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What Is HIV?
HIV ( human immunodeficiency virus ) is a virus that attacks cells that help the body fight infection, making a person more vulnerable to other infections and diseases. It is spread by contact with certain bodily fluids of a person with HIV, most commonly during unprotected sex (sex without a condom or HIV medicine to prevent or treat HIV), or through sharing injection drug equipment.
If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS ( acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ).
The human body can’t get rid of HIV and no effective HIV cure exists. So, once you have HIV, you have it for life. Luckily, however, effective treatment with HIV medicine (called antiretroviral therapy or ART) is available. If taken as prescribed, HIV medicine can reduce the amount of HIV in the blood (also called the viral load) to a very low level. This is called viral suppression. If a person’s viral load is so low that a standard lab can’t detect it, this is called having an undetectable viral load. People with HIV who take HIV medicine as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load can live long and healthy lives and will not transmit HIV to their HIV-negative partners through sex .
In addition, there are effective methods to prevent getting HIV through sex or drug use, including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) , medicine people at risk for HIV take to prevent getting HIV from sex or injection drug use, and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP ), HIV medicine taken within 72 hours after a possible exposure to prevent the virus from taking hold. Learn about other ways to prevent getting or transmitting HIV.
What Is AIDS?
AIDS is the late stage of HIV infection that occurs when the body’s immune system is badly damaged because of the virus.
In the U.S., most people with HIV do not develop AIDS because taking HIV medicine as prescribed stops the progression of the disease.
A person with HIV is considered to have progressed to AIDS when:
- the number of their CD4 cells falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (200 cells/mm3). (In someone with a healthy immune system, CD4 counts are between 500 and 1,600 cells/mm3.) OR
- they develop one or more opportunistic infections regardless of their CD4 count.
Without HIV medicine, people with AIDS typically survive about 3 years. Once someone has a dangerous opportunistic illness, life expectancy without treatment falls to about 1 year. HIV medicine can still help people at this stage of HIV infection, and it can even be lifesaving. But people who start HIV medicine soon after they get HIV experience more benefits—that’s why HIV testing is so important.
How Do I Know If I Have HIV?
The only way to know for sure if you have HIV is to get tested . Testing is relatively simple. You can ask your health care provider for an HIV test. Many medical clinics, substance abuse programs, community health centers, and hospitals offer them too. If you test positive, you can be connected to HIV care to start treatment as soon as possible. If you test negative, you have the information you need to take steps to prevent getting HIV in the future.
To find an HIV testing location near you, use the HIV Services Locator.
HIV self-testing is also an option. Self-testing allows people to take an HIV test and find out their result in their own home or other private location. With an HIV self-test, you can get your test results within 20 minutes. You can buy an HIV self-test kit at a pharmacy or online. Some health departments or community-based organizations also provide HIV self-test kits for a reduced cost or for free. You can call your local health department or use the HIV Services Locator to find organizations that offer HIV self-test kits near you. (Contact the organization for eligibility requirements.)
Note: State laws regarding self-testing vary and may limit availability. Check with your health care provider for additional testing options.
Learn more about HIV self-testing and which test might be right for you .
Related HIV.gov Blogs
- HIV Testing Day National HIV Testing Day
- World AIDS Day
- HIVinfo.NIH.gov – HIV and AIDS: The Basics
- CDC – HIV Basics
- NIH – HIV/AIDS
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Essay on AIDS
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection or HIV /AIDS as it is popularly called is a disease which is caused by a virus and affects the immune system in a person. It is one of the deadliest diseases we have on earth today and as on date, there is no cure available for this disease. That is why it is all the more important for the students to understand this disease so as to keep themselves protected and guide others as well. Keeping this in mind; we have prepared short essays for students so as to make them understand what AIDS is all about, how it is transmitted and what steps that can be taken to prevent this disease from further transmission.
Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) and college students. Furthermore, those students preparing for IAS, IPS, UPSC, Civil Services and other competitive exams can also increase their knowledge by studying these essays.
AIDS is a global healthcare concern and most people are aware of it. It is not a disease but it is a syndrome that is associated with the infection named HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), hence the disease is termed as HIV or AIDS.
What is AIDS?
AIDS is an acronym that stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS affects the immune system and that is why an individual shows symptoms of immune deficiency. The advancement of AIDS is usually in stages and the individual may deteriorate as symptoms worsen. There have been formulation of drugs that are being used to minimize the symptoms because the condition is incurable.
Symptoms of AIDS:
In the last stage of HIV infection i.e., full-blown stage, is when the person presents with symptoms of AIDS. An individual presents with severe weight loss, opportunistic infections like Tuberculosis due to destruction of the immune system, and in some people Kaposi’s sarcoma, which is cancer affecting blood vessels, may develop.
AIDS is a killer syndrome that is why it occurs in the last stage of HIV infection. It can be prevented for a long time if an individual with HIV infection adheres to medication and proper diet.
The human immunodeficiency virus or AIDS is often described as the disease of the modern age and to some extent that is true. One other thing that is interesting about AIDS is the fact that it is associated with a person’s sexual practice and therefore often used as a cause for discrimination. Let us look at the issue from a different perspective.
First of all, consider all the different epidemics that took over the earth in recent centuries, first among them is plague. We can see that every age or civilization has its own set of particular diseases that it struggles with. Sometimes they are controlled in small parts of the population while at other times they expand rapidly and get out of our control. When such events happen, people tend to panic and the same happened with AIDS.
Once fear gets a grip of us, we stop looking at things rationally and start acting according to instinct that is the moment when most people search for someone to blame for what is happening. When people meet someone with AIDS, they not only isolate the “infected” person from the normal people but they also judge their moral character. The fight against AIDS needs to be led on two fronts. The first is medicine and a lot has been done after the initial panic of the 80s. The other front is social and all of us play an equal part in that struggle.
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. When a person has AIDS, it simply means that his immune system is unable to fight diseases or ailments. A person fighting this virus falls sick with every attack on his immune system. In severe cases, these diseases can lead to the death of the carrier.
How AIDS Develops:
AIDS is not a standalone disease but a later stage of another disease. Nobody contracts this disease unless he has first contracted HIV. Hence, to understand how the disease develops we must first examine how people contract HIV.
HIV is a virus and it is contracted when a person comes in contact with a person already carrying the virus. Specifically, this contact can be from sex, sharing sharp object like needles or breast milk in the case of a child.
When a person acquires HIV, he can live a full life since his immune system is strong enough to resist diseases. However, where HIV goes untreated, the immune system gradually gets weaker until it becomes AIDS. At this stage, the body has no defenses against any disease. Such a person can die even due to simple fever.
Prevention of AIDS:
In examining the preventive measures for AIDS we must approach it from two folds. From the perspective of a person who has not contracted HIV. Then, from the perspective of a person who has HIV but doesn’t want it to become AIDS.
In preventing the infection of HIV, one must do the following:
1. Avoid multiple sex partners and unprotected sex.
2. Do not share sharp objects like needles with anyone.
3. Keep your environment clean and hygienic.
When a person has already contracted HIV, he needs to prevent it from growing into AIDS. To do this, he or she needs to have a healthy diet, live in a clean environment and most importantly take antiretroviral drugs as prescribed by a medical practitioner.
Though there is no cure for HIV/AIDS yet, the scientist is getting closer as the days go by. In the meantime, we must limit and reduce the spread of this deadly virus.
AIDS or Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome is a syndrome affecting a person’s immune system of the body, causing the person to catch any infections or other diseases too quickly. This condition is caused due to a virus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.
What does HIV do to you?
AIDS is caused as a result of HIV attack. HIV is a virus that directly affects the immune cells of our body and infiltrates them. These white blood cells are the ones that travel our body to find if there is any type of defects or faults in any part. Attacking this cell will reduce our body’s ability to detect and combat any type of diseases.
This will eventually lead to catching any kind of infections, from the small fever to the dangerous infections, from the surrounding or from a person with any kind of infectious disease, etc. AIDS is the last stage for this disease where the person affected will completely lose the ability to cop up with the disease.
Starting stage of AIDS will be of a simple illness along with vomiting or weakness. It is very difficult to find AIDS in the early stage as it does not have any unique symptom. Whenever there is a fever or any other kind of infectious diseases seems to continuously affect a person, they should get the tests done for finding out whether they have AIDS or not.
Spreading of AIDS:
AIDS was detected in Africa mostly in the western and central part in the twentieth century by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). AIDS was known to be a life-threatening one and almost affected and killed more than 30 million people in the initial years. This number was found to be increasing as the years passed.
The main ways of AIDS from passing on is through actual sexual contact, direct tissue or body fluids exposure and from a pregnant mother to the child. The AIDS-infected mother may pass on the disease in early pregnancy stage, during delivery or while breastfeeding. AIDS get spread through the exposure of contaminated blood as well.
There is a myth that AIDS gets spread through speaking or mucus or eating on the same plate, etc. There is nothing like that and discriminating a person due to their disease should not be done.
Experts have not yet found a complete cure for this disease as HIV is an advanced form of a virus. But through frequent medication and treatments, AIDS can be controlled in a balanced way to avoid the person from getting affected by the advanced disease.
There has been much technological advancement in the field of medicine. However, there are still diseases for which we have not been able to find a cure. We can just have some measures in place to control them. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection or HIV /AIDS is one such disease which is spread by a virus and has no cure as on the day. HIV is a virus that reduces the ability of our white blood cells to fight an infection thereby making us prone to acquiring different infections. AIDS is just the advanced version of HIV. In this version, the body is at maximum risk of acquiring infections and cancer.
There are a number of causes which lead to the transmission of this disease. The first and foremost is getting a sexual contact with the infected person. This cause is, in fact, the most common way which has resulted in the spread of this disease. Sex workers are therefore often educated to take necessary precautions in order to protect themselves from this disease. Blood and blood products are the second most common cause which leads to the spread of this disease.
Blood transfusions using affected blood increase the risk of acquiring AIDS in the recipient. Unsafe medical syringes also contribute to the spread of the infection from one person to another. That is why disposing injections are advised in hospitals so as to stop the spread to disease. This disease can also be spread from a mother to her child through breastfeeding. In order to keep a check on this all expecting mothers are required to undergo a test to check if they have HIV / AIDS so that the child can be protected in case required.
Signs and Symptoms:
The initial period following the attack of HIV called intense HIV, essential HIV or intense retroviral disorder. Numerous people show up a flu-like disease or a mononucleosis-like ailment up to a month post introduction of this virus while others have no critical side effects.
Symptoms show up in 40-90% of the cases and most regularly incorporate fever, extensive delicate lymph hubs, throat irritation, a rash, cerebral pain, or potentially wounds of the mouth and private parts. The rash, which happens in 20-half of cases, is present on the trunk and is traditionally called maculopapular.
Effects on Society:
Since AIDS has no cure there is a stigma attached to it. A person suffering from AIDS shall be hesitant to talk about it in public as compared to a person suffering from any other common disease such as fever or the common cold. Also, the people suffering from this disease often face discrimination in society and at their workplace. There have been numerous instances where people have been fired from their jobs after they have been detected to be suffering from this disease.
However, we should understand that it is not a communicable disease and in fact, we should support such people as they are constantly living in fear of acquiring new infections knowing well that their body is not equipped to resist the infections. Even small infections can lead to their death. We should all be nice towards them and help them in their troubled times.
AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the world’s most dreaded diseases and has caused millions of deaths over the years. AIDS is the extreme crackdown of immunity when the body is attacked and infected with HIV.
Difference between AIDS and HIV:
Many people get confused and remain unaware of the difference between AIDS and HIV. HIV is the short form of Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Basically, HIV is the virus that attacks the immune cells and causes infection in the body.
When this infection reaches its peak, it gives birth to AIDS disease. The bottom line is that an HIV positive person may or may not have AIDS. Everything depends on the severeness of the infection stage.
How AIDS is transmitted:
Transmission of HIV/ AIDS happens in a particular set of conditions. These include transfusion of HIV infected blood into a healthy person. The disease also spreads by using an HIV contaminated syringe or razor.
But the main and the most common cause of AIDS is having unprotected sex (anal/ vaginal) with an HIV person. The semen and vaginal secretions pass on the deadly infection to the healthy partner.
In other cases, if a mother is HIV positive, her child may have the same infection by birth. The infection also spreads to the baby through breastfeeding.
Signs and Symptoms of AIDS:
It is not necessary for the HIV infection to always show the symptoms. Sometimes, the virus is so low, that the HIV infection may go undetected in the tests. In such cases, it is not possible for the HIV person to pass on the infection to someone else.
But normally, with enough viruses, HIV/ AIDS may show enough signs. The first one would be a sharply fallen immune system. Such a person, when suffering from other bacterial or viral infections, would show the extreme symptoms and frequent attacks of that disease.
Basically, the symptoms of HIV have been categorized into three categories. These are early symptoms, asymptomatic HIV, and late signs of HIV. Early symptoms include fever, chills, rashes, weight loss, weakness, joint pain, and sore throat, etc.
Asymptomatic HIV means while the virus may be multiplying inside the body, the system wouldn’t show much of the symptoms to alarm the person. This can go on for as long as a decade and the infected person may look and feel healthy just like any other person.
In the late HIV/ AIDS stage, the symptoms consist of drastic weight loss, fever, sweating, poor immunity, dry cough, disturbed digestive process, blurred vision, excessive fatigue, and short breath etc.
Myths about AIDS:
AIDS does not spread through kissing as HIV is not transmitted through saliva. It does not circulate by shaking hands with the infected person or hugging him/ her. Sharing cutlery, towels, and bathroom with the same person doesn’t put you at the risk of catching the infection. These are all just misconceptions which should be dropped immediately as these are highly offensive to people carrying the disease.
To prevent AIDS, one should always use a condom and never have unprotected sex. The rule applies to the homosexuals too. Any blood transfusion must have passed through a strict screening process. An HIV infected woman should not get pregnant, give birth, or breastfeed the child.
Take blood tests and retests to detect the infection at its earliest. There are a couple of treatments, vaccines, and classes of drugs to prevent the disease from growing severe. However, their effectiveness is still a topic of research. In reality, AIDS is a curse that is better prevented than treated.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and Human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) popularly referred together as HIV and AIDS is just a series of conditions that is caused by the infection of a person with the virus known as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). After infection initially, the person infected with the virus might not have any symptoms and signs or might experience a very short period of illness that is influenza-like. Normally, this period is usually followed with a period that is prolonged without any signs or symptoms.
With time, the infection begins to progress and it starts interfering more and frequently with the infected person’s immune system which leads to an increase in the risk and chances of getting infected with various infections that are very common like tuberculosis and other types of opportunistic infections as well as tumours that do not usually affect the people that have immune systems that are functioning well. All of the very late signs symptoms associated with the infection are known as the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This period is most times characterised with weight loss that is unintended.
Causes of HIV and AIDS:
The spread of HIV and AIDS is done primarily through blood transfusions that are contaminated, sex that is unprotected (including oral and anal sex), breastfeeding, during pregnancy from mother to child and through hypodermic needles. Even bodily fluids like tears and saliva cannot transmit or cause HIV and AIDS. Some of the methods by which HIV and AIDS can be prevented include programs of needle exchange, safe sex, male circumcision and the treatment of people that are already infected.
Antiretroviral meditation when given to both the child and the mother can prevent the disease in the child. So far, no vaccine or cure has been discovered for HIV and AIDS, The disease can be slowed down with antiretroviral treatment and this can make the person suffering from the disease live a life with the normal expectancy. It is necessary that treatment is commenced immediately there is a diagnosis. If there is no treatment, eleven years is the survival time on an average after the infection.
As of 2016, the number of people infected with HIV and AIDS was 36.7 million and there have been a total of about a million deaths. There were fewer cases of new HIV and AIDS infections in 2016 when compared to 2015, the difference was about 300,000. It has been discovered that a majority of the people that are infected with HIV and AIDS reside in Africa, especially the sub-Saharan part of Africa.
From the very first report of AIDS around the beginning of the 1980s till 2017, there have been about 35 million deaths all over the world. HIV/AIDS is a very serious disease in the world and it is widespread in various parts of the world. HIV is believed to originate from the region of central Africa around the later part of the 19 th century and in the early years of the 20 th century. The first time that AIDS was recognised was in 1981.
Effects of AIDS:
HIV and AIDS have had a very great unimaginable impact on our society as a cause of discrimination between people and also as a disease or an illness. The many economic impacts of HIV and AIDS are very large. There are a lot of misconception and falsehood about the disease HIV and AIDS. Some of the wrong beliefs include the misconception that HIV and AIDS can also be transmitted through casual and non- sexual touch or contact.
There have been a lot of religious controversies surrounding HIV and AIDS including the stand of the church (Catholic Church) to not support the use of condoms as a method of prevention. This has attracted a lot of political as well as international medical attention and also a lot of funding on a large scale from the first time HIV and AIDS was identified and discovered in the early 1980s
There are ongoing researches on HIV and AIDS in an attempt to cure, treat or prevent HIV and AIDS. There are also researches to find out more about the HIV virus nature and the disease called AIDS. A lot of research and government institutions are carrying out HIV and AIDS research.
Some of the researches that are carried out include research into topics like HIV and circumcision, post-exposure prophylaxis and pre-exposure prophylaxis. There are also studies into antiretroviral drugs, HIV vaccines, microbes for diseases that are sexually transmitted, health interventions like drug development and sex education. There has been serious promotions and campaigns for the use of condoms as it is the only way of prevention through sex.
AIDS is an acquired immune deficiency syndrome which has spread like a fire in the population of the world. Earlier people were not much aware of this life-threatening disease. But now people are becoming more conscious about AIDS due to the effective movements by the government and the social organizations globally. They now know the cause of AIDS and in what way they can cure this problem.
When people have right info about AIDS, it becomes easy for them to fight against it. Moreover, it makes them familiar with the ways that help in stopping AIDS from spreading more.
Causes of AIDS:
HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is responsible for the occurrence of AIDS. It reproduces by injecting a copy of its genome DNA inside the mass cells. In such circumstance, the mass cells are WBCs (white blood cells) that are recognized as T CD4 cells founded in the human’s immune system.
HIV finishes white blood cells and creates replicas of it which ultimately deteriorates the immune system of human body. In other words, this virus decreases the capability of our body to resist diseases after some time.
But the HIV positive case of a person does not make him or her victim of AIDS. On the other hand, if such a person does not get the right treatment on time for curing the HIV then, it might develop into AIDS after some period.
Transmission of AIDS:
The AIDS can be transferred through the below ways:
If female suffering from AIDS is expecting a baby or have become a new mother recently then, she might pass the virus of AIDS to her offspring. It can take place at the time of the prenatal period, during breastfeeding or at the time of delivery.
AIDS might get transmitted with the transfusion of blood. But the blood transfusion is fairly rare nowadays. The maximum number of developed nations follows a severe screening procedure to make sure that the blood that is being transfused is not carrying the virus of AIDS.
But, there is one more method through which the blood can pass from one individual to other i.e., by the use of common needles for injecting. The needles that are already used for the AIDS patient can transfer the virus to the person for which it is used again.
3. Sexual Transmission:
AIDS might get transmitted to the body of the other person while making a sexual relationship without any precaution like a condom. During this act, the fluids of the body get shared between bodies.
AIDS can also get transmitted via anal, oral or vaginal sex. If the sex toys used by the people suffering from AIDS are also shared by somebody then, it can also result in the AIDS transmission.
AIDS does not have recognizable symptoms all the time.
But, there are few symptoms that help in knowing the progress of AIDS in a person’s body:
1. Early symptoms of AIDS:
It is not mandatory that every person suffering from AIDS will get the sign of this disease at an early stage. The early symptoms of AIDS consist of fever, chills, joint pain, muscle aches, sore throat, night sweats, enlarged glands, red rash, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, and thrush. Only the blood test can reveal whether a person is suffering from AIDS or not.
2. Asymptomatic HIV:
The people suffering from AIDS might not come across the other signs of AIDS for a few months or in fact for a few years. It does not show that the virus is inactive. Actually, during this time the HIV virus gets busy in confronting the CD4 cells and deteriorating the body’s immune system. If the person does not get the right medication then, this procedure carries on without showing any signs.
3. Symptoms of Late-Stage:
During the late stage, the immune system of the AIDS infected person get weaken which makes him or her susceptible to numerous infections including mild to severe. Symptoms of the late stage of AIDS might consist of blurry vision, prolonged diarrhoea, dry cough, fever that persists for weeks, night perspirations, continuous tiredness, dyspnoea glands which are inflamed for weeks, white acnes on tongue and mouth, shortness of inhalation, and weight loss.
At this stage, people suffering from AIDS become more susceptible to numerous diseases like tuberculosis, Pneumonia and many more.
Treatment of AIDS:
At present, there is no treatment for AIDS because the virus that causes AIDS replicates by substituting the DNA with duplicates of its individual DNA. However, with the help of the ART or antiretroviral therapy you can stop this disease from spreading more in the body.
ART is a drug treatment which stops the virus from duplicating. It slows down the progress of the AIDS virus in the body. The best time to begin this treatment is during the initial stages of AIDS in order to make the immune system safer.
During the later phase of AIDS, you can combine the usage of drugs along with the therapy for getting more fruitful results. It also helps in curing the other diseases which people get owing to a weak immune system.
The transmittable secretions of the AIDS sufferer are cervical secretions, semen, and blood.
But by following the below ways you can avoid AIDS from spreading:
1. Avoiding the usage of razor blades and needles that are utilized by AIDS patient
2. Avoiding anal and vaginal sexual intercourse with the AIDS patient
3. Do not let the AIDS infested mother undergo childbirth
4. Do not use the syringe again that is already used by somebody
Some people have a misconception in their mind that AIDS is spread by hugging, shaking hands, kissing, sneezing, coughing etc. But it is not right as AIDS does not spread by such things.
After diagnosing the problem of AIDS in the early stage, it becomes easy to control it from spreading more and an AIDS patient can also live a long and lead a healthy life like others.
AIDS , Diseases , Health , HIV
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Essay On AIDS | AIDS Essay for Students and Children in English
February 23, 2023 by Prasanna
Essay on AIDS: AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a life-threatening disease that one can contract via contact with blood or via sexual activity. It refers to when HIV or human immunodeficiency virus makes its way into a person’s body. HIV/AIDS affects the immune system so that the bodies of those affected with AIDS find difficulty in fighting minor illnesses.
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Long and Short Essays on AIDS for Students and Kids in English
Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the life-threatening disease AIDS in both long and short form. The first is a long essay on the terrible disease, AIDS, of 400-500 words, which is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9, and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on AIDS of 150-200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.
Long Essay on AIDS 500 Words in English
Below we have given a long essay on AIDS of 500 words. Long Essay on AIDS in English for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants
AIDS or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome is a life-threatening disease which is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. This is the reason why the anagrams of HIV/AIDS are often grouped with each other. The virus threatens its victim’s life as it weakens the host body’s immune system. This is incredibly dangerous to people who have weak immune systems, and even more so for those with a disease like AIDS. First, we need to know the function of the immune system to understand the severity of an immunodeficiency syndrome.
The immune system is the bodily system that defends or protects the body from infections, illnesses, and other such problems. It builds antibodies within our bodies against diseases that we have suffered from before, so it can protect us from sickness again. In simple terms, the immune system is the part of your body that fights off infections and keeps you safe and healthy. With this being said, you should now understand better why somebody with a weak immune system is more prone to illnesses.
When HIV enters the body, it attacks the immune system by destroying CD4 cells. These cells are the ones responsible for fighting off illnesses, and HIV destroys them, weakening the system so that it fails to defend the body from other diseases. This is the reason why we call it life-threatening because it makes the body of the sufferer physically vulnerable. With HIV/AIDS, even a controllable infection like the common cold can become fatal, as the immune system is unable to fight it off.
AIDS is called the ‘Acquired’ Immuno Deficiency Syndrome because it is a disease that you can only acquire from another person, including your mother, who can pass it down to you at childbirth. The main mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS is via unprotected sexual activity, which makes it a sexually transmitted disease (STD), or if you come in contact with an HIV-positive individual’s blood. This can be by sharing a needle, coming in connection with a bleeding wound, etc. which can transmit the syndrome to you.
The most unfortunate part of suffering from AIDS is that there is no permanent cure for it as of yet. However, there is the treatment to help keep the level of CD4 cells high and reduce the amount of virus in the body. This means that once someone has been diagnosed with AIDS, they must be extremely careful living their life and follow their treatment to the dot so that they can live the best lives possible for them in that situation.
Many celebrities have also been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, such as actor Charlie Sheen, singer Freddie Mercury, comedian Steve Moore (who even made an HBO special about it), among several others. HIV/AIDS activism is a relatively new concept that calls for the normalization and destigmatization of positive individuals. While HIV/AIDS is a terrible disease to take people over, it is a must to remember that there is always hope, even on the darkest days.
Short Essay on AIDS 200 Words in English
Below we have given a short essay on AIDS of 200 words. short essay on AIDS is suitable for students of classes 1,2,3,4,5 and 6.
AIDS is a horrible disease which threatens the life of the people who have got it. It is a disease that a person can get when a virus called HIV enters our bodies. It is very dangerous for our bodies and can even lead to death.
In our bodies, we have a system called the immune system that takes care of us by fighting off any infection that comes to us. HIV destroys the cells in our immune system that saves us from becoming unwell. This means that if HIV enters the body, even small illnesses like a cold can make someone very sick.
A person can get AIDS when they come in contact with the blood of a person who has HIV. They can also contract it while doing some kind of sexual activity. Another way to get HIV/AIDS is by being born with it, but this only happens if your mother who gave birth to you had it. AIDS is not a natural disease, but it comes from somewhere else into the body.
It is challenging to live with HIV/AIDS because it can’t be cured. However, doctors can help you control it so that you can live happily.
10 Lines About AIDS Essay
- AIDS stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome
- AIDS is an autoimmune disorder and a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
- When the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) enters the body, it causes a syndrome that we call AIDS.
- The immune system has CD4 cells that are responsible for the antibodies that fight off infections. Weaker immune systems have less CD4 cells, thus less protection from infections.
- HIV targets CD4 cells in the body, which is how it weakens the immune system to the point that it can even prove deadly.
- HIV/AIDS is something that you acquire either from your mother during birth (if she is HIV-positive), via contact with a positive individual’s blood or via unprotected sexual activity.
- There is no permanent cure for HIV/AIDS yet.
- The closest thing to a cure for HIV/AIDS is control of the virus via medicines, which help increase CD4 cells in the body.
- HIV/AIDS activism is a growing movement for the destigmatization of AIDS patients.
- Many celebrities have also been diagnosed with AIDS.
FAQ’s on Essay on AIDS
Question 1. What is AIDS?
Answer: AIDS is the Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome caused by the presence of a virus called the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the body. It weakens the immune system in a life-threatening manner.
Question 2. What’s the difference between AIDS and HIV?
Answer: The mere difference between AIDS and HIV is that the former is a disorder with the immune system, and the latter is the virus that causes this disorder.
Question 3. How can a person get HIV/AIDS?
Answer: AIDS can be transmitted in one of three ways – by contact with HIV-positive blood, sexual activity with an HIV-positive individual, or via childbirth if your biological mother is HIV-positive.
Question 4. Is there a cure for HIV/AIDS?
Answer: No, there is no cure for AIDS, unfortunately, so for the individuals who suffer from it. However, there is a treatment that patients must take precisely the way they are prescribed to them, which helps increase the body’s illness-fighting cells.
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Essay About HIV/AIDS
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, abbreviated as HIV, attacks the body’s immune system, and if left untreated, it can cause AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). HIV is a retroviral disease transmitted through unprotected sexual activity, from mother to child, blood transfusion, contact with infected body fluids, or hypodermic needles (Melhuish & Lewthwaite, 2018). The disease originated from a zoonotic animal, a chimpanzee in Central Africa. The virus version in chimpanzees, Simian Immunodeficiency Virus, is thought to have been passed to humans during their hunting activities way back in 1800. The disease has further been spread across Africa over the decades and eventually into other parts of the world. Its existence in the United States occurred between the mid to late 1970s.
HIV weakens the immune system through infection and destruction of the CD4+ T cells, leading to immunodeficiency at the later stages of the disease. The virus adheres to the CD4+ protein on its surface and other cells to gain entry into the body ( Melhuish & Lewthwaite, 2018 ). Other coreceptors such as CCR5 and CXCR4 are essential in enabling the virus to gain complete access and cause infection to the body cells. HIV infection undergoes three stages: acute illness, chronic infection, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (Velloza et al., 2020). The first stage usually develops between 2 to 4 weeks after initial exposure. The stage often goes unrecognized because of the occasionally mild and nonspecific symptoms. Some of the clinical manifestations observed in the first stage include typical rushes distributed on the face and trunk, although they may also appear in the palms and soles. Oral and genital mucocutaneous ulceration is also another clinical manifestation that can be experienced during the first stage. In this stage, gastrointestinal manifestation, facial nerve palsy, acute encephalopathy, and many other clinical symptoms may participate.
In the second stage of infection, the virus continues to multiply but at low levels. Infected individuals who are in this stage may not have any alarming symptoms. The stage can last for up to 10 to 15 years, although it may move so fast in some individuals c. AIDs infection occurs in the third stage. The infection may be manifested by symptoms such as rapid loss of weight, recurring fever, extreme tiredness, prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the groin, armpits, or neck, sores in the mouth, diarrhea that lasts for more than a week, or memory loss and other neurologic disorder (Nasuuna et al., 2018). When infected individuals are not treated, they may develop severe diseases such as serious bacterial infections, cryptococcal meningitis, tuberculosis, and cancers like Kaposi’s sarcoma and lymphomas.
Diagnosis and Treatment
HIV diagnosis can be made by a rapid diagnostic test that provides results on the same day. Individuals may also test themselves using an HIV self-test kit, although a confirmatory test has to be done later on by a qualified health professional (Mayo Clinic, 2020). The diagnostic test works by detecting antibodies produced by a person as part of their immune response to fight the virus. When the results turn out positive, immediate treatment should be done to manage the virus (Mayo Clinic, 2020). A combination of three or more antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) or antiretroviral therapy (ART) may suppress the symptoms and viral replication within an individual hence allowing recovery of the immune system and regain the ability to protect the body from opportunistic infections.
The public health measures of HIV prevention can be divided into three categories; primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Primary prevention measures protect an individual from acquiring HIV infection. It involves strategies such as abstaining from sex, not sharing needles and sharp objects and using condoms when engaging in sexual activities. Prevention medicines such as PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) and PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) may also be used to protect yourself from the infection (Mayo Clinic, 2020). Secondary HIV prevention involves measures that should be directed to infected individuals to prevent transmission to negative people (Mayo Clinic, 2020). Strategies used in secondary prevention entails giving health education to those who are infected, supporting ART adherence efforts, providing ongoing risk assessment regarding substance use and sexual behavior, encouraging infected individuals to disclose their HIV status to their sexual and drug use partners, prescribing condoms for positive individuals and providing counseling to them (Mayo Clinic, 2020). Tertiary prevention measures ensure the improved treatment to reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS disease and promote recovery. A tertiary prevention strategy aims at reducing complications that may be caused by HIV infection.
Local surveillance of HIV may be carried out using various reporting tools to fill HIV infection cases and later submitted to the local health departments for further analysis. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) plays a big role in collecting, analyzing, and disseminating data for national surveillance on HIV/AIDS. The CDC’s National surveillance system monitors HIV trends in the U.S (CDC, 2020). Moreover, the World Health organization can conduct international surveillance of HIV/AIDS, which surveys on HIV sentinel, STDs, and behavior.
Prevalence and Incidence
According to WHO (2020), the global prevalence of HIV is estimated to be over 37.7 million people, including 1.7 million children. The percentage prevalence in adults is 0.7%. Additionally, the incidence of HIV infection was 1.5 million (WHO, 2020). Most people living with HIV live in low and middle-income countries, with East and Southern Africa being the most affected region globally. In 2020, there were 670,000 new cases which amounted to 20.6 million infected individuals in East and Southern Africa.
According to the WHO, some of the current interesting facts about HIV/AIDS is that it has claimed over 36.3 million people since its emergence; hence, it is still a major public health concern (WHO, 2021). Additionally, over 37.7 million were HIV positive in 2020, whereby 25.4 million were in the WHO African region. WHO also reports that over 680 thousand individuals succumbed to HIV-related infections, and over 1.5 million people acquired HIV/AIDS.
CDC. (2020, June 19). Tracking AIDS Trends . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/surveillance/index.html
Eisinger, R. W., & Fauci, A. S. (2018). Ending the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Emerging infectious diseases , 24 (3), 413.
Mayo Clinic. (2020, February 13). HIV/AIDS – Symptoms and causes . https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/symptoms-causes/syc-20373524
Melhuish, A., & Lewthwaite, P. (2018). Natural history of HIV and AIDS. Medicine , 46 (6), 356-361.
Nasuuna, E., Kigozi, J., Babirye, L., Muganzi, A., Sewankambo, N. K., & Nakanjako, D. (2018). Low HIV viral suppression rates following the intensive adherence counseling (IAC) program for children and adolescents with viral failure in public health facilities in Uganda. BMC Public Health , 18 (1), 1-9.
Velloza, J., Kemp, C. G., Aunon, F. M., Ramaiya, M. K., Creegan, E., & Simoni, J. M. (2020). Alcohol use and antiretroviral therapy non-adherence among adults living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS and Behavior , 24 (6), 1727-1742.
WHO. (2021, June 9). HIV/AIDS . WHO | World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids
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Below we have given a short essay on AIDS of 200 words. short essay on AIDS is suitable for students of classes 1,2,3,4,5 and 6. AIDS is a horrible disease which threatens the life of the people who have got it. It is a disease that a person can get when a virus called HIV enters our bodies.
HIV infection undergoes three stages: acute illness, chronic infection, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (Velloza et al., 2020). The first stage usually develops between 2 to 4 weeks after initial exposure. The stage often goes unrecognized because of the occasionally mild and nonspecific symptoms.
What is HIV/AIDS? HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus can only attack humans, hence the name, and reproduces by taking over the T-cells (or CD4-cells which help fight off infections) and uses them to make copies of itself (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services).
500+ Words Essay on AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or better known as AIDS is a life-threatening disease. It is one of the most dreaded diseases of the 20 th century. AIDS is caused by HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which attacks the immune system of the human body.