-160 kg (220-350 lb). males have an average total length of 270-310 cm (110-120 in) and females measure to be 240-265 cm
- Explains that the lifespan of bengal tigers vary depending on if they live in the wild, or in captivity. female bengals achieve sexual maturity at 3 to 4 years of age, while males attain the same at 4 to 5 years old.
- Explains that a tiger's habitat is where the adult bengals live their solitary lives, while the females use the habitat to give birth and grow their cubs.
- Explains that bengal tigers are a carnivorous animal, which means they eat meat rather than plants. they hunt large and medium-sized animals, such as wild boar, deer, antelope and ox.
- Explains that bengals breed in the spring. a neighboring male will mate with a female in her home range. when the mating is over, the male returns home and takes no part in caring for the cubs.
- Explains that bengal tigers' population size is decreasing rapidly because of threats from illegal wildlife trade, conflict with humans, prey loss, and habitat loss.
- Explains that bengal tigers have no natural predators, other than humans, because they are at the top of the food chain.
- Explains that bengals are nocturnal and ambush predators that rely on their stripes as camouflage. they mark their territory by spraying urine on parts of trees to leave a particular scent behind.
- Explains that bengal tigers, in the wild or held in captivity, can get certain illnesses and diseases. these are more likely to claim a wild tiger in their natural habitat, since they don’t have access to medical care.
- Explains the parasites found in bengal tigers, including heartworms. the tiger had mottled, edematous lungs, and adrenal hemorrhage.
- Explains that the illegal demand for tigers has increased dramatically, leading to a new poaching crisis. poaching is the largest immediate threat to the remaining tiger population.
- Explains the impact of poaching on tigers in the terai arc landscape of india.
- Explains that there are many endangered animals in the world, including the panthera onca. if you take the time to get to know them better, you might try to help them.
- Opines that endangered animals are animals that are near extinct or no longer to be seen.
- Describes the panthera onca as the third largest cat in the world after the tiger and lion.
- Explains that the e panthera onca is not endangered but it is near threatened due to conflict with humans who live in fear of them, or view them as a threat to their livelihoods.
- Opines that scientists should try to save the panther onca by putting a chip on them so they can track down where they are.
- Opines that people should get to know the panthera onca first before killing them.
- Explains that tigers are a symbol of grace, power, and majesty, resulting in 3 of the 8 subspecies of tiger being wiped out.
- Analyzes the escalating endangerment of siberian tigers due to destruction of the forests, and most prominently poaching.
- Explains that siberian tigers are distinguishable by their striped fur with unique eye-catching designs. they have fewer, paler stripes, and long manes, which resemble a lion.
- Argues that the tiger's survival would be in a more environmentally conscious country where it can breed in the wild with minimal fear of diminution of its habitat through human encroachment.
- Explains that siberian tigers require vast territories to survive, and so do their prey and other countless animals from the ecosystem.
- Explains that large-scale illegal logging in the russian far east is threatening the long-term survival of the amur since overharvesting of trees limits the supply of pine nuts and acorns.
- Explains that only 20 percent of india's land is forested, leaving highly degraded forestry that is unfit for wildlife way of life. in the past two years, a 728-sq-km aggregate area of forest has been chopped down.
- Explains that tigers are poached for their valuable parts, such as their bone, which is used in traditional chinese medicine. the possession of endangered tiger products is recognized as a symbol of high status and wealth.
- Explains that the siberian tiger is the largest subspecies of tigers and the furriest. human-caused mortality accounts for 75-85% of all amur deaths and 20-30 are poached in the russian far east each year.
- Explains that poachers killed nearly 20 amur tigers during 2012-2013 in russia's far east alone.
- Opines that tiger poaching is attractive to citizens who reside near the forests because they can earn more by poaching a single animal than they could by working full-time. the world wildlife fund estimates that the siberian tigers will be eliminated within the next two decades.
- Explains that save tigers now: as few as 3,200 tiger's left.
- Opines that the tiger, living fire of the indian forest, might soon die.
- Opines that it is vital to recognize the solutions and act on them in order to prevent these devastating occurrences.
- Explains that lemurs are the most endangered mammal on the planet. the simpona is one of the three most critically endangered species in madagascar and is illegal to have them in zoos or as pets.
- Opines that tourism is a crucial part of madagascar's economy and that if the simpona lemurs were extinct, it would deplete the country’s income.
- Proposes a plan that could benefit the simpona lemur and maintain the same amount of tourists to ensure stable income for the economy.
- Proposes utilizing madagascar's unique lemurs as a way to provide for tourists to help both the animals and poor rural communities. an eco-tourism system has been proven by other countries.
- Opines that tourism is not the only problem that is affecting the critically endangered simpona lemur. deforestation has increased 35% within the last ten years.
- Opines that if madagascar continues this trend on increased deforestation rate for mining, the simpona lemur, as well as many other species, will not exist; this would decrease tourists’ rates drastically.
- Argues that while mining is important to the economic standing of madagascar, it needs to be limited.
- Opines that the extinction of the simpona lemurs alone will cause a decrease in scientists and tourists, which will later affect madagascar’s economic standing.
- Explains that wwf - endangered lemur fights for survival in madagascar.
- Explains that cats are a luxury that humans have indulged in for thousands of years, from their beginnings in africa and the middle east, to homes here in 2014.
- Explains that the modern world is a hazardous place for house cats, and warns of the dangers that humans pose to them.
- Explains that even with proper vaccinations and preventative medications, an outdoor cat is at much greater risk of contracting flea and tick borne diseases.
- Explains that ticks are not the only health danger to your outdoor cat. topical and oral preventions may help prevent tick latching on and infecting your animal, but other cats may carry communicable diseases that can put your kitty in serious danger.
- Explains that cats are born hunters, and their instinct to roam is often given as a reason why they should be allowed outside. wild animals like snakes, foxes and bobcats are dangerous predators.
- Opines that cat owners should weigh the risks and benefits of allowing their cat spend time outside, and enjoy the years of love that she offers.
- Explains the difference between indoor and outdoor cat life expectancy and the american humane association.
- Explains that the puma, or felis concolor as it is known by scientists, is found in the western uniter states, generally west of the rocky mountains and in southwesterncanada.
- Explains that the puma can be found in many habitats such as moutains, swamps, grasslands, and mountain forests.
- Explains that pumas use their powerful legs and have been able to achieve running jumps of 40 feet when it comes to hunting. since they are 35-85 kilograms and 1100-2000 millimeters in length, it is relative to the size of the cheetah.
- Explains that the puma is one of the top levels in the food chain and without them, there would be a surplus in things like deer, and cattle.
- Explains that the current population of the puma in florida is 50 as of 1999 due to its reputation, highways being built through out the state, unsuccessful breeding, road-kills and contimination of food and land.
- Explains that the amount of money being spent to save the cougar was not disclosed. the lioc, american association of zoo keepers, and the exotic feline educational society have been trying to increase awareness about the endangerment of the puma.
- Opines that the puma is worth being saved because it keeps a balance in our enviornment. without it, it could lead to overpopulation of herbivores, and then overgrazing.
- Amur Leopard
- Mammals of Asia
Pet zebra nearly bites Ohio man's arm off; animal fatally shot, authorities say
COLUMBUS, Ohio – An Ohio man was hospitalized Sunday after a zebra he owned nearly bit the man's arm off.
The incident occurred around 5:30 p.m. Sunday in the city of Circleville, about 20 miles south of Columbus. Pickaway County Sheriff's office deputies found the man in a fenced-in field, lying on the ground.
The zebra, while deputies were on the scene assisting the man, continued acting erratically and reportedly charged at a deputy's cruiser that had been positioned to keep the animal from being able to get to the victim.
The sheriff's office said the zebra continued to act in a way that appeared aggressive, so deputies began blowing air horns and yelling at the zebra to try and scare it away. The zebra reportedly continued to charge at deputies and fire crews, as well as other members of the victim's family.
A deputy eventually shot and killed the zebra because of its aggressive behavior.
There was some initial indication, according to the sheriff's office, that the zebra was trying to be protective of female zebras that were in the same field.
The victim was taken to OhioHealth Grant Medical Center for treatment of his injuries, which are not considered life-threatening. Initial reports indicated that the man had lost his arm, however, additional information was provided Monday that said the man's arm was able to be reattached.
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Can you own zebras in Ohio?
Zebras are not considered exotic animals under Ohio's law that requires exotic animals be registered with the state's Department of Agriculture. That law was passed in 2012 following a 2011 incident in which a Zanesville man released a number of exotic animals he owned before dying by suicide.
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Chelsea a dangerous animal after stunning goals at Leicester; Arsenal deliver mind-blowing display, says Paul Merson
Sky Sports' Paul Merson pens latest column on Chelsea's perfect week, Liverpool returning to square one after shock defeat at Bournemouth and the title race as Leandro Trossard and Martin Odegaard shone in Arsenal's win at Fulham while Man City edged past Crystal Palace
Football Expert & Columnist @PaulMerse
Monday 13 March 2023 15:41, UK
Chelsea are a dangerous animal, they’ve got some unbelievable players and they just need to click - at times against Leicester they did.
Bad teams don't score the goals like they did, two of them were unbelievable. Kai Havertz's flick has to go down as one of the goals of the season, you're not seeing that on a Sunday morning.
It was an outstanding week for Chelsea, with wins over Leeds, Dortmund and Leicester, and now with Everton at home next they can get on a roll. Football is a funny game how it can change so quickly, you've only got to look at Liverpool losing at Bournemouth.
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Graham Potter has switched to three at the back and it's working. It's taken a while for him to get it right but it's 100 per cent better than with four in defence.
And he still hasn't got Reece James. Ruben Loftus-Cheek filled in for him on Saturday and played well but when James comes back you've got one of the best of the business along with Ben Chilwell on the left. You've got to get your wing-backs high up the pitch and James and Chilwell are very good attacking players.
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Mateo Kovacic has come back recently, I'm a massive fan of him, and playing alongside Enzo Fernandez in midfield. Then Potter can pick any three from seven options up front that can cause havoc to anybody. Don't forget, Thiago Silva isn't playing either. James and Silva are Chelsea's two best players.
Marc Cucurella has done really well recently. Sometimes he can dive in, if you're doing that in his position on the left of the three then there's a safety net behind you if you don't win the ball. For all three of the central defenders, there's a safety net for them from each other.
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If the Champions League quarter-final draw goes their way, bar Man City and Bayern Munich, I don't think too many teams will want to play Chelsea. If they don't meet those two then I think they'll get through to the semi-finals.
Trossard an 'unbelievable' signing for just £27m
Arsenal's performance in the first half at Fulham was mind-blowing. It was like watching Man City in their pomp and this was against a good Fulham team. It was scary. It was bordering on ridiculous.
It felt like they had at least two more players on the pitch but the thing that will win Arsenal the league is starting matches well. I watched them at Leicester when they were under pressure for a result and they started well and were great.
Then they were at home against Bournemouth and start poorly. Against Fulham they start well and it's a walk in the park. I don't see how they're going to be stopped if they start well in matches.
Gabriel Jesus coming back is a bit of a problem for Arsenal because the lad will want to play - he didn't sign to be a bit-part player like he was at Man City. It will cause problems in time but at the moment it's like another signing.
Leandro Trossard could play for Man City. It's an unbelievable signing for £27m. When his agent said to him he was going to Arsenal for that fee he must have thought, 'Is that all I'm worth?!'
The lad could go in the Man City team on Tuesday and you wouldn't know any different, he's that good. But Arsenal play like Man City, if you put them in a light blue kit you would think they are. You don't get bigger compliments than that.
Odegaard having bigger impact than De Bruyne
As we talk today, Martin Odegaard is the best midfielder in the Premier League. He has more effect on the Arsenal team than Kevin de Bruyne has on Man City. We have to talk in moments and, in the present, Odegaard is number one without a doubt. I'm not saying he's a better player than De Bruyne, but right now Odegaard's having more of an impact.
Palace away is a difficult game but Leipzig away is a bigger match for Man City. If Man City win the league and not the Champions League then it's not been a great season. They bought Erling Haaland in to win the Champions League, not the Premier League for the fifth time in six years. And De Bruyne will play against Leipzig.
The title race will come down to the fixtures. Whoever plays first on a weekend will have a massive advantage. If Arsenal had played first against Fulham and beat them like they did, they would have been eight points clear of Man City, who had to go to Crystal Palace.
City play first, they win and then Arsenal are only two points clear, and their game becomes more difficult at Fulham.
If Arsenal play first and they keep going eight points clear with City needing to win to make it five, before you know it, it will take its toll. It happened with Tottenham and Leicester in 2016.
If Arsenal win their next two games against Palace and Leeds, I don't see how they can be stopped. They'll be five points clear at least with eight games to go. They've got to play Man City but they'll have to win that game.
Liverpool have no chance at Real
Managers have to keep level-headed and so do players. Liverpool had a great result against Manchester United that will put them in the history books but then you've got to turn up and perform at Bournemouth.
When you watch the Bournemouth game you think, 'What chance have Liverpool got at Real Madrid?' Needing to score three, at least, is a big ask, it would be one of the greatest Champions League comebacks of all time. Barcelona did it against PSG but that was at home. This is away at the cup holders. If it was two goals then you never know, but three...I give them no chance.
This is why wherever you go in the world, the Premier League is being shown because one of the bottom three teams can beat one of the top teams. You never get it where Bournemouth rest everybody for next week's game because they don't think they'll beat Liverpool. That doesn't happen in the Premier League and that's why it's the best league in the world.
Tottenham have won five of their last seven in the Premier League. They had a shocking result in midweek against AC Milan but that's football. They've bounced back to beat a poor Nottingham Forest away side who are chalk and cheese home and away. The top four is in their hands and if they win their next two games against Southampton and Everton they'll be hard to chase down.
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Students will use their research sources to look for reasons why their animals are in danger. Ask them to consider what changes occurred in the animal's habitat or ecosystem. ... Students select an endangered or threatened animal to research, locate it on a map, and create a persuasive essay or poster to convince others to help the animals ...
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List Of Animals In Danger | Addax | African Elephant | African Lion | American Marten | Animals In Danger | Arabian Oryx | Asian Otter | Bald Eagle | Black Rhinoceros | Blue & Yellow Macaw | Bottlenose Dolphin | Brazilian Tapir | Bridled Nailtail Wallaby | Brown Grizzly Bear | California Condor | Cassowary | Cheetah | Commersons Dolphin | …
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This. essay will present arguments to support my opinion. First. , I believe a large number of animals which is in danger of extinction is due to human activity. For example. , deforestation and intentional burnings are two of the main factors that made dozens of. species. disappear. Therefore.
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