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The Appendix (How to Use One in an Essay)

The Appendix (How to Use One in an Essay)

2-minute read

The appendices in an essay are not typically essential, but they can play an important supporting role. Not everyone knows how to use an appendix in academic writing , though, so we’ve prepared this handy guide.

What Is an Appendix?

An appendix (plural: appendices ) is a section at the end of a book or essay containing details that aren’t essential to your work, but which could provide useful context or background material.

In the main body of your essay, you should indicate when you’re referring to an appendix by citing it in parentheses. For example:

The interviews show that most people like ice cream (see Appendix C).

What Should Go in the Appendices?

Appendices can include many things depending on your topic. Common examples of information added to an appendix include:

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What these have in common is that you might need to refer to them in an essay without going into too much detail. For example, you might summarise the results of a test in the ‘Results’ section of a dissertation, then include the full data in appendices to ensure clarity.

How to Format Appendices

Exactly how to format appendices can vary between universities, so you should always check your style guide. Generally, though, appendices should:

How not to format appendices: as a large pile of unsorted paper on your desk. (Photo: Phil Whitehouse/flickr)

Are Appendices Included in the Word Count?

Appendices are not usually included in the word count for an essay. Consequently, you can focus on key information in your work and place extra data in an appendix without worrying about the word count.

However, you should always check your style guide on this. And remember that if you rely on something in your main essay, it needs to be included there: you can’t just shuffle it into the appendices to reduce the word count !

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How to Use an Appendix

Last Updated: September 28, 2022 References

This article was co-authored by wikiHow staff writer, Danielle Blinka, MA, MPA . Danielle Blinka is a Writer, Editor, Podcaster, Improv Performer, and Artist currently living in Houston, TX. She also has experience teaching English and writing to others. Danielle holds a Bachelor of Arts in English, Bachelor of Arts in Political Science, Master of Arts in English with a concentration in writing, and Master of Public Administration from Lamar University. This article has been viewed 44,265 times. Learn more...

You’ve probably seen an appendix (or appendices) at the end of an academic paper. However, you might be unsure of how to include them in your own work. When you’re writing an academic paper, you can use an appendix to add important information that doesn’t fit into your paper. You might include your research materials, raw data, or detailed information that’s good to know but not necessary for readers to understand.

Deciding When to Use an Appendix

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Formatting Appendices

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Variation: You can use numbers if you prefer. You might choose to label multiple appendices “Appendix 1,” “Appendix 2,” Appendix 3,” and so on. [8] X Research source

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Inserting Appendices into Your Paper

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Expert Q&A

About This Article

Danielle Blinka, MA, MPA

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Research Paper Appendix | Example & Templates

Published on August 4, 2022 by Tegan George and Kirsten Dingemanse. Revised on November 29, 2022.

An appendix is a supplementary document that facilitates your reader’s understanding of your research but is not essential to your core argument. Appendices are a useful tool for providing additional information or clarification in a research paper , dissertation , or thesis without making your final product too long.

Appendices help you provide more background information and nuance about your thesis or dissertation topic without disrupting your text with too many tables and figures or other distracting elements.

We’ve prepared some examples and templates for you, for inclusions such as research protocols, survey questions, and interview transcripts. All are worthy additions to an appendix. You can download these in the format of your choice below.

Download Word doc Download Google doc

Location of appendices

Table of contents

What is an appendix in a research paper, what to include in an appendix, how to format an appendix, how to refer to an appendix, where to put your appendices, other components to consider, appendix checklist, frequently asked questions about appendices.

In the main body of your research paper, it’s important to provide clear and concise information that supports your argument and conclusions . However, after doing all that research, you’ll often find that you have a lot of other interesting information that you want to share with your reader.

While including it all in the body would make your paper too long and unwieldy, this is exactly what an appendix is for.

As a rule of thumb, any detailed information that is not immediately needed to make your point can go in an appendix. This helps to keep your main text focused but still allows you to include the information you want to include somewhere in your paper.

An appendix can be used for different types of information, such as:

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how to write appendix in essay

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You can opt to have one long appendix, but separating components (like interview transcripts, supplementary results, or surveys ) into different appendices makes the information simpler to navigate.

Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

It is important that you refer to each of your appendices at least once in the main body of your paper. This can be done by mentioning the appendix and its number or letter, either in parentheses or within the main part of a sentence. It’s also possible to refer to a particular component of an appendix.

Appendix B presents the correspondence exchanged with the fitness boutique. Example 2. Referring to an appendix component These results (see Appendix 2, Table 1) show that …

It is common to capitalize “Appendix” when referring to a specific appendix, but it is not mandatory. The key is just to make sure that you are consistent throughout your entire paper, similarly to consistency in  capitalizing headings and titles in academic writing .

However, note that lowercase should always be used if you are referring to appendices in general. For instance, “The appendices to this paper include additional information about both the survey and the interviews .”

The simplest option is to add your appendices after the main body of your text, after you finish citing your sources in the citation style of your choice. If this is what you choose to do, simply continue with the next page number. Another option is to put the appendices in a separate document that is delivered with your dissertation.

Location of appendices

Remember that any appendices should be listed in your paper’s table of contents .

There are a few other supplementary components related to appendices that you may want to consider. These include:

Checklist: Appendix

All appendices contain information that is relevant, but not essential, to the main text.

Each appendix starts on a new page.

I have given each appendix a number and clear title.

I have assigned any specific sub-components (e.g., tables and figures) their own numbers and titles.

My appendices are easy to follow and clearly formatted.

I have referred to each appendix at least once in the main text.

Your appendices look great! Use the other checklists to further improve your thesis.

Yes, if relevant you can and should include APA in-text citations in your appendices . Use author-date citations as you do in the main text.

Any sources cited in your appendices should appear in your reference list . Do not create a separate reference list for your appendices.

An appendix contains information that supplements the reader’s understanding of your research but is not essential to it. For example:

Something is only worth including as an appendix if you refer to information from it at some point in the text (e.g. quoting from an interview transcript). If you don’t, it should probably be removed.

When you include more than one appendix in an APA Style paper , they should be labeled “Appendix A,” “Appendix B,” and so on.

When you only include a single appendix, it is simply called “Appendix” and referred to as such in the main text.

Appendices in an APA Style paper appear right at the end, after the reference list and after your tables and figures if you’ve also included these at the end.

You may have seen both “appendices” or “appendixes” as pluralizations of “ appendix .” Either spelling can be used, but “appendices” is more common (including in APA Style ). Consistency is key here: make sure you use the same spelling throughout your paper.

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If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

George, T. & Dingemanse, K. (2022, November 29). Research Paper Appendix | Example & Templates. Scribbr. Retrieved February 27, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/appendix/

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The Full Guide on Writing an Appendix: Structure, Format & Examples

how to write appendix in essay

An appendix allows readers to get a better understanding of information included in an academic paper. When writing an appendix, there are specific writing styles one is required to follow. This varies from professor to professor. Check out this read form cheap essay writing service EssayPro to learn more about how to make an appendix following the APA, Chicago, and MLA formats.

What Is an Appendix?

Most students proper: “What is an appendix?”. The answer is that it is a summary of what is references are included in an academic paper. They are very common in all academic journals. You can find an appendix in a book of any kind in academia. And usually, professors ask their students for an appendix.

They contain all of the information which is used in a paper. The summary explains everything clearly to improve the reader’s ability to understand the information provided to them. This includes references and statistics from multiple authors and sources (the number depending on the type of academic paper).

What Is the Purpose of an Appendix?

Some students have the question of: “What is the purpose of an appendix?”. The short story is that it goes without saying that some information is difficult to explain completely. Thus, an appendix is necessary for explaining complex information. They are designed to give a writer’s audience additional information regarding the subject written about in the essay.

How to Structure an Appendix

Every format is based on the following structure. Though, they do vary. Learning the general structure is the first step to learning about this topic. The APA appendix and MLA form are different but follow this same structure.

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Every Appendix Should Contain:

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General Appendix Format

Before reading further, it is essential to learn exactly how to format an appendix. The basic format isn’t very difficult to understand. Learning this off-by-heart makes learning the appendix APA and MLA formats a piece of cake. Keep in mind, the basic format comes in handy when writing your appendix in a book/dissertation.


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How to Write an Appendix in Different Styles

There are two different styles for writing an appendix. A professor may ask for one or the other. Depending on the professor’s request, it’s a good idea to learn them both. Our professional writers have compiled the guidelines and rules for both formats. Included is the Appendix APA format, as well as the appendix MLA format. They are both similar but possess some unique features and rules which must be followed at all times.

Do You Need More Help With Your appendix?

Appendix apa.

Many professors require students to write an appendix in a paper of this format. To get the structure and information correct, it’s a good idea to follow guidelines and rules for writing in this format.

The guidelines for appendix APA:

The general rules for appendix APA are to be followed when writing. This is what professors look for when a paper is required when apprentices are to be written in this format. Learn the general rules to get you onto the right path to success. You may find it useful to memorize this information or keep a note of it.

Rules for APA:

Appendix Chicago Style

Writing an appendix Chicago style is rather similar to APA. Though, there are some minor differences. Take a look at these guidelines for this form of an appendix.

Guidelines for an Appendix Chicago Style

Appendix MLA Format

The guidelines and rules are very similar to appendix APA, but there some differences. The main difference being that the MLA appendix comes before the reference list.

The guidelines for MLA Format:

It may be useful to follow the example of an appendix for a better understanding of the MLA format more effectively. Doing so can increase the chances of getting a grasp of the MLA rules to fulfill the requirements of your professor on your academic paper.

Rules for MLA

In conclusion, it is always useful to follow appendix APA, Chicago, and MLA formats. Using an appendix example APA when learning about this topic for the first time. Learning how to make an appendix is simple once you know the precise formats and guidelines. Thus, learning the format off-by-heart can enable you to accurately write appendices of any form in papers. It’s good to learn this topic for when it comes to writing an appendix in a book (dissertation), an essay of any form.

You may also find it useful to read about how to write an article review .

How to Get Immediate Writing Help

Are you still struggling? Do you need that extra help with appendix or any ' write my paper ' request? Our professional writers are able to produce an appendix within a few hours. Our appendix pages are written with the customer’s needs in mind, and plagiarism-free. Why not give it a try?

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  1. How to Create an APA Style Appendix | Format & Examples - Scribbr

    The appendix label appears at the top of the page, bold and centered. On the next line, include a descriptive title, also bold and centered. The text is presented in general APA format: left-aligned, double-spaced, and with page numbers in the top right corner. Start a new page for each new appendix.

  2. The Appendix (How to Use One in an Essay) - Proofed

    An appendix (plural: appendices) is a section at the end of a book or essay containing details that aren’t essential to your work, but which could provide useful context or background material. In the main body of your essay, you should indicate when you’re referring to an appendix by citing it in parentheses. For example:

  3. How to Write an Appendix: 11 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

    Use spell check on your computer and also try to review the appendix on your own. [10] Read through the appendix backwards so you can make sure there are no spelling errors. You want the appendix to appear as professional as possible. 3 Refer to the appendix in the text of the paper.

  4. How to Properly Use an Appendix - wikiHow

    For instance, when discussing survey results, you might include this text: “See Appendix A for a copy of the survey.” 2 Put your appendices in the order they appear in your paper. Go through your paper to find where you refer to each appendix. Then, organize them in the order you reference them.

  5. Research Paper Appendix | Example & Templates - Scribbr

    Always start each appendix on a new page. Assign it both a number (or letter) and a clear title, such as “Appendix A. Interview transcripts.” This makes it easier for your reader to find the appendix, as well as for you to refer back to it in your main text.

  6. What Is an Appendix? Structure, Format & Examples | EssayPro

    Many professors require students to write an appendix in a paper of this format. To get the structure and information correct, it’s a good idea to follow guidelines and rules for writing in this format. The guidelines for appendix APA: Appendices should start with the heading “Appendix” followed by ABC.

  7. How to Write an Appendix in 6 Steps and When You Need To

    Here are six steps you can follow when writing and formatting your appendix: 1. Organize information into similar parts To create an appendix that is easy to read and navigate, organize similar information together so readers can quickly scan each section to review data and resources.