Process Analysis Essay: "How to Catch River Crabs"

Understanding the components of a process essay.

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  • Writing Essays
  • Writing Research Papers
  • English Grammar
  • Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia
  • M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester
  • B.A., English, State University of New York

In this short essay , the writer explains the process of crabbing—that is, the steps involved in catching river crabs. Read (and enjoy) this student composition, and then respond to the discussion questions at the end.

How to Catch River Crabs

by Mary Zeigler

As a lifelong crabber (that is, one who catches crabs, not a chronic complainer), I can tell you that anyone who has patience and a great love for the river is qualified to join the ranks of crabbers. However, if you want your first crabbing experience to be a successful one, you must come prepared.

First, you need a boat—but not just any boat. I recommend a 15-foot-long fiberglass boat complete with a 25-horsepower motor, extra gas in a steel can, two 13-foot-long wooden oars, two steel anchors, and enough cushions for the entire party. You will also need scoops, crab lines, a sturdy crate, and bait. Each crab line, made from heavy-duty string, is attached to a weight, and the bait—a slimy, smelly, and utterly grotesque chicken neck—is tied around each weight.

Now, once the tide is low, you are ready to begin crabbing. Drop your lines overboard, but not before you have tied them securely to the boat rail. Because crabs are sensitive to sudden movements, the lines must be lifted slowly until the chicken necks are visible just below the surface of the water. If you spy a crab nibbling the bait, snatch him up with a quick sweep of your scoop. The crab will be furious, snapping its claws and bubbling at the mouth. Drop the crab into the wooden crate before it has a chance to get revenge. You should leave the crabs brooding in the crate as you make your way home.

Back in your kitchen, you'll boil the crabs in a large pot until they turn a healthy shade of orange. Just remember to keep the crab pot covered. Finally, spread newspapers over the kitchen table, deposit the boiled crabs on the newspaper and enjoy the most delicious meal of your life.

Questions for Discussion

example of reflection essay using bortons model

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Borton's Reflective Model

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The Reflective Model

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In this assignment, I will examine an incident which I experienced during practise on my placement at a local care home and reflect on how I carried it out. The reflective model which I will be using is the Driscoll by Borton model. According to The University of Nottingham (no date) the model is based on 3 questions What?, So what? and What now?. The Open University (2018) states that reflection allows you to improve personal skills and look back on how effective it was, why you did it that way and how you can improve it.

I am doing this reflection so that I am able to identify the specific things which I believe I could work on, allowing me to become a better clinician. HCPC (2019) states that reflection also benefits the patients you make contact with in the future, therefore suggesting that once you have reflected on an event, you are likely to have a bigger understanding on what you can do within a similar situation for the future.


Proficient in: Dementia

“ Amazing as always, gave her a week to finish a big assignment and came through way ahead of time. ”

My patient encounter was on placement at a local care home. A resident had to go to Accident and Emergency as he had broken his wrist by falling. Due to Resident H’s severity of Dementia, it was recommended by paramedics from a local ambulance trust that a member of staff should ideally go with him for reassurance and a familiar face to comfort him. I offered to go with resident Has Dementia Solutions Inc (no date) states that being in an unfamiliar environment can cause a person with Dementia to feel restless or confused and by myself going with him prevented this from happening.

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One factor from the scenario I would like to discuss is my communication – Caring Connection, Inc (2018) advises that before speaking to a person with Dementia it is best to be aware that you should not speak to the patient how you would speak to a child as it can come across as degrading towards them. Also, it is recommended that you talk clearly, calm and in short sentences to avoid any confusion. It is also advised to allow them time to answer you, as they may need to process what you said and make sense of it. The final piece of advice which is advised, is that you listen carefully and to expect delays in conversation, interruption may confuse the patient.

From when we left the residential home and got to Accident and Emergency, I spoke clearly to Resident H at all times to reassure him and would only ask short and simple questions which I knew he had the capacity of answering. When I spoke to him, I ensured that I did not sit too close to him as it may have caused distress.

I communicated well with Resident H and also followed how the experts recommended to, I also made an attempt to distract him from the fact we were going to A&E and got him to focus on something different. I knew he was a fan of sports so I used that topic of conversation as a method of distraction.

However; I did not consider the fact that it may take more time for Resident H to process what I was saying to him, luckily this did not cause any confusion, but in the future, if I was to find myself in situation similar to this one, I would consider that interruption could lead to the service user to feel confused.

Staff must consider equity when with patients – According to World Health Organization (2019), equity means that a service users health should not be disregarded because of their sex, ethnicity or race. To achieve health equity, it means to allow service users to have equal opportunities. Furthermore; Roemer.J (1999) states that equity is when all service users with alike health needs receive similar or the same treatment and opportunities whatever their background. This is very important because it shows that all healthcare professionals are expected to treat all of their patients the same and provide them with the correct information about their health. In addition to this; Mcintyre.D (2007) states that equity in health care settings will develop over the years, this shows that professionals are aware that the service users they come in to contact with are more likely to be of different backgrounds and ethnicities.

I treated Resident H fairly throughout the whole time of the incident, throughout my placement, I ensured that I treated all of the residents equally and fairly.

During the incident, I was kind and I made resident H feel like he could speak to me if he needed to. When he would ask me questions, I would be honest with him and I believe that this linked to equity as I was willing to be open about why he needed to go to A&E.

Looking back on the scenario, I don’t believe that there is anything that could have gone better, as throughout my time at placement and during the incident, I was always promoting kindness and ensured that if the residents felt if they needed to talk to me, then they were able to. However, an improvement which I believe I could make for the future is to look into equity further, this is so I can extend my knowledge on the topic and so I can find ways in which I can promote it in situations such as this one.

Another factor which staff must think about is their patients dignity – Hicks.D (2011) states that working as a clinician means that you must accept all individuals by treating them equally and giving the patient the attention which they need by listening to their concerns and responding to them. Another factor which Hicks.D (2011) identifies is to put people at ease, for example; if a patient was to be incontinent, you should not criticize them for that, as they may have not been able to help it if they have a disease such as Alzheimer’s. Furthermore; Royal College of Nursing (2015) advise staff to ensure that the service users privacy is taken into consideration, this can be done by staff ensuring that their patients are not needing to go to the toilet or that their modesty is protected.

Throughout, I ensured that his dignity was protected. I promoted this by ensuring that he had not been incontinent, due to his severity of Dementia, Resident H has a history of being incontinence, however he was clean before leaving the home. if he had an accident before leaving, instead of saying out loud, I would take a carer to the side and explain to them that he will need to have his clothes changed before leaving to go to the accident department.

Moreover, I ensured that I was getting permission before entering his personal space, I did not want to intimidate him or make him feel stressed in a high pressured situation, so when I had to help him sit on the bed of the ambulance I would ask him if he was happy for me to support his back whilst he sat down.

I thought about Resident H’s dignity also, I considered a variety of factors which could have an impact on him, for example; even though he was not incontinent, I still thought about the ways in which I could help him if that was to occur when he was en route.

Although, I did not let him choose his own clothing. When Resident H was leaving to go to the Ambulance, I should have given him the opportunity to choose what coat he would like to wear and asked if he needed help putting it on, I assumed he needed the assistance. If this scenario was to occur again the the future, I would promote the service users independence by letting them choose their own items of clothing and ask if they need assistance when dressing, instead of assuming that they are in need of help.

I would also like to assess my manual handling during the event – Journal of Nursing Education and Practice (2013) advises that the patients shoes or slippers are fitted correctly to minimize the risk of falling, also explain to them what the task is and its purpose, then to repeat it and finally to place the correct walking aid such as a frame in position and to let the patient know that it is there.

In addition to this; the Health and Safety Executive (no date) evaluate the risk factors associated with moving and handling by using TILE. TILE is an acronym for Task, meaning you must consider any obstacles which can become a risk to yourself or the patient; Individual, means that the task may have to be approached differently. Load means to contemplate the weight or size of the load. Finally, the last factor to consider is environment, to aim to think about any confined spaces which could have an impact on the task.

Throughout this, I remained patient because it took the resident in my care time to walk from his chair to the ambulance. I ensured that he did not feel like he was being rushed because this could have lead to him falling and therefore causing more damage to his wrist or injuring himself. Additionally, I positioned a frame in front of Resident H so he could have some support in getting up out of his chair I also informed him that it was there so he was able to use it. However, I did not repeat what I said to Resident H before assisting him on to the bed in the Ambulance. Ideally, I should have repeated what I said because he may have not understood what he was going to be doing and this potentially may have caused some confusion. If I find myself in a similar situation, I would improve by ensuring that the patient has an understanding on what they will be assisted in doing and I will also aim to consider TILE when it comes to moving and handling patients.

I would like to reflect on my awareness of Safeguarding throughout my scenario.

According to EduCare (2017) an adult who has a physical disability or mental disability such as Dementia, their safety is at a higher risk than a service user who has capacity or is not physically disabled. If a vulnerable adult was to be dependent on someone it could possibly lead to abuse and for this to be avoided then the staff giving that vulnerable person the support they need should know their safeguarding responsibilities.

In addition to this, the Royal College of Nursing (2019) states that there is a Duty of Care where every professional is expected to follow and act a specific way towards service users. If staff were not to meet the standards of care mentioned in Duty of Care, then it can be seen as them neglecting their service users.

Furthermore; Social Care Institute for Excellence (2014) states that there are safeguarding principles put into place specifically for adult safeguarding, these principles are; empowerment, prevention, proportionality, protection, partnership and accountability. By the six key principles being put into place by the UK Government, any risk of harm is reduced as professionals are more aware on how to make informed decisions by following the principles.

During the incident which occurred, there were no safeguarding issues which I came across. The situation was controlled well by professionals and all followed the key principles in order to ensure Resident H was receiving the best care possible.

I believe that I thought about confidentiality during this scenario. I had known the patient for 5 weeks and had spent a lot of my placement caring for and assisting him which aided me to learn a lot about him and when speaking to the paramedics, I ensured that I was not giving any of his personal information away as that would have been breaching confidentiality.

However, during the time of the incident I did not think much about safeguarding as we did not occur any safeguarding issues and all professions carried out their safeguarding role correctly so maybe I should have thought about what to do if any potential safeguarding issues occurred. Finally, if I was to come across this situation again I would try and think about the key principles if I believed that a safeguarding issue had to be put into place and I would do this by looking into what the key principles are in detail.

In conclusion, I have identified why all of the factors I have mentioned are important for patients and in healthcare environments, such as safeguarding. In addition, I established what I believe I did well during this scenario and why I did it, then reflected on what I didn’t do and how I can improve on that. This shows that I am able to reflect on previous events and find ways in which I can improve so I am able to become a better clinician for the future.

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The Reflective Model

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Borton’s Model of Reflection

Borton's Model of Reflection - Toolshero

Borton’s model of reflection: this article explains Borton’s model of reflection in a practical way. After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful reflection method.

What is Borton’s model of reflection?

Borton’s model of reflection is a framework for reflection. It was developed by Terry Borton, an American school teacher in 1970. He published the method in the book ‘Reach, Touch and Teach’ . In the book he calls it the ‘What, So What, Now What’-method of reflective education . It acts as a framework for reflective practice .

Borton’s framework is a straightforward model that is very easy to use and easy to implement in many situations. It allows the user to think about a situation without adding too much structure. This makes the model a favorite among many students and healthcare professionals.

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The framework includes only three questions:

Borton himself states that it is a fluid process, in which there is no beginning and no end. One component cannot exclude the other component.

Borton's model of reflection - Toolshero

Why reflect?

Reflection in its simplest form is about careful thought. The kind of reflection that is really valuable to professionals and leaders is more extensive than careful thought. The most useful form of reflection is consciously considering and analyzing actions for the purpose of learning. This type of learning is also explained in the Kolb Reflective Cycle .

Reflection gives the brain a chance to pause in the midst of the chaos of observations and experiences. That helps to untangle and sort thoughts, allowing for multiple interpretations. It is then possible to extract value from this, which makes learning possible. Reflection is therefore crucial for leaders and professionals to grow and take steps in development.

To provide a framework for reflection in methods, practices and processes in order to build knowledge, several reflection models are available. Examples are the STARR method , the John Discroll Model of Reflection , the Gibbs Reflective Cycle and the Korthagen Reflection Model . These models help to make our learning more effective. Each model has a slightly different approach, but the phases are largely the same. Different people are attracted to different models depending on preferences and situations.

In this first phase of Borton’s model of reflection, the question is: what? This part of the reflection process describes what exactly happened in relation to an event, task or experience. You briefly describe what happened and what you and others did.

Ask yourself the following questions to make it easy, but avoid including unnecessary details. Keep it concise.

In this phase of the reflection process, the question is: so what? This is an analysis of an event or experience. It is important during this phase that you begin to understand what actually happened in the situation you are describing. Why did things go the way they went?

Terry Borton argues that this stage is rational, intellectual, and cognitive. This is also where you apply theory to help understand what happened.

Some people use literature to consider different perspectives in order to interpret a situation. Keep the focus on yourself during this process.

Ask yourself the following questions:

This third phase of Borton’s model of reflection revolves around the question: now what? This involves taking suggested actions after an event or experience. This is a process of thinking about what someone will do next and what the consequences of certain actions might be.

Many students and professionals find this part the most difficult because it almost always involves some degree of change. Change will require effort from a person.

These kinds of analyses sometimes reveal painful insights into their own behavior that need to be addressed. Also (inter)personal challenges with colleagues can come to the fore. Thinking about your own behavior ( Metacognition ) is never easy and requires experience.

Some questions that can help you with this are:

Reflection in the workplace

Multiple studies on the effects of reflection on employee performance levels and growth have shown that reflection makes people more aware of their job as a whole. Employees who have applied reflection report that they have a better understanding of the tasks they perform and that they are better able to assess their importance.

An integral part of this process is recognizing mistakes and challenging thoughts you’ve had for a long time. Although this can be challenging, employees recognize its value for their growth and development as professionals.

If you are not used to reflecting, it can seem like a difficult and tedious task. Yet it is easier than you think to implement it in your own life. Especially once you’ve noticed the benefits of effective reflection.

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Example Reflective Essay using Rolfe Reflective Model

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The Rolfe model was developed initially for nursing and care education, but has become more broad in its subsequent applications, not least because of the clarity of the model and its ease of use. The three stages of the model ask you to consider, in turn, what happened, the implications of the occurrence, and the consequences for future conduct.

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example of reflection essay using bortons model

Atkins And Borton Model Of Reflection

Reflective process of reflection.

Brunero & Stein-Parbury (2008) discussed the effects of clinical supervision in nursing staff and argued that self-reflection generates a sense of self-awareness and knowledge to the individual. Supervisees or students may be asked what happened during a clinical event, how they felt, the implications of their actions and what they would do differently if faced with the same situation. This provides the supervisee with ‘time-out’ to examine the interactions between their practice, personality

Reflective Account Essay

According to Hogston and Simpson (2002, p398) reflection is "a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to better describe, analyse and evaluate, and so inform learning about practice". Wolverson (2000, p24) includes this is an important process for all nurses wishing to improve their practice. I hope that by using reflection I will be able to identify my strengths and weaknesses. This will enable me to focus on particular learning goals and benefit more from my placements. Driscoll (2000, p17) states that reflective learning will help you become more self-aware in your clinical practice.

Importance Of Reflection In Nursing

Reflection is when an activity or incident requires thought about the action, and is used to determine what points are positive and negative, and how it could be improved or changed if done again in the future. The reflection process begins with thinking about an incident and how the situation can be utilised in future situations. The process consists of being open, this would involve an individual looking at things from a different perspective. In addition, the process would involve being inquisitive, desiring knowledge. With reflection it is important that the individual is honest, which needs to be reflected in written record keeping, this enables others to easily understand what has occurred (Williams et al, 2012).

Driscoll Model Of Communication Essay

Driscoll (2000) model) consists of three stages (What, So what & Now what) completing one cycle help me to improve my caring practice continuously and learning from those experience for better practice in the future. The cycle starts with a description of the situation (“What”), which include analysis of the incident. “So what” evaluate the experience, including the analysis to make sense of the experience, and the final stage “Now what” is a conclusion of what else could I have done better and an action plan to prepare for, if the similar situation arose again. Baird and winter (2005) gave some reasons why reflection is required in the reflective practice. They highlighted that a reflection could generate the practical knowledge, help to adapt

The Importance Of Reflection In Nursing Practice

These two models can be interlinked to enable the student to explore his/her thoughts are feelings without making assumptions whilst creating learning opportunities to change future nursing practice. Due to having two different models of reflection, where Johns (2000) reflective model does not permit the practitioner to delve into their thoughts and feelings, Driscoll (2000) model of reflection enables them to do so to achieve different learning outcomes (Jasper, 2013).

Reflection On Dementia Care

Upon reflecting on this experience, I feel like I am more confident in handling the situation should it arise again. Reflecting on it has made me realise that not everything I did was wrong and has helped me to explore what I need to improve on. Reflection is important in the nursing profession as it allows us to think about our actions and talk about how we could have carried them out differently (Johns and Burnie, 2013). Reflection plays a big role in developing the student into a nurse (Barbour,

Essay On Reflective Practice In The Early Years

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Gibbs Reflective Essay On Health And Social Care

Reflection is like looking in a mirror and describing what you see. It’s about thinking back to an experience and questioning what I did, and emotions that I felt during the experience, and then reflecting on a better and more sufficient way of doing it in the future (UNISON, 2016). Gibbs Reflective Cycle is the model that I have chosen to use while reflecting back on the module “Learning from service users and carers”, Gibbs believes that this module is useful for helping people learn from what that they experienced. He calls this “Learning by Doing” (Mind Tools, 2016).

Reflection On Gibbs Reflective Cycle

Reflection is a part of daily process of learning and thinking. As stated by Jasper, (2003), the reflection is “…the way that we learn from an experience in order to understand and develop practice”. It is useful in dealing with challenges and can be used as a tool for personal and professional development. Moreover, a convoluted process of writing experiences and learning from any event and understanding of its usefulness in future is, defined as Reflective writing. The theoretical model which is often used as a framework for reflective writing was created by Professor Graham Gibbs (1988) and is known as Gibb’s reflective cycle. Gibbs’s reflective cycle has 6 phases.

Nursing Reflective Analysis

Nursing in the past was more habituated and ritualistic than rational and precision. Nurses were not encouraged to question their practice let alone reflective practice. In early 1970s nursing started to move away from routines and rituals towards research-based practice (James and Clarke 1994). Reflection is a broad and complex process (Kenzi-Sampson 2005) therefore there is not a set single definition (Jarvis 1992). According to Reid (1993, p.305) reflection can be defined as a “process of reviewing an experience of practice to describe, analyze, evaluate and so inform learning about practice”. The question is why do we need reflective practice. This essay will try to

Practice Placement Portfolio In Nursing

This reflection is sought about through the use of reflective cycles, for example Gibbs (1988). Reflection enables the student to develop his or her own theories behind why an event occurred, this is also achieved by linking theory to practice in order to gain a deeper understanding (Levett C. 2010, Stonehouse D. 2011). For this practice placement portfolio the reflective cycle that I have chosen is The Reflective Cycle by Gibbs (See appendix one) (Gibbs 1988). Although it wasn’t made predominantly for reflection through nursing scenarios, as it was developed for educational purposes, it does give the student a cycle which can be used easily to analyse their event in a linear fashion. Although Gibbs reflective cycle is one which is mainly focused on the event itself, rather than the knowledge that can be sought from delving further into the reasoning behind an event, it does create a cycle which allows the individual to focus on their actions and the reasoning behind what they did. In doing this the individual can create their own theories behind the event and are able to develop a plan for the future if a similar event was to occur (Jasper M.

Reflection In Action And Reflection On Action

The Term reflection can have many meanings to many people. Reflection can carry meanings that range from the idea of professionals engaging in solitary introspection to that of engaging in deep meaningful conversations with others. But for this assignment I will focus on; what is refection in the clinical setting, why it is important for health care professionals to reflect and where the ideology of reflection came from. I will also provide a personal experience of reflection during my time in the clinical setting that helped me to come up with a solution to a challenging situation.

Gibbs Reflective Model Of Reflection

In this reflective essay I will reflect upon the course based on the assignments and projects I have accomplished this semester. Recent research (Kornblith, 2012:3) identifies that reflection is an active process and making sense of the experience through the understanding of one’s actions. As suggested by (Roberts, 2011:63) she states that the understanding of reflection have been used to develop an action stage, which can further help to improve my skills and knowledge towards my course. This is vital as it ensures that i get the most out of my learning experience and i could use them to their maximum benefit.

Importance Of Reflection In Adult Education

Changes in teaching philosophy and techniques came about during day to day experience as well as with microteaching and these are brought to the forefront of my mind through the use of reflection. Reflection is at first a hard technique to grasp. But put simply reflection is merely a process to;

Argument In Favor Of Birth Control

A full time working mother, Kinsley B, struggles with expenses of children and exhaustion. Children are expensive, so she can 't afford to have another child. Birth control was the way to go for her. Even though she loves children, she needs to take care of the children she has now. If Kinsley didn 't have the option for free birth control, she would end up with more children that she can afford (Kinsley B.). Birth control should continue to be given out for free to help health problems, accidental pregnancies, and abortion rates.

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All-inclusive Elaboration of Borton's Model of Reflection

Borton’s model of reflection was developed as a result of Borton’s work as a teacher. This model was developed on the basis of Rolfe et al’s framework developed by Rolfe et al. and the aim behind this model was to support reflection (Skinner & Mitchell, 2016). This model of reflection is based on three questions i.e. what? now what? and so, what? Borton’s model of reflection was also published in the a1970 book “Reach, Touch and Teach”. Borton’s model of reflection is one simple model of reflection that focuses on three questions to help individuals reflect on their experiences and better understand what happened, why it happened, and what can be done to improve things in the future.

Table of Contents

The first stage of this model focuses on a description of the event, the second stage includes a knowledge-building stage, and the third stage is an action-oriented stage of reflection that defines what can be done to improve things and enhance the overall quality of care for patients. This model of reflection is mainly used in clinical settings to reflect on nursing practices, weaknesses, and problems being faced in nursing practices and to prepare an action plan to improve the overall quality of nursing care and resolve various challenges (Skinner & Mitchell, 2016).

Three stages of Borton’s model of reflection

Stage 1: what.

The first step in this model of reflection is explaining the context of the situation to the readers. In this stage, you will explain the place, time, and context in which the event occurred. The following questions will help you in writing this section of the reflection.

Various stages of Borton model of reflection

Stage 2: So what?

As said above, this is a knowledge-building stage where you will focus on highlighting your learnings from the situation and contributing to your self-improvement . The questions that can help you in writing this section of reflection are mentioned below.

Stage 3: Now what?

This is the last stage where you would highlight your future actions based on your learnings from the situation

Now, we have seen that Borton's model of reflection is one of the important reflection models that can be used to reflect on a nursing situation. Let us now reflect on a nursing situation using this model.

Borton’s model of a reflection application example in nursing

Case assessment - This reflective example will focus on the nurse’s experience in the dementia ward. This reflection will highlight her experience of dealing with 5 dementia patients in which one of them gets out of control.

While working as a junior nurse during my second year of nursing placement in a dementia ward, I was required to ensure that the personal needs of patients are met which include effectively dealing with behavioral problems, proper medication being given, nutritional needs, etc (Hughes, 2008). There was one dementia patient named Jack who constantly sought attention. However, our ward contained 5 dementia patients, and managing such a large number of patients was very challenging. One day, when I failed to take care of Jack, Jack became violent and started fighting with all the other nursing staff members. This created a huge problem for us to deal with. I found his behavior to be very frustrating which also helped me in determining that I lack patience and empathetic behavior toward others. However, another nursing staff member changed their reaction to this situation and reassured Jack that they were on her side by saying “I am here, I will help you.” “Everything is alright.” This helped to calm down Jack. This also made me feel very disappointed as I found that I lack nursing capabilities. I also found that dementia care requires patience, skills, and listening abilities.

Being a nursing student, I was required to remain calm and adopt a friendly tone of voice to deal with Jack who was a dementia patient. I could also have reached out for more help in that situation but getting frustrated was the worst choice. This situation is important as this helped me to gain practical knowledge of nursing practice and identify my weaknesses. I took action only on the basis of my behavior without considering the problems and needs of a dementia patient. However, I believe that there were several other actions as well that could have helped to deal with the situation. I could have behaved calmly with Jack and could have accepted my mistake of not providing patient-centered care. Now, I believe that the quality of dementia care depends not only on the behavior of patients but also on the behavior of nurses. I also believe that higher attention is needed to be given to patients and focus is required to be placed on a dementia patient's behaviors.

After dealing with this situation, I found that I need to adopt a patient-centered care approach and improve my skills and behavior to prevent various issues from taking place. I also found that I need to engage in effective communication with all patients to understand a patient's concerns and needs. This can also help to prevent various behavioral issues in dementia care. Besides this, I also have decided to boost my emotional intelligence to better understand social situations and other people's feelings. This can help to prevent various conflicting issues from taking place. Moreover, I found that working with dementia patients is challenging at times due to workload, problems in managing psychological and behavioral symptoms associated with dementia, and hectic environments. Thus, I have also decided to practice medicine to improve my patience and work in such hectic and challenging environments.

Previous Model

Skinner, M., & Mitchell, D. (2016). “What? So What? Now What?” Applying Borton and Rolfe’s Models of Reflective Practice in Healthcare Contexts. Health And Social Care Chaplaincy, 4(1), 10-19.

Hughes, R. (2008) Patient safety and quality an evidence-based handbook for Nurses. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

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